Calendar.Builder

public static class Calendar.Builder extends Object

Calendar.Builder is used for creating a Calendar from various date-time parameters.

There are two ways to set a Calendar to a date-time value. One is to set the instant parameter to a millisecond offset from the Epoch. The other is to set individual field parameters, such as YEAR, to their desired values. These two ways can't be mixed. Trying to set both the instant and individual fields will cause an IllegalStateException to be thrown. However, it is permitted to override previous values of the instant or field parameters.

If no enough field parameters are given for determining date and/or time, calendar specific default values are used when building a Calendar. For example, if the YEAR value isn't given for the Gregorian calendar, 1970 will be used. If there are any conflicts among field parameters, the resolution rules are applied. Therefore, the order of field setting matters.

In addition to the date-time parameters, the {@linkplain #setLocale(Locale) locale}, {@linkplain #setTimeZone(TimeZone) time zone}, {@linkplain #setWeekDefinition(int, int) week definition}, and {@linkplain #setLenient(boolean) leniency mode} parameters can be set.

Examples

The following are sample usages. Sample code assumes that the Calendar constants are statically imported.

The following code produces a Calendar with date 2012-12-31 (Gregorian) because Monday is the first day of a week with the ISO 8601 compatible week parameters.

   Calendar cal = new Calendar.Builder().setCalendarType("iso8601")
                        .setWeekDate(2013, 1, MONDAY).build();

The following code produces a Japanese Calendar with date 1989-01-08 (Gregorian), assuming that the default ERA is Heisei that started on that day.

   Calendar cal = new Calendar.Builder().setCalendarType("japanese")
                        .setFields(YEAR, 1, DAY_OF_YEAR, 1).build();

Public Constructor Summary

Calendar.Builder()
Constructs a Calendar.Builder.

Public Method Summary

Calendar
build()
Returns a Calendar built from the parameters set by the setter methods.
Calendar.Builder
set(int field, int value)
Sets the field parameter to the given value.
Calendar.Builder
setCalendarType(String type)
Sets the calendar type parameter to the given type.
Calendar.Builder
setDate(int year, int month, int dayOfMonth)
Sets the date field parameters to the values given by year, month, and dayOfMonth.
Calendar.Builder
setFields(int... fieldValuePairs)
Sets field parameters to their values given by fieldValuePairs that are pairs of a field and its value.
Calendar.Builder
setInstant(Date instant)
Sets the instant parameter to the instant value given by a Date.
Calendar.Builder
setInstant(long instant)
Sets the instant parameter to the given instant value that is a millisecond offset from the Epoch.
Calendar.Builder
setLenient(boolean lenient)
Sets the lenient mode parameter to the value given by lenient.
Calendar.Builder
setLocale(Locale locale)
Sets the locale parameter to the given locale.
Calendar.Builder
setTimeOfDay(int hourOfDay, int minute, int second)
Sets the time of day field parameters to the values given by hourOfDay, minute, and second.
Calendar.Builder
setTimeOfDay(int hourOfDay, int minute, int second, int millis)
Sets the time of day field parameters to the values given by hourOfDay, minute, second, and millis.
Calendar.Builder
setTimeZone(TimeZone zone)
Sets the time zone parameter to the given zone.
Calendar.Builder
setWeekDate(int weekYear, int weekOfYear, int dayOfWeek)
Sets the week-based date parameters to the values with the given date specifiers - week year, week of year, and day of week.
Calendar.Builder
setWeekDefinition(int firstDayOfWeek, int minimalDaysInFirstWeek)
Sets the week definition parameters to the values given by firstDayOfWeek and minimalDaysInFirstWeek that are used to determine the first week of a year.

Inherited Method Summary

Public Constructors

public Calendar.Builder ()

Constructs a Calendar.Builder.

Public Methods

public Calendar build ()

Returns a Calendar built from the parameters set by the setter methods. The calendar type given by the setCalendarType method or the {@linkplain #setLocale(Locale) locale} is used to determine what Calendar to be created. If no explicit calendar type is given, the locale's default calendar is created.

If the calendar type is "iso8601", the {@linkplain GregorianCalendar#setGregorianChange(Date) Gregorian change date} of a GregorianCalendar is set to Date(Long.MIN_VALUE) to be the proleptic Gregorian calendar. Its week definition parameters are also set to be compatible with the ISO 8601 standard. Note that the getCalendarType method of a GregorianCalendar created with "iso8601" returns "gregory".

The default values are used for locale and time zone if these parameters haven't been given explicitly.

Any out of range field values are either normalized in lenient mode or detected as an invalid value in non-lenient mode.

Returns
  • a Calendar built with parameters of this Calendar.Builder
Throws
IllegalArgumentException if the calendar type is unknown, or if any invalid field values are given in non-lenient mode, or if a week date is given for the calendar type that doesn't support week dates.

public Calendar.Builder set (int field, int value)

Sets the field parameter to the given value. field is an index to the fields, such as DAY_OF_MONTH. Field value validation is not performed in this method. Any out of range values are either normalized in lenient mode or detected as an invalid value in non-lenient mode when building a Calendar.

Parameters
field an index to the Calendar fields
value the field value
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
IllegalArgumentException if field is invalid
IllegalStateException if the instant value has already been set, or if fields have been set too many (approximately MAX_VALUE) times.
See Also

public Calendar.Builder setCalendarType (String type)

Sets the calendar type parameter to the given type. The calendar type given by this method has precedence over any explicit or implicit calendar type given by the {@linkplain #setLocale(Locale) locale}.

