Kurse verwalten

Eine Kursressource steht für einen Kurs wie "Mathe 127" und die zugewiesenen Lehrkräfte, die Teilnehmerliste und Metadaten.

Jeder Kurs wird durch eine eindeutige ID identifiziert, die vom Server zugewiesen wird. Außerdem können Namen mit einem Kurs verknüpft und anstelle der eindeutigen ID verwendet werden. Jeder Name, auch Alias genannt, ist in einem Namespace vorhanden, der einschränkt, wer ihn erstellen und aufrufen kann.

Es werden zwei Namespaces unterstützt:

  • Domain: Der Domain-Namespace ist nützlich zum Erstellen von Aliassen, auf die alle Nutzer Zugriff benötigen, die jedoch nicht programmspezifisch sind. Alternative Einträge für einen Kurs wie MATH 127 und COMSCI 127 sollten beispielsweise im Domain-Namespace erstellt werden. Aliasse im Domain-Namespace können nur von Domainadministratoren erstellt werden, sind aber für alle Nutzer in einer Domain sichtbar.
  • Entwicklerprojekt:Der Namespace des Entwicklerprojekts ist nützlich, um anwendungsspezifische Aliasse zu verwalten. Beispielsweise kann eine Anwendung, die alternative Kennungen für Kurse verwendet, Aliasse erstellen, um die ID Classroom-Kursen zuzuordnen. In diesem Namespace erstellte Aliasse sind an ein bestimmtes Google API Console-Projekt gebunden. Jeder Nutzer einer Anwendung kann Aliasse im Namespace für das Entwicklerprojekt dieser Anwendung erstellen und ansehen.

Kurs erstellen

Mit der Methode courses.create() können Sie einen Kurs hinzufügen, wie im folgenden Beispiel gezeigt:

.NET

classroom/snippets/ClassroomSnippets/CreateCourse.cs
using Google;
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1.Data;
using Google.Apis.Services;
using System;

namespace ClassroomSnippets
{   
    // Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Create Course API
    public class CreateCourse
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a new course with description.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>newly created course</returns>
        public static Course ClassroomCreateCourse()
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for 
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(ClassroomService.Scope.ClassroomCourses);

                // Create Classroom API service.
                var service = new ClassroomService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Classroom API Snippets"
                });

                // Create a new course with description.
                var course = new Course
                {
                    Name = "10th Grade Biology",
                    Section = "Period 2",
                    DescriptionHeading = "Welcome to 10th Grade Biology",
                    Description = "We'll be learning about about the structure of living creatures "
                                  + "from a combination of textbooks, guest lectures, and lab work. Expect "
                                  + "to be excited!",
                    Room = "301",
                    OwnerId = "me",
                    CourseState = "PROVISIONED"
                };

                course = service.Courses.Create(course).Execute();
                // Prints the new created course Id and name.
                Console.WriteLine("Course created: {0} ({1})", course.Name, course.Id);
                return course;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else if (e is GoogleApiException)
                { 
                    Console.WriteLine("OwnerId not specified.");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Apps Script

classroom/snippets/createCourse.gs
/**
 * Creates 10th Grade Biology Course.
 * @see https://developers.google.com/classroom/reference/rest/v1/courses/create
 * return {string} Id of created course
 */
function createCourse() {
  let course = {
    name: '10th Grade Biology',
    section: 'Period 2',
    descriptionHeading: 'Welcome to 10th Grade Biology',
    description: 'We\'ll be learning about the structure of living creatures from a combination ' +
      'of textbooks, guest lectures, and lab work. Expect to be excited!',
    room: '301',
    ownerId: 'me',
    courseState: 'PROVISIONED'
  };
  try {
    // Create the course using course details.
    course = Classroom.Courses.create(course);
    console.log('Course created: %s (%s)', course.name, course.id);
    return course.id;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle Courses.create() exception
    console.log('Failed to create course %s with an error %s', course.name, err.message);
  }
}

