Class Spreadsheet

Spreadsheet

Access and modify Google Sheets files. Common operations are adding new sheets and adding collaborators.

Methods

MethodReturn typeBrief description
addDeveloperMetadata(key)SpreadsheetAdds developer metadata with the specified key to the top-level spreadsheet.
addDeveloperMetadata(key, visibility)SpreadsheetAdds developer metadata with the specified key and visibility to the spreadsheet.
addDeveloperMetadata(key, value)SpreadsheetAdds developer metadata with the specified key and value to the spreadsheet.
addDeveloperMetadata(key, value, visibility)SpreadsheetAdds developer metadata with the specified key, value, and visibility to the spreadsheet.
addEditor(emailAddress)SpreadsheetAdds the given user to the list of editors for the Spreadsheet.
addEditor(user)SpreadsheetAdds the given user to the list of editors for the Spreadsheet.
addEditors(emailAddresses)SpreadsheetAdds the given array of users to the list of editors for the Spreadsheet.
addMenu(name, subMenus)voidCreates a new menu in the Spreadsheet UI.
addViewer(emailAddress)SpreadsheetAdds the given user to the list of viewers for the Spreadsheet.
addViewer(user)SpreadsheetAdds the given user to the list of viewers for the Spreadsheet.
addViewers(emailAddresses)SpreadsheetAdds the given array of users to the list of viewers for the Spreadsheet.
appendRow(rowContents)SheetAppends a row to the spreadsheet.
autoResizeColumn(columnPosition)SheetSets the width of the given column to fit its contents.
copy(name)SpreadsheetCopies the spreadsheet and returns the new one.
createDeveloperMetadataFinder()DeveloperMetadataFinderReturns a DeveloperMetadataFinderApi for finding developer metadata within the scope of this spreadsheet.
deleteActiveSheet()SheetDeletes the currently active sheet.
deleteColumn(columnPosition)SheetDeletes the column at the given column position.
deleteColumns(columnPosition, howMany)voidDeletes a number of columns starting at the given column position.
deleteRow(rowPosition)SheetDeletes the row at the given row position.
deleteRows(rowPosition, howMany)voidDeletes a number of rows starting at the given row position.
deleteSheet(sheet)voidDeletes the specified sheet.
duplicateActiveSheet()SheetDuplicates the active sheet and makes it the active sheet.
getActiveCell()RangeReturns the active cell in this sheet.
getActiveRange()RangeReturns the selected range in the active sheet, or null if there is no active range.
getActiveRangeList()RangeListReturns the list of active ranges in the active sheet or null if there are no active ranges.
getActiveSheet()SheetGets the active sheet in a spreadsheet.
getAs(contentType)BlobReturn the data inside this object as a blob converted to the specified content type.
getBandings()Banding[]Returns all the bandings in this spreadsheet.
getBlob()BlobReturn the data inside this object as a blob.
getColumnWidth(columnPosition)IntegerGets the width in pixels of the given column.
getCurrentCell()RangeReturns the current cell in the active sheet or null if there is no current cell.
getDataRange()RangeReturns a Range corresponding to the dimensions in which data is present.
getDeveloperMetadata()DeveloperMetadata[]Get the developer metadata associated with the top-level spreadsheet.
getEditors()User[]Gets the list of editors for this Spreadsheet.
getFormUrl()StringReturns the URL for the form that sends its responses to this spreadsheet, or null if this spreadsheet has no associated form.
getFrozenColumns()IntegerReturns the number of frozen columns.
getFrozenRows()IntegerReturns the number of frozen rows.
getId()StringGets a unique identifier for this spreadsheet.
getImages()OverGridImage[]Returns all over-the-grid images on the sheet.
getLastColumn()IntegerReturns the position of the last column that has content.
getLastRow()IntegerReturns the position of the last row that has content.
getName()StringGets the name of the document.
getNamedRanges()NamedRange[]Gets all the named ranges in this spreadsheet.
getNumSheets()IntegerReturns the number of sheets in this spreadsheet.
getOwner()UserReturns the owner of the document.
getProtections(type)Protection[]Gets an array of objects representing all protected ranges or sheets in the spreadsheet.
getRange(a1Notation)RangeReturns the range as specified in A1 notation or R1C1 notation.
getRangeByName(name)RangeReturns a named range, or null if no range with the given name is found.
getRangeList(a1Notations)RangeListReturns the RangeList collection representing the ranges in the same sheet specified by a non-empty list of A1 notations or R1C1 notations.
getRowHeight(rowPosition)IntegerGets the height in pixels of the given row.
getSelection()SelectionReturns the current Selection in the spreadsheet.
getSheetByName(name)SheetReturns a sheet with the given name.
getSheetId()IntegerReturns the ID of the sheet represented by this object.
getSheetName()StringReturns the sheet name.
getSheetValues(startRow, startColumn, numRows, numColumns)Object[][]Returns the rectangular grid of values for this range starting at the given coordinates.
getSheets()Sheet[]Gets all the sheets in this spreadsheet.
getSpreadsheetLocale()StringGets the spreadsheet locale.
getSpreadsheetTimeZone()StringGets the time zone for the spreadsheet.
getUrl()StringReturns the url for the given spreadsheet.
getViewers()User[]Gets the list of viewers and commenters for this Spreadsheet.
hideColumn(column)voidHides the columns in the given range.
hideRow(row)voidHides the rows in the given range.
insertColumnAfter(afterPosition)SheetInserts a column after the given column position.
insertColumnBefore(beforePosition)SheetInserts a column before the given column position.
insertColumnsAfter(afterPosition, howMany)SheetInserts a number of columns after the given column position.
insertColumnsBefore(beforePosition, howMany)SheetInserts a number of columns before the given column position.
insertImage(blobSource, column, row)OverGridImageInserts a Spreadsheet as an image in the document at a given row and column.
insertImage(blobSource, column, row, offsetX, offsetY)OverGridImageInserts a Spreadsheet as an image in the document at a given row and column, with a pixel offset.
insertImage(url, column, row)OverGridImageInserts an image in the document at a given row and column.
insertImage(url, column, row, offsetX, offsetY)OverGridImageInserts an image in the document at a given row and column, with a pixel offset.
insertRowAfter(afterPosition)SheetInserts a row after the given row position.
insertRowBefore(beforePosition)SheetInserts a row before the given row position.
insertRowsAfter(afterPosition, howMany)SheetInserts a number of rows after the given row position.
insertRowsBefore(beforePosition, howMany)SheetInserts a number of rows before the given row position.
insertSheet()SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet, using a default sheet name.
insertSheet(sheetIndex)SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet at the given index.
insertSheet(sheetIndex, options)SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet at the given index and uses optional advanced arguments.
insertSheet(options)SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet, using a default sheet name and optional advanced arguments.
insertSheet(sheetName)SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name.
insertSheet(sheetName, sheetIndex)SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name at the given index.
insertSheet(sheetName, sheetIndex, options)SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name at the given index and uses optional advanced arguments.
insertSheet(sheetName, options)SheetInserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name and uses optional advanced arguments.
isColumnHiddenByUser(columnPosition)BooleanReturns whether the given column is hidden by the user.
isRowHiddenByFilter(rowPosition)BooleanReturns whether the given row is hidden by a filter (not a filter view).
isRowHiddenByUser(rowPosition)BooleanReturns whether the given row is hidden by the user.
moveActiveSheet(pos)voidMoves the active sheet to the given position in the list of sheets.
removeEditor(emailAddress)SpreadsheetRemoves the given user from the list of editors for the Spreadsheet.
removeEditor(user)SpreadsheetRemoves the given user from the list of editors for the Spreadsheet.
removeMenu(name)voidRemoves a menu that was added by addMenu(name, subMenus).
removeNamedRange(name)voidDeletes a named range with the given name.
removeViewer(emailAddress)SpreadsheetRemoves the given user from the list of viewers and commenters for the Spreadsheet.
removeViewer(user)SpreadsheetRemoves the given user from the list of viewers and commenters for the Spreadsheet.
rename(newName)voidRenames the document.
renameActiveSheet(newName)voidRenames the current active sheet to the given new name.
setActiveRange(range)RangeSets the specified range as the active range in the active sheet, with the top left cell in the range as the current cell.
setActiveRangeList(rangeList)RangeListSets the specified list of ranges as the active ranges in the active sheet.
setActiveSelection(range)RangeSets the active selection region for this sheet.
setActiveSelection(a1Notation)RangeSets the active selection, as specified in A1 notation or R1C1 notation.
setActiveSheet(sheet)SheetSets the given sheet to be the active sheet in the spreadsheet.
setActiveSheet(sheet, restoreSelection)SheetSets the given sheet to be the active sheet in the spreadsheet, with an option to restore the most recent selection within that sheet.
setColumnWidth(columnPosition, width)SheetSets the width of the given column in pixels.
setCurrentCell(cell)RangeSets the specified cell as the current cell.
setFrozenColumns(columns)voidFreezes the given number of columns.
setFrozenRows(rows)voidFreezes the given number of rows.
setNamedRange(name, range)voidNames a range.
setRowHeight(rowPosition, height)SheetSets the row height of the given row in pixels.
setSpreadsheetLocale(locale)voidSets the spreadsheet locale.
setSpreadsheetTimeZone(timezone)voidSets the time zone for the spreadsheet.
show(userInterface)voidDisplays a custom user interface component in a dialog centered in the user's browser's viewport.
sort(columnPosition)SheetSorts a sheet by column, ascending.
sort(columnPosition, ascending)SheetSorts a sheet by column.
toast(msg)voidShows a popup window in the lower right corner of the spreadsheet with the given message.
toast(msg, title)voidShows a popup window in the lower right corner of the spreadsheet with the given message and title.
toast(msg, title, timeoutSeconds)voidShows a popup window in the lower right corner of the spreadsheet with the given title and message, that stays visible for a certain length of time.
unhideColumn(column)voidUnhides the column in the given range.
unhideRow(row)voidUnhides the row in the given range.
updateMenu(name, subMenus)voidUpdates a menu that was added by addMenu(name, subMenus).

