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Activer Google Maps JavaScript API

Pour commencer, nous allons vous guider à travers la console Google Developers et effectuer deux ou trois petites choses :

  1. Créer ou sélectionner un projet
  2. Activer Google Maps JavaScript API et les services connexes
  3. Créer les clés appropriées
Continuer

Styled Map Selection

This example applies custom styles to a map by setting MapOptions.styles to a JSON object containing style declarations. Select an option to see some of the customizations you can apply with map styling. One of the options shows you how to hide features, in this case by removing business points of interest and public transport icons from the map.

Find out more about custom styling in the documentation. You can also view this example full screen.

var map;
function initMap() {
  // Create the map with no initial style specified.
  // It therefore has default styling.
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: {lat: -33.86, lng: 151.209},
    zoom: 13,
    mapTypeControl: false
  });

  // Add a style-selector control to the map.
  var styleControl = document.getElementById('style-selector-control');
  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(styleControl);

  // Set the map's style to the initial value of the selector.
  var styleSelector = document.getElementById('style-selector');
  map.setOptions({styles: styles[styleSelector.value]});

  // Apply new JSON when the user selects a different style.
  styleSelector.addEventListener('change', function() {
    map.setOptions({styles: styles[styleSelector.value]});
  });
}

var styles = {
  default: null,
  silver: [
    {
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#f5f5f5'}]
    },
    {
      elementType: 'labels.icon',
      stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
    },
    {
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#616161'}]
    },
    {
      elementType: 'labels.text.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#f5f5f5'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'administrative.land_parcel',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#bdbdbd'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#eeeeee'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#757575'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi.park',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#e5e5e5'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi.park',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#9e9e9e'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#ffffff'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.arterial',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#757575'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#dadada'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#616161'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.local',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#9e9e9e'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit.line',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#e5e5e5'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit.station',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#eeeeee'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'water',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#c9c9c9'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'water',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#9e9e9e'}]
    }
  ],

  night: [
    {elementType: 'geometry', stylers: [{color: '#242f3e'}]},
    {elementType: 'labels.text.stroke', stylers: [{color: '#242f3e'}]},
    {elementType: 'labels.text.fill', stylers: [{color: '#746855'}]},
    {
      featureType: 'administrative.locality',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#d59563'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#d59563'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi.park',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#263c3f'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi.park',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#6b9a76'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#38414e'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road',
      elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#212a37'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#9ca5b3'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#746855'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway',
      elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#1f2835'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#f3d19c'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#2f3948'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit.station',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#d59563'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'water',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#17263c'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'water',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#515c6d'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'water',
      elementType: 'labels.text.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#17263c'}]
    }
  ],

  retro: [
    {elementType: 'geometry', stylers: [{color: '#ebe3cd'}]},
    {elementType: 'labels.text.fill', stylers: [{color: '#523735'}]},
    {elementType: 'labels.text.stroke', stylers: [{color: '#f5f1e6'}]},
    {
      featureType: 'administrative',
      elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#c9b2a6'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'administrative.land_parcel',
      elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#dcd2be'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'administrative.land_parcel',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#ae9e90'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'landscape.natural',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#93817c'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi.park',
      elementType: 'geometry.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#a5b076'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'poi.park',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#447530'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#f5f1e6'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.arterial',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#fdfcf8'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#f8c967'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway',
      elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#e9bc62'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway.controlled_access',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#e98d58'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.highway.controlled_access',
      elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#db8555'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'road.local',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#806b63'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit.line',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit.line',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#8f7d77'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit.line',
      elementType: 'labels.text.stroke',
      stylers: [{color: '#ebe3cd'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit.station',
      elementType: 'geometry',
      stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'water',
      elementType: 'geometry.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#b9d3c2'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'water',
      elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
      stylers: [{color: '#92998d'}]
    }
  ],

  hiding: [
    {
      featureType: 'poi.business',
      stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit',
      elementType: 'labels.icon',
      stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
    }
  ]
};
<div id="style-selector-control"  class="map-control">
  <select id="style-selector" class="selector-control">
    <option value="default">Default</option>
    <option value="silver">Silver</option>
    <option value="night">Night mode</option>
    <option value="retro" selected="selected">Retro</option>
    <option value="hiding">Hide features</option>
  </select>
</div>
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
.map-control {
  background-color: #fff;
  border: 1px solid #ccc;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  margin: 10px;
  /* Hide the control initially, to prevent it from appearing
     before the map loads. */
  display: none;
}
/* Display the control once it is inside the map. */
#map .map-control { display: block; }

