Parcours d'utilisation

Pour utiliser le traitement par lot, procédez comme suit:

1. Créer une tâche par lot

Tout d'abord, vous devez créer une ressource BatchJob en appelant MutateBatchJob.

Java

private String createBatchJob(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, long customerId) {
  BatchJobOperation operation =
      BatchJobOperation.newBuilder().setCreate(BatchJob.newBuilder().build()).build();
  String batchJobResourceName =
      batchJobServiceClient
          .mutateBatchJob(Long.toString(customerId), operation)
          .getResult()
          .getResourceName();
  System.out.printf("Created a mutate job with resource name: '%s'.%n", batchJobResourceName);

  return batchJobResourceName;
}
      

C#

private static string CreateBatchJob(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService,
    long customerId)
{
    BatchJobOperation operation = new BatchJobOperation()
    {
        Create = new BatchJob()
        {
        }
    };
    string batchJobResourceName =
        batchJobService.MutateBatchJob(customerId.ToString(), operation)
        .Result.ResourceName;
    Console.WriteLine($"Created a batch job with resource name: " +
        $"'{batchJobResourceName}'.");

    return batchJobResourceName;
}
      

PHP

private static function createBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    int $customerId
) {
    // Creates a batch job operation to create a new batch job.
    $batchJobOperation = new BatchJobOperation();
    $batchJobOperation->setCreate(new BatchJob());

    // Issues a request to the API and get the batch job's resource name.
    $batchJobResourceName =
        $batchJobServiceClient->mutateBatchJob($customerId, $batchJobOperation)
            ->getResult()
            ->getResourceName();
    printf(
        "Created a batch job with resource name: '%s'.%s",
        $batchJobResourceName,
        PHP_EOL
    );
    return $batchJobResourceName;
}
      

Python

def _create_batch_job(batch_job_service, customer_id, batch_job_operation):
    """Creates a batch job for the specified customer ID.

    Args:
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        customer_id: a str of a customer ID.
        batch_job_operation: a BatchJobOperation instance set to "create"

    Returns: a str of a resource name for a batch job.
    """
    try:
        response = batch_job_service.mutate_batch_job(
            customer_id=customer_id, operation=batch_job_operation
        )
        resource_name = response.result.resource_name
        print(f'Created a batch job with resource name "{resource_name}"')
        return resource_name
    except GoogleAdsException as exception:
        _handle_googleads_exception(exception)
      

Ruby

def create_batch_job(client, batch_job_service, customer_id)
  # Creates a batch job operation to create a new batch job.
  operation = client.operation.create_resource.batch_job

  # Issues a request to the API and get the batch job's resource name.
  response = batch_job_service.mutate_batch_job(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    operation: operation
  )

  batch_job_resource_name = response.result.resource_name
  puts "Created a batch job with resource name: '#{batch_job_resource_name}'"

  batch_job_resource_name
end
      

Perl

sub create_batch_job {
  my ($batch_job_service, $customer_id) = @_;

  # Create a batch job operation.
  my $batch_job_operation =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Services::BatchJobService::BatchJobOperation->
    new({create => Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Resources::BatchJob->new({})});

  my $batch_job_resource_name = $batch_job_service->mutate({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      operation  => $batch_job_operation
    })->{result}{resourceName};

  printf
    "Created a batch job with resource name: '%s'.\n",
    $batch_job_resource_name;

  return $batch_job_resource_name;
}
      

À ce stade, la valeur status de la tâche est PENDING.

2. Ajouter une ou plusieurs opérations mutation à la tâche par lot

Ajoutez un ou plusieurs MutateOperation à la tâche par lot créée à l'étape précédente en appelant AddBatchJobOperations. La réponse contient les éléments suivants:

  • Nombre total d'opérations ajoutées jusqu'à présent pour cette tâche
  • Jeton de séquence à utiliser lorsque la méthode est à nouveau appelée pour ajouter d'autres opérations

Lorsque vous appelez à nouveau AddBatchJobOperations pour ajouter d'autres opérations, veillez à spécifier le jeton de séquence précédemment obtenu dans le champ sequence_token d'une requête. Si vous appelez la méthode à l'aide d'un jeton de séquence autre que celui obtenu précédemment, une erreur se produira.

sequence_token est également disponible sous le nom de next_add_sequence_token de BatchJob, que vous pouvez récupérer ultérieurement.

