OffsetTime

public final class OffsetTime extends Object
implements Temporal TemporalAdjuster Comparable<OffsetTime> Serializable

A time with an offset from UTC/Greenwich in the ISO-8601 calendar system, such as 10:15:30+01:00.

OffsetTime is an immutable date-time object that represents a time, often viewed as hour-minute-second-offset. This class stores all time fields, to a precision of nanoseconds, as well as a zone offset. For example, the value "13:45.30.123456789+02:00" can be stored in an OffsetTime.

Field Summary

public static final OffsetTime MAX The maximum supported OffsetTime, '23:59:59.999999999-18:00'.
public static final OffsetTime MIN The minimum supported OffsetTime, '00:00:00+18:00'.

Public Method Summary

Temporal
adjustInto(Temporal temporal)
Adjusts the specified temporal object to have the same offset and time as this object.
OffsetDateTime
atDate(LocalDate date)
Combines this time with a date to create an OffsetDateTime.
int
compareTo(OffsetTime other)
Compares this OffsetTime to another time.
boolean
equals(Object obj)
Checks if this time is equal to another time.
String
format(DateTimeFormatter formatter)
Formats this time using the specified formatter.
static OffsetTime
from(TemporalAccessor temporal)
Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a temporal object.
int
get(TemporalField field)
Gets the value of the specified field from this time as an int.
int
getHour()
Gets the hour-of-day field.
long
getLong(TemporalField field)
Gets the value of the specified field from this time as a long.
int
getMinute()
Gets the minute-of-hour field.
int
getNano()
Gets the nano-of-second field.
ZoneOffset
getOffset()
Gets the zone offset, such as '+01:00'.
int
getSecond()
Gets the second-of-minute field.
int
hashCode()
A hash code for this time.
boolean
isAfter(OffsetTime other)
Checks if the instant of this OffsetTime is after that of the specified time applying both times to a common date.
boolean
isBefore(OffsetTime other)
Checks if the instant of this OffsetTime is before that of the specified time applying both times to a common date.
boolean
isEqual(OffsetTime other)
Checks if the instant of this OffsetTime is equal to that of the specified time applying both times to a common date.
boolean
isSupported(TemporalUnit unit)
Checks if the specified unit is supported.
boolean
isSupported(TemporalField field)
Checks if the specified field is supported.
OffsetTime
minus(TemporalAmount amountToSubtract)
Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount subtracted.
OffsetTime
minus(long amountToSubtract, TemporalUnit unit)
Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount subtracted.
OffsetTime
minusHours(long hours)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of hours subtracted.
OffsetTime
minusMinutes(long minutes)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of minutes subtracted.
OffsetTime
minusNanos(long nanos)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of nanoseconds subtracted.
OffsetTime
minusSeconds(long seconds)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of seconds subtracted.
static OffsetTime
now(ZoneId zone)
Obtains the current time from the system clock in the specified time-zone.
static OffsetTime
now()
Obtains the current time from the system clock in the default time-zone.
static OffsetTime
now(Clock clock)
Obtains the current time from the specified clock.
static OffsetTime
of(int hour, int minute, int second, int nanoOfSecond, ZoneOffset offset)
Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from an hour, minute, second and nanosecond.
static OffsetTime
of(LocalTime time, ZoneOffset offset)
Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a local time and an offset.
static OffsetTime
ofInstant(Instant instant, ZoneId zone)
Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from an Instant and zone ID.
static OffsetTime
parse(CharSequence text, DateTimeFormatter formatter)
Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a text string using a specific formatter.
static OffsetTime
parse(CharSequence text)
Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a text string such as 10:15:30+01:00.
OffsetTime
plus(TemporalAmount amountToAdd)
Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount added.
OffsetTime
plus(long amountToAdd, TemporalUnit unit)
Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount added.
OffsetTime
plusHours(long hours)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of hours added.
OffsetTime
plusMinutes(long minutes)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of minutes added.
OffsetTime
plusNanos(long nanos)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of nanoseconds added.
OffsetTime
plusSeconds(long seconds)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of seconds added.
<R> R
query(TemporalQuery<R> query)
Queries this time using the specified query.
ValueRange
range(TemporalField field)
Gets the range of valid values for the specified field.
LocalTime
toLocalTime()
Gets the LocalTime part of this date-time.
String
toString()
Outputs this time as a String, such as 10:15:30+01:00.
OffsetTime
truncatedTo(TemporalUnit unit)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the time truncated.
long
until(Temporal endExclusive, TemporalUnit unit)
Calculates the amount of time until another time in terms of the specified unit.
OffsetTime
with(TemporalField field, long newValue)
Returns a copy of this time with the specified field set to a new value.
OffsetTime
with(TemporalAdjuster adjuster)
Returns an adjusted copy of this time.
OffsetTime
withHour(int hour)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the hour-of-day altered.
OffsetTime
withMinute(int minute)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the minute-of-hour altered.
OffsetTime
withNano(int nanoOfSecond)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the nano-of-second altered.
OffsetTime
withOffsetSameInstant(ZoneOffset offset)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified offset ensuring that the result is at the same instant on an implied day.
OffsetTime
withOffsetSameLocal(ZoneOffset offset)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified offset ensuring that the result has the same local time.
OffsetTime
withSecond(int second)
Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the second-of-minute altered.

