Maps API on Wear OS

A map on a wearable device

Using the Maps SDK for Android, you can create a map-based wearable app that runs directly on Wear OS by Google devices. Users of your app can see their location on the map just by glancing at their wrists. They can plot their position on a route, for example, then zoom in for details, or tap a marker to see an info window supplied by your app.

This page describes the API functionality available on a wear device and helps you get started building your app.

Get started on Wear OS

Building a wearable app with the Maps SDK for Android is fundamentally the same as building a Google Maps app for any other Android device. The difference lies in your design for the smaller form factor of the wearable device, to optimize the app's usability and performance.

Android Studio is the recommended tool for Wear OS development, as it provides project setup, library inclusion, and packaging conveniences.

For general help with designing a wearable app, refer to the Wear OS design guidelines. For help with creating your first wearable app, see the guide to creating wearable apps.

Build your first maps app on Wear OS

This quick guide assumes you are familiar with the Maps SDK for Android, that you have followed the Wear OS guides to create a wearable module in your app, and that you now want to add a map to the wearable module.

Add dependencies for your wear module

Ensure that the following dependencies are included in the build.gradle file of your app's Wear OS module:

dependencies {
    // ...
    compileOnly 'com.google.android.wearable:wearable:2.8.1'
    implementation 'com.google.android.support:wearable:2.8.1'
    implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-maps:17.0.1'

    // This dependency is necessary for ambient mode
    implementation 'androidx.wear:wear:1.1.0'
}

For more information about the dependencies, see the guide to Add a Wear OS module in your existing project.

Implement a swipe-to-dismiss gesture to exit the app

It's recommended that you use a SwipeDismissFrameLayout to display the map on the wearable device. Using the SwipeDismissFrameLayout class, you can implement the swipe-to-dimiss gesture giving users a way to exit the app by swiping from the leftmost edge of the screen.

Add the SwipeDismissFrameLayout element to your layout definition as the container of the SupportMapFragment:

  <androidx.wear.widget.SwipeDismissFrameLayout
      android:id="@+id/map_container"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="match_parent">
    <fragment
        android:id="@+id/map"
        android:name="com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />
  </androidx.wear.widget.SwipeDismissFrameLayout>

When you obtain the SwipeDismissFrameLayout object in your activity, add a callback and set the behavior of the callback to perform the necessary dismiss action as shown below:

Java


public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements OnMapReadyCallback,
    AmbientModeSupport.AmbientCallbackProvider {


    public void onCreate(Bundle savedState) {
        super.onCreate(savedState);

        // Set the layout. It only contains a SupportMapFragment and a DismissOverlay.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        // Enable ambient support, so the map remains visible in simplified, low-color display
        // when the user is no longer actively using the app but the app is still visible on the
        // watch face.
        AmbientModeSupport.AmbientController controller = AmbientModeSupport.attach(this);
        Log.d(MainActivity.class.getSimpleName(), "Is ambient enabled: " + controller.isAmbient());

        // Retrieve the containers for the root of the layout and the map. Margins will need to be
        // set on them to account for the system window insets.
        final SwipeDismissFrameLayout mapFrameLayout = (SwipeDismissFrameLayout) findViewById(
            R.id.map_container);
        mapFrameLayout.addCallback(new SwipeDismissFrameLayout.Callback() {
            @Override
            public void onDismissed(SwipeDismissFrameLayout layout) {
                onBackPressed();
            }
        });

        // Obtain the MapFragment and set the async listener to be notified when the map is ready.
        mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
            .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
    }

    // ...
}

      

Kotlin


class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity(), OnMapReadyCallback,
                     AmbientModeSupport.AmbientCallbackProvider {


    public override fun onCreate(savedState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedState)

        // Set the layout. It only contains a SupportMapFragment and a DismissOverlay.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

        // Enable ambient support, so the map remains visible in simplified, low-color display
        // when the user is no longer actively using the app but the app is still visible on the
        // watch face.
        val controller = AmbientModeSupport.attach(this)
        Log.d(MainActivity::class.java.simpleName, "Is ambient enabled: " + controller.isAmbient)

        // Retrieve the containers for the root of the layout and the map. Margins will need to be
        // set on them to account for the system window insets.
        val mapFrameLayout = findViewById<SwipeDismissFrameLayout>(R.id.map_container)
        mapFrameLayout.addCallback(object : SwipeDismissFrameLayout.Callback() {
            override fun onDismissed(layout: SwipeDismissFrameLayout) {
                onBackPressed()
            }
        })