Si vous créez des objets dépendants, tels qu'une campagne complète, composée d'une nouvelle campagne et des groupes d'annonces, des annonces et des mots clés correspondants, vous pouvez utiliser un ID temporaire pour spécifier un nom de ressource.

Java

private void addAllBatchJobOperations(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, long customerId, String batchJobResourceName) {
  AddBatchJobOperationsResponse response =
      batchJobServiceClient.addBatchJobOperations(
          AddBatchJobOperationsRequest.newBuilder()
              .setResourceName(batchJobResourceName)
              .addAllMutateOperations(buildAllOperations(customerId))
              .build());
  System.out.printf(
      "%d mutate operations have been added so far.%n", response.getTotalOperations());

  // You can use this next sequence token for calling addBatchJobOperations() next time.
  System.out.printf(
      "Next sequence token for adding next operations is '%s'.%n",
      response.getNextSequenceToken());
}
      

C#

private static void AddAllBatchJobOperations(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService,
    long customerId, string batchJobResourceName)
{
    AddBatchJobOperationsResponse response =
        batchJobService.AddBatchJobOperations(
            new AddBatchJobOperationsRequest()
            {
                ResourceName = batchJobResourceName,
                MutateOperations = { BuildAllOperations(customerId) }
            });
    Console.WriteLine($"{response.TotalOperations} mutate operations have been added" +
        $" so far.");

    // You can use this next sequence token for calling AddBatchJobOperations() next time.
    Console.WriteLine($"Next sequence token for adding next operations is " +
        $"'{response.NextSequenceToken}'.");
}
      

PHP

private static function addAllBatchJobOperations(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    int $customerId,
    string $batchJobResourceName
) {
    $response = $batchJobServiceClient->addBatchJobOperations(
        $batchJobResourceName,
        self::buildAllOperations($customerId)
    );
    printf(
        "%d mutate operations have been added so far.%s",
        $response->getTotalOperations(),
        PHP_EOL
    );
    // You can use this next sequence token for calling addBatchJobOperations() next time.
    printf(
        "Next sequence token for adding next operations is '%s'.%s",
        $response->getNextSequenceToken(),
        PHP_EOL
    );
}
      

Python

def _add_all_batch_job_operations(batch_job_service, operations, resource_name):
    """Adds all mutate operations to the batch job.

    As this is the first time for this batch job, we pass null as a sequence
    token. The response will contain the next sequence token that we can use
    to upload more operations in the future.

    Args:
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        operations: a list of a mutate operations.
        resource_name: a str of a resource name for a batch job.
    """
    try:
        response = batch_job_service.add_batch_job_operations(
            resource_name=resource_name,
            sequence_token=None,
            mutate_operations=operations,
        )

        print(
            f"{response.total_operations} mutate operations have been "
            "added so far."
        )

        # You can use this next sequence token for calling
        # add_batch_job_operations() next time.
        print(
            "Next sequence token for adding next operations is "
            f"{response.next_sequence_token}"
        )
    except GoogleAdsException as exception:
        _handle_googleads_exception(exception)
      

Ruby

def add_all_batch_job_operations(
  client,
  batch_job_service,
  customer_id,
  batch_job_resource_name)
  response = batch_job_service.add_batch_job_operations(
    resource_name: batch_job_resource_name,
    mutate_operations: build_all_operations(client, customer_id),
  )
  puts "#{response.total_operations} mutate operations have been added so far."

