Bibliotecas de cliente

Nossas bibliotecas de cliente oferecem visualizações de alto nível e elementos básicos da funcionalidade da Google Ads API, facilitando o desenvolvimento rápido de aplicativos. Recomendamos que você comece com um se ainda não conhece a API.

Biblioteca de cliente Origem Distribuição Exemplos de código
Java google-ads-java Maven, tar.gz Ver no GitHub
.NET google-ads-dotnet nuget, tar.gz, zip Ver no GitHub
PHP google-ads-php tar.gz Ver no GitHub
Python google-ads-python tar.gz, zip Ver no GitHub
Ruby google-ads-ruby gem, tar.gz, zip Ver no GitHub
Perl google-ads-perl tar.gz, zip Ver no GitHub

Versões compatíveis da API

A tabela mostra quais bibliotecas de cliente funcionam com quais versões da API.

Java

Biblioteca de cliente para Java
v16 Min: 30.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 28.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 26.0.0
Max: -

C#

Biblioteca de cliente para .NET
v16 Min: 18.1.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 17.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 16.1.0
Max: -

PHP

Biblioteca de cliente para PHP
v15 Min: 21.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 19.2.0
Max: -

Python

Biblioteca de cliente para Python
v15 Min: 22.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 21.2.0
Max: -

Ruby

Biblioteca de cliente para Ruby
v15 Min: 25.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 23.0.0
Max: -

Perl

Biblioteca de cliente para Perl
v16 Min: 21.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 19.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 17.0.0
Max: -

Configuração

Cada biblioteca de cliente da Ads API oferece diferentes definições de configuração e métodos de carregamento que podem ser usados para personalizar o comportamento dela.

Estas são as variáveis de ambiente comuns a todas as bibliotecas de cliente e que podem ser carregadas para definir configurações:

  • Biblioteca de cliente
    • GOOGLE_ADS_CONFIGURATION_FILE_PATH: caminho do arquivo de configuração.
  • OAuth2
    • Modo de aplicativo
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID : defina esse valor como o ID do cliente OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_SECRET : defina esse valor como a chave secreta do cliente do OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_REFRESH_TOKEN : defina esse valor como um token de atualização OAuth2 pré-gerado se você quiser reutilizar tokens OAuth2. Essa configuração é opcional.
    • Modo de conta de serviço
      • GOOGLE_ADS_JSON_KEY_FILE_PATH : defina esse valor para o caminho do arquivo de configuração JSON do OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_IMPERSONATED_EMAIL : defina esse valor como o endereço de e-mail da conta que você está representando.
  • API Google Ads
    • GOOGLE_ADS_DEVELOPER_TOKEN : defina como seu token de desenvolvedor.
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LOGIN_CUSTOMER_ID : o ID de cliente autorizado a usar na solicitação, sem hifens (-).
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LINKED_CUSTOMER_ID : esse cabeçalho só é obrigatório para métodos que atualizam os recursos de uma entidade quando autorizados por meio de contas vinculadas na interface do Google Ads (recurso AccountLink na API Google Ads). Defina esse valor como o ID de cliente do provedor de dados que atualiza os recursos do ID de cliente especificado. Ele precisa ser definido sem hifens (-). Para saber mais sobre contas vinculadas, acesse a Central de Ajuda.
}.{/1

As variáveis de ambiente geralmente são definidas em um arquivo de configuração bash, como um arquivo .bashrc ou .bash_profile, localizado no diretório $HOME. Eles também podem ser definidos usando a linha de comando.

Veja algumas etapas básicas para definir uma variável de ambiente usando um arquivo .bashrc usando um terminal:

# Append the line "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" to
# the bottom of your .bashrc file.
echo "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" >> ~/.bashrc

# Update your bash environment to use the most recently updated
# version of your .bashrc file.
src ~/.bashrc

As variáveis de ambiente também podem ser definidas na instância do terminal diretamente na linha de comando:

export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890

Outra alternativa é definir variáveis de ambiente ao chamar o comando que as usa:

GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890 php /path/to/script/that/uses/envvar.php

Pesquisar paginação

O GoogleAdsService.Search normalmente é usado em apps interativos que exibem páginas de resultados.