.selector-control {
  font-size: 14px;
  line-height: 30px;
  padding-left: 5px;
  padding-right: 5px;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>

Essayez par vous-même

Placez la souris en haut à droite du bloc de code pour le copier ou l'ouvrir dans JSFiddle.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Styled Map Selection</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <style>
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      .map-control {
        background-color: #fff;
        border: 1px solid #ccc;
        box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        margin: 10px;
        /* Hide the control initially, to prevent it from appearing
           before the map loads. */
        display: none;
      }
      /* Display the control once it is inside the map. */
      #map .map-control { display: block; }

      .selector-control {
        font-size: 14px;
        line-height: 30px;
        padding-left: 5px;
        padding-right: 5px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="style-selector-control"  class="map-control">
      <select id="style-selector" class="selector-control">
        <option value="default">Default</option>
        <option value="silver">Silver</option>
        <option value="night">Night mode</option>
        <option value="retro" selected="selected">Retro</option>
        <option value="hiding">Hide features</option>
      </select>
    </div>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>
      var map;
      function initMap() {
        // Create the map with no initial style specified.
        // It therefore has default styling.
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: {lat: -33.86, lng: 151.209},
          zoom: 13,
          mapTypeControl: false
        });

        // Add a style-selector control to the map.
        var styleControl = document.getElementById('style-selector-control');
        map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(styleControl);

        // Set the map's style to the initial value of the selector.
        var styleSelector = document.getElementById('style-selector');
        map.setOptions({styles: styles[styleSelector.value]});

        // Apply new JSON when the user selects a different style.
        styleSelector.addEventListener('change', function() {
          map.setOptions({styles: styles[styleSelector.value]});
        });
      }

      var styles = {
        default: null,
        silver: [
          {
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#f5f5f5'}]
          },
          {
            elementType: 'labels.icon',
            stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
          },
          {
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#616161'}]
          },
          {
            elementType: 'labels.text.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#f5f5f5'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'administrative.land_parcel',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#bdbdbd'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#eeeeee'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#757575'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi.park',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#e5e5e5'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi.park',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#9e9e9e'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#ffffff'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.arterial',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#757575'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#dadada'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#616161'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.local',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#9e9e9e'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit.line',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#e5e5e5'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit.station',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#eeeeee'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'water',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#c9c9c9'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'water',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#9e9e9e'}]
          }
        ],

        night: [
          {elementType: 'geometry', stylers: [{color: '#242f3e'}]},
          {elementType: 'labels.text.stroke', stylers: [{color: '#242f3e'}]},
          {elementType: 'labels.text.fill', stylers: [{color: '#746855'}]},
          {
            featureType: 'administrative.locality',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#d59563'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#d59563'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi.park',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#263c3f'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi.park',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#6b9a76'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#38414e'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road',
            elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#212a37'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#9ca5b3'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#746855'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway',
            elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#1f2835'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#f3d19c'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#2f3948'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit.station',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#d59563'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'water',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#17263c'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'water',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#515c6d'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'water',
            elementType: 'labels.text.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#17263c'}]
          }
        ],

        retro: [
          {elementType: 'geometry', stylers: [{color: '#ebe3cd'}]},
          {elementType: 'labels.text.fill', stylers: [{color: '#523735'}]},
          {elementType: 'labels.text.stroke', stylers: [{color: '#f5f1e6'}]},
          {
            featureType: 'administrative',
            elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#c9b2a6'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'administrative.land_parcel',
            elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#dcd2be'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'administrative.land_parcel',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#ae9e90'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'landscape.natural',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#93817c'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi.park',
            elementType: 'geometry.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#a5b076'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'poi.park',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#447530'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#f5f1e6'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.arterial',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#fdfcf8'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#f8c967'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway',
            elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#e9bc62'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway.controlled_access',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#e98d58'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.highway.controlled_access',
            elementType: 'geometry.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#db8555'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'road.local',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#806b63'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit.line',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit.line',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#8f7d77'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit.line',
            elementType: 'labels.text.stroke',
            stylers: [{color: '#ebe3cd'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit.station',
            elementType: 'geometry',
            stylers: [{color: '#dfd2ae'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'water',
            elementType: 'geometry.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#b9d3c2'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'water',
            elementType: 'labels.text.fill',
            stylers: [{color: '#92998d'}]
          }
        ],

        hiding: [
          {
            featureType: 'poi.business',
            stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit',
            elementType: 'labels.icon',
            stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
          }
        ]
      };

    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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