Ok

classroom/snippets/createCourse.go
c := &classroom.Course{
	Name:               "10th Grade Biology",
	Section:            "Period 2",
	DescriptionHeading: "Welcome to 10th Grade Biology",
	Description:        "We'll be learning about about the structure of living creatures from a combination of textbooks, guest lectures, and lab work. Expect to be excited!",
	Room:               "301",
	OwnerId:            "me",
	CourseState:        "PROVISIONED",
}
course, err := srv.Courses.Create(c).Do()
if err != nil {
	log.Fatalf("Course unable to be created %v", err)
}

Java

classroom/snippets/src/main/java/CreateCourse.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.Classroom;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.ClassroomScopes;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.model.Course;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Create Course API */
public class CreateCourse {
  /* Scopes required by this API call. If modifying these scopes, delete your previously saved
  tokens/ folder. */
  static ArrayList<String> SCOPES =
      new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(ClassroomScopes.CLASSROOM_COURSES));

  /**
   * Creates a course
   *
   * @return newly created course
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   * @throws GeneralSecurityException - if a new instance of NetHttpTransport was not created.
   */
  public static Course createCourse() throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {

    // Create the classroom API client.
    final NetHttpTransport HTTP_TRANSPORT = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
    Classroom service =
        new Classroom.Builder(
                HTTP_TRANSPORT,
                GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
                ClassroomCredentials.getCredentials(HTTP_TRANSPORT, SCOPES))
            .setApplicationName("Classroom samples")
            .build();

    Course course = null;
    try {
      // Adding a new course with description. Set CourseState to `ACTIVE`. Possible values of
      // CourseState can be found here:
      // https://developers.google.com/classroom/reference/rest/v1/courses#coursestate
      course =
          new Course()
              .setName("10th Grade Biology")
              .setSection("Period 2")
              .setDescriptionHeading("Welcome to 10th Grade Biology")
              .setDescription(
                  "We'll be learning about about the structure of living creatures "
                      + "from a combination of textbooks, guest lectures, and lab work. Expect "
                      + "to be excited!")
              .setRoom("301")
              .setOwnerId("me")
              .setCourseState("ACTIVE");
      course = service.courses().create(course).execute();
      // Prints the new created course Id and name
      System.out.printf("Course created: %s (%s)\n", course.getName(), course.getId());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 400) {
        System.err.println("Unable to create course, ownerId not specified.\n");
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return course;
  }
}

PHP

classroom/snippets/src/ClassroomCreateCourse.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Classroom;
use Google\Service\Classroom\Course;
use Google\Service\Exception;

function createCourse()
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
     guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/classroom.courses");
    $service = new Classroom($client);
    try {
        $course = new Course([
            'name' => '10th Grade Biology',
            'section' => 'Period 2',
            'descriptionHeading' => 'Welcome to 10th Grade Biology',
            'description' => 'We\'ll be learning about about the structure of living ' .
                'creatures from a combination of textbooks, guest ' .
                'lectures, and lab work. Expect to be excited!',
            'room' => '301',
            'ownerId' => 'me',
            'courseState' => 'PROVISIONED'
        ]);
        $course = $service->courses->create($course);
        printf("Course created: %s (%s)\n", $course->name, $course->id);
        return $course;
    } catch (Exception $e) {
        echo 'Message: ' . $e->getMessage();
    }
}

Python

classroom/snippets/classroom_create_course.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def classroom_create_course():
  """
  Creates the courses the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """

  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member

  try:
    service = build("classroom", "v1", credentials=creds)
    course = {
        "name": "10th Grade Mathematics Probability-2",
        "section": "Period 3",
        "descriptionHeading": "Welcome to 10th Grade Mathematics",
        "description": """We'll be learning about about the
                                 polynomials from a
                                 combination of textbooks and guest lectures.
                                 Expect to be excited!""",
        "room": "302",
        "ownerId": "me",
        "courseState": "PROVISIONED",
    }
    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    course = service.courses().create(body=course).execute()
    print(f"Course created:  {(course.get('name'), course.get('id'))}")
    return course

  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  classroom_create_course()

Wenn Sie einen Kurs erstellen, können Sie optional Metadaten wie die Kursbeschreibung, die Zeit oder den Ort hinzufügen.