        // Obtain the MapFragment and set the async listener to be notified when the map is ready.
        mapFragment = supportFragmentManager
            .findFragmentById(R.id.map) as SupportMapFragment
        mapFragment.getMapAsync(this)
    }

    // ...
}

      

Add a map

Use the onMapReady(GoogleMap) callback method as usual, to get a handle to the GoogleMap object. The callback is triggered when the map is ready to be used. In the callback method, you can add markers or polylines to the map, add listeners, or move the camera. The example below adds a marker near the Sydney Opera House:

Java


private static final LatLng SYDNEY = new LatLng(-33.85704, 151.21522);

@Override
public void onMapReady(@NonNull GoogleMap googleMap) {
    // Add a marker with a title that is shown in its info window.
    googleMap.addMarker(new MarkerOptions().position(SYDNEY)
        .title("Sydney Opera House"));

    // Move the camera to show the marker.
    googleMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(SYDNEY, 10));
}

      

Kotlin


private val sydney = LatLng(-33.85704, 151.21522)

override fun onMapReady(googleMap: GoogleMap) {
    // Add a marker with a title that is shown in its info window.
    googleMap.addMarker(
        MarkerOptions().position(sydney)
            .title("Sydney Opera House")
    )

    // Move the camera to show the marker.
    googleMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(sydney, 10f))
}

      

Enable ambient mode

The Maps SDK for Android supports ambient mode for wearable apps. Apps that support ambient mode are sometimes called always on apps. Ambient mode is activated when the user is no longer actively using the app, and allows the app to remain visible on the wearable device.

The Maps SDK for Android provides a simplified, low-color rendering of the map for use in ambient mode, and the map style automatically adjusts when the device swaps from interactive to ambient mode. All markers, objects, and UI controls disappear in ambient mode. This reduces the power consumption of your app and ensures a consistent look and feel with other ambient apps, such as watch faces.

Take the following steps to ensure your app uses the map’s ambient mode:

  1. Update your Android SDK to include the Android 6.0 (API 23) or higher platform, which provides the APIs that allow activities to go into ambient mode. For information on how to update your SDK, see the Android documentation on adding SDK packages.
  2. Make sure your project targets Android 6.0 or higher, by setting the targetSdkVersion to 23 or higher in the app manifest.
  3. Add the wearable dependencies to your app's build.gradle file. See the sample on this page.
  4. Add the wearable shared library entry into the wearable app manifest, as described in the Android training class on keeping your app visible.
  5. Add the WAKE_LOCK permission to the handheld and wearable app manifests, as described in the Android training class on keeping your app visible.
  6. In the onCreate() method of your activity, call the AmbientModeSupport.attach() method. This tells the operating system that the application is always on, so that when the device powers down it should enter ambient mode rather than returning to the watch face.
  7. Implement the AmbientModeSupport.AmbientCallbackProvider interface in your Activity so that it can receive ambient mode state changes.
  8. Set your map to support ambient mode. You can do this by setting the attribute map:ambientEnabled="true" in the activity's XML layout file, or do it programmatically by setting GoogleMapOptions.ambientEnabled(true). This setting informs the API that it must pre-load the necessary map tiles for use in ambient mode.
  9. When the activity switches to ambient mode, the system calls the onEnterAmbient() method in the AmbientCallback you provide. Override onEnterAmbient() and call SupportMapFragment.onEnterAmbient(ambientDetails) or MapView.onEnterAmbient(ambientDetails). The API swaps to a non-interactive and low-color rendering of the map.
  10. Similarly, in onExitAmbient() call SupportMapFragment.onExitAmbient() or MapView.onExitAmbient(). The API swaps to the normal rendering of the map.

The following code sample enables ambient mode in the activity:

Java


public class AmbientActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements
    AmbientModeSupport.AmbientCallbackProvider {

    private SupportMapFragment mapFragment;

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedState) {
        super.onCreate(savedState);

        // Set the layout. It only contains a SupportMapFragment and a DismissOverlay.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        // Enable ambient support, so the map remains visible in simplified, low-color display
        // when the user is no longer actively using the app but the app is still visible on the
        // watch face.
        AmbientModeSupport.AmbientController controller = AmbientModeSupport.attach(this);
        Log.d(AmbientActivity.class.getSimpleName(), "Is ambient enabled: " + controller.isAmbient());

        // Obtain the MapFragment and set the async listener to be notified when the map is ready.
        mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
            .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
    }