Nossa biblioteca de cliente implementa a paginação automaticamente quando você itera os resultados para que seja possível fazer o download sequencialmente e processá-los de uma só vez, por exemplo:

Java

private void runExample(GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId) {
  try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
      googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
    String query = "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id";
    // Constructs the SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.
    SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setQuery(query)
            .build();

    // Creates and issues a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
    ServerStream<SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse> stream =
        googleAdsServiceClient.searchStreamCallable().call(request);

    // Iterates through and prints all of the results in the stream response.
    for (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse response : stream) {
      for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getResultsList()) {
        System.out.printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%n",
            googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
      }
    }
  }
}
      

C#

public void Run(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId)
{
    // Get the GoogleAdsService.
    GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService = client.GetService(
        Services.V16.GoogleAdsService);

    // Create a query that will retrieve all campaigns.
    string query = @"SELECT
                    campaign.id,
                    campaign.name,
                    campaign.network_settings.target_content_network
                FROM campaign
                ORDER BY campaign.id";

    try
    {
        // Issue a search request.
        googleAdsService.SearchStream(customerId.ToString(), query,
            delegate (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse resp)
            {
                foreach (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow in resp.Results)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Campaign with ID {0} and name '{1}' was found.",
                        googleAdsRow.Campaign.Id, googleAdsRow.Campaign.Name);
                }
            }
        );
    }
    catch (GoogleAdsException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Failure:");
        Console.WriteLine($"Message: {e.Message}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Failure: {e.Failure}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Request ID: {e.RequestId}");
        throw;
    }
}
      

PHP

public static function runExample(GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient, int $customerId)
{
    $googleAdsServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getGoogleAdsServiceClient();
    // Creates a query that retrieves all campaigns.
    $query = 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id';
    // Issues a search stream request.
    /** @var GoogleAdsServerStreamDecorator $stream */
    $stream = $googleAdsServiceClient->searchStream(
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest::build($customerId, $query)
    );

    // Iterates over all rows in all messages and prints the requested field values for
    // the campaign in each row.
    foreach ($stream->iterateAllElements() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def main(client, customer_id):
    ga_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")

    query = """
        SELECT
          campaign.id,
          campaign.name
        FROM campaign
        ORDER BY campaign.id"""

    # Issues a search request using streaming.
    stream = ga_service.search_stream(customer_id=customer_id, query=query)

    for batch in stream:
        for row in batch.results:
            print(
                f"Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
                f'"{row.campaign.name}" was found.'
            )
      

Ruby

def get_campaigns(customer_id)
  # GoogleAdsClient will read a config file from
  # ENV['HOME']/google_ads_config.rb when called without parameters
  client = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsClient.new

  responses = client.service.google_ads.search_stream(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    query: 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id',
  )

  responses.each do |response|
    response.results.each do |row|
      puts "Campaign with ID #{row.campaign.id} and name '#{row.campaign.name}' was found."
    end
  end
end
      

Perl

sub get_campaigns {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id) = @_;

  # Create a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
  my $search_stream_request =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V16::Services::GoogleAdsService::SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest
    ->new({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      query      =>
        "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id"
    });

  # Get the GoogleAdsService.
  my $google_ads_service = $api_client->GoogleAdsService();

  my $search_stream_handler =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Utils::SearchStreamHandler->new({
      service => $google_ads_service,
      request => $search_stream_request
    });

  # Issue a search request and process the stream response to print the requested
  # field values for the campaign in each row.
  $search_stream_handler->process_contents(
    sub {
      my $google_ads_row = shift;
      printf "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.\n",
        $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id}, $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
    });

  return 1;
}
      

Dependendo do caso de uso, talvez seja necessário:

  • Otimize o número de páginas buscadas.
  • Otimize a quantidade de resultados armazenados de uma só vez.
  • Fazer o download e processar páginas de resultados em uma ordem específica.

Para fazer isso, armazene os tokens de página em vez dos resultados, o que aumenta a complexidade do código.