  # You can use this next sequence token for calling
  # add_all_batch_job_operations() next time
  puts "Next sequence token for adding next operations is " \
    "'#{response.next_sequence_token}'"
end
      

Perl

sub add_all_batch_job_operations {
  my ($batch_job_service, $customer_id, $batch_job_resource_name) = @_;

  my $add_batch_job_operations_response = $batch_job_service->add_operations({
      resourceName     => $batch_job_resource_name,
      sequenceToken    => undef,
      mutateOperations => build_all_operations($customer_id)});

  printf
    "%d batch operations have been added so far.\n",
    $add_batch_job_operations_response->{totalOperations};

  # You can use this next sequence token for calling add_operations() next time.
  printf
    "Next sequence token for adding next operations is '%s'.\n",
    $add_batch_job_operations_response->{nextSequenceToken};
}
      

Voici le contenu de buildAllOperations pour chaque bibliothèque cliente:

3. Exécuter la tâche par lot

Après avoir ajouté toutes vos opérations, vous pouvez demander à l'API Google Ads d'exécuter la tâche par lot en appelant RunBatchJob sur les opérations importées.

Java

private OperationFuture runBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, String batchJobResourceName) {
  OperationFuture operationResponse =
      batchJobServiceClient.runBatchJobAsync(batchJobResourceName);

  // BEWARE! The above call returns an OperationFuture. The execution of that future depends on
  // the thread pool which is owned by batchJobServiceClient. If you use this future, you *must*
  // keep the service client in scope too.
  // See https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/docs/client-libs/java/lro for more detail.

  System.out.printf(
      "Mutate job with resource name '%s' has been executed.%n", batchJobResourceName);

  return operationResponse;
}
      

C#

private Operation<Empty, BatchJobMetadata> RunBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService, string batchJobResourceName)
{
    Operation<Empty, BatchJobMetadata> operationResponse =
        batchJobService.RunBatchJob(batchJobResourceName);
    Console.WriteLine($"Batch job with resource name '{batchJobResourceName}' has been " +
        $"executed.");

    return operationResponse;
}
      

PHP

private static function runBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    string $batchJobResourceName
) {
    $operationResponse = $batchJobServiceClient->runBatchJob($batchJobResourceName);
    printf(
        "Batch job with resource name '%s' has been executed.%s",
        $batchJobResourceName,
        PHP_EOL
    );
    return $operationResponse;
}
      

Python

def _run_batch_job(batch_job_service, resource_name):
    """Runs the batch job for executing all uploaded mutate operations.

    Args:
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        resource_name: a str of a resource name for a batch job.

    Returns: a google.api_core.operation.Operation instance.
    """
    try:
        response = batch_job_service.run_batch_job(resource_name=resource_name)
        print(
            f'Batch job with resource name "{resource_name}" has been '
            "executed."
        )
        return response
    except GoogleAdsException as exception:
        _handle_googleads_exception(exception)
      

Ruby

def run_batch_job(batch_job_service, batch_job_resource_name)
  operation_response = batch_job_service.run_batch_job(
    resource_name: batch_job_resource_name,
  )
  puts "Batch job with resource name '#{batch_job_resource_name}' " \
    "has been executed."
  operation_response
end
      

Perl

sub run_batch_job {
  my ($batch_job_service, $batch_job_resource_name) = @_;

  my $batch_job_lro =
    $batch_job_service->run({resourceName => $batch_job_resource_name});

  printf
    "Batch job with resource name '%s' has been executed.\n",
    $batch_job_resource_name;

  return $batch_job_lro;
}
      

La réponse renvoyée est un objet de Operation (abréviation de "LRO"). L'objet LRO contient les métadonnées de votre tâche par lot, ainsi que les informations sur l'état de la tâche.

4. Sondez l'état de la tâche par lot jusqu'à la fin de l'opération.

L'étape suivante consiste à interroger l'état de la tâche par lot à l'aide de l'objet LRO à GetOperation jusqu'à ce que l'expression de longue durée done soit true.

Java

private void pollBatchJob(OperationFuture operationResponse) {
  try {
    operationResponse.get(MAX_TOTAL_POLL_INTERVAL_SECONDS, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
  } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException | TimeoutException e) {
    System.err.printf("Failed polling the mutate job. Exception: %s%n", e);
    System.exit(1);
  }
}
      

C#

private static void PollBatchJob(Operation<Empty, BatchJobMetadata> operationResponse)
{
    PollSettings pollSettings = new PollSettings(
        Expiration.FromTimeout(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(MAX_TOTAL_POLL_INTERVAL_SECONDS)),
        TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));
    operationResponse.PollUntilCompleted(pollSettings);
}
      

PHP

private static function pollBatchJob(OperationResponse $operationResponse)
{
    $operationResponse->pollUntilComplete([
        'initialPollDelayMillis' => self::POLL_FREQUENCY_SECONDS * 1000,
        'totalPollTimeoutMillis' => self::MAX_TOTAL_POLL_INTERVAL_SECONDS * 1000
    ]);
}
      

Python

def _poll_batch_job(operations_response, event):
    """Polls the server until the batch job execution finishes.

