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Context Menus

When a user right-clicks (or long presses) on a block or workspace, a context menu with additional actions is shown. You can configure this context menu to show additional options or to remove the default options. This guide is about adding a custom option to all blocks, or all workspaces. If you want to change the context menu for only one type of block, see the information on the custom blocks page.

Context menu API

The ContextMenuRegistry class contains methods for registering, unregistering, and getting all context menu options. The class is a singleton, so methods should be called on the Blockly.ContextMenuRegistry.registry object rather than instantiating a new instance yourself. The ContextMenu class calls the getContextMenuItems method whenever a context menu should be shown. If the block or workspace has a customContextMenu function, it is called afterward to modify the list of options.

Adding custom options

Each menu option in the registry has several properties:

  • callback: A function called when the menu option is clicked.
  • scopeType: One of Blockly.ContextMenuRegistry.ScopeType.BLOCK or Blockly.ContextMenuRegistry.ScopeType.WORKSPACE for where this option should be shown. If an option should be shown for both workspaces and blocks, it should be registered once for each scopeType.
  • displayText: Either a string or a function that returns a string. Determines the text shown in the menu.
  • preconditionFn: Function that returns one of enabled, disabled, or hidden to determine whether and how the menu option should be rendered.
  • weight: A number that determines the sort order of the option. Options with higher weights appear later in the context menu.
  • id: A unique string id for the option.

Each of the functions callback, displayText (if a function), and preconditionFn will be called with a Scope object that contains information about the exact workspace or block being clicked on. This way, your context menu option can reference properties about the workspace or block. For example, the context menu option that allows a user to delete all blocks says "Delete 42 blocks" if the workspace contains 42 blocks. With the preconditionFn, a menu option can be enabled if some property of the block is true, or disabled otherwise.

For more examples, you can see the registration of the default context menu options in contextmenu_items.js.

Changing or removing default options

You can unregister any option with Blockly.ContextMenuRegistry.registry.unregister(id). The ids for the default options are in contextmenu_items.js.

To change a default option, call getItem with the id and change it as needed.