LinkedTransferQueue

public class LinkedTransferQueue extends AbstractQueue<E>
implements TransferQueue<E> Serializable

An unbounded TransferQueue based on linked nodes. This queue orders elements FIFO (first-in-first-out) with respect to any given producer. The head of the queue is that element that has been on the queue the longest time for some producer. The tail of the queue is that element that has been on the queue the shortest time for some producer.

Beware that, unlike in most collections, the size method is NOT a constant-time operation. Because of the asynchronous nature of these queues, determining the current number of elements requires a traversal of the elements, and so may report inaccurate results if this collection is modified during traversal. Additionally, the bulk operations addAll, removeAll, retainAll, containsAll, equals, and toArray are not guaranteed to be performed atomically. For example, an iterator operating concurrently with an addAll operation might view only some of the added elements.

This class and its iterator implement all of the optional methods of the Collection and Iterator interfaces.

Memory consistency effects: As with other concurrent collections, actions in a thread prior to placing an object into a LinkedTransferQueue happen-before actions subsequent to the access or removal of that element from the LinkedTransferQueue in another thread.

Public Constructor Summary

LinkedTransferQueue()
Creates an initially empty LinkedTransferQueue.
LinkedTransferQueue(Collection<? extends E> c)
Creates a LinkedTransferQueue initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.

Public Method Summary

boolean
add(E e)
Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue.
boolean
contains(Object o)
Returns true if this queue contains the specified element.
int
drainTo(Collection<? super E> c, int maxElements)
Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection.
int
drainTo(Collection<? super E> c)
Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection.
int
getWaitingConsumerCount()
Returns an estimate of the number of consumers waiting to receive elements via take() or timed poll.
boolean
hasWaitingConsumer()
Returns true if there is at least one consumer waiting to receive an element via take() or timed poll.
boolean
isEmpty()
Returns true if this queue contains no elements.
Iterator<E>
iterator()
Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence.
boolean
offer(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue.
boolean
offer(E e)
Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue.
E
peek()
Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of this queue, or returns null if this queue is empty.
E
poll(long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.
E
poll()
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, or returns null if this queue is empty.
void
put(E e)
Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue.
int
remainingCapacity()
Always returns Integer.MAX_VALUE because a LinkedTransferQueue is not capacity constrained.
boolean
remove(Object o)
Removes a single instance of the specified element from this queue, if it is present.
int
size()
Returns the number of elements in this queue.
Spliterator<E>
spliterator()
Returns a Spliterator over the elements in this queue.
E
take()
Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.
Object[]
toArray()
Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence.
<T> T[]
toArray(T[] a)
Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array.
String
toString()
Returns a string representation of this collection.
void
transfer(E e)
Transfers the element to a consumer, waiting if necessary to do so.
boolean
tryTransfer(E e)
Transfers the element to a waiting consumer immediately, if possible.
boolean
tryTransfer(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
Transfers the element to a consumer if it is possible to do so before the timeout elapses.

Inherited Method Summary

Public Constructors

public LinkedTransferQueue ()

Creates an initially empty LinkedTransferQueue.

public LinkedTransferQueue (Collection<? extends E> c)

Creates a LinkedTransferQueue initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.

Parameters
c the collection of elements to initially contain
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified collection or any of its elements are null

Public Methods

public boolean add (E e)

Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue. As the queue is unbounded, this method will never throw IllegalStateException or return false.

Parameters
e the element to add
Returns
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified element is null

public boolean contains (Object o)

Returns true if this queue contains the specified element. More formally, returns true if and only if this queue contains at least one element e such that o.equals(e).

Parameters
o object to be checked for containment in this queue
Returns
  • true if this queue contains the specified element

public int drainTo (Collection<? super E> c, int maxElements)

Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Parameters
c the collection to transfer elements into
maxElements the maximum number of elements to transfer
Returns
  • the number of elements transferred

public int drainTo (Collection<? super E> c)

Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection. This operation may be more efficient than repeatedly polling this queue. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Parameters
c the collection to transfer elements into
Returns
  • the number of elements transferred

public int getWaitingConsumerCount ()

Returns an estimate of the number of consumers waiting to receive elements via take() or timed poll. The return value is an approximation of a momentary state of affairs, that may be inaccurate if consumers have completed or given up waiting. The value may be useful for monitoring and heuristics, but not for synchronization control. Implementations of this method are likely to be noticeably slower than those for hasWaitingConsumer().

Returns
  • the number of consumers waiting to receive elements

public boolean hasWaitingConsumer ()

Returns true if there is at least one consumer waiting to receive an element via take() or timed poll. The return value represents a momentary state of affairs.

Returns
  • true if there is at least one waiting consumer

public boolean isEmpty ()

Returns true if this queue contains no elements.

Returns
  • true if this queue contains no elements

public Iterator<E> iterator ()

Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence. The elements will be returned in order from first (head) to last (tail).

