Java Quickstart

Complete the steps described in the rest of this page to create a simple Java command-line application that makes requests to the Google Apps Script API.

Prerequisites

To run this quickstart, you need the following prerequisites:

Step 1: Turn on the Google Apps Script API

Click this button to create a new Cloud Platform project and automatically enable the Google Apps Script API:

Enable the Google Apps Script API

In resulting dialog click DOWNLOAD CLIENT CONFIGURATION and save the file credentials.json to your working directory.

Step 2: Prepare the project

  1. In your working directory, run the following commands to create a new project structure:

    gradle init --type basic
    mkdir -p src/main/java src/main/resources 
    
  2. Copy the credentials.json file you downloaded in Step 1 into the src/main/resources/ directory you just created.

  3. Open the default build.gradle file and replace its contents with the following code:

appsScript/quickstart/build.gradle
apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'application'

mainClassName = 'AppsScriptQuickstart'
sourceCompatibility = 1.7
targetCompatibility = 1.7
version = '1.0'

repositories {
    mavenCentral()
}

dependencies {
    compile 'com.google.api-client:google-api-client:1.23.0'
    compile 'com.google.oauth-client:google-oauth-client-jetty:1.23.0'
    compile 'com.google.apis:google-api-services-script:v1-rev175-1.23.0'
}

Step 3: Set up the sample

Create a file in the src/main/java/ folder with the following filename and code.Be sure to replace the scriptId variable in main() with the ID of your target script:

appsScript/quickstart/src/main/java/AppsScriptQuickstart.java
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.Credential;
import com.google.api.client.extensions.java6.auth.oauth2.AuthorizationCodeInstalledApp;
import com.google.api.client.extensions.jetty.auth.oauth2.LocalServerReceiver;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleClientSecrets;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.JsonFactory;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import com.google.api.client.util.store.FileDataStoreFactory;
import com.google.api.services.script.Script;
import com.google.api.services.script.model.Content;
import com.google.api.services.script.model.CreateProjectRequest;
import com.google.api.services.script.model.File;
import com.google.api.services.script.model.Project;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

public class AppsScriptQuickstart {
    private static final String APPLICATION_NAME = "Apps Script API Java Quickstart";
    private static final JsonFactory JSON_FACTORY = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
    private static final String TOKENS_DIRECTORY_PATH = "tokens";

    /**
     * Global instance of the scopes required by this quickstart.
     * If modifying these scopes, delete your previously saved credentials folder at /secret.
     */
    private static final List<String> SCOPES = Collections.singletonList("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.projects");
    private static final String CREDENTIALS_FILE_PATH = "/credentials.json";

    /**
     * Creates an authorized Credential object.
     * @param HTTP_TRANSPORT The network HTTP Transport.
     * @return An authorized Credential object.
     * @throws IOException If the credentials.json file cannot be found.
     */
    private static Credential getCredentials(final NetHttpTransport HTTP_TRANSPORT) throws IOException {
        // Load client secrets.
        InputStream in = AppsScriptQuickstart.class.getResourceAsStream(CREDENTIALS_FILE_PATH);
        if (in == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException("Resource not found: " + CREDENTIALS_FILE_PATH);
        }
        GoogleClientSecrets clientSecrets = GoogleClientSecrets.load(JSON_FACTORY, new InputStreamReader(in));

        // Build flow and trigger user authorization request.
        GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow flow = new GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow.Builder(
                HTTP_TRANSPORT, JSON_FACTORY, clientSecrets, SCOPES)
                .setDataStoreFactory(new FileDataStoreFactory(new java.io.File(TOKENS_DIRECTORY_PATH)))
                .setAccessType("offline")
                .build();
        LocalServerReceiver receiver = new LocalServerReceiver.Builder().setPort(8888).build();
        return new AuthorizationCodeInstalledApp(flow, receiver).authorize("user");
    }

    public static void main(String... args) throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
        // Build a new authorized API client service.
        final NetHttpTransport HTTP_TRANSPORT = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
        Script service = new Script.Builder(HTTP_TRANSPORT, JSON_FACTORY, getCredentials(HTTP_TRANSPORT))
                .setApplicationName(APPLICATION_NAME)
                .build();
        Script.Projects projects = service.projects();

        // Creates a new script project.
        Project createOp = projects.create(new CreateProjectRequest().setTitle("My Script")).execute();

        // Uploads two files to the project.
        File file1 = new File()
                .setName("hello")
                .setType("SERVER_JS")
                .setSource("function helloWorld() {\n  console.log(\"Hello, world!\");\n}");
        File file2 = new File()
                .setName("appsscript")
                .setType("JSON")
                .setSource("{\"timeZone\":\"America/New_York\",\"exceptionLogging\":\"CLOUD\"}");
        Content content = new Content().setFiles(Arrays.asList(file1, file2));
        Content updatedContent = projects.updateContent(createOp.getScriptId(), content).execute();

        // Logs the project URL.
        System.out.printf("https://script.google.com/d/%s/edit\n", updatedContent.getScriptId());
    }
}

Step 4: Run the sample

Build and run the quickstart with the command:

gradle run

The first time you run the sample, it will prompt you to authorize access:

  1. The sample will attempt to open a new window or tab in your default browser. If this fails, copy the URL from the console and manually open it in your browser.

    If you are not already logged into your Google account, you will be prompted to log in. If you are logged into multiple Google accounts, you will be asked to select one account to use for the authorization.

  2. Click the Accept button.
  3. The sample will proceed automatically, and you may close the window/tab.

Notes

  • Authorization information is stored on the file system, so subsequent executions will not prompt for authorization.
  • The authorization flow in this example is designed for a command-line application. For information on how to perform authorization in a web application, see Using OAuth 2.0 for Web Server Applications.

Further reading

Troubleshooting

This section describes some common issues that you may encounter while attempting to run this quickstart and suggests possible solutions.

This app isn't verified.

The OAuth consent screen that is presented to the user may show the warning "This app isn't verified" if it is requesting scopes that provide access to sensitive user data. These applications must eventually go through the verification process to remove that warning and other limitations. During the development phase you can continue past this warning by clicking Advanced > Go to {Project Name} (unsafe).

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