Inherited Method Summary

Fields

public static final OffsetTime MAX

The maximum supported OffsetTime, '23:59:59.999999999-18:00'. This is the time just before midnight at the end of the day in the minimum offset (larger negative offsets are later on the time-line). This combines MAX and MIN. This could be used by an application as a "far future" date.

public static final OffsetTime MIN

The minimum supported OffsetTime, '00:00:00+18:00'. This is the time of midnight at the start of the day in the maximum offset (larger offsets are earlier on the time-line). This combines MIN and MAX. This could be used by an application as a "far past" date.

Public Methods

public Temporal adjustInto (Temporal temporal)

Adjusts the specified temporal object to have the same offset and time as this object.

This returns a temporal object of the same observable type as the input with the offset and time changed to be the same as this.

The adjustment is equivalent to using with(TemporalField, long) twice, passing NANO_OF_DAY and OFFSET_SECONDS as the fields.

In most cases, it is clearer to reverse the calling pattern by using with(TemporalAdjuster):

   // these two lines are equivalent, but the second approach is recommended
   temporal = thisOffsetTime.adjustInto(temporal);
   temporal = temporal.with(thisOffsetTime);
 

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
temporal the target object to be adjusted, not null
Returns
  • the adjusted object, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if unable to make the adjustment
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetDateTime atDate (LocalDate date)

Combines this time with a date to create an OffsetDateTime.

This returns an OffsetDateTime formed from this time and the specified date. All possible combinations of date and time are valid.

Parameters
date the date to combine with, not null
Returns
  • the offset date-time formed from this time and the specified date, not null

public int compareTo (OffsetTime other)

Compares this OffsetTime to another time.

The comparison is based first on the UTC equivalent instant, then on the local time. It is "consistent with equals", as defined by Comparable.

For example, the following is the comparator order:

  1. 10:30+01:00
  2. 11:00+01:00
  3. 12:00+02:00
  4. 11:30+01:00
  5. 12:00+01:00
  6. 12:30+01:00
Values #2 and #3 represent the same instant on the time-line. When two values represent the same instant, the local time is compared to distinguish them. This step is needed to make the ordering consistent with equals().

To compare the underlying local time of two TemporalAccessor instances, use NANO_OF_DAY as a comparator.

Parameters
other the other time to compare to, not null
Returns
  • the comparator value, negative if less, positive if greater
Throws
NullPointerException if other is null

public boolean equals (Object obj)

Checks if this time is equal to another time.

The comparison is based on the local-time and the offset. To compare for the same instant on the time-line, use isEqual(OffsetTime).

Only objects of type OffsetTime are compared, other types return false. To compare the underlying local time of two TemporalAccessor instances, use NANO_OF_DAY as a comparator.

Parameters
obj the object to check, null returns false
Returns
  • true if this is equal to the other time

public String format (DateTimeFormatter formatter)

Formats this time using the specified formatter.