The returned iterator is weakly consistent.

Returns
  • an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence

public boolean offer (E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)

Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue. As the queue is unbounded, this method will never block or return false.

Parameters
e the element to add
timeout how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified element is null

public boolean offer (E e)

Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue. As the queue is unbounded, this method will never return false.

Parameters
e the element to add
Returns
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified element is null

public E peek ()

Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of this queue, or returns null if this queue is empty.

Returns
  • the head of this queue, or null if this queue is empty

public E poll (long timeout, TimeUnit unit)

Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.

Parameters
timeout how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns
  • the head of this queue, or null if the specified waiting time elapses before an element is available

public E poll ()

Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, or returns null if this queue is empty.

Returns
  • the head of this queue, or null if this queue is empty

public void put (E e)

Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue. As the queue is unbounded, this method will never block.

Parameters
e the element to add
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified element is null

public int remainingCapacity ()

Always returns Integer.MAX_VALUE because a LinkedTransferQueue is not capacity constrained.

Returns

public boolean remove (Object o)

Removes a single instance of the specified element from this queue, if it is present. More formally, removes an element e such that o.equals(e), if this queue contains one or more such elements. Returns true if this queue contained the specified element (or equivalently, if this queue changed as a result of the call).

Parameters
o element to be removed from this queue, if present
Returns
  • true if this queue changed as a result of the call

public int size ()

Returns the number of elements in this queue. If this queue contains more than Integer.MAX_VALUE elements, returns Integer.MAX_VALUE.

Beware that, unlike in most collections, this method is NOT a constant-time operation. Because of the asynchronous nature of these queues, determining the current number of elements requires an O(n) traversal.

Returns
  • the number of elements in this queue

public Spliterator<E> spliterator ()

Returns a Spliterator over the elements in this queue.

The returned spliterator is weakly consistent.

The Spliterator reports CONCURRENT, ORDERED, and NONNULL.

Returns
  • a Spliterator over the elements in this queue

public E take ()

Retrieves and removes the head of this queue, waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.

Returns
  • the head of this queue

public Object[] toArray ()

Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence.

The returned array will be "safe" in that no references to it are maintained by this queue. (In other words, this method must allocate a new array). The caller is thus free to modify the returned array.

This method acts as bridge between array-based and collection-based APIs.

Returns
  • an array containing all of the elements in this queue

public T[] toArray (T[] a)

Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array. If the queue fits in the specified array, it is returned therein. Otherwise, a new array is allocated with the runtime type of the specified array and the size of this queue.

If this queue fits in the specified array with room to spare (i.e., the array has more elements than this queue), the element in the array immediately following the end of the queue is set to null.

Like the toArray() method, this method acts as bridge between array-based and collection-based APIs. Further, this method allows precise control over the runtime type of the output array, and may, under certain circumstances, be used to save allocation costs.

Suppose x is a queue known to contain only strings. The following code can be used to dump the queue into a newly allocated array of String:

 String[] y = x.toArray(new String[0]);
Note that toArray(new Object[0]) is identical in function to toArray().

Parameters
a the array into which the elements of the queue are to be stored, if it is big enough; otherwise, a new array of the same runtime type is allocated for this purpose
Returns
  • an array containing all of the elements in this queue
Throws
ArrayStoreException if the runtime type of the specified array is not a supertype of the runtime type of every element in this queue
NullPointerException if the specified array is null

public String toString ()

Returns a string representation of this collection. The string representation consists of a list of the collection's elements in the order they are returned by its iterator, enclosed in square brackets ("[]"). Adjacent elements are separated by the characters ", " (comma and space). Elements are converted to strings as by valueOf(Object).

Returns
  • a string representation of this collection

public void transfer (E e)

Transfers the element to a consumer, waiting if necessary to do so.

More precisely, transfers the specified element immediately if there exists a consumer already waiting to receive it (in take() or timed poll), else inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue and waits until the element is received by a consumer.

Parameters
e the element to transfer
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified element is null
InterruptedException

public boolean tryTransfer (E e)

Transfers the element to a waiting consumer immediately, if possible.

More precisely, transfers the specified element immediately if there exists a consumer already waiting to receive it (in take() or timed poll), otherwise returning false without enqueuing the element.

Parameters
e the element to transfer
Returns
  • true if the element was transferred, else false
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified element is null

public boolean tryTransfer (E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)

Transfers the element to a consumer if it is possible to do so before the timeout elapses.

More precisely, transfers the specified element immediately if there exists a consumer already waiting to receive it (in take() or timed poll), else inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue and waits until the element is received by a consumer, returning false if the specified wait time elapses before the element can be transferred.

Parameters
e the element to transfer
timeout how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns
  • true if successful, or false if the specified waiting time elapses before completion, in which case the element is not left enqueued
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified element is null
InterruptedException