Detailed documentation

addDeveloperMetadata(key)

Adds developer metadata with the specified key to the top-level spreadsheet.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
keyStringThe key for the new developer metadata.

Return

Spreadsheet — This spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addDeveloperMetadata(key, visibility)

Adds developer metadata with the specified key and visibility to the spreadsheet.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
keyStringThe key for the new developer metadata.
visibilityDeveloperMetadataVisibilityThe visibility of the new developer metadata.

Return

Spreadsheet — This spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addDeveloperMetadata(key, value)

Adds developer metadata with the specified key and value to the spreadsheet.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
keyStringThe key for the new developer metadata.
valueStringThe value for the new developer metadata.

Return

Spreadsheet — This spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addDeveloperMetadata(key, value, visibility)

Adds developer metadata with the specified key, value, and visibility to the spreadsheet.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
keyStringThe key for the new developer metadata.
valueStringThe value for the new developer metadata.
visibilityDeveloperMetadataVisibilityThe visibility of the new developer metadata.

Return

Spreadsheet — This spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addEditor(emailAddress)

Adds the given user to the list of editors for the Spreadsheet. If the user was already on the list of viewers, this method promotes the user out of the list of viewers.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
emailAddressStringThe email address of the user to add.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addEditor(user)

Adds the given user to the list of editors for the Spreadsheet. If the user was already on the list of viewers, this method promotes the user out of the list of viewers.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
userUserA representation of the user to add.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addEditors(emailAddresses)

Adds the given array of users to the list of editors for the Spreadsheet. If any of the users were already on the list of viewers, this method promotes them out of the list of viewers.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
emailAddressesString[]An array of email addresses of the users to add.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addMenu(name, subMenus)

Creates a new menu in the Spreadsheet UI.