Zum Erstellen eines Kurses muss der Nutzer, der die Anfrage stellt, die entsprechenden Berechtigungen in seinem Nutzerprofil haben.

Kurse werden standardmäßig mit courseState auf PROVISIONED erstellt. Dies kann jedoch mit ACTIVE überschrieben werden. Wenn der Kurs mit dem Status PROVISIONED erstellt wird, muss die in ownerId angegebene Lehrkraft den Kurs in der Classroom-Benutzeroberfläche akzeptieren oder der Kurs muss über die API aktualisiert werden, um die courseState in ACTIVE zu ändern und für ihre Schüler/Studenten verfügbar zu machen.

Kursdetails abrufen

Mit der Methode courses.get() können Sie die Metadaten eines einzelnen Kurses abrufen, wie im folgenden Beispiel gezeigt:

.NET

classroom/snippets/ClassroomSnippets/GetCourse.cs
using Google;
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1.Data;
using Google.Apis.Services;
using System;

namespace ClassroomSnippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Get Course API
    public class GetCourse
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Retrieve a single course's metadata.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="courseId">Id of the course.</param>
        /// <returns>a course, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static Course ClassroomGetCourse(string courseId)
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for 
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(ClassroomService.Scope.ClassroomCourses);

                // Create Classroom API service.
                var service = new ClassroomService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Classroom Snippets"
                });

                // Get the course details using course id
                Course course = service.Courses.Get(courseId).Execute();
                Console.WriteLine("Course '{0}' found.\n", course.Name);
                return course;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else if (e is GoogleApiException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Course does not exist.");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Apps Script

classroom/snippets/getCourse.gs
/**
 * Retrieves course by id.
 * @param {string} courseId
 * @see https://developers.google.com/classroom/reference/rest/v1/courses/get
 */
function getCourse(courseId) {
  try {
    // Get the course details using course id
    const course = Classroom.Courses.get(courseId);
    console.log('Course "%s" found. ', course.name);
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle Courses.get() exception of Handle Classroom API
    console.log('Failed to found course %s with error %s ', courseId, err.message);
  }
}

Ok

classroom/snippets/getCourse.go
ctx := context.Background()
srv, err := classroom.NewService(ctx, option.WithHTTPClient(client))
if err != nil {
	log.Fatalf("Unable to create classroom Client %v", err)
}
id := "123456"
course, err := srv.Courses.Get(id).Do()
if err != nil {
	log.Fatalf("Course unable to be retrieved %v", err)
}

Java

classroom/snippets/src/main/java/GetCourse.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.Classroom;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.ClassroomScopes;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.model.Course;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Get Course API */
public class GetCourse {

  /* Scopes required by this API call. If modifying these scopes, delete your previously saved
  tokens/ folder. */
  static ArrayList<String> SCOPES =
      new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(ClassroomScopes.CLASSROOM_COURSES));

  /**
   * Retrieve a single course's metadata.
   *
   * @param courseId - Id of the course to return.
   * @return a course
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   * @throws GeneralSecurityException - if a new instance of NetHttpTransport was not created.
   */
  public static Course getCourse(String courseId) throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {

    // Create the classroom API client.
    final NetHttpTransport HTTP_TRANSPORT = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
    Classroom service =
        new Classroom.Builder(
                HTTP_TRANSPORT,
                GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
                ClassroomCredentials.getCredentials(HTTP_TRANSPORT, SCOPES))
            .setApplicationName("Classroom samples")
            .build();

    Course course = null;
    try {
      course = service.courses().get(courseId).execute();
      System.out.printf("Course '%s' found.\n", course.getName());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Course with ID '%s' not found.\n", courseId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return course;
  }
}

