İstemci Kitaplıkları

İstemci kitaplıklarımız, Google Ads API işlevi için üst düzey görünümler ve temel yapı taşları sağlayarak uygulamaların hızlı bir şekilde geliştirilmesini kolaylaştırır. API'yi kullanmaya yeni başlıyorsanız bir API ile başlamanızı öneririz.

İstemci kitaplığı Kaynak Dağıtım Kod örnekleri
Java google-ads-java Maven, tar.gz GitHub'da göster
.NET google-ads-dotnet nuget, tar.gz, zip GitHub'da göster
PHP google-ads-php tar.gz GitHub'da göster
Python google-ads-python tar.gz, zip dosyası GitHub'da göster
Ruby google-ads-ruby gem, tar.gz, zip GitHub'da göster
Perl google-ads-perl tar.gz, zip dosyası GitHub'da göster

Desteklenen API sürümleri

Tablo, hangi istemci kitaplıklarının hangi API sürümleriyle çalıştığını gösterir.

Java

Java için istemci kitaplığı
v16 Min: 30.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 28.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 26.0.0
Max: -

C#

.NET için istemci kitaplığı
v16 Min: 18.1.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 17.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 16.1.0
Max: -

PHP

PHP için istemci kitaplığı
v15 Min: 21.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 19.2.0
Max: -

Python

Python için istemci kitaplığı
v15 Min: 22.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 21.2.0
Max: -

Ruby

Ruby için istemci kitaplığı
v16 Min: 27.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 25.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 23.0.0
Max: -

Perl

Perl için istemci kitaplığı
v16 Min: 21.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 19.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 17.0.0
Max: -

Yapılandırma

Her bir Ads API İstemci kitaplığı, davranışını özelleştirmek için kullanabileceğiniz farklı yapılandırma ayarları ve yükleme yöntemleri sunar.

Tüm istemci kitaplıklarında ortak olan ve yapılandırma ayarlarını yapmak için yüklenebilen ortam değişkenleri aşağıda verilmiştir:

  • İstemci kitaplığı
    • GOOGLE_ADS_CONFIGURATION_FILE_PATH: Yapılandırma dosyasının yolu.
  • OAuth2
    • Uygulama Modu
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID : Bu değeri OAuth2 istemci kimliğiniz olarak ayarlayın.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_SECRET : Bu değeri OAuth2 istemci gizli anahtarınız olarak ayarlayın.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_REFRESH_TOKEN : OAuth2 jetonlarını yeniden kullanmak istiyorsanız bu değeri önceden oluşturulmuş bir OAuth2 yenileme jetonu olarak ayarlayın. Bu ayar isteğe bağlıdır.
    • Hizmet Hesabı Modu
      • GOOGLE_ADS_JSON_KEY_FILE_PATH : Bu değeri OAuth2 JSON yapılandırma dosyası yoluna ayarlayın.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_IMPERSONATED_EMAIL : Bu değeri, kimliğine büründüğünüz hesabın e-posta adresine ayarlayın.
  • Google Ads API
    • GOOGLE_ADS_DEVELOPER_TOKEN : Bunu geliştirici jetonunuz olarak ayarlayın.
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LOGIN_CUSTOMER_ID : İstekte kullanılacak yetkili müşterinin müşteri kimliğidir, kısa çizgi (-) içermez.
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LINKED_CUSTOMER_ID : Bu üst bilgi yalnızca Google Ads kullanıcı arayüzündeki Bağlı Hesaplar (Google Ads API'deki AccountLink kaynağı) üzerinden izin verildiğinde bir varlığın kaynaklarını güncelleyen yöntemler için gereklidir. Bu değeri, belirtilen müşteri kimliğinin kaynaklarını güncelleyen veri sağlayıcının müşteri kimliğine ayarlayın. Kısa çizgi (-) olmadan ayarlanmalıdır. Bağlı Hesaplar hakkında daha fazla bilgi edinmek için Yardım Merkezi'ni ziyaret edin.

Ortam değişkenleri genellikle $HOME dizininde bulunan .bashrc veya .bash_profile dosyası gibi bir bash yapılandırma dosyasında tanımlanır. Komut satırı kullanılarak da tanımlanabilirler.