Java

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client.
 * @param customerId the client customer ID.
 * @param query the search query.
 * @param pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
 * @param pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update.
 */
private static void fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient,
    long customerId,
    String query,
    int pageNumber,
    SortedMap<Integer, String> pageTokens) {
  int currentPageNumber;
  // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (pageTokens.containsKey(pageNumber)) {
    System.out.println(
        "The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.");
    currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
  } else {
    System.out.printf(
        "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page we know"
            + " the token for (page %d) and sequentially get pages from there.%n",
        pageTokens.size());
    currentPageNumber = pageTokens.lastKey();
  }

  // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
  // are returned.
  while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber) {
    // Fetches the next page.
    System.out.printf("Fetching page %d...%n", currentPageNumber);
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setPageSize(PAGE_SIZE)
            .setQuery(query)
            .setReturnTotalResultsCount(true)
            // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
            .setPageToken(pageTokens.get(currentPageNumber))
            .build();
    try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
        googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
      SearchPagedResponse response = googleAdsServiceClient.search(request);
      cacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response.getPage(), currentPageNumber + 1);

      // Prints only the results for the requested page.
      if (currentPageNumber == pageNumber) {
        // Prints the results of the requested page.
        System.out.printf("Printing results found for page %d:%n", pageNumber);
        for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getPage().getResponse().getResultsList()) {
          System.out.printf(
              "- Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%n",
              googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
        }
      }

      currentPageNumber++;
    }
  }
}
      

C#

/// <summary>
/// Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="googleAdsService">The Google Ads API Service client.</param>
/// <param name="request">The request.</param>
/// <param name="pageNumber">The number of the page to fetch and print results for.</param>
/// <param name="pageTokens">The cache of page tokens to use and update.</param>
/// <returns></returns>
private static void FetchAndPrintPageResults(GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService,
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request, int pageNumber, Dictionary<int, string> pageTokens)
{
    int currentPageNumber = pageNumber;

    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (pageTokens.ContainsKey(pageNumber - 1))
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it " +
            "to get the results.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
    }
    else
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was never cached, we will " +
            $"use the closest page we know the token for (page #{pageNumber}) and " +
            $"sequentially get pages from there.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
        while (!pageTokens.ContainsKey(currentPageNumber))
        {
            currentPageNumber--;
        }
    }

    SearchGoogleAdsResponse response = null;
    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page
    // results are returned.
    while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber)
    {
        // Fetches the next page.
        Console.WriteLine($"Fetching page #{currentPageNumber}...");
        request.PageToken = pageTokens[currentPageNumber - 1];
        response = googleAdsService.Search(request)
            .AsRawResponses().First();
        CacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response, currentPageNumber);
        currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    Console.WriteLine($"Printing results found for the page #{pageNumber}");
    foreach (GoogleAdsRow row in response.Results)
    {
        Campaign c = row.Campaign;
        Console.WriteLine($" - Campaign with ID {c.Id} and name '{c.Name}'");
    }
}

      

PHP

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient the Google Ads API Service client
 * @param int $customerId the customer ID
 * @param string $searchQuery the search query
 * @param array $searchOptions the search options
 * @param int $pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for
 * @param array &$pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update
 */
private static function fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient,
    int $customerId,
    string $searchQuery,
    array $searchOptions,
    int $pageNumber,
    array &$pageTokens
) {
    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (isset($pageTokens[$pageNumber])) {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.%s',
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = $pageNumber;
    } else {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page ' .
            'we know the token for (page #%d) and sequentially get pages from there.%s',
            count($pageTokens),
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = count($pageTokens);
    }