This time will be passed to the formatter to produce a string.

Parameters
formatter the formatter to use, not null
Returns
  • the formatted time string, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if an error occurs during printing

public static OffsetTime from (TemporalAccessor temporal)

Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a temporal object.

This obtains an offset time based on the specified temporal. A TemporalAccessor represents an arbitrary set of date and time information, which this factory converts to an instance of OffsetTime.

The conversion extracts and combines the ZoneOffset and the LocalTime from the temporal object. Implementations are permitted to perform optimizations such as accessing those fields that are equivalent to the relevant objects.

This method matches the signature of the functional interface TemporalQuery allowing it to be used as a query via method reference, OffsetTime::from.

Parameters
temporal the temporal object to convert, not null
Returns
  • the offset time, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if unable to convert to an OffsetTime

public int get (TemporalField field)

Gets the value of the specified field from this time as an int.

This queries this time for the value of the specified field. The returned value will always be within the valid range of values for the field. If it is not possible to return the value, because the field is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The supported fields will return valid values based on this time, except NANO_OF_DAY and MICRO_OF_DAY which are too large to fit in an int and throw a DateTimeException. All other ChronoField instances will throw an UnsupportedTemporalTypeException.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.getFrom(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the value can be obtained, and what the value represents, is determined by the field.

Parameters
field the field to get, not null
Returns
  • the value for the field
Throws
DateTimeException if a value for the field cannot be obtained or the value is outside the range of valid values for the field
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the field is not supported or the range of values exceeds an int
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public int getHour ()

Gets the hour-of-day field.

Returns
  • the hour-of-day, from 0 to 23

public long getLong (TemporalField field)

Gets the value of the specified field from this time as a long.

This queries this time for the value of the specified field. If it is not possible to return the value, because the field is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The supported fields will return valid values based on this time. All other ChronoField instances will throw an UnsupportedTemporalTypeException.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.getFrom(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the value can be obtained, and what the value represents, is determined by the field.

Parameters
field the field to get, not null
Returns
  • the value for the field
Throws
DateTimeException if a value for the field cannot be obtained
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the field is not supported
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public int getMinute ()

Gets the minute-of-hour field.

Returns
  • the minute-of-hour, from 0 to 59

public int getNano ()

Gets the nano-of-second field.

Returns
  • the nano-of-second, from 0 to 999,999,999

public ZoneOffset getOffset ()

Gets the zone offset, such as '+01:00'.

This is the offset of the local time from UTC/Greenwich.

Returns
  • the zone offset, not null

public int getSecond ()

Gets the second-of-minute field.

Returns
  • the second-of-minute, from 0 to 59

public int hashCode ()

A hash code for this time.

Returns
  • a suitable hash code

public boolean isAfter (OffsetTime other)

Checks if the instant of this OffsetTime is after that of the specified time applying both times to a common date.

This method differs from the comparison in compareTo(T) in that it only compares the instant of the time. This is equivalent to converting both times to an instant using the same date and comparing the instants.

Parameters
other the other time to compare to, not null
Returns
  • true if this is after the instant of the specified time

public boolean isBefore (OffsetTime other)

Checks if the instant of this OffsetTime is before that of the specified time applying both times to a common date.

This method differs from the comparison in compareTo(T) in that it only compares the instant of the time. This is equivalent to converting both times to an instant using the same date and comparing the instants.

Parameters
other the other time to compare to, not null
Returns
  • true if this is before the instant of the specified time

public boolean isEqual (OffsetTime other)

Checks if the instant of this OffsetTime is equal to that of the specified time applying both times to a common date.

This method differs from the comparison in compareTo(T) and equals(Object) in that it only compares the instant of the time. This is equivalent to converting both times to an instant using the same date and comparing the instants.

Parameters
other the other time to compare to, not null
Returns
  • true if this is equal to the instant of the specified time

public boolean isSupported (TemporalUnit unit)

Checks if the specified unit is supported.

This checks if the specified unit can be added to, or subtracted from, this offset-time. If false, then calling the plus(long, TemporalUnit) and minus methods will throw an exception.