Terminal kullanarak bir .bashrc dosyası kullanarak ortam değişkeni tanımlamanın bazı temel adımları şunlardır:

# Append the line "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" to
# the bottom of your .bashrc file.
echo "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" >> ~/.bashrc

# Update your bash environment to use the most recently updated
# version of your .bashrc file.
src ~/.bashrc

Ortam değişkenleri, terminal örneğinizde doğrudan komut satırından da ayarlanabilir:

export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890

Diğer bir alternatif de ortam değişkenlerini kullanan komutu çağırırken bu değişkenleri ayarlamaktır:

GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890 php /path/to/script/that/uses/envvar.php

Sayfalara ayırmada ara

GoogleAdsService.Search genellikle sonuç sayfaları görüntüleyen etkileşimli uygulamalarda kullanılır.

İstemci kitaplığımız, sonuçları tekrarladığınızda otomatik olarak sayfalama işlemi uygular. Böylece, hepsini aynı anda indirip işleyebilirsiniz. Örneğin:

Java

private void runExample(GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId) {
  try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
      googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
    String query = "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id";
    // Constructs the SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.
    SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setQuery(query)
            .build();

    // Creates and issues a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
    ServerStream<SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse> stream =
        googleAdsServiceClient.searchStreamCallable().call(request);

    // Iterates through and prints all of the results in the stream response.
    for (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse response : stream) {
      for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getResultsList()) {
        System.out.printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%n",
            googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
      }
    }
  }
}
      

C#

public void Run(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId)
{
    // Get the GoogleAdsService.
    GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService = client.GetService(
        Services.V16.GoogleAdsService);

    // Create a query that will retrieve all campaigns.
    string query = @"SELECT
                    campaign.id,
                    campaign.name,
                    campaign.network_settings.target_content_network
                FROM campaign
                ORDER BY campaign.id";

    try
    {
        // Issue a search request.
        googleAdsService.SearchStream(customerId.ToString(), query,
            delegate (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse resp)
            {
                foreach (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow in resp.Results)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Campaign with ID {0} and name '{1}' was found.",
                        googleAdsRow.Campaign.Id, googleAdsRow.Campaign.Name);
                }
            }
        );
    }
    catch (GoogleAdsException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Failure:");
        Console.WriteLine($"Message: {e.Message}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Failure: {e.Failure}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Request ID: {e.RequestId}");
        throw;
    }
}
      

PHP

public static function runExample(GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient, int $customerId)
{
    $googleAdsServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getGoogleAdsServiceClient();
    // Creates a query that retrieves all campaigns.
    $query = 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id';
    // Issues a search stream request.
    /** @var GoogleAdsServerStreamDecorator $stream */
    $stream = $googleAdsServiceClient->searchStream(
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest::build($customerId, $query)
    );

    // Iterates over all rows in all messages and prints the requested field values for
    // the campaign in each row.
    foreach ($stream->iterateAllElements() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def main(client, customer_id):
    ga_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")

    query = """
        SELECT
          campaign.id,
          campaign.name
        FROM campaign
        ORDER BY campaign.id"""

    # Issues a search request using streaming.
    stream = ga_service.search_stream(customer_id=customer_id, query=query)

    for batch in stream:
        for row in batch.results:
            print(
                f"Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
                f'"{row.campaign.name}" was found.'
            )
      

Ruby

def get_campaigns(customer_id)
  # GoogleAdsClient will read a config file from
  # ENV['HOME']/google_ads_config.rb when called without parameters
  client = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsClient.new

  responses = client.service.google_ads.search_stream(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    query: 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id',
  )

  responses.each do |response|
    response.results.each do |row|
      puts "Campaign with ID #{row.campaign.id} and name '#{row.campaign.name}' was found."
    end
  end
end
      

Perl

sub get_campaigns {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id) = @_;

  # Create a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
  my $search_stream_request =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V16::Services::GoogleAdsService::SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest
    ->new({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      query      =>
        "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id"
    });

  # Get the GoogleAdsService.
  my $google_ads_service = $api_client->GoogleAdsService();

  my $search_stream_handler =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Utils::SearchStreamHandler->new({
      service => $google_ads_service,
      request => $search_stream_request
    });

  # Issue a search request and process the stream response to print the requested
  # field values for the campaign in each row.
  $search_stream_handler->process_contents(
    sub {
      my $google_ads_row = shift;
      printf "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.\n",
        $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id}, $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
    });

  return 1;
}
      

Kullanım alanına bağlı olarak aşağıdakileri yapmanız gerekebilir:

  • Getirilen sayfa sayısını optimize edin.
  • Bir seferde ne kadar sonucun depolanacağını optimize edin.
  • Belirli bir sırayla sonuç sayfalarını indirin ve işleyin.