In addition to the available calendar types returned by the Calendar.getAvailableCalendarTypes method, "gregorian" and "iso8601" as aliases of "gregory" can be used with this method.

Parameters
type the calendar type
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
NullPointerException if type is null
IllegalArgumentException if type is unknown
IllegalStateException if another calendar type has already been set

public Calendar.Builder setDate (int year, int month, int dayOfMonth)

Sets the date field parameters to the values given by year, month, and dayOfMonth. This method is equivalent to a call to:

   setFields(Calendar.YEAR, year,
             Calendar.MONTH, month,
             Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, dayOfMonth);

Parameters
year the YEAR value
month the MONTH value (the month numbering is 0-based).
dayOfMonth the DAY_OF_MONTH value
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder

public Calendar.Builder setFields (int... fieldValuePairs)

Sets field parameters to their values given by fieldValuePairs that are pairs of a field and its value. For example,

   setFields(Calendar.YEAR, 2013,
             Calendar.MONTH, Calendar.DECEMBER,
             Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, 23);
is equivalent to the sequence of the following set calls:
   set(Calendar.YEAR, 2013)
   .set(Calendar.MONTH, Calendar.DECEMBER)
   .set(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, 23);

Parameters
fieldValuePairs field-value pairs
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
NullPointerException if fieldValuePairs is null
IllegalArgumentException if any of fields are invalid, or if fieldValuePairs.length is an odd number.
IllegalStateException if the instant value has been set, or if fields have been set too many (approximately MAX_VALUE) times.

public Calendar.Builder setInstant (Date instant)

Sets the instant parameter to the instant value given by a Date. This method is equivalent to a call to setInstant(instant.getTime()).

Parameters
instant a Date representing a millisecond offset from the Epoch
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
NullPointerException if instant is null
IllegalStateException if any of the field parameters have already been set

public Calendar.Builder setInstant (long instant)

Sets the instant parameter to the given instant value that is a millisecond offset from the Epoch.

Parameters
instant a millisecond offset from the Epoch
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
IllegalStateException if any of the field parameters have already been set

public Calendar.Builder setLenient (boolean lenient)

Sets the lenient mode parameter to the value given by lenient. If no lenient parameter is given to this Calendar.Builder, lenient mode will be used in the build method.

Parameters
lenient true for lenient mode; false for non-lenient mode
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder

public Calendar.Builder setLocale (Locale locale)

Sets the locale parameter to the given locale. If no locale is given to this Calendar.Builder, the {@linkplain Locale#getDefault(Locale.Category) default Locale} for FORMAT will be used.

If no calendar type is explicitly given by a call to the setCalendarType method, the Locale value is used to determine what type of Calendar to be built.

If no week definition parameters are explicitly given by a call to the setWeekDefinition method, the Locale's default values are used.

Parameters
locale the Locale
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
NullPointerException if locale is null

public Calendar.Builder setTimeOfDay (int hourOfDay, int minute, int second)

Sets the time of day field parameters to the values given by hourOfDay, minute, and second. This method is equivalent to a call to:

   setTimeOfDay(hourOfDay, minute, second, 0);

Parameters
hourOfDay the HOUR_OF_DAY value (24-hour clock)
minute the MINUTE value
second the SECOND value
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder

public Calendar.Builder setTimeOfDay (int hourOfDay, int minute, int second, int millis)

Sets the time of day field parameters to the values given by hourOfDay, minute, second, and millis. This method is equivalent to a call to:

   setFields(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY, hourOfDay,
             Calendar.MINUTE, minute,
             Calendar.SECOND, second,
             Calendar.MILLISECOND, millis);

Parameters
hourOfDay the HOUR_OF_DAY value (24-hour clock)
minute the MINUTE value
second the SECOND value
millis the MILLISECOND value
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder

public Calendar.Builder setTimeZone (TimeZone zone)

Sets the time zone parameter to the given zone. If no time zone parameter is given to this Caledar.Builder, the {@linkplain TimeZone#getDefault() default TimeZone} will be used in the build method.

Parameters
zone the TimeZone
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
NullPointerException if zone is null

public Calendar.Builder setWeekDate (int weekYear, int weekOfYear, int dayOfWeek)

Sets the week-based date parameters to the values with the given date specifiers - week year, week of year, and day of week.

If the specified calendar doesn't support week dates, the build method will throw an IllegalArgumentException.

Parameters
weekYear the week year
weekOfYear the week number based on weekYear
dayOfWeek the day of week value: one of the constants for the DAY_OF_WEEK field: SUNDAY, ..., SATURDAY.
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder

public Calendar.Builder setWeekDefinition (int firstDayOfWeek, int minimalDaysInFirstWeek)

Sets the week definition parameters to the values given by firstDayOfWeek and minimalDaysInFirstWeek that are used to determine the first week of a year. The parameters given by this method have precedence over the default values given by the {@linkplain #setLocale(Locale) locale}.

Parameters
firstDayOfWeek the first day of a week; one of SUNDAY to SATURDAY
minimalDaysInFirstWeek the minimal number of days in the first week (1..7)
Returns
  • this Calendar.Builder
Throws
IllegalArgumentException if firstDayOfWeek or minimalDaysInFirstWeek is invalid