ee.Classifier.train

Trains the classifier on a collection of features, using the specified numeric properties of each feature as training data. The geometry of the features is ignored.
UsageReturns
Classifier.train(features, classProperty, inputProperties, subsampling, subsamplingSeed)Classifier
ArgumentTypeDetails
this: classifierClassifierAn input classifier.
featuresFeatureCollectionThe collection to train on.
classPropertyStringThe name of the property containing the class value. Each feature must have this property, and its value must be numeric.
inputPropertiesList, default: nullThe list of property names to include as training data. Each feature must have all these properties, and their values must be numeric. This argument is optional if the input collection contains a 'band_order' property, (as produced by Image.sample).
subsamplingFloat, default: 1An optional subsampling factor, within (0, 1].
subsamplingSeedInteger, default: 0A randomization seed to use for subsampling.

Examples

Code Editor (JavaScript)

// A Sentinel-2 surface reflectance image, reflectance bands selected,
// serves as the source for training and prediction in this contrived example.
var img = ee.Image('COPERNICUS/S2_SR/20210109T185751_20210109T185931_T10SEG')
              .select('B.*');

// ESA WorldCover land cover map, used as label source in classifier training.
var lc = ee.Image('ESA/WorldCover/v100/2020');

// Remap the land cover class values to a 0-based sequential series.
var classValues = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 95, 100];
var remapValues = ee.List.sequence(0, 10);
var label = 'lc';
lc = lc.remap(classValues, remapValues).rename(label).toByte();

// Add land cover as a band of the reflectance image and sample 100 pixels at
// 10 m scale from each land cover class within a region of interest.
var roi = ee.Geometry.Rectangle(-122.347, 37.743, -122.024, 37.838);
var sample = img.addBands(lc).stratifiedSample({
  numPoints: 100,
  classBand: label,
  region: roi,
  scale: 10,
  geometries: true
});

// Add a random value field to the sample and use it to approximately split 80%
// of the features into a training set and 20% into a validation set.
sample = sample.randomColumn();
var trainingSample = sample.filter('random <= 0.8');
var validationSample = sample.filter('random > 0.8');

// Train a 10-tree random forest classifier from the training sample.
var trainedClassifier = ee.Classifier.smileRandomForest(10).train({
  features: trainingSample,
  classProperty: label,
  inputProperties: img.bandNames()
});

// Get information about the trained classifier.
print('Results of trained classifier', trainedClassifier.explain());

// Get a confusion matrix and overall accuracy for the training sample.
var trainAccuracy = trainedClassifier.confusionMatrix();
print('Training error matrix', trainAccuracy);
print('Training overall accuracy', trainAccuracy.accuracy());

// Get a confusion matrix and overall accuracy for the validation sample.
validationSample = validationSample.classify(trainedClassifier);
var validationAccuracy = validationSample.errorMatrix(label, 'classification');
print('Validation error matrix', validationAccuracy);
print('Validation accuracy', validationAccuracy.accuracy());

// Classify the reflectance image from the trained classifier.
var imgClassified = img.classify(trainedClassifier);

// Add the layers to the map.
var classVis = {
  min: 0,
  max: 10,
  palette: ['006400' ,'ffbb22', 'ffff4c', 'f096ff', 'fa0000', 'b4b4b4',
            'f0f0f0', '0064c8', '0096a0', '00cf75', 'fae6a0']
};
Map.setCenter(-122.184, 37.796, 12);
Map.addLayer(img, {bands: ['B11', 'B8', 'B3'], min: 100, max: 3500}, 'img');
Map.addLayer(lc, classVis, 'lc');
Map.addLayer(imgClassified, classVis, 'Classified');
Map.addLayer(roi, {color: 'white'}, 'ROI', false, 0.5);
Map.addLayer(trainingSample, {color: 'black'}, 'Training sample', false);
Map.addLayer(validationSample, {color: 'white'}, 'Validation sample', false);