Bunun için sonuçlar yerine sayfa jetonlarını saklayabilirsiniz. Bu da kodunuzun karmaşıklığını artırır.

Java

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client.
 * @param customerId the client customer ID.
 * @param query the search query.
 * @param pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
 * @param pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update.
 */
private static void fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient,
    long customerId,
    String query,
    int pageNumber,
    SortedMap<Integer, String> pageTokens) {
  int currentPageNumber;
  // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (pageTokens.containsKey(pageNumber)) {
    System.out.println(
        "The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.");
    currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
  } else {
    System.out.printf(
        "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page we know"
            + " the token for (page %d) and sequentially get pages from there.%n",
        pageTokens.size());
    currentPageNumber = pageTokens.lastKey();
  }

  // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
  // are returned.
  while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber) {
    // Fetches the next page.
    System.out.printf("Fetching page %d...%n", currentPageNumber);
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setPageSize(PAGE_SIZE)
            .setQuery(query)
            .setReturnTotalResultsCount(true)
            // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
            .setPageToken(pageTokens.get(currentPageNumber))
            .build();
    try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
        googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
      SearchPagedResponse response = googleAdsServiceClient.search(request);
      cacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response.getPage(), currentPageNumber + 1);

      // Prints only the results for the requested page.
      if (currentPageNumber == pageNumber) {
        // Prints the results of the requested page.
        System.out.printf("Printing results found for page %d:%n", pageNumber);
        for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getPage().getResponse().getResultsList()) {
          System.out.printf(
              "- Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%n",
              googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
        }
      }

      currentPageNumber++;
    }
  }
}
      

C#

/// <summary>
/// Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="googleAdsService">The Google Ads API Service client.</param>
/// <param name="request">The request.</param>
/// <param name="pageNumber">The number of the page to fetch and print results for.</param>
/// <param name="pageTokens">The cache of page tokens to use and update.</param>
/// <returns></returns>
private static void FetchAndPrintPageResults(GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService,
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request, int pageNumber, Dictionary<int, string> pageTokens)
{
    int currentPageNumber = pageNumber;

    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (pageTokens.ContainsKey(pageNumber - 1))
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it " +
            "to get the results.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
    }
    else
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was never cached, we will " +
            $"use the closest page we know the token for (page #{pageNumber}) and " +
            $"sequentially get pages from there.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
        while (!pageTokens.ContainsKey(currentPageNumber))
        {
            currentPageNumber--;
        }
    }

    SearchGoogleAdsResponse response = null;
    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page
    // results are returned.
    while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber)
    {
        // Fetches the next page.
        Console.WriteLine($"Fetching page #{currentPageNumber}...");
        request.PageToken = pageTokens[currentPageNumber - 1];
        response = googleAdsService.Search(request)
            .AsRawResponses().First();
        CacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response, currentPageNumber);
        currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    Console.WriteLine($"Printing results found for the page #{pageNumber}");
    foreach (GoogleAdsRow row in response.Results)
    {
        Campaign c = row.Campaign;
        Console.WriteLine($" - Campaign with ID {c.Id} and name '{c.Name}'");
    }
}

      

PHP

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient the Google Ads API Service client
 * @param int $customerId the customer ID
 * @param string $searchQuery the search query
 * @param array $searchOptions the search options
 * @param int $pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for
 * @param array &$pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update
 */
private static function fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient,
    int $customerId,
    string $searchQuery,
    array $searchOptions,
    int $pageNumber,
    array &$pageTokens
) {
    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (isset($pageTokens[$pageNumber])) {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.%s',
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = $pageNumber;
    } else {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page ' .
            'we know the token for (page #%d) and sequentially get pages from there.%s',
            count($pageTokens),
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = count($pageTokens);
    }