If the unit is a ChronoUnit then the query is implemented here. The supported units are:

  • NANOS
  • MICROS
  • MILLIS
  • SECONDS
  • MINUTES
  • HOURS
  • HALF_DAYS
All other ChronoUnit instances will return false.

If the unit is not a ChronoUnit, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalUnit.isSupportedBy(Temporal) passing this as the argument. Whether the unit is supported is determined by the unit.

Parameters
unit the unit to check, null returns false
Returns
  • true if the unit can be added/subtracted, false if not

public boolean isSupported (TemporalField field)

Checks if the specified field is supported.

This checks if this time can be queried for the specified field. If false, then calling the range, get and with(TemporalField, long) methods will throw an exception.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The supported fields are:

  • NANO_OF_SECOND
  • NANO_OF_DAY
  • MICRO_OF_SECOND
  • MICRO_OF_DAY
  • MILLI_OF_SECOND
  • MILLI_OF_DAY
  • SECOND_OF_MINUTE
  • SECOND_OF_DAY
  • MINUTE_OF_HOUR
  • MINUTE_OF_DAY
  • HOUR_OF_AMPM
  • CLOCK_HOUR_OF_AMPM
  • HOUR_OF_DAY
  • CLOCK_HOUR_OF_DAY
  • AMPM_OF_DAY
  • OFFSET_SECONDS
All other ChronoField instances will return false.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.isSupportedBy(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the field is supported is determined by the field.

Parameters
field the field to check, null returns false
Returns
  • true if the field is supported on this time, false if not

public OffsetTime minus (TemporalAmount amountToSubtract)

Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount subtracted.

This returns an OffsetTime, based on this one, with the specified amount subtracted. The amount is typically Duration but may be any other type implementing the TemporalAmount interface.

The calculation is delegated to the amount object by calling subtractFrom(Temporal). The amount implementation is free to implement the subtraction in any way it wishes, however it typically calls back to minus(long, TemporalUnit). Consult the documentation of the amount implementation to determine if it can be successfully subtracted.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
amountToSubtract the amount to subtract, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the subtraction made, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the subtraction cannot be made
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetTime minus (long amountToSubtract, TemporalUnit unit)

Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount subtracted.

This returns an OffsetTime, based on this one, with the amount in terms of the unit subtracted. If it is not possible to subtract the amount, because the unit is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

This method is equivalent to plus(long, TemporalUnit) with the amount negated. See that method for a full description of how addition, and thus subtraction, works.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
amountToSubtract the amount of the unit to subtract from the result, may be negative
unit the unit of the amount to subtract, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the specified amount subtracted, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the subtraction cannot be made
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the unit is not supported
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetTime minusHours (long hours)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of hours subtracted.

This subtracts the specified number of hours from this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
hours the hours to subtract, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the hours subtracted, not null

public OffsetTime minusMinutes (long minutes)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of minutes subtracted.

This subtracts the specified number of minutes from this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
minutes the minutes to subtract, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the minutes subtracted, not null

public OffsetTime minusNanos (long nanos)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of nanoseconds subtracted.

This subtracts the specified number of nanoseconds from this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
nanos the nanos to subtract, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the nanoseconds subtracted, not null

public OffsetTime minusSeconds (long seconds)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of seconds subtracted.

This subtracts the specified number of seconds from this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
seconds the seconds to subtract, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the seconds subtracted, not null

public static OffsetTime now (ZoneId zone)

Obtains the current time from the system clock in the specified time-zone.

This will query the system clock to obtain the current time. Specifying the time-zone avoids dependence on the default time-zone. The offset will be calculated from the specified time-zone.

Using this method will prevent the ability to use an alternate clock for testing because the clock is hard-coded.

Parameters
zone the zone ID to use, not null
Returns
  • the current time using the system clock, not null

public static OffsetTime now ()

Obtains the current time from the system clock in the default time-zone.

This will query the system clock in the default time-zone to obtain the current time. The offset will be calculated from the time-zone in the clock.

Using this method will prevent the ability to use an alternate clock for testing because the clock is hard-coded.