PHP

classroom/snippets/src/ClassroomGetCourse.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Classroom;
use Google\Service\Exception;

function getCourse($courseId)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO (developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
     guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/classroom.courses");
    $service = new Classroom($client);
    try {
        $course = $service->courses->get($courseId);
        printf("Course '%s' found.\n", $course->name);
        return $course;
    } catch (Exception $e) {
        if ($e->getCode() == 404) {
            printf("Course with ID '%s' not found.\n", $courseId);
        } else {
            throw $e;
        }
    }
}

Python

classroom/snippets/classroom_get_course.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def classroom_get_course(course_id):
  """
  Prints the name of the with specific course_id.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """

  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  course = None
  try:
    service = build("classroom", "v1", credentials=creds)
    course = service.courses().get(id=course_id).execute()
    print(f"Course found : {course.get('name')}")
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    print(f"Course not found: {course_id}")
    return error
  return course


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Put the course_id of course whose information needs to be fetched.
  classroom_get_course("course_id")

Für eine Liste von Kursen verwenden Sie den courses.list(), wie im folgenden Beispiel gezeigt:

.NET

classroom/snippets/ClassroomSnippets/ListCourses.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1.Data;
using Google.Apis.Services;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace ClassroomSnippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom List Course API
    public class ListCourses
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Retrieves all courses with metadata.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>list of courses with its metadata, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static List<Course> ClassroomListCourses()
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for 
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(ClassroomService.Scope.ClassroomCourses);

                // Create Classroom API service.
                var service = new ClassroomService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Classroom Snippets"
                });

                string pageToken = null;
                var courses = new List<Course>();

                do
                {
                    var request = service.Courses.List();
                    request.PageSize = 100;
                    request.PageToken = pageToken;
                    var response = request.Execute();
                    courses.AddRange(response.Courses);
                    pageToken = response.NextPageToken;
                } while (pageToken != null);

                Console.WriteLine("Courses:");
                foreach (var course in courses)
                {
                    // Print the courses available in classroom
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} ({1})", course.Name, course.Id);
                } 
                return courses;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else if (e is ArgumentNullException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("No courses found.");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Apps Script

classroom/snippets/listCourses.gs
/**
 * Lists all course names and ids.
 * @see https://developers.google.com/classroom/reference/rest/v1/courses/list
 */
function listCourses() {
  let courses = [];
  const pageToken = null;
  const optionalArgs = {
    pageToken: pageToken,
    pageSize: 100
  };
  try {
    const response = Classroom.Courses.list(optionalArgs);
    courses = response.courses;
    if (courses.length === 0) {
      console.log('No courses found.');
      return;
    }
    // Print the courses available in classroom
    console.log('Courses:');
    for ( const course in courses) {
      console.log('%s (%s)', courses[course].name, courses[course].id);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error %s', err.message);
  }
}

Java

classroom/snippets/src/main/java/ListCourses.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.Classroom;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.ClassroomScopes;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.model.Course;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.model.ListCoursesResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom List Course API */
public class ListCourses {

  /* Scopes required by this API call. If modifying these scopes, delete your previously saved
  tokens/ folder. */
  static ArrayList<String> SCOPES =
      new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(ClassroomScopes.CLASSROOM_COURSES));

  /**
   * Retrieves all courses with metadata
   *
   * @return list of courses with its metadata
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   * @throws GeneralSecurityException - if a new instance of NetHttpTransport was not created.
   */
  public static List<Course> listCourses() throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {

    // Create the classroom API client.
    final NetHttpTransport HTTP_TRANSPORT = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
    Classroom service =
        new Classroom.Builder(
                HTTP_TRANSPORT,
                GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
                ClassroomCredentials.getCredentials(HTTP_TRANSPORT, SCOPES))
            .setApplicationName("Classroom samples")
            .build();