    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
    // are returned.
    while ($currentPageNumber <= $pageNumber) {
        // Fetches the next page.
        printf('Fetching page #%d...%s', $currentPageNumber, PHP_EOL);
        $response = $googleAdsServiceClient->search(
            (new SearchGoogleAdsRequest(
                $searchOptions + [
                    // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
                    'page_token' => $pageTokens[$currentPageNumber]
                ]
            ))->setCustomerId($customerId)->setQuery($searchQuery)
        );
        self::cacheNextPageToken($pageTokens, $response->getPage(), $currentPageNumber);
        $currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    printf('Printing results found for the page #%d:%s', $pageNumber, PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($response->getPage()->getIterator() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def fetch_and_print_results(
    client, customer_id, query, page_number, page_tokens
):
    """Fetches and prints the results of a page using a cache of page tokens.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: a client customer ID.
        query: the search query.
        page_number: the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
        page_tokens: the cache of page tokens to use and update.
    """
    current_page_number = None
    # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if page_tokens.get(page_number, None):
        print(
            "The token of the request page was cached, we will use it to get "
            "the results."
        )
        current_page_number = page_number
    else:
        count = len(page_tokens.keys())
        print(
            "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use "
            f"the closest page we know the token for (page {count}) and "
            "sequentially get pages from there."
        )
        current_page_number = count

    googleads_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")
    # Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested
    # page results are returned.
    while current_page_number <= page_number:
        # Fetches the next page.
        print(f"Fetching page {current_page_number}...")
        request = client.get_type("SearchGoogleAdsRequest")
        request.customer_id = customer_id
        request.query = query
        request.page_size = _PAGE_SIZE
        request.return_total_results_count = True
        # Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
        request.page_token = page_tokens[current_page_number]

        response = googleads_service.search(request=request)
        cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response, current_page_number)
        current_page_number += 1

    # Prints the results of the requested page.
    print(f"Printing results found for the page {page_number}.")
    for row in response.results:
        print(
            f" - Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
            f"{row.campaign.name}."
        )
      

Ruby

def fetch_and_print_page_results(client, customer_id, query, page_size,
                                 return_total_results_count, page_number, page_tokens)
  if page_tokens.has_key?(page_number)
    puts 'The page token for the request page was cached. Reusing it.'
    current_page = page_number
  else
    puts "The token for the requested page has not been cached yet. We will start " \
      "at page #{page_tokens.size} and request and cache pages until we find it."
    current_page = page_tokens.size
  end

  while current_page <= page_number
    puts page_tokens
    response = client.service.google_ads.search(
      customer_id: customer_id,
      query: query,
      page_size: page_size,
      return_total_results_count: return_total_results_count,
      page_token: page_tokens[current_page],
    )
    cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response.page, current_page + 1)
    current_page += 1
  end

  puts "Printing results found for page #{page_number}."
  response.page.response.results.each do |result|
    puts "- Campaign with ID #{result.campaign.id} and name #{result.campaign.name}."
  end
end
      

Perl

# Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
sub fetch_and_print_page_results {
  my (
    $api_client,     $customer_id, $query,
    $search_options, $page_number, $page_tokens
  ) = @_;

  my $current_page_number = undef;
  # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (exists $page_tokens->{$page_number}) {
    print "The token of the requested page was cached, " .
      "we will use it to get the results.\n";
    $current_page_number = $page_number;
  } else {
    printf "The token of the requested page was never cached, " .
      "we will use the closest page we know the token for (page #%d) " .
      "and sequentially get pages from there.\n", scalar keys %$page_tokens;
    $current_page_number = scalar keys %$page_tokens;
  }

  # Fetch next pages in sequence and cache their tokens until the requested page
  # results are returned.
  my $response = undef;
  while ($current_page_number <= $page_number) {
    # Fetch the next page.
    printf "Fetching page #%d...\n", $current_page_number;
    $response = $api_client->GoogleAdsService()->search({
        customerId => $customer_id,
        query      => $query,
        %$search_options,
        # Use the page token cached for the current page number.
        pageToken => $page_tokens->{$current_page_number}});
    cache_next_page_token($page_tokens, $response, $current_page_number);
    $current_page_number++;
  }

  # Print the results of the requested page.
  printf "Printing results found for the page #%d:\n", $page_number;
  foreach my $google_ads_row (@{$response->{results}}) {
    printf
      " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.\n",
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id},
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
  }
}
      

Kod örnekleri

Google Ads API'de yaygın olarak kullanılan bazı işlevlerle ilgili kod örneklerimize göz atın.