Class google.script.host (Client-side API)

google.script.host is an asynchronous client-side JavaScript API that can interact with dialogs or sidebars in Google Docs, Sheets, or Forms that contain HTML-service pages. To execute server-side functions from client-side code, use google.script.run. For more information, see the guide to communicating with server functions in HTML service.

Properties

PropertyDescription
originProvides the host domain, so scripts can set their origin correctly.

Methods

MethodReturn typeBrief description
close() void Closes the current dialog or sidebar.
editor.focus() void Switches browser focus from the dialog or sidebar to the Google Docs, Sheets, or Forms editor.
setHeight(height) void Sets the height of the current dialog.
setWidth(width) void Sets the width of the current dialog.

Detailed documentation

close()

Closes the current dialog or sidebar.

Code.gs

function onOpen(e) {
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .createMenu('Sidebar').addItem('Show', 'showSidebar').addToUi();
}

function showSidebar() {
  var html = HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .showSidebar(html);
}

Index.html

<input type="button" value="Close"
  onclick="google.script.host.close()" />

editor.focus()

Switches browser focus from the dialog or sidebar to the Google Docs, Sheets, or Forms editor.

Code.gs

function onOpen(e) {
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .createMenu('Sidebar').addItem('Show', 'showSidebar').addToUi();
}

function showSidebar() {
  var html = HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .showSidebar(html);
}

Index.html

<input type="button" value="Switch focus"
  onclick="google.script.host.editor.focus()" />

setHeight(height)

Sets the height of the current dialog.

Code.gs

function onOpen(e) {
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .createMenu('Dialog').addItem('Show', 'showDialog').addToUi();
}

function showDialog() {
  var html = HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index')
      .setWidth(300)
      .setHeight(200);
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .showModalDialog(html, 'Dialog title');
}

Index.html

<script>
  function resizeDialog(width, height) {
    google.script.host.setWidth(width);
    google.script.host.setHeight(height);
  }
</script>
<input type="button" value="Resize dialog"
  onclick="resizeDialog(450, 300)" />

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
heightIntegerthe new height, in pixels

setWidth(width)

Sets the width of the current dialog.

Code.gs

function onOpen(e) {
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .createMenu('Dialog').addItem('Show', 'showDialog').addToUi();
}

function showDialog() {
  var html = HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index')
      .setWidth(300)
      .setHeight(200);
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .showModalDialog(html, 'Dialog title');
}

Index.html

<script>
  function resizeDialog(width, height) {
    google.script.host.setWidth(width);
    google.script.host.setHeight(height);
  }
</script>
<input type="button" value="Resize dialog"
  onclick="resizeDialog(450, 300)" />

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
widthIntegerthe new width, in pixels

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