Each menu entry runs a user-defined function. Usually, you want to call it from the onOpen() function so that the menu is automatically created when the spreadsheet is loaded.

// The onOpen function is executed automatically every time a Spreadsheet is loaded
function onOpen() {
  var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
  var menuEntries = [];
  // When the user clicks on "addMenuExample" then "Menu Entry 1", the function function1 is
  // executed.
  menuEntries.push({name: "Menu Entry 1", functionName: "function1"});
  menuEntries.push(null); // line separator
  menuEntries.push({name: "Menu Entry 2", functionName: "function2"});

  ss.addMenu("addMenuExample", menuEntries);
}

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameStringThe name of the menu to be created.
subMenusObject[]An array of JavaScript maps with name and functionName parameters.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addViewer(emailAddress)

Adds the given user to the list of viewers for the Spreadsheet. If the user was already on the list of editors, this method has no effect.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
emailAddressStringThe email address of the user to add.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addViewer(user)

Adds the given user to the list of viewers for the Spreadsheet. If the user was already on the list of editors, this method has no effect.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
userUserA representation of the user to add.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

addViewers(emailAddresses)

Adds the given array of users to the list of viewers for the Spreadsheet. If any of the users were already on the list of editors, this method has no effect for them.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
emailAddressesString[]An array of email addresses of the users to add.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

appendRow(rowContents)

Appends a row to the spreadsheet. This operation is atomic; it prevents issues where a user asks for the last row, and then writes to that row, and an intervening mutation occurs between getting the last row and writing to it.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Appends a new row with 3 columns to the bottom of the
// spreadsheet containing the values in the array
sheet.appendRow(["a man", "a plan", "panama"]);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowContentsObject[]An array of values to insert after the last row in the sheet.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

autoResizeColumn(columnPosition)

Sets the width of the given column to fit its contents.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

sheet.getRange('a1').setValue('Whenever it is a damp, drizzly November in my soul...');

// Sets the first column to a width which fits the text
sheet.autoResizeColumn(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe position of the given column to resize.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

copy(name)

Copies the spreadsheet and returns the new one.

// This code makes a copy of the current spreadsheet and names it appropriately
var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.copy("Copy of " + ss.getName());

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameString

Return

Spreadsheet — the spreadsheet for chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

createDeveloperMetadataFinder()

Returns a DeveloperMetadataFinderApi for finding developer metadata within the scope of this spreadsheet. By default this considers all metadata associated with the spreadsheet, sheets, rows, and columns.

Return

DeveloperMetadataFinder — A developer metadata finder to search for metadata in the scope of this spreadsheet.


deleteActiveSheet()

Deletes the currently active sheet.

// The code below deletes the currently active sheet and stores the new active sheet in a
// variable
var newSheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().deleteActiveSheet();

Return

Sheet — the new active sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

deleteColumn(columnPosition)

Deletes the column at the given column position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];
// Columns start at "1" - this deletes the first column
sheet.deleteColumn(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe position of the column, starting at 1 for the first column.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

deleteColumns(columnPosition, howMany)

Deletes a number of columns starting at the given column position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];
// Columns start at "1" - this deletes the first two columns
sheet.deleteColumns(1, 2);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe position of the first column to delete.
howManyIntegerThe number of columns to delete.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

deleteRow(rowPosition)

Deletes the row at the given row position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];
// Rows start at "1" - this deletes the first row
sheet.deleteRow(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowPositionIntegerThe position of the row, starting at 1 for the first row.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

deleteRows(rowPosition, howMany)

Deletes a number of rows starting at the given row position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];
// Rows start at "1" - this deletes the first two rows
sheet.deleteRows(1, 2);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowPositionIntegerThe position of the first row to delete.
howManyIntegerThe number of rows to delete.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

deleteSheet(sheet)

Deletes the specified sheet.

// The code below deletes the specified sheet.
var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActive();
var sheet = ss.getSheetByName('My Sheet');
ss.deleteSheet(sheet);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetSheetThe sheet to delete.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

duplicateActiveSheet()

Duplicates the active sheet and makes it the active sheet.

// The code below makes a duplicate of the active sheet
SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().duplicateActiveSheet();

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getActiveCell()

Returns the active cell in this sheet.

Note: It's preferrable to use getCurrentCell(), which the returns the current highlighted cell.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];
// Returns the active cell
var cell = sheet.getActiveCell();

Return

Range — the current active cell

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getActiveRange()

Returns the selected range in the active sheet, or null if there is no active range. If multiple ranges are selected this method returns only the last selected range.

The term "active range" refers to the range that a user has selected in the active sheet, but in a custom function it refers to the cell being actively recalculated.

var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getActiveSheet();
var activeRange = sheet.getActiveRange();

Return

Range — the active range

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

See also


getActiveRangeList()

Returns the list of active ranges in the active sheet or null if there are no active ranges.

If there is a single range selected, this behaves as a getActiveRange() call.

var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSheet();
// Returns the list of active ranges.
var activeRangeList = sheet.getActiveRangeList();

Return

RangeList — the list of active ranges

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

See also


getActiveSheet()

Gets the active sheet in a spreadsheet.

The active sheet in a spreadsheet is the sheet that is being displayed in the spreadsheet UI.

var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getActiveSheet();

Return

Sheet — the active sheet in the spreadsheet


getAs(contentType)

Return the data inside this object as a blob converted to the specified content type. This method adds the appropriate extension to the filename—for example, "myfile.pdf". However, it assumes that the part of the filename that follows the last period (if any) is an existing extension that should be replaced. Consequently, "ShoppingList.12.25.2014" becomes "ShoppingList.12.25.pdf".

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
contentTypeStringThe MIME type to convert to. For most blobs, 'application/pdf' is the only valid option. For images in BMP, GIF, JPEG, or PNG format, any of 'image/bmp', 'image/gif', 'image/jpeg', or 'image/png' are also valid.