    @Override
    public AmbientCallback getAmbientCallback() {
        return new AmbientCallback() {
            /**
             * Starts ambient mode on the map.
             * The API swaps to a non-interactive and low-color rendering of the map when the user is no
             * longer actively using the app.
             */
            @Override
            public void onEnterAmbient(Bundle ambientDetails) {
                super.onEnterAmbient(ambientDetails);
                mapFragment.onEnterAmbient(ambientDetails);
            }

            /**
             * Exits ambient mode on the map.
             * The API swaps to the normal rendering of the map when the user starts actively using the app.
             */
            @Override
            public void onExitAmbient() {
                super.onExitAmbient();
                mapFragment.onExitAmbient();
            }
        };
    }
}

      

Kotlin


class AmbientActivity : AppCompatActivity(), AmbientModeSupport.AmbientCallbackProvider {

    private lateinit var mapFragment: SupportMapFragment

    public override fun onCreate(savedState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedState)

        // Set the layout. It only contains a SupportMapFragment and a DismissOverlay.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

        // Enable ambient support, so the map remains visible in simplified, low-color display
        // when the user is no longer actively using the app but the app is still visible on the
        // watch face.
        val controller = AmbientModeSupport.attach(this)
        Log.d(AmbientActivity::class.java.simpleName, "Is ambient enabled: " + controller.isAmbient)

        // Obtain the MapFragment and set the async listener to be notified when the map is ready.
        mapFragment = supportFragmentManager
            .findFragmentById(R.id.map) as SupportMapFragment
    }

    override fun getAmbientCallback(): AmbientModeSupport.AmbientCallback {
        return object : AmbientModeSupport.AmbientCallback() {
            /**
             * Starts ambient mode on the map.
             * The API swaps to a non-interactive and low-color rendering of the map when the user is no
             * longer actively using the app.
             */
            override fun onEnterAmbient(ambientDetails: Bundle) {
                super.onEnterAmbient(ambientDetails)
                mapFragment.onEnterAmbient(ambientDetails)
            }

            /**
             * Exits ambient mode on the map.
             * The API swaps to the normal rendering of the map when the user starts actively using the app.
             */
            override fun onExitAmbient() {
                super.onExitAmbient()
                mapFragment.onExitAmbient()
            }
        }
    }
}

      

You can update the screen while the app is in ambient mode. For more details about updating content and about ambient mode in general, see the Android training class on keeping your app visible.

Use Street View on Wear OS

Street View is fully supported on wearable devices.

To allow users to exit from the app when viewing a Street View panorama, use the StreetViewPanorama.OnStreetViewPanoramaLongClickListener interface to listen for a long-click gesture. When a user long-clicks somewhere on the Street View image, you will receive an onStreetViewPanoramaLongClick(StreetViewPanoramaOrientation) event. Call DismissOverlayView.show() to display an exit button.

Sample code

A sample app is available on GitHub, which you can use as a starting point for your app. The sample shows you how to set up a basic Google Map on Wear OS.

Supported functionality in the Maps API on Wear OS

This section outlines the differences in supported functionality for maps on wearable devices when compared with handheld devices (phones and tablets). All API features not mentioned below should work as documented for the full API.

Functionality
Fully interactive mode and lite mode

You can use the Maps SDK for Android in fully interactive mode or in lite mode. Consider lite mode if you want to optimize performance on the wearable device and your app doesn't need to support interaction such as gestures, or panning and zooming the map.

In lite mode, the intent to start the Google Maps mobile app when the user taps the map is disabled and cannot be enabled on a wearable device.

For a full list of differences between lite mode and fully interactive mode, see the lite mode documentation.

Map toolbar The map toolbar is disabled and cannot be enabled on a wearable device.
UI controls The UI controls are disabled by default on wearable devices. This includes the zoom, compass, and my location controls. You can enable them using the UiSettings class as usual.
Gestures Single-touch gestures work as expected. Examples are touch and drag to pan the map, double-tap to zoom in, and two-finger tap to zoom out. Support varies for multi-touch gestures depending on the user's device. Examples of multi-touch gestures include two-finger push to tilt the map, pinch to zoom, and two-finger rotation.
Indoor maps and buildings Indoor maps are disabled by default on a wearable device. You can enable them by calling GoogleMap.setIndoorEnabled(true). If indoor maps are enabled, the map will show the default floor level. The level picker UI element is not supported on wearable devices.
Tile overlays Tile overlays are not supported on wearable devices.

Best practices for developing with the Maps API on Wear OS

How to provide the best user experience in your app:

  • The map should occupy a large proportion of the screen. This is necessary to optimize the usability of the map on the small form factor of a wearable device.
  • When designing the user experience of your app, take into account the fact that a wearable device has low battery power. Keeping the screen active and the map visible will impact battery performance.