    String pageToken = null;
    List<Course> courses = new ArrayList<>();

    try {
      do {
        ListCoursesResponse response =
            service.courses().list().setPageSize(100).setPageToken(pageToken).execute();
        courses.addAll(response.getCourses());
        pageToken = response.getNextPageToken();
      } while (pageToken != null);

      if (courses.isEmpty()) {
        System.out.println("No courses found.");
      } else {
        System.out.println("Courses:");
        for (Course course : courses) {
          System.out.printf("%s (%s)\n", course.getName(), course.getId());
        }
      }
    } catch (NullPointerException ne) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      System.err.println("No courses found.\n");
    }
    return courses;
  }
}

PHP

classroom/snippets/src/ClassroomListCourses.php
use Google\Service\Classroom;
use Google\Client;

function listCourses(): array
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO (developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
     guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/classroom.courses");
    $service = new Classroom($client);
    $courses = [];
    $pageToken = '';

    do {
        $params = [
            'pageSize' => 100,
            'pageToken' => $pageToken
        ];
        $response = $service->courses->listCourses($params);
        $courses = array_merge($courses, $response->courses);
        $pageToken = $response->nextPageToken;
    } while (!empty($pageToken));

    if (count($courses) == 0) {
        print "No courses found.\n";
    } else {
        print "Courses:\n";
        foreach ($courses as $course) {
            printf("%s (%s)\n", $course->name, $course->id);
        }
    }
    return $courses;
}

Python

classroom/snippets/classroom_list_courses.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def classroom_list_courses():
  """
  Prints the list of the courses the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """

  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  try:
    service = build("classroom", "v1", credentials=creds)
    courses = []
    page_token = None

    while True:
      # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
      response = (
          service.courses().list(pageToken=page_token, pageSize=100).execute()
      )
      courses.extend(response.get("courses", []))
      page_token = response.get("nextPageToken", None)
      if not page_token:
        break

    if not courses:
      print("No courses found.")
      return
    print("Courses:")
    for course in courses:
      print(f"{course.get('name'), course.get('id')}")
    return courses
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  print("Courses available are-------")
  classroom_list_courses()

Sie können auch nur die Kurse eines bestimmten Nutzers auflisten. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Kurse für einen Nutzer abrufen.

Kursinformationen aktualisieren

Einige Kursmetadaten können Sie nach dem Erstellen des Kurses aktualisieren. Die folgenden Felder können nach dem Erstellen des Kurses jederzeit aktualisiert werden:

  • name
  • section
  • descriptionHeading
  • description
  • room
  • courseState
  • ownerId

Wenn Sie alle Felder in einem Kurs aktualisieren möchten, verwenden Sie die Methode courses.update(), wie im folgenden Beispiel gezeigt:

.NET

classroom/snippets/ClassroomSnippets/UpdateCourse.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1.Data;
using Google.Apis.Services;
using System;
using System.Net;
using Google;

namespace ClassroomSnippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Update Course API
    public class UpdateCourse
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Update one field of course 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="courseId"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        /// <exception cref="GoogleApiException"></exception>
        public static Course ClassroomUpdateCourse(string courseId)
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for 
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(ClassroomService.Scope.ClassroomCourses);

                // Create Classroom API service.
                var service = new ClassroomService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Classroom API Snippet"
                });

                Course course = service.Courses.Get(courseId).Execute();
                course.Section = "Period 3";
                course.Room = "302";
                course = service.Courses.Update(course, courseId).Execute();
                Console.WriteLine("Course '{0}' updated.\n", course.Name);
                return course;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else if (e is GoogleApiException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Failed to update the course. Error message: {0}", e.Message);
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }

            return null;

        }
    }

}

Apps Script

classroom/snippets/courseUpdate.gs
/**
 * Updates the section and room of Google Classroom.
 * @param {string} courseId
 * @see https://developers.google.com/classroom/reference/rest/v1/courses/update
 */
function courseUpdate(courseId) {
  try {
    // Get the course using course ID
    let course = Classroom.Courses.get(courseId);
    course.section = 'Period 3';
    course.room = '302';
    // Update the course
    course = Classroom.Courses.update(course, courseId);
    console.log('Course "%s" updated.', course.name);
  } catch (e) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed to update the course with error %s', e.message);
  }
}