Return

Blob — The data as a blob.


getBandings()

Returns all the bandings in this spreadsheet.

Return

Banding[] — all the bandings in this spreadsheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getBlob()

Return the data inside this object as a blob.

Return

Blob — The data as a blob.


getColumnWidth(columnPosition)

Gets the width in pixels of the given column.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Columns start at 1
Logger.log(sheet.getColumnWidth(1));

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe position of the column to examine.

Return

Integer — column width in pixels

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getCurrentCell()

Returns the current cell in the active sheet or null if there is no current cell. The current cell is the cell that has focus in the Google Sheets UI, and is highlighted by a dark border. There is never more than one current cell. When a user selects one or more cell ranges, one of the cells in the selection is the current cell.

var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getActiveSheet();
// Returns the current highlighted cell in the one of the active ranges.
var currentCell = sheet.getCurrentCell();

Return

Range — the current cell

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getDataRange()

Returns a Range corresponding to the dimensions in which data is present.

This is functionally equivalent to creating a Range bounded by A1 and (Range.getLastColumn(), Range.getLastRow()).

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This represents ALL the data
var range = sheet.getDataRange();
var values = range.getValues();

// This logs the spreadsheet in CSV format with a trailing comma
for (var i = 0; i < values.length; i++) {
  var row = "";
  for (var j = 0; j < values[i].length; j++) {
    if (values[i][j]) {
      row = row + values[i][j];
    }
    row = row + ",";
  }
  Logger.log(row);
}

Return

Range — a range consisting of all the data in the spreadsheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getDeveloperMetadata()

Get the developer metadata associated with the top-level spreadsheet.

Return

DeveloperMetadata[] — The developer metadata associated with this range.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getEditors()

Gets the list of editors for this Spreadsheet. If the user who executes the script does not have edit access to the Spreadsheet, this method throws an exception.

Return

User[] — An array of users with edit permission.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getFormUrl()

Returns the URL for the form that sends its responses to this spreadsheet, or null if this spreadsheet has no associated form. If multiple forms send responses to this spreadsheet, the form URL returned is indeterminate. As an alternative, per sheet form URL associations can be retrieved through the Sheet.getFormUrl() method.

Return

String — the URL for the form that places its responses in this spreadsheet, or null if this spreadsheet doesn't have an associated form.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getFrozenColumns()

Returns the number of frozen columns.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

Logger.log("Number of frozen columns: %s", sheet.getFrozenColumns());

Return

Integer — the number of frozen columns

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getFrozenRows()

Returns the number of frozen rows.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

Logger.log("Number of frozen rows: %s", sheet.getFrozenRows());

Return

Integer — the number of frozen rows

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getId()

Gets a unique identifier for this spreadsheet. A spreadsheet ID can be extracted from its URL. For example, the spreadsheet ID in the URL https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/abc1234567/edit#gid=0 is "abc1234567".

// The code below logs the ID for the active spreadsheet.
Logger.log(SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getId());

Return

String — the unique id (or key) for the spreadsheet


getImages()

Returns all over-the-grid images on the sheet.

Return

OverGridImage[] — An array of over-the-grid images.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getLastColumn()

Returns the position of the last column that has content.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This logs the value in the very last cell of this sheet
var lastRow = sheet.getLastRow();
var lastColumn = sheet.getLastColumn();
var lastCell = sheet.getRange(lastRow, lastColumn);
Logger.log(lastCell.getValue());

Return

Integer — the last column of the sheet that contains content

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getLastRow()

Returns the position of the last row that has content.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This logs the value in the very last cell of this sheet
var lastRow = sheet.getLastRow();
var lastColumn = sheet.getLastColumn();
var lastCell = sheet.getRange(lastRow, lastColumn);
Logger.log(lastCell.getValue());

Return

Integer — the last row of the sheet that contains content

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getName()

Gets the name of the document.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
Logger.log(ss.getName());

Return

String — the name of the spreadsheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getNamedRanges()

Gets all the named ranges in this spreadsheet.

// The code below logs the name of the first named range.
var namedRanges = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getNamedRanges();
if (namedRanges.length > 1) {
  Logger.log(namedRanges[0].getName());
}

Return

NamedRange[] — an array of all the named ranges in the spreadsheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getNumSheets()

Returns the number of sheets in this spreadsheet.

// The code below logs the number of sheets in the active spreadsheet.
Logger.log(SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getNumSheets());

Return

Integer — the number of sheets in the spreadsheet


getOwner()

Returns the owner of the document. Documents in a Team Drive do not have an owner, in which case this returns null.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var owner = ss.getOwner();
Logger.log(owner.getEmail());

Return

User — the owner of the document, or null if the document is in a Team Drive.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getProtections(type)

Gets an array of objects representing all protected ranges or sheets in the spreadsheet.

// Remove all range protections in the spreadsheet that the user has permission to edit.
var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActive();
var protections = ss.getProtections(SpreadsheetApp.ProtectionType.RANGE);
for (var i = 0; i < protections.length; i++) {
  var protection = protections[i];
  if (protection.canEdit()) {
    protection.remove();
  }
}
// Remove all sheet protections in the spreadsheet that the user has permission to edit.
var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActive();
var protections = ss.getProtections(SpreadsheetApp.ProtectionType.SHEET);
for (var i = 0; i < protections.length; i++) {
  var protection = protections[i];
  if (protection.canEdit()) {
    protection.remove();
  }
}

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
typeProtectionTypeThe type of protected area, either SpreadsheetApp.ProtectionType.RANGE or SpreadsheetApp.ProtectionType.SHEET.

Return

Protection[] — an array of objects representing all protected ranges or sheets in the spreadsheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getRange(a1Notation)

Returns the range as specified in A1 notation or R1C1 notation.

