ConcurrentMap

public interface ConcurrentMap implements Map<K, V>
Known Indirect Subclasses

A Map providing thread safety and atomicity guarantees.

To maintain the specified guarantees, default implementations of methods including putIfAbsent(K, V) inherited from Map must be overridden by implementations of this interface. Similarly, implementations of the collections returned by methods keySet(), values(), and entrySet() must override methods such as removeIf when necessary to preserve atomicity guarantees.

Memory consistency effects: As with other concurrent collections, actions in a thread prior to placing an object into a ConcurrentMap as a key or value happen-before actions subsequent to the access or removal of that object from the ConcurrentMap in another thread.

Public Method Summary

V
compute(K key, BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)
Attempts to compute a mapping for the specified key and its current mapped value (or null if there is no current mapping).
V
computeIfAbsent(K key, Function<? super K, ? extends V> mappingFunction)
If the specified key is not already associated with a value (or is mapped to null), attempts to compute its value using the given mapping function and enters it into this map unless null.
V
computeIfPresent(K key, BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)
If the value for the specified key is present and non-null, attempts to compute a new mapping given the key and its current mapped value.
void
forEach(BiConsumer<? super K, ? super V> action)
Performs the given action for each entry in this map until all entries have been processed or the action throws an exception.
V
getOrDefault(Object key, V defaultValue)
Returns the value to which the specified key is mapped, or defaultValue if this map contains no mapping for the key.
V
merge(K key, V value, BiFunction<? super V, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)
If the specified key is not already associated with a value or is associated with null, associates it with the given non-null value.
abstract V
putIfAbsent(K key, V value)
If the specified key is not already associated with a value, associates it with the given value.
abstract boolean
remove(Object key, Object value)
Removes the entry for a key only if currently mapped to a given value.
abstract boolean
replace(K key, V oldValue, V newValue)
Replaces the entry for a key only if currently mapped to a given value.
abstract V
replace(K key, V value)
Replaces the entry for a key only if currently mapped to some value.
void
replaceAll(BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> function)
Replaces each entry's value with the result of invoking the given function on that entry until all entries have been processed or the function throws an exception.

Inherited Method Summary

Public Methods

public V compute (K key, BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

Attempts to compute a mapping for the specified key and its current mapped value (or null if there is no current mapping). For example, to either create or append a String msg to a value mapping:

 map.compute(key, (k, v) -> (v == null) ? msg : v.concat(msg))
(Method merge() is often simpler to use for such purposes.)

If the remapping function returns null, the mapping is removed (or remains absent if initially absent). If the remapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and the current mapping is left unchanged.

The remapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Parameters
key key with which the specified value is to be associated
remappingFunction the remapping function to compute a value
Returns
  • the new value associated with the specified key, or null if none

public V computeIfAbsent (K key, Function<? super K, ? extends V> mappingFunction)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value (or is mapped to null), attempts to compute its value using the given mapping function and enters it into this map unless null.

If the mapping function returns null, no mapping is recorded. If the mapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and no mapping is recorded. The most common usage is to construct a new object serving as an initial mapped value or memoized result, as in:

 map.computeIfAbsent(key, k -> new Value(f(k)));
 

Or to implement a multi-value map, Map<K,Collection<V>>, supporting multiple values per key:

 map.computeIfAbsent(key, k -> new HashSet<V>()).add(v);
 

The mapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Parameters
key key with which the specified value is to be associated
mappingFunction the mapping function to compute a value
Returns
  • the current (existing or computed) value associated with the specified key, or null if the computed value is null

public V computeIfPresent (K key, BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

If the value for the specified key is present and non-null, attempts to compute a new mapping given the key and its current mapped value.

If the remapping function returns null, the mapping is removed. If the remapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and the current mapping is left unchanged.

The remapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Parameters
key key with which the specified value is to be associated
remappingFunction the remapping function to compute a value
Returns
  • the new value associated with the specified key, or null if none

public void forEach (BiConsumer<? super K, ? super V> action)

Performs the given action for each entry in this map until all entries have been processed or the action throws an exception. Unless otherwise specified by the implementing class, actions are performed in the order of entry set iteration (if an iteration order is specified.) Exceptions thrown by the action are relayed to the caller.

Parameters
action The action to be performed for each entry

public V getOrDefault (Object key, V defaultValue)

Returns the value to which the specified key is mapped, or defaultValue if this map contains no mapping for the key.

Parameters
key the key whose associated value is to be returned
defaultValue the default mapping of the key
Returns
  • the value to which the specified key is mapped, or defaultValue if this map contains no mapping for the key

public V merge (K key, V value, BiFunction<? super V, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value or is associated with null, associates it with the given non-null value. Otherwise, replaces the associated value with the results of the given remapping function, or removes if the result is null. This method may be of use when combining multiple mapped values for a key. For example, to either create or append a String msg to a value mapping:

 map.merge(key, msg, String::concat)
 

If the remapping function returns null, the mapping is removed. If the remapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and the current mapping is left unchanged.

The remapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Parameters
key key with which the resulting value is to be associated
value the non-null value to be merged with the existing value associated with the key or, if no existing value or a null value is associated with the key, to be associated with the key
remappingFunction the remapping function to recompute a value if present
Returns
  • the new value associated with the specified key, or null if no value is associated with the key

public abstract V putIfAbsent (K key, V value)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value, associates it with the given value. This is equivalent to, for this map:

 if (!map.containsKey(key))
   return map.put(key, value);
 else
   return map.get(key);
except that the action is performed atomically.

Parameters
key key with which the specified value is to be associated
value value to be associated with the specified key
Returns
  • the previous value associated with the specified key, or null if there was no mapping for the key. (A null return can also indicate that the map previously associated null with the key, if the implementation supports null values.)
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map
NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map

public abstract boolean remove (Object key, Object value)

Removes the entry for a key only if currently mapped to a given value. This is equivalent to, for this map:

 if (map.containsKey(key)
     && Objects.equals(map.get(key), value)) {
   map.remove(key);
   return true;
 } else {
   return false;
 }
except that the action is performed atomically.

Parameters
key key with which the specified value is associated
value value expected to be associated with the specified key
Returns
  • true if the value was removed
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the remove operation is not supported by this map
ClassCastException if the key or value is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values (optional)

public abstract boolean replace (K key, V oldValue, V newValue)

Replaces the entry for a key only if currently mapped to a given value. This is equivalent to, for this map:

 if (map.containsKey(key)
     && Objects.equals(map.get(key), oldValue)) {
   map.put(key, newValue);
   return true;
 } else {
   return false;
 }
except that the action is performed atomically.

Parameters
key key with which the specified value is associated
oldValue value expected to be associated with the specified key
newValue value to be associated with the specified key
Returns
  • true if the value was replaced
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map
ClassCastException if the class of a specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map
NullPointerException if a specified key or value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values
IllegalArgumentException if some property of a specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map

public abstract V replace (K key, V value)

Replaces the entry for a key only if currently mapped to some value. This is equivalent to, for this map:

 if (map.containsKey(key))
   return map.put(key, value);
 else
   return null;
except that the action is performed atomically.

Parameters
key key with which the specified value is associated
value value to be associated with the specified key
Returns
  • the previous value associated with the specified key, or null if there was no mapping for the key. (A null return can also indicate that the map previously associated null with the key, if the implementation supports null values.)
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map
NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map

public void replaceAll (BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> function)

Replaces each entry's value with the result of invoking the given function on that entry until all entries have been processed or the function throws an exception. Exceptions thrown by the function are relayed to the caller.

Parameters
function the function to apply to each entry