Using closures in event listeners

Read the documentation or view this example full screen.

function initMap() {
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    zoom: 4,
    center: {lat: -25.363882, lng: 131.044922 }
  });

  var bounds = {
    north: -25.363882,
    south: -31.203405,
    east: 131.044922,
    west: 125.244141
  };

  // Display the area between the location southWest and northEast.
  map.fitBounds(bounds);

  // Add 5 markers to map at random locations.
  // For each of these markers, give them a title with their index, and when
  // they are clicked they should open an infowindow with text from a secret
  // message.
  var secretMessages = ['This', 'is', 'the', 'secret', 'message'];
  var lngSpan = bounds.east - bounds.west;
  var latSpan = bounds.north - bounds.south;
  for (var i = 0; i < secretMessages.length; ++i) {
    var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
      position: {
        lat: bounds.south + latSpan * Math.random(),
        lng: bounds.west + lngSpan * Math.random()
      },
      map: map
    });
    attachSecretMessage(marker, secretMessages[i]);
  }
}

// Attaches an info window to a marker with the provided message. When the
// marker is clicked, the info window will open with the secret message.
function attachSecretMessage(marker, secretMessage) {
  var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow({
    content: secretMessage
  });

  marker.addListener('click', function() {
    infowindow.open(marker.get('map'), marker);
  });
}
<div id="map"></div>
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
<!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>
JavaScript
function initMap() {
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    zoom: 4,
    center: {lat: -25.363882, lng: 131.044922 }
  });

  var bounds = {
    north: -25.363882,
    south: -31.203405,
    east: 131.044922,
    west: 125.244141
  };

  // Display the area between the location southWest and northEast.
  map.fitBounds(bounds);

  // Add 5 markers to map at random locations.
  // For each of these markers, give them a title with their index, and when
  // they are clicked they should open an infowindow with text from a secret
  // message.
  var secretMessages = ['This', 'is', 'the', 'secret', 'message'];
  var lngSpan = bounds.east - bounds.west;
  var latSpan = bounds.north - bounds.south;
  for (var i = 0; i < secretMessages.length; ++i) {
    var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
      position: {
        lat: bounds.south + latSpan * Math.random(),
        lng: bounds.west + lngSpan * Math.random()
      },
      map: map
    });
    attachSecretMessage(marker, secretMessages[i]);
  }
}

// Attaches an info window to a marker with the provided message. When the
// marker is clicked, the info window will open with the secret message.
function attachSecretMessage(marker, secretMessage) {
  var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow({
    content: secretMessage
  });

  marker.addListener('click', function() {
    infowindow.open(marker.get('map'), marker);
  });
}
JavaScript + HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Using closures in event listeners</title>
    <style>
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>
      function initMap() {
        var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          zoom: 4,
          center: {lat: -25.363882, lng: 131.044922 }
        });

        var bounds = {
          north: -25.363882,
          south: -31.203405,
          east: 131.044922,
          west: 125.244141
        };

        // Display the area between the location southWest and northEast.
        map.fitBounds(bounds);

        // Add 5 markers to map at random locations.
        // For each of these markers, give them a title with their index, and when
        // they are clicked they should open an infowindow with text from a secret
        // message.
        var secretMessages = ['This', 'is', 'the', 'secret', 'message'];
        var lngSpan = bounds.east - bounds.west;
        var latSpan = bounds.north - bounds.south;
        for (var i = 0; i < secretMessages.length; ++i) {
          var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
            position: {
              lat: bounds.south + latSpan * Math.random(),
              lng: bounds.west + lngSpan * Math.random()
            },
            map: map
          });
          attachSecretMessage(marker, secretMessages[i]);
        }
      }

      // Attaches an info window to a marker with the provided message. When the
      // marker is clicked, the info window will open with the secret message.
      function attachSecretMessage(marker, secretMessage) {
        var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow({
          content: secretMessage
        });

        marker.addListener('click', function() {
          infowindow.open(marker.get('map'), marker);
        });
      }
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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