// Get a range A1:D4 on sheet titled "Invoices"
var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var range = ss.getRange("Invoices!A1:D4");

// Get cell A1 on the first sheet
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];
var cell = sheet.getRange("A1");

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
a1NotationStringThe range to return, as specified in A1 notation or R1C1 notation.

Return

Range — the range at the location designated

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getRangeByName(name)

Returns a named range, or null if no range with the given name is found. If multiple sheets of the spreadsheet use the same range name, specify the sheet name without additional quotation marks — for example, getRangeByName('TaxRates') or getRangeByName('Sheet Name!TaxRates'), but not getRangeByName('"Sheet Name"!TaxRates').

// Log the number of columns for the range named 'TaxRates' in the active spreadsheet.
var range = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getRangeByName('TaxRates');
if (range != null) {
  Logger.log(range.getNumColumns());
}

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameStringThe name of the range to get.

Return

Range — range of cells with the given name


getRangeList(a1Notations)

Returns the RangeList collection representing the ranges in the same sheet specified by a non-empty list of A1 notations or R1C1 notations.

// Get a list of ranges A1:D4, F1:H4.
var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getActiveSheet();
var rangeList  = sheet.getRangeList(['A1:D4', 'F1:H4']);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
a1NotationsString[]The list of ranges to return, as specified in A1 notation or R1C1 notation.

Return

RangeList — the range list at the location designated

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getRowHeight(rowPosition)

Gets the height in pixels of the given row.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Rows start at 1
Logger.log(sheet.getRowHeight(1));

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowPositionIntegerThe position of the row to examine.

Return

Integer — row height in pixels

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getSelection()

Returns the current Selection in the spreadsheet.

var selection = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getSelection();
var currentCell = selection.getCurrentCell();

Return

Selection — the current selection

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getSheetByName(name)

Returns a sheet with the given name.

If multiple sheets have the same name, the leftmost one is returned. Returns null if there is no sheet with the given name.

// The code below logs the index of a sheet named "Expenses"
var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getSheetByName("Expenses");
if (sheet != null) {
  Logger.log(sheet.getIndex());
}

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameStringThe name of the sheet to get.

Return

Sheet — the sheet with the given name


getSheetId()

Returns the ID of the sheet represented by this object.

This is an ID for the sheet that is unique to the spreadsheet. The ID is a monotonically increasing integer assigned at sheet creation time that is independent of sheet position. This is useful in conjunction with methods such as Range.copyFormatToRange(gridId, column, columnEnd, row, rowEnd) that take a gridId parameter rather than a Sheet instance.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

Logger.log(sheet.getSheetId());

Return

Integer — an ID for the sheet unique to the spreadsheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getSheetName()

Returns the sheet name.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

Logger.log(sheet.getSheetName());

Return

String — the name of the sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getSheetValues(startRow, startColumn, numRows, numColumns)

Returns the rectangular grid of values for this range starting at the given coordinates. A -1 value given as the row or column position is equivalent to getting the very last row or column that has data in the sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// The two samples below produce the same output
var values = sheet.getSheetValues(1, 1, 3, 3);
Logger.log(values);

var range = sheet.getRange(1, 1, 3, 3);
values = range.getValues();
Logger.log(values);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
startRowIntegerThe position of the starting row.
startColumnIntegerThe position of the starting column.
numRowsIntegerThe number of rows to return values for.
numColumnsIntegerThe number of columns to return values for.

Return

Object[][] — a two-dimensional array of values

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getSheets()

Gets all the sheets in this spreadsheet.

// The code below logs the name of the second sheet
var sheets = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getSheets();
if (sheets.length > 1) {
  Logger.log(sheets[1].getName());
}

Return

Sheet[] — an array of all the sheets in the spreadsheet


getSpreadsheetLocale()

Gets the spreadsheet locale.

Return

String — the spreadsheet locale

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getSpreadsheetTimeZone()

Gets the time zone for the spreadsheet.

Return

String — the time zone, specified in "long" format (for example, "America/New_York", as listed by Joda.org)

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getUrl()

Returns the url for the given spreadsheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
Logger.log(ss.getUrl());

Return

String — the url for the given spreadsheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

getViewers()

Gets the list of viewers and commenters for this Spreadsheet. If the user who executes the script does not have edit access to the Spreadsheet, this method throws an exception.

Return

User[] — An array of users with view or comment permission.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

hideColumn(column)

Hides the columns in the given range.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This hides the first column
var range = sheet.getRange("A1");
sheet.hideColumn(range);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnRangeThe column range to hide.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

hideRow(row)

Hides the rows in the given range.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This hides the first row
var range = sheet.getRange("A1");
sheet.hideRow(range);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowRangeThe row range to hide.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertColumnAfter(afterPosition)

Inserts a column after the given column position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts a column after the first column position
sheet.insertColumnAfter(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
afterPositionIntegerThe column after which the new column should be added.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertColumnBefore(beforePosition)

Inserts a column before the given column position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts a column in the first column position
sheet.insertColumnBefore(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
beforePositionIntegerThe column before which the new column should be added.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertColumnsAfter(afterPosition, howMany)

Inserts a number of columns after the given column position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts a column in the second column position
sheet.insertColumnsAfter(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
afterPositionIntegerThe column after which the new column should be added.
howManyIntegerThe number of columns to insert.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertColumnsBefore(beforePosition, howMany)

Inserts a number of columns before the given column position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts five columns before the first column
sheet.insertColumnsBefore(1, 5);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
beforePositionIntegerThe column before which the new column should be added.
howManyIntegerThe number of columns to insert.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertImage(blobSource, column, row)

Inserts a Spreadsheet as an image in the document at a given row and column. The image size is retrieved from the blob contents.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

var blob = Utilities.newBlob(binaryData, 'image/png', 'MyImageName');
sheet.insertImage(blob, 1, 1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
blobSourceBlobSourceThe blob containing the image contents, MIME type, and (optionally) name.
columnIntegerThe column position.
rowIntegerThe row position.

