Periods with lists
Whether to end a list item with a period depends on several factors, including the kind of list that the item appears in.
For more information about lists, see Lists.
Don't put a period at the end of a term. (That is, at end of an item in a
Do put a period at the end of a description. (That is, at the end of an item
In general, use a period at the end of each item in a bulleted list. Exceptions: single-word items; items entirely in code font; items with no verbs. For more information, see Capitalization and end punctuation in the Lists page.
Use the same guidelines as for bulleted lists (above).
Periods with URLs
When a period immediately follows a URL (or a file path), it can be hard to tell whether the period is part of the URL.
To indicate that the punctuating period isn't part of the URL, try one of the following techniques:
- Whenever possible, avoid putting URLs in text.
- Rewrite the sentence so that the URL isn't at the end of the sentence.
- Put the URL on a separate line from the text, omitting the final period.
If the URL is a link, it generally looks different from surrounding text. For example, in most browsers, link text is blue by default. This formatting helps distinguish the URL from the period.
Periods with quotation marks
When a sentence ends with material inside quotation marks, place the period inside the quotation marks even if the period isn't part of the material inside the quotation marks.
If the material inside the quotation marks ends with a question mark or an exclamation point, don't use a period.
Recommended: ... in front of a vowel sound, use "an."
Recommended: Children always ask "Why?"
For more information about quotation marks, see Quotation Marks.
Periods with parentheses
If the last part of a sentence is contained inside parentheses, put the period after the closing parenthesis.
If the parentheses contain a complete sentence, put the period inside the parentheses.
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Recommended: App Engine applications are easy to create, easy to maintain, and easy to scale. (With App Engine, there are no servers for you to maintain.)
For more about parentheses, see Parentheses.
Periods with headings
Don't end headings with periods.
For more information about headings, see Headings.
Periods with numbers
Use a period to represent a decimal point.
For more information about numbers, see Numbers.
Periods with abbreviations
Put a period after a shortened word.
Don't put periods after the letters of an acronym or initialism.
For more information about abbreviations, see Abbreviations.