Java

classroom/snippets/src/main/java/UpdateCourse.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.Classroom;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.ClassroomScopes;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.model.Course;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Update Course API */
public class UpdateCourse {

  /* Scopes required by this API call. If modifying these scopes, delete your previously saved
  tokens/ folder. */
  static ArrayList<String> SCOPES =
      new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(ClassroomScopes.CLASSROOM_COURSES));
  /**
   * Updates a course's metadata.
   *
   * @param courseId - Id of the course to update.
   * @return updated course
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   * @throws GeneralSecurityException - if a new instance of NetHttpTransport was not created.
   */
  public static Course updateCourse(String courseId) throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {

    // Create the classroom API client.
    final NetHttpTransport HTTP_TRANSPORT = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
    Classroom service =
        new Classroom.Builder(
                HTTP_TRANSPORT,
                GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
                ClassroomCredentials.getCredentials(HTTP_TRANSPORT, SCOPES))
            .setApplicationName("Classroom samples")
            .build();

    Course course = null;
    try {
      // Updating the section and room in a course
      course = service.courses().get(courseId).execute();
      course.setSection("Period 3");
      course.setRoom("302");
      course = service.courses().update(courseId, course).execute();
      // Prints the updated course
      System.out.printf("Course '%s' updated.\n", course.getName());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.err.println("Course does not exist.\n");
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return course;
  }
}

PHP

classroom/snippets/src/ClassroomUpdateCourse.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Classroom;

function updateCourse($courseId)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO (developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
     guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/classroom.courses");
    $service = new Classroom($client);
    $course = $service->courses->get($courseId);
    $course->section = 'Period 3';
    $course->room = '302';
    $course = $service->courses->update($courseId, $course);
    printf("Course '%s' updated.\n", $course->name);
    return $course;
}

Python

classroom/snippets/classroom_update_course.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def classroom_update_course(course_id):
  """
  Updates the courses names the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member

  creds, _ = google.auth.default()

  try:
    service = build("classroom", "v1", credentials=creds)

    # Updates the section and room of Google Classroom.
    course = service.courses().get(id=course_id).execute()
    course["name"] = "10th Grade Physics - Light"
    course["section"] = "Period 4"
    course["room"] = "410"
    course = service.courses().update(id=course_id, body=course).execute()
    print(f" Updated Course is:  {course.get('name')}")
    return course

  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Put the course_id of course whose course needs to be updated.
  classroom_update_course("course_id")

Mit der Methode courses.patch() können Sie auch bestimmte Felder aktualisieren, wie im folgenden Beispiel gezeigt:

.NET

classroom/snippets/ClassroomSnippets/PatchCourse.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1;
using Google.Apis.Classroom.v1.Data;
using Google.Apis.Services;
using System;
using Google;

namespace ClassroomSnippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Patch Course API
    public class PatchUpdate
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Updates one or more fields in a course.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="courseId"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        /// <exception cref="GoogleApiException"></exception>
        public static Course ClassroomPatchUpdate(string courseId)
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for 
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(ClassroomService.Scope.ClassroomCourses);

                // Create Classroom API service.
                var service = new ClassroomService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Classroom API Snippet"
                });

                var course = new Course
                {
                    Section = "Period 3",
                    Room = "302"
                };
                // Updates one or more fields of course.
                var request = service.Courses.Patch(course, courseId);
                request.UpdateMask = "section,room";
                course = request.Execute();
                Console.WriteLine("Course '{0}' updated.\n", course.Name);
                return course;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else if (e is GoogleApiException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Failed to update the course. Error message: {0}", e.Message);
                }
                else
                {
                    throw ;
                }
            }

            return null;