    Sets the initial poll delay time and the total time to wait before time-out.

    Args:
        operations_response: a google.api_core.operation.Operation instance.
        event: an instance of asyncio.Event to invoke once the operations have
            completed, alerting the awaiting calling code that it can proceed.
    """
    loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()

    def _done_callback(future):
        # The operations_response object will call callbacks from a daemon
        # thread so we must use a threadsafe method of setting the event here
        # otherwise it will not trigger the awaiting code.
        loop.call_soon_threadsafe(event.set)

    # operations_response represents a Long-Running Operation or LRO. The class
    # provides an interface for polling the API to check when the operation is
    # complete. Below we use the asynchronous interface, but there's also a
    # synchronous interface that uses the Operation.result method.
    # See: https://googleapis.dev/python/google-api-core/latest/operation.html
    operations_response.add_done_callback(_done_callback)
      

Ruby

def poll_batch_job(operation_response)
  operation_response.wait_until_done!
end
      

Perl

sub poll_batch_job {
  my ($operation_service, $batch_job_lro) = @_;

  $operation_service->poll_until_done({
    name                 => $batch_job_lro->{name},
    pollFrequencySeconds => POLL_FREQUENCY_SECONDS,
    pollTimeoutSeconds   => POLL_TIMEOUT_SECONDS
  });
}
      

5. Répertorier tous les résultats de tâches par lot

Une fois toutes les tâches par lot terminées, vous pouvez afficher leurs résultats à l'aide de ListBatchJobResults pour imprimer leur état et leurs réponses:

Java

private void fetchAndPrintResults(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, String batchJobResourceName) {
  System.out.printf(
      "Mutate job with resource name '%s' has finished. Now, printing its results...%n",
      batchJobResourceName);
  // Gets all the results from running mutate job and prints their information.
  ListBatchJobResultsPagedResponse batchJobResults =
      batchJobServiceClient.listBatchJobResults(
          ListBatchJobResultsRequest.newBuilder()
              .setResourceName(batchJobResourceName)
              .setPageSize(PAGE_SIZE)
              .build());
  for (BatchJobResult batchJobResult : batchJobResults.iterateAll()) {
    System.out.printf(
        "Mutate job #%d has a status '%s' and response of type '%s'.%n",
        batchJobResult.getOperationIndex(),
        batchJobResult.getStatus().getMessage().isEmpty()
            ? "N/A"
            : batchJobResult.getStatus().getMessage(),
        batchJobResult
                .getMutateOperationResponse()
                .getResponseCase()
                .equals(ResponseCase.RESPONSE_NOT_SET)
            ? "N/A"
            : batchJobResult.getMutateOperationResponse().getResponseCase());
  }
}
      

C#

private static void FetchAndPrintResults(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService,
    string batchJobResourceName)
{
    Console.WriteLine($"batch job with resource name '{batchJobResourceName}' has " +
        $"finished. Now, printing its results...");

    ListBatchJobResultsRequest request = new ListBatchJobResultsRequest()
    {
        ResourceName = batchJobResourceName,
        PageSize = PAGE_SIZE,
    };
    ListBatchJobResultsResponse resp = new ListBatchJobResultsResponse();
    // Gets all the results from running batch job and prints their information.
    foreach (BatchJobResult batchJobResult in
        batchJobService.ListBatchJobResults(request))
    {
        if (!batchJobResult.IsFailed)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"batch job result #{batchJobResult.OperationIndex} is " +
                $"successful and response is of type " +
                $"'{batchJobResult.MutateOperationResponse.ResponseCase}'.");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"batch job result #{batchJobResult.OperationIndex} " +
                $"failed with error message {batchJobResult.Status.Message}.");

            foreach (GoogleAdsError error in batchJobResult.Failure.Errors)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Error found: {error}.");
            }
        }
    }
}
      