    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
    // are returned.
    while ($currentPageNumber <= $pageNumber) {
        // Fetches the next page.
        printf('Fetching page #%d...%s', $currentPageNumber, PHP_EOL);
        $response = $googleAdsServiceClient->search(
            (new SearchGoogleAdsRequest(
                $searchOptions + [
                    // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
                    'page_token' => $pageTokens[$currentPageNumber]
                ]
            ))->setCustomerId($customerId)->setQuery($searchQuery)
        );
        self::cacheNextPageToken($pageTokens, $response->getPage(), $currentPageNumber);
        $currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    printf('Printing results found for the page #%d:%s', $pageNumber, PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($response->getPage()->getIterator() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def fetch_and_print_results(
    client, customer_id, query, page_number, page_tokens
):
    """Fetches and prints the results of a page using a cache of page tokens.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: a client customer ID.
        query: the search query.
        page_number: the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
        page_tokens: the cache of page tokens to use and update.
    """
    current_page_number = None
    # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if page_tokens.get(page_number, None):
        print(
            "The token of the request page was cached, we will use it to get "
            "the results."
        )
        current_page_number = page_number
    else:
        count = len(page_tokens.keys())
        print(
            "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use "
            f"the closest page we know the token for (page {count}) and "
            "sequentially get pages from there."
        )
        current_page_number = count

    googleads_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")
    # Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested
    # page results are returned.
    while current_page_number <= page_number:
        # Fetches the next page.
        print(f"Fetching page {current_page_number}...")
        request = client.get_type("SearchGoogleAdsRequest")
        request.customer_id = customer_id
        request.query = query
        request.page_size = _PAGE_SIZE
        request.return_total_results_count = True
        # Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
        request.page_token = page_tokens[current_page_number]

        response = googleads_service.search(request=request)
        cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response, current_page_number)
        current_page_number += 1

    # Prints the results of the requested page.
    print(f"Printing results found for the page {page_number}.")
    for row in response.results:
        print(
            f" - Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
            f"{row.campaign.name}."
        )
      

Ruby

def fetch_and_print_page_results(client, customer_id, query, page_size,
                                 return_total_results_count, page_number, page_tokens)
  if page_tokens.has_key?(page_number)
    puts 'The page token for the request page was cached. Reusing it.'
    current_page = page_number
  else
    puts "The token for the requested page has not been cached yet. We will start " \
      "at page #{page_tokens.size} and request and cache pages until we find it."
    current_page = page_tokens.size
  end

  while current_page <= page_number
    puts page_tokens
    response = client.service.google_ads.search(
      customer_id: customer_id,
      query: query,
      page_size: page_size,
      return_total_results_count: return_total_results_count,
      page_token: page_tokens[current_page],
    )
    cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response.page, current_page + 1)
    current_page += 1
  end

  puts "Printing results found for page #{page_number}."
  response.page.response.results.each do |result|
    puts "- Campaign with ID #{result.campaign.id} and name #{result.campaign.name}."
  end
end
      

Perl

# Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
sub fetch_and_print_page_results {
  my (
    $api_client,     $customer_id, $query,
    $search_options, $page_number, $page_tokens
  ) = @_;

  my $current_page_number = undef;
  # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (exists $page_tokens->{$page_number}) {
    print "The token of the requested page was cached, " .
      "we will use it to get the results.\n";
    $current_page_number = $page_number;
  } else {
    printf "The token of the requested page was never cached, " .
      "we will use the closest page we know the token for (page #%d) " .
      "and sequentially get pages from there.\n", scalar keys %$page_tokens;
    $current_page_number = scalar keys %$page_tokens;
  }

  # Fetch next pages in sequence and cache their tokens until the requested page
  # results are returned.
  my $response = undef;
  while ($current_page_number <= $page_number) {
    # Fetch the next page.
    printf "Fetching page #%d...\n", $current_page_number;
    $response = $api_client->GoogleAdsService()->search({
        customerId => $customer_id,
        query      => $query,
        %$search_options,
        # Use the page token cached for the current page number.
        pageToken => $page_tokens->{$current_page_number}});
    cache_next_page_token($page_tokens, $response, $current_page_number);
    $current_page_number++;
  }

  # Print the results of the requested page.
  printf "Printing results found for the page #%d:\n", $page_number;
  foreach my $google_ads_row (@{$response->{results}}) {
    printf
      " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.\n",
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id},
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
  }
}
      

Exemplos de código

Confira nossos exemplos de código de algumas funções comuns na API Google Ads.