        }
    }
}

Apps Script

classroom/snippets/patchCourse.gs
/**
 * Updates the section and room of Google Classroom.
 * @param {string} courseId
 * @see https://developers.google.com/classroom/reference/rest/v1/courses/patch
 */
function coursePatch(courseId) {
  let course = {
    'section': 'Period 3',
    'room': '302'
  };
  const mask = {
    updateMask: 'section,room'
  };
  try {
    // Update section and room in course.
    course = Classroom.Courses.patch(body=course, id=courseId, updateMask=mask);
    console.log('Course "%s" updated.', course.name);
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle Courses.patch() exception
    console.log('Failed to update the course. Error message: %s', err.message);
  }
}

Java

classroom/snippets/src/main/java/PatchCourse.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.Classroom;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.ClassroomScopes;
import com.google.api.services.classroom.model.Course;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Classroom Patch Course API */
public class PatchCourse {

  /* Scopes required by this API call. If modifying these scopes, delete your previously saved
  tokens/ folder. */
  static ArrayList<String> SCOPES =
      new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(ClassroomScopes.CLASSROOM_COURSES));

  /**
   * Updates one or more fields in a course.
   *
   * @param courseId - Id of the course to update.
   * @return updated course
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   * @throws GeneralSecurityException - if a new instance of NetHttpTransport was not created.
   */
  public static Course patchCourse(String courseId) throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {

    // Create the classroom API client.
    final NetHttpTransport HTTP_TRANSPORT = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
    Classroom service =
        new Classroom.Builder(
                HTTP_TRANSPORT,
                GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
                ClassroomCredentials.getCredentials(HTTP_TRANSPORT, SCOPES))
            .setApplicationName("Classroom samples")
            .build();

    Course course = null;
    try {
      course = new Course().setSection("Period 3").setRoom("302");
      course = service.courses().patch(courseId, course).setUpdateMask("section,room").execute();
      System.out.printf("Course '%s' updated.\n", course.getName());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.err.println("Course does not exist.\n");
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return course;
  }
}

PHP

classroom/snippets/src/ClassroomPatchCourse.php
use Google\Service\Classroom;
use Google\Service\Classroom\Course;
use Google\Client;

function patchCourse($courseId)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO (developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
     guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/classroom.courses");
    $service = new Classroom($client);

    try {
        $course = new Course([
            'section' => 'Period 3',
            'room' => '302'
        ]);
        $params = ['updateMask' => 'section,room'];
        $course = $service->courses->patch($courseId, $course, $params);
        printf("Course '%s' updated.\n", $course->name);
        return $course;
    } catch (Exception $e) {
        echo 'Message: ' . $e->getMessage();
    }
}

Python

classroom/snippets/classroom_patch_course.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def classroom_patch_course(course_id):
  """
  Patch new course with existing course in the account the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member

  creds, _ = google.auth.default()

  try:
    service = build("classroom", "v1", credentials=creds)
    course = {"section": "Period 3", "room": "313"}
    course = (
        service.courses()
        .patch(id=course_id, updateMask="section,room", body=course)
        .execute()
    )
    print(f" Course updated are: {course.get('name')}")
    return course
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Put the course_id of course with whom we need to patch some extra
  # information.
  classroom_patch_course("course_id")

Inhaberschaft des Kurses übertragen

Domainadministratoren können die Inhaberschaft von Kursen zwischen Lehrkräften innerhalb ihrer Domain übertragen, indem sie die folgenden Methoden aufrufen:

  1. Rufen Sie zuerst teachers.create() auf, um dem Kurs eine Lehrkraft hinzuzufügen, falls sie noch keine zusätzliche Lehrkraft ist.

  2. Rufen Sie dann courses.patch() auf und geben Sie die E-Mail-Adresse oder Nutzer-ID der zusätzlichen Lehrkraft im Feld ownerId des Anfrageobjekts an, um den Kursinhaber zu aktualisieren.