PHP

private static function fetchAndPrintResults(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    string $batchJobResourceName
) {
    printf(
        "Batch job with resource name '%s' has finished. Now, printing its results...%s",
        $batchJobResourceName,
        PHP_EOL
    );
    // Gets all the results from running batch job and print their information.
    $batchJobResults = $batchJobServiceClient->listBatchJobResults(
        $batchJobResourceName,
        ['pageSize' => self::PAGE_SIZE]
    );
    foreach ($batchJobResults->iterateAllElements() as $batchJobResult) {
        /** @var BatchJobResult $batchJobResult */
        printf(
            "Batch job #%d has a status '%s' and response of type '%s'.%s",
            $batchJobResult->getOperationIndex(),
            $batchJobResult->getStatus()
                ? $batchJobResult->getStatus()->getMessage() : 'N/A',
            $batchJobResult->getMutateOperationResponse()
                ? $batchJobResult->getMutateOperationResponse()->getResponse()
                : 'N/A',
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def _fetch_and_print_results(client, batch_job_service, resource_name):
    """Prints all the results from running the batch job.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        resource_name: a str of a resource name for a batch job.
    """
    print(
        f'Batch job with resource name "{resource_name}" has finished. '
        "Now, printing its results..."
    )

    list_results_request = client.get_type("ListBatchJobResultsRequest")
    list_results_request.resource_name = resource_name
    list_results_request.page_size = PAGE_SIZE
    # Gets all the results from running batch job and prints their information.
    batch_job_results = batch_job_service.list_batch_job_results(
        request=list_results_request
    )

    for batch_job_result in batch_job_results:
        status = batch_job_result.status.message
        status = status if status else "N/A"
        result = batch_job_result.mutate_operation_response
        result = result or "N/A"
        print(
            f"Batch job #{batch_job_result.operation_index} "
            f'has a status "{status}" and response type "{result}"'
        )
      

Ruby

def fetch_and_print_results(batch_job_service, batch_job_resource_name)
  puts "Batch job with resource name '#{batch_job_resource_name}' has " \
    "finished. Now, printing its results..." \

  # Gets all the results from running batch job and print their information.
  batch_job_results = batch_job_service.list_batch_job_results(
    resource_name: batch_job_resource_name,
    page_size: PAGE_SIZE,
  )
  batch_job_results.each do |result|
    puts "Batch job ##{result.operation_index} has a status " \
      "#{result.status ? result.status.message : 'N/A'} and response of type " \
      "#{result.mutate_operation_response ? result.mutate_operation_response.response : 'N/A'}"
  end
end
      

Perl

sub fetch_and_print_results {
  my ($batch_job_service, $batch_job_resource_name) = @_;

  printf "Batch job with resource name '%s' has finished. " .
    "Now, printing its results...\n", $batch_job_resource_name;

  # Get all the results from running batch job and print their information.
  my $list_batch_job_results_response = $batch_job_service->list_results({
    resourceName => $batch_job_resource_name,
    pageSize     => PAGE_SIZE
  });

  foreach my $batch_job_result (@{$list_batch_job_results_response->{results}})
  {
    printf
      "Batch job #%d has a status '%s' and response of type '%s'.\n",
      $batch_job_result->{operationIndex},
      $batch_job_result->{status} ? $batch_job_result->{status}{message}
      : "N/A",
      $batch_job_result->{mutateOperationResponse}
      ? [keys %{$batch_job_result->{mutateOperationResponse}}]->[0]
      : "N/A";
  }
}
      

Si l'opération correspondante a abouti, le message response du fichier mutate_operation_response contient le résultat avec son identifiant resource_name. De plus, la ressource du résultat contient la ressource modifiée avec tous ses champs modifiables renseignés si la valeur de response_content_type est définie sur MUTABLE_RESOURCE.

Si l'opération correspondante a généré des erreurs et n'a pas pu être terminée, le champ mutate_operation_response est défini sur null.

Le champ status de BatchJobResult contient les détails de l'erreur pour chaque opération ayant échoué.