You're all set!

To start developing, please head over to our developer documentation.

Activate the Google Maps Android API

To get you started we'll guide you through the Google Developers Console to do a few things first:

  1. Create or choose a project
  2. Activate the Google Maps Android API
  3. Create appropriate keys
Continue

Adding a Styled Map

This tutorial shows you how to add a map with custom styling to your Android app. The tutorial uses night mode as an example of custom styling.

With style options you can customize the presentation of the standard Google map styles, changing the visual display of features like roads, parks, businesses, and other points of interest. This means that you can emphasize particular components of the map or make the map complement the style of your app.

Styling works only on the normal map type. Styling does not affect indoor maps.

Get the code

Clone or download the Google Maps Android API v2 Samples repository from GitHub.

Set up your development project

Follow these steps to create the tutorial project in Android Studio.

  1. Download and install Android Studio.
  2. Add the Google Play services package to Android Studio.
  3. Clone or download the Google Maps Android API v2 Samples repository if you didn't do that when you started reading this tutorial.
  4. Import the tutorial project:

    • In Android Studio, select File > New > Import Project.
    • Go to the location where you saved the Google Maps Android API v2 Samples repository after downloading it.
    • Find the StyledMap project at this location:
      PATH-TO-SAVED-REPO/android-samples/tutorials/StyledMap
    • Select the project directory, then click OK. Android Studio now builds your project, using the Gradle build tool.

Get an API key and enable the necessary APIs

To complete this tutorial, you need a Google API key that's authorized to use the Google Maps Android API.

Click the button below to get a key and activate the API.

Get a Key

For more details, see the full guide to getting an API key.

Add the API key to your app

  1. Edit your project's gradle.properties file.
  2. Paste your API key into the value of the GOOGLE_MAPS_API_KEY property. When you build your app, Gradle copies the API key into the app's Android manifest.

    GOOGLE_MAPS_API_KEY=PASTE-YOUR-API-KEY-HERE
    

Build and run your app

  1. Connect an Android device to your computer. Follow the instructions to enable developer options on your Android device and configure your system to detect the device. (Alternatively, you can use the Android Virtual Device (AVD) Manager to configure a virtual device. When choosing an emulator, make sure you pick an image that includes the Google APIs. For more details, see the getting started guide.)
  2. In Android Studio, click the Run menu option (or the play button icon). Choose a device as prompted.

Android Studio invokes Gradle to build the app, and then runs the app on the device or on the emulator. You should see a map with dark (night mode) styling, similar to the image on this page.

Troubleshooting:

Understand the code

This part of the tutorial explains the most significant parts of the StyledMap app, to help you understand how to build a similar app.

Add a resource containing a JSON style object

Add a resource to your development project, containing your style declarations in JSON format. You can use a raw resource or a string, as shown in the examples below.

Raw resource

Define a raw resource in /res/raw/style_json.json, containing the JSON style declaration for night-mode styling:

String resource

Define a string resource in /res/values/style_strings.xml, containing the JSON style declaration for night-mode styling. This tutorial uses the string name style_json. In this file you need to use a backslash to escape the quotation marks:

Pass a JSON style object to your map

To style your map, call GoogleMap.setMapStyle() passing a MapStyleOptions object that contains your style declarations in JSON format.

Raw resource

The following code sample assumes your project contains a raw resource named style_json:

package com.example.styledmap;

import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.util.Log;

import com.google.android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.OnMapReadyCallback;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MapStyleOptions;

/**
 * A styled map using JSON styles from a raw resource.
 */
public class MapsActivityRaw extends AppCompatActivity
        implements OnMapReadyCallback {

    private static final String TAG = MapsActivityRaw.class.getSimpleName();

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps_raw);

        // Get the SupportMapFragment and register for the callback
        // when the map is ready for use.
        SupportMapFragment mapFragment =
                (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
                        .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
    }

    /**
     * Manipulates the map when it's available.
     * The API invokes this callback when the map is ready for use.
     */
    @Override
    public void onMapReady(GoogleMap googleMap) {

        try {
            // Customise the styling of the base map using a JSON object defined
            // in a raw resource file.
            boolean success = googleMap.setMapStyle(
                    MapStyleOptions.loadRawResourceStyle(
                            this, R.raw.style_json));

            if (!success) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Style parsing failed.");
            }
        } catch (Resources.NotFoundException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "Can't find style. Error: ", e);
        }
        // Position the map's camera near Sydney, Australia.
        googleMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(new LatLng(-34, 151)));
    }
}

The layout (activity_maps_raw.xml) looks like this:

String resource

The following code sample assumes your project contains a string resource named style_json:

package com.example.styledmap;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.util.Log;

import com.google.android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.OnMapReadyCallback;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MapStyleOptions;

/**
 * A styled map using JSON styles from a string resource.
 */
public class MapsActivityString extends AppCompatActivity
        implements OnMapReadyCallback {

    private static final String TAG = MapsActivityString.class.getSimpleName();

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps_string);

        // Get the SupportMapFragment and register for the callback
        // when the map is ready for use.
        SupportMapFragment mapFragment =
                (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
                        .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
    }

    /**
     * Manipulates the map when it's available.
     * The API invokes this callback when the map is ready for use.
     */
    @Override
    public void onMapReady(GoogleMap googleMap) {

        // Customise the styling of the base map using a JSON object defined
        // in a string resource file. First create a MapStyleOptions object
        // from the JSON styles string, then pass this to the setMapStyle
        // method of the GoogleMap object.
        boolean success = googleMap.setMapStyle(new MapStyleOptions(getResources()
                .getString(R.string.style_json)));

        if (!success) {
            Log.e(TAG, "Style parsing failed.");
        }
        // Position the map's camera near Sydney, Australia.
        googleMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(new LatLng(-34, 151)));
    }
}

The layout (activity_maps_string.xml) looks like this:

More about JSON style declarations

Styled maps use two concepts to apply colors and other style changes to a map:

  • Selectors specify the geographic components that you can style on the map. These include roads, parks, bodies of water, and more, as well as their labels. The selectors include features and elements, specified as featureType and elementType properties.
  • Stylers are color and visibility properties that you can apply to map elements. They define the displayed color through a combination of hue, color, and lightness/gamma values.

See the style reference for a detailed description of the JSON styling options.

Google Maps APIs Styling Wizard

Use the Google Maps APIs Styling Wizard as a quick way to generate a JSON styling object. The Google Maps Android API supports the same style declarations as the Google Maps JavaScript API.

Next step

See how to hide features on the map with styling.

Send feedback about...

Google Maps Android API
Google Maps Android API
Need help? Visit our support page.