Return

OverGridImage — The inserted image.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertImage(blobSource, column, row, offsetX, offsetY)

Inserts a Spreadsheet as an image in the document at a given row and column, with a pixel offset. The image size is retrieved from the blob contents.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

var blob = Utilities.newBlob(binaryData, 'image/png', 'MyImageName');
sheet.insertImage(blob, 1, 1, 10, 10);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
blobSourceBlobSourceThe blob containing the image contents, MIME type, and (optionally) name.
columnIntegerThe column position.
rowIntegerThe row position.
offsetXIntegerThe horizontal offset from cell corner in pixels.
offsetYIntegerThe vertical offset from cell corner in pixels.

Return

OverGridImage — The inserted image.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertImage(url, column, row)

Inserts an image in the document at a given row and column.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

sheet.insertImage("https://www.google.com/images/srpr/logo3w.png", 1, 1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
urlStringThe URL of the image.
columnIntegerThe grid column position.
rowIntegerThe grid row position.

Return

OverGridImage — The inserted image.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertImage(url, column, row, offsetX, offsetY)

Inserts an image in the document at a given row and column, with a pixel offset.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

sheet.insertImage("https://www.google.com/images/srpr/logo3w.png", 1, 1, 10, 10);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
urlStringThe URL for the image.
columnIntegerThe column position.
rowIntegerThe row position.
offsetXIntegerThe horizontal offset from cell corner in pixels.
offsetYIntegerThe vertical offset from cell corner in pixels.

Return

OverGridImage — The Inserted image.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertRowAfter(afterPosition)

Inserts a row after the given row position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts a row after the first row position
sheet.insertRowAfter(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
afterPositionIntegerThe row after which the new row should be added.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertRowBefore(beforePosition)

Inserts a row before the given row position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts a row before the first row position
sheet.insertRowBefore(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
beforePositionIntegerThe row before which the new row should be added.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertRowsAfter(afterPosition, howMany)

Inserts a number of rows after the given row position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts five rows after the first row
sheet.insertRowsAfter(1, 5);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
afterPositionIntegerThe row after which the new rows should be added.
howManyIntegerThe number of rows to insert.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertRowsBefore(beforePosition, howMany)

Inserts a number of rows before the given row position.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This inserts five rows before the first row
sheet.insertRowsBefore(1, 5);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
beforePositionIntegerThe row before which the new rows should be added.
howManyIntegerThe number of rows to insert.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet()

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet, using a default sheet name. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.insertSheet();

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet(sheetIndex)

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet at the given index. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.insertSheet(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetIndexIntegerThe index of the newly created sheet. To insert a sheet as the first one in the spreadsheet, set it to 0.

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet(sheetIndex, options)

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet at the given index and uses optional advanced arguments. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var templateSheet = ss.getSheetByName('Sales');
ss.insertSheet(1, {template: templateSheet});

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetIndexIntegerThe index of the newly created sheet. To insert a sheet as the first one in the spreadsheet, set it to 0.
optionsObjectOptional JavaScript advanced arguments.

Advanced parameters

NameTypeDescription
templateSheetAll data from the template sheet object is copied to the new sheet. The sheet template must be one of the sheets of the Spreadsheet object.

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet(options)

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet, using a default sheet name and optional advanced arguments. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var templateSheet = ss.getSheetByName('Sales');
ss.insertSheet({template: templateSheet});

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
optionsObjectOptional JavaScript advanced arguments, listed below.

Advanced parameters

NameTypeDescription
templateSheetAll data from the template sheet object is copied to the new sheet. The sheet template must be one of the sheets of this Spreadsheet object.

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet(sheetName)

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.insertSheet('My New Sheet');

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetNameStringThe name of the new sheet.

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet(sheetName, sheetIndex)

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name at the given index. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.insertSheet('My New Sheet', 1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetNameStringThe name of the new sheet
sheetIndexIntegerThe index of the newly created sheet. To insert a sheet as the first one in the spreadsheet, set it to 0.

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet(sheetName, sheetIndex, options)

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name at the given index and uses optional advanced arguments. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var templateSheet = ss.getSheetByName('Sales');
ss.insertSheet('My New Sheet', 1, {template: templateSheet});

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetNameStringThe name of the new sheet.
sheetIndexIntegerThe index of the newly inserted sheet. To insert a sheet as the first one in a spreadsheet, set it to 0.
optionsObjectOptional JavaScript advanced arguments.

Advanced parameters

NameTypeDescription
templateSheetAll data from the template sheet object is copied to the new sheet. The sheet template must be one of the sheets of the Spreadsheet object.

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

insertSheet(sheetName, options)

Inserts a new sheet into the spreadsheet with the given name and uses optional advanced arguments. The new sheet becomes the active sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var templateSheet = ss.getSheetByName('Sales');
ss.insertSheet('My New Sheet', {template: templateSheet});

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetNameStringThe name of the new sheet
optionsObjectOptional JavaScript advanced arguments.

Advanced parameters

NameTypeDescription
templateSheetAll data from the template sheet object is copied to the new sheet. The sheet template must be one of the sheets of the Spreadsheet object.

Return

Sheet — the new sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

isColumnHiddenByUser(columnPosition)

Returns whether the given column is hidden by the user.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Columns start at 1
Logger.log(sheet.isColumnHiddenByUser(1));

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe position of the column to examine.

Return

Booleantrue if the column is hidden, false otherwise.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

isRowHiddenByFilter(rowPosition)

Returns whether the given row is hidden by a filter (not a filter view).

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Columns start at 1
Logger.log(sheet.isColumnHiddenByUser(1));

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowPositionIntegerThe position of the row to examine.

Return

Booleantrue if the row is hidden, false otherwise.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

isRowHiddenByUser(rowPosition)

Returns whether the given row is hidden by the user.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Rows start at 1
Logger.log(sheet.isRowHiddenByUser(1));

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowPositionIntegerThe position of the row to examine.

