MembershipKey

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public abstract class MembershipKey extends Object

A token representing the membership of an Internet Protocol (IP) multicast group.

A membership key may represent a membership to receive all datagrams sent to the group, or it may be source-specific, meaning that it represents a membership that receives only datagrams from a specific source address. Whether or not a membership key is source-specific may be determined by invoking its sourceAddress method.

A membership key is valid upon creation and remains valid until the membership is dropped by invoking the drop method, or the channel is closed. The validity of the membership key may be tested by invoking its isValid method.

Where a membership key is not source-specific and the underlying operation system supports source filtering, then the block and unblock methods can be used to block or unblock multicast datagrams from particular source addresses.

See Also

Protected Constructor Summary

MembershipKey()
Initializes a new instance of this class.

Public Method Summary

abstract MembershipKey
block(InetAddress source)
Block multicast datagrams from the given source address.
abstract MulticastChannel
channel()
Returns the channel for which this membership key was created.
abstract void
drop()
Drop membership.
abstract InetAddress
group()
Returns the multicast group for which this membership key was created.
abstract boolean
isValid()
Tells whether or not this membership is valid.
abstract NetworkInterface
networkInterface()
Returns the network interface for which this membership key was created.
abstract InetAddress
sourceAddress()
Returns the source address if this membership key is source-specific, or null if this membership is not source-specific.
abstract MembershipKey
unblock(InetAddress source)
Unblock multicast datagrams from the given source address that was previously blocked using the block method.

Inherited Method Summary

Protected Constructors

protected MembershipKey ()

Initializes a new instance of this class.

Public Methods

public abstract MembershipKey block (InetAddress source)

Block multicast datagrams from the given source address.

If this membership key is not source-specific, and the underlying operating system supports source filtering, then this method blocks multicast datagrams from the given source address. If the given source address is already blocked then this method has no effect. After a source address is blocked it may still be possible to receive datagrams from that source. This can arise when datagrams are waiting to be received in the socket's receive buffer.

Parameters
source The source address to block
Returns
  • This membership key
Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the source parameter is not a unicast address or is not the same address type as the multicast group
IllegalStateException If this membership key is source-specific or is no longer valid
UnsupportedOperationException If the underlying operating system does not support source filtering
IOException If an I/O error occurs

public abstract MulticastChannel channel ()

Returns the channel for which this membership key was created. This method will continue to return the channel even after the membership becomes invalid.

Returns
  • the channel

public abstract void drop ()

Drop membership.

If the membership key represents a membership to receive all datagrams then the membership is dropped and the channel will no longer receive any datagrams sent to the group. If the membership key is source-specific then the channel will no longer receive datagrams sent to the group from that source address.

After membership is dropped it may still be possible to receive datagrams sent to the group. This can arise when datagrams are waiting to be received in the socket's receive buffer. After membership is dropped then the channel may join the group again in which case a new membership key is returned.

Upon return, this membership object will be invalid. If the multicast group membership is already invalid then invoking this method has no effect. Once a multicast group membership is invalid, it remains invalid forever.

public abstract InetAddress group ()

Returns the multicast group for which this membership key was created. This method will continue to return the group even after the membership becomes invalid.

Returns
  • the multicast group

public abstract boolean isValid ()

Tells whether or not this membership is valid.

A multicast group membership is valid upon creation and remains valid until the membership is dropped by invoking the drop method, or the channel is closed.

Returns
  • true if this membership key is valid, false otherwise

public abstract NetworkInterface networkInterface ()

Returns the network interface for which this membership key was created. This method will continue to return the network interface even after the membership becomes invalid.

Returns
  • the network interface

public abstract InetAddress sourceAddress ()

Returns the source address if this membership key is source-specific, or null if this membership is not source-specific.

Returns
  • The source address if this membership key is source-specific, otherwise null

public abstract MembershipKey unblock (InetAddress source)

Unblock multicast datagrams from the given source address that was previously blocked using the block method.

Parameters
source The source address to unblock
Returns
  • This membership key
Throws
IllegalStateException If the given source address is not currently blocked or the membership key is no longer valid