Returns
  • the current time using the system clock and default time-zone, not null

public static OffsetTime now (Clock clock)

Obtains the current time from the specified clock.

This will query the specified clock to obtain the current time. The offset will be calculated from the time-zone in the clock.

Using this method allows the use of an alternate clock for testing. The alternate clock may be introduced using dependency injection.

Parameters
clock the clock to use, not null
Returns
  • the current time, not null

public static OffsetTime of (int hour, int minute, int second, int nanoOfSecond, ZoneOffset offset)

Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from an hour, minute, second and nanosecond.

This creates an offset time with the four specified fields.

This method exists primarily for writing test cases. Non test-code will typically use other methods to create an offset time. LocalTime has two additional convenience variants of the equivalent factory method taking fewer arguments. They are not provided here to reduce the footprint of the API.

Parameters
hour the hour-of-day to represent, from 0 to 23
minute the minute-of-hour to represent, from 0 to 59
second the second-of-minute to represent, from 0 to 59
nanoOfSecond the nano-of-second to represent, from 0 to 999,999,999
offset the zone offset, not null
Returns
  • the offset time, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the value of any field is out of range

public static OffsetTime of (LocalTime time, ZoneOffset offset)

Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a local time and an offset.

Parameters
time the local time, not null
offset the zone offset, not null
Returns
  • the offset time, not null

public static OffsetTime ofInstant (Instant instant, ZoneId zone)

Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from an Instant and zone ID.

This creates an offset time with the same instant as that specified. Finding the offset from UTC/Greenwich is simple as there is only one valid offset for each instant.

The date component of the instant is dropped during the conversion. This means that the conversion can never fail due to the instant being out of the valid range of dates.

Parameters
instant the instant to create the time from, not null
zone the time-zone, which may be an offset, not null
Returns
  • the offset time, not null

public static OffsetTime parse (CharSequence text, DateTimeFormatter formatter)

Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a text string using a specific formatter.

The text is parsed using the formatter, returning a time.

Parameters
text the text to parse, not null
formatter the formatter to use, not null
Returns
  • the parsed offset time, not null
Throws
DateTimeParseException if the text cannot be parsed

public static OffsetTime parse (CharSequence text)

Obtains an instance of OffsetTime from a text string such as 10:15:30+01:00.

The string must represent a valid time and is parsed using ISO_OFFSET_TIME.

Parameters
text the text to parse such as "10:15:30+01:00", not null
Returns
  • the parsed local time, not null
Throws
DateTimeParseException if the text cannot be parsed

public OffsetTime plus (TemporalAmount amountToAdd)

Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount added.

This returns an OffsetTime, based on this one, with the specified amount added. The amount is typically Duration but may be any other type implementing the TemporalAmount interface.

The calculation is delegated to the amount object by calling addTo(Temporal). The amount implementation is free to implement the addition in any way it wishes, however it typically calls back to plus(long, TemporalUnit). Consult the documentation of the amount implementation to determine if it can be successfully added.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
amountToAdd the amount to add, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the addition made, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the addition cannot be made
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetTime plus (long amountToAdd, TemporalUnit unit)

Returns a copy of this time with the specified amount added.

This returns an OffsetTime, based on this one, with the amount in terms of the unit added. If it is not possible to add the amount, because the unit is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoUnit then the addition is implemented by plus(long, TemporalUnit). The offset is not part of the calculation and will be unchanged in the result.

If the field is not a ChronoUnit, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalUnit.addTo(Temporal, long) passing this as the argument. In this case, the unit determines whether and how to perform the addition.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
amountToAdd the amount of the unit to add to the result, may be negative
unit the unit of the amount to add, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the specified amount added, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the addition cannot be made
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the unit is not supported
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetTime plusHours (long hours)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of hours added.

This adds the specified number of hours to this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
hours the hours to add, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the hours added, not null

public OffsetTime plusMinutes (long minutes)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of minutes added.

This adds the specified number of minutes to this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
minutes the minutes to add, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the minutes added, not null

public OffsetTime plusNanos (long nanos)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of nanoseconds added.