Return

Booleantrue if the row is hidden, false otherwise.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

moveActiveSheet(pos)

Moves the active sheet to the given position in the list of sheets. Throws an exception if the position is negative or greater than the number of sheets.

// This example assumes there are two sheets in the current
// active spreadsheet: one named "first", and another named "second",
// and that the current active sheet (first) is in position 1
var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = spreadsheet.getSheetByName("first");

// This should output 'Current index of sheet: 1'
Logger.log("Current index of sheet: %s", sheet.getIndex());

spreadsheet.moveActiveSheet(2);

// This should output 'New index of sheet: 2'
Logger.log("New index of sheet: %s", sheet.getIndex());

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
posIntegera position to move the active sheet to in the list of sheets

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

removeEditor(emailAddress)

Removes the given user from the list of editors for the Spreadsheet. This method does not block users from accessing the Spreadsheet if they belong to a class of users who have general access—for example, if the Spreadsheet is shared with the user's entire domain.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
emailAddressStringThe email address of the user to remove.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

removeEditor(user)

Removes the given user from the list of editors for the Spreadsheet. This method does not block users from accessing the Spreadsheet if they belong to a class of users who have general access—for example, if the Spreadsheet is shared with the user's entire domain.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
userUserA representation of the user to remove.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet, for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

removeMenu(name)

Removes a menu that was added by addMenu(name, subMenus). The name argument should have the same value as the corresponding call to addMenu(name, subMenus).

// The onOpen function is executed automatically every time a Spreadsheet is loaded
function onOpen() {
  var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
  ss.addMenu("badMenu", [{name: "remove bad menu", functionName: "removeBadMenu"},
                                       {name: "foo", functionName: "foo"}]);
}
function removeBadMenu() {
  var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
  ss.removeMenu("badMenu");//name must match the name we used when added the menu
}
function foo(){
//do nothing
}

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameStringThe name of the menu to remove.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

removeNamedRange(name)

Deletes a named range with the given name. Throws an exception if no range with the given name is found in the spreadsheet.

// The code below creates a new named range "foo", and then remove it.
var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.setNamedRange("foo", ss.getActiveRange());
ss.removeNamedRange("foo");

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameStringThe range name.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

removeViewer(emailAddress)

Removes the given user from the list of viewers and commenters for the Spreadsheet. This method has no effect if the user is an editor, not a viewer or commenter. This method also does not block users from accessing the Spreadsheet if they belong to a class of users who have general access—for example, if the Spreadsheet is shared with the user's entire domain.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
emailAddressStringThe email address of the user to remove.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

removeViewer(user)

Removes the given user from the list of viewers and commenters for the Spreadsheet. This method has no effect if the user is an editor, not a viewer. This method also does not block users from accessing the Spreadsheet if they belong to a class of users who have general access—for example, if the Spreadsheet is shared with the user's entire domain.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
userUserA representation of the user to remove.

Return

Spreadsheet — This Spreadsheet for chaining.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

rename(newName)

Renames the document.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.rename("This is the new name");

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
newNameStringThe new name for the document.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

renameActiveSheet(newName)

Renames the current active sheet to the given new name.

// The code below renames the active sheet to "Hello world"
SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().renameActiveSheet("Hello world");

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
newNameStringThe new name for the current active sheet.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setActiveRange(range)

Sets the specified range as the active range in the active sheet, with the top left cell in the range as the current cell.

var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getActiveSheet();
var range = sheet.getRange('A1:D4');
sheet.setActiveRange(range);

var selection = sheet.getSelection();
// Current cell: A1
var currentCell = selection.getCurrentCell();
// Active Range: A1:D4
var activeRange = selection.getActiveRange();

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rangeRangeThe range to set as the active range.

Return

Range — the newly active range

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setActiveRangeList(rangeList)

Sets the specified list of ranges as the active ranges in the active sheet. The last range in the list is set as the active range.

var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSheet();
var rangeList = sheet.getRangeList(['D4', 'B2:C4']);
sheet.setActiveRangeList(rangeList);

var selection = sheet.getSelection();
// Current cell: B2
var currentCell = selection.getCurrentCell();
// Active range: B2:C4
var activeRange = selection.getActiveRange();
// Active range list: [D4, B2:C4]
var activeRangeList = selection.getActiveRangeList();

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rangeListRangeListThe list of ranges to select.

Return

RangeList — the newly selected list of ranges

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setActiveSelection(range)

Sets the active selection region for this sheet.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

var range = sheet.getRange("A1:D4");
sheet.setActiveSelection(range);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rangeRangeThe range to set as the active selection.

Return

Range — the newly active range

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setActiveSelection(a1Notation)

Sets the active selection, as specified in A1 notation or R1C1 notation.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

sheet.setActiveSelection("A1:D4");

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
a1NotationStringThe range to set as active, as specified in A1 notation or R1C1 notation.

Return

Range — the newly active range

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setActiveSheet(sheet)

Sets the given sheet to be the active sheet in the spreadsheet. The Google Sheets UI displays the chosen sheet unless the sheet belongs to a different spreadsheet.

// The code below makes the first sheet active in the active spreadsheet.
var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
spreadsheet.setActiveSheet(spreadsheet.getSheets()[0]);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetSheetThe sheet to set as the active sheet.

Return

Sheet — the active sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setActiveSheet(sheet, restoreSelection)

Sets the given sheet to be the active sheet in the spreadsheet, with an option to restore the most recent selection within that sheet. The Google Sheets UI displays the chosen sheet unless the sheet belongs to a different spreadsheet.

var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var firstSheet = spreadsheet.getSheets()[0];
var secondSheet = spreadsheet.getSheets()[1];
// Set the first sheet as the active sheet and select the range D4:F4.
spreadsheet.setActiveSheet(firstSheet).getRange('D4:F4').activate();

// Switch to the second sheet to do some work.
spreadsheet.setActiveSheet(secondSheet);
// Switch back to first sheet, and restore its selection.
spreadsheet.setActiveSheet(firstSheet, true);

// The selection of first sheet is restored, and it logs D4:F4
var range = spreadsheet.getActiveSheet().getSelection().getActiveRange();
Logger.log(range.getA1Notation());

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
sheetSheetThe new active sheet.
restoreSelectionBooleanTf true, the most recent selection of the new active sheet becomes selected again as the new sheet becomes active; if false, the new sheet becomes active without changing the current selection.