This adds the specified number of nanoseconds to this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
nanos the nanos to add, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the nanoseconds added, not null

public OffsetTime plusSeconds (long seconds)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified number of seconds added.

This adds the specified number of seconds to this time, returning a new time. The calculation wraps around midnight.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
seconds the seconds to add, may be negative
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the seconds added, not null

public R query (TemporalQuery<R> query)

Queries this time using the specified query.

This queries this time using the specified query strategy object. The TemporalQuery object defines the logic to be used to obtain the result. Read the documentation of the query to understand what the result of this method will be.

The result of this method is obtained by invoking the queryFrom(TemporalAccessor) method on the specified query passing this as the argument.

Parameters
query the query to invoke, not null
Returns
  • the query result, null may be returned (defined by the query)
Throws
DateTimeException if unable to query (defined by the query)
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs (defined by the query)

public ValueRange range (TemporalField field)

Gets the range of valid values for the specified field.

The range object expresses the minimum and maximum valid values for a field. This time is used to enhance the accuracy of the returned range. If it is not possible to return the range, because the field is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The supported fields will return appropriate range instances. All other ChronoField instances will throw an UnsupportedTemporalTypeException.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.rangeRefinedBy(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the range can be obtained is determined by the field.

Parameters
field the field to query the range for, not null
Returns
  • the range of valid values for the field, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the range for the field cannot be obtained
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the field is not supported

public LocalTime toLocalTime ()

Gets the LocalTime part of this date-time.

This returns a LocalTime with the same hour, minute, second and nanosecond as this date-time.

Returns
  • the time part of this date-time, not null

public String toString ()

Outputs this time as a String, such as 10:15:30+01:00.

The output will be one of the following ISO-8601 formats:

  • HH:mmXXXXX
  • HH:mm:ssXXXXX
  • HH:mm:ss.SSSXXXXX
  • HH:mm:ss.SSSSSSXXXXX
  • HH:mm:ss.SSSSSSSSSXXXXX
The format used will be the shortest that outputs the full value of the time where the omitted parts are implied to be zero.

Returns
  • a string representation of this time, not null

public OffsetTime truncatedTo (TemporalUnit unit)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the time truncated.

Truncation returns a copy of the original time with fields smaller than the specified unit set to zero. For example, truncating with the minutes unit will set the second-of-minute and nano-of-second field to zero.

The unit must have a {@linkplain TemporalUnit#getDuration() duration} that divides into the length of a standard day without remainder. This includes all supplied time units on ChronoUnit and DAYS. Other units throw an exception.

The offset does not affect the calculation and will be the same in the result.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
unit the unit to truncate to, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the time truncated, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if unable to truncate
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the unit is not supported

public long until (Temporal endExclusive, TemporalUnit unit)

Calculates the amount of time until another time in terms of the specified unit.

This calculates the amount of time between two OffsetTime objects in terms of a single TemporalUnit. The start and end points are this and the specified time. The result will be negative if the end is before the start. For example, the amount in hours between two times can be calculated using startTime.until(endTime, HOURS).

The Temporal passed to this method is converted to a OffsetTime using from(TemporalAccessor). If the offset differs between the two times, then the specified end time is normalized to have the same offset as this time.

The calculation returns a whole number, representing the number of complete units between the two times. For example, the amount in hours between 11:30Z and 13:29Z will only be one hour as it is one minute short of two hours.

There are two equivalent ways of using this method. The first is to invoke this method. The second is to use between(Temporal, Temporal):

   // these two lines are equivalent
   amount = start.until(end, MINUTES);
   amount = MINUTES.between(start, end);
 
The choice should be made based on which makes the code more readable.

The calculation is implemented in this method for ChronoUnit. The units NANOS, MICROS, MILLIS, SECONDS, MINUTES, HOURS and HALF_DAYS are supported. Other ChronoUnit values will throw an exception.