Return

Sheet — the new active sheet

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setColumnWidth(columnPosition, width)

Sets the width of the given column in pixels.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Sets the first column to a width of 200 pixels
sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 200);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe position of the given column to set.
widthIntegerThe width in pixels to set it to.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setCurrentCell(cell)

Sets the specified cell as the current cell.

If the specified cell is present in an already selected range, then that range becomes the active range with the cell as the current cell.

If the specified cell is not present in any selected range, then any existing selection is removed and the cell becomes the current cell and the active range.

Note:The specified Range must consist of one cell, otherwise it throws an exception.

var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getActiveSheet();
var cell = sheet.getRange('B5');
sheet.setCurrentCell(cell);

var selection = sheet.getSelection();
// Current cell: B5
var currentCell = selection.getCurrentCell();

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
cellRangeThe cell to set as the current cell.

Return

Range — the newly set current cell

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setFrozenColumns(columns)

Freezes the given number of columns. If zero, no columns are frozen.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Freezes the first column
sheet.setFrozenColumns(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnsIntegerThe number of columns to freeze.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setFrozenRows(rows)

Freezes the given number of rows. If zero, no rows are frozen.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Freezes the first row
sheet.setFrozenRows(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowsIntegerThe number of rows to freeze.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setNamedRange(name, range)

Names a range.

// The code below creates a new named range "TaxRates" in the active spreadsheet
var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
ss.setNamedRange("TaxRates", SpreadsheetApp.getActiveRange());

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameStringThe name to give the range.
rangeRangeThe range specification.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setRowHeight(rowPosition, height)

Sets the row height of the given row in pixels.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Sets the first row to a height of 200 pixels
sheet.setRowHeight(1, 200);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowPositionIntegerThe row position to change.
heightIntegerThe height in pixels to set it to.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setSpreadsheetLocale(locale)

Sets the spreadsheet locale.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
localeStringThe locale code to use (e.g., 'en', 'fr', 'en_US').

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

setSpreadsheetTimeZone(timezone)

Sets the time zone for the spreadsheet.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
timezoneStringThe time zone, specified in "long" format (for example, "America/New_York", as listed by Joda.org).

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

show(userInterface)

Displays a custom user interface component in a dialog centered in the user's browser's viewport. The server-side script's execution is not suspended. To communicate with the server side, the user interface component must make asynchronous callbacks to the server-side script.

If the server-side script previously displayed a dialog that has not yet been dismissed, then the existing dialog is replaced with the newly requested dialog's user interface.

The following code snippet displays a simple HtmlService application in a dialog with the specified title, height, and width:

var htmlApp = HtmlService
    .createHtmlOutput('<p>A change of speed, a change of style...</p>')
    .setTitle('My HtmlService Application')
    .setWidth(250)
    .setHeight(300);

SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().show(htmlApp);

// The script resumes execution immediately after showing the dialog.

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
userInterfaceObjectAn HtmlOutput or UiInstance web app.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.container.ui

sort(columnPosition)

Sorts a sheet by column, ascending.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Sorts the sheet by the first column, ascending
sheet.sort(1);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe column to sort by.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

sort(columnPosition, ascending)

Sorts a sheet by column. Takes a parameter to specify ascending or descending.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// Sorts the sheet by the first column, descending
sheet.sort(1, false);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnPositionIntegerThe column to sort by.
ascendingBooleantrue for ascending sorts, false for descending.

Return

Sheet — the sheet, useful for method chaining

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

toast(msg)

Shows a popup window in the lower right corner of the spreadsheet with the given message.

// Show a popup with the message "Task started".
SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().toast('Task started');

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
msgStringThe message to be shown in the toast.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

toast(msg, title)

Shows a popup window in the lower right corner of the spreadsheet with the given message and title.

// Show a popup with the title "Status" and the message "Task started".
SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().toast('Task started', 'Status');

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
msgStringThe message to be shown in the toast.
titleStringThe optional title of the toast.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

toast(msg, title, timeoutSeconds)

Shows a popup window in the lower right corner of the spreadsheet with the given title and message, that stays visible for a certain length of time.

// Show a 3-second popup with the title "Status" and the message "Task started".
SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().toast('Task started', 'Status', 3);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
msgStringThe message to be shown in the toast.
titleStringThe optional title of the toast.
timeoutSecondsNumberThe timeout in seconds; if null, the toast defaults to 5 seconds; if negative, the toast remains until dismissed.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

unhideColumn(column)

Unhides the column in the given range.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This unhides the first column if it was previously hidden
var range = sheet.getRange("A1");
sheet.unhideColumn(range);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
columnRangeThe range to unhide, if hidden.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

unhideRow(row)

Unhides the row in the given range.

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var sheet = ss.getSheets()[0];

// This unhides the first row if it was previously hidden
var range = sheet.getRange("A1");
sheet.unhideRow(range);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
rowRangeThe range to unhide, if hidden.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

updateMenu(name, subMenus)

Updates a menu that was added by addMenu(name, subMenus). Works exactly like addMenu(name, subMenus).

var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
var menuEntries = [];
menuEntries.push({name: "Lone Menu Entry", functionName: "function1"});
ss.updateMenu("addMenuExample", menuEntries);

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
nameStringThe name of the menu to update.
subMenusObject[]An array of JavaScript maps with name and functionName parameters.

Authorization

Scripts that use this method require authorization with one or more of the following scopes:

  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets.currentonly
  • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets

Deprecated methods





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