If the unit is not a ChronoUnit, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalUnit.between(Temporal, Temporal) passing this as the first argument and the converted input temporal as the second argument.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
endExclusive the end time, exclusive, which is converted to an OffsetTime, not null
unit the unit to measure the amount in, not null
Returns
  • the amount of time between this time and the end time
Throws
DateTimeException if the amount cannot be calculated, or the end temporal cannot be converted to an OffsetTime
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the unit is not supported
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetTime with (TemporalField field, long newValue)

Returns a copy of this time with the specified field set to a new value.

This returns an OffsetTime, based on this one, with the value for the specified field changed. This can be used to change any supported field, such as the hour, minute or second. If it is not possible to set the value, because the field is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoField then the adjustment is implemented here.

The OFFSET_SECONDS field will return a time with the specified offset. The local time is unaltered. If the new offset value is outside the valid range then a DateTimeException will be thrown.

The other supported fields will behave as per the matching method on with(TemporalField, long) LocalTime}. In this case, the offset is not part of the calculation and will be unchanged.

All other ChronoField instances will throw an UnsupportedTemporalTypeException.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.adjustInto(Temporal, long) passing this as the argument. In this case, the field determines whether and how to adjust the instant.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
field the field to set in the result, not null
newValue the new value of the field in the result
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this with the specified field set, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the field cannot be set
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the field is not supported
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetTime with (TemporalAdjuster adjuster)

Returns an adjusted copy of this time.

This returns an OffsetTime, based on this one, with the time adjusted. The adjustment takes place using the specified adjuster strategy object. Read the documentation of the adjuster to understand what adjustment will be made.

A simple adjuster might simply set the one of the fields, such as the hour field. A more complex adjuster might set the time to the last hour of the day.

The classes LocalTime and ZoneOffset implement TemporalAdjuster, thus this method can be used to change the time or offset:

  result = offsetTime.with(time);
  result = offsetTime.with(offset);
 

The result of this method is obtained by invoking the adjustInto(Temporal) method on the specified adjuster passing this as the argument.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
adjuster the adjuster to use, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this with the adjustment made, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the adjustment cannot be made
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

public OffsetTime withHour (int hour)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the hour-of-day altered.

The offset does not affect the calculation and will be the same in the result.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
hour the hour-of-day to set in the result, from 0 to 23
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the requested hour, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the hour value is invalid

public OffsetTime withMinute (int minute)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the minute-of-hour altered.

The offset does not affect the calculation and will be the same in the result.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
minute the minute-of-hour to set in the result, from 0 to 59
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the requested minute, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the minute value is invalid

public OffsetTime withNano (int nanoOfSecond)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the nano-of-second altered.

The offset does not affect the calculation and will be the same in the result.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
nanoOfSecond the nano-of-second to set in the result, from 0 to 999,999,999
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the requested nanosecond, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the nanos value is invalid

public OffsetTime withOffsetSameInstant (ZoneOffset offset)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified offset ensuring that the result is at the same instant on an implied day.

This method returns an object with the specified ZoneOffset and a LocalTime adjusted by the difference between the two offsets. This will result in the old and new objects representing the same instant on an implied day. This is useful for finding the local time in a different offset. For example, if this time represents 10:30+02:00 and the offset specified is +03:00, then this method will return 11:30+03:00.

To change the offset without adjusting the local time use withOffsetSameLocal(ZoneOffset).

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
offset the zone offset to change to, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the requested offset, not null

public OffsetTime withOffsetSameLocal (ZoneOffset offset)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the specified offset ensuring that the result has the same local time.

This method returns an object with the same LocalTime and the specified ZoneOffset. No calculation is needed or performed. For example, if this time represents 10:30+02:00 and the offset specified is +03:00, then this method will return 10:30+03:00.

To take into account the difference between the offsets, and adjust the time fields, use withOffsetSameInstant(ZoneOffset).

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
offset the zone offset to change to, not null
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the requested offset, not null

public OffsetTime withSecond (int second)

Returns a copy of this OffsetTime with the second-of-minute altered.

The offset does not affect the calculation and will be the same in the result.

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
second the second-of-minute to set in the result, from 0 to 59
Returns
  • an OffsetTime based on this time with the requested second, not null
Throws
DateTimeException if the second value is invalid