Polygon With Hole

This example creates a polygon with an inner hole, by defining an inner path wound in the opposite direction to the outer path. Note that you can also use the Data layer, which offers a simpler way of creating holes because it handles the order of the inner and outer paths for you.

Read the documentation.

TypeScript

// This example creates a triangular polygon with a hole in it.

function initMap(): void {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      zoom: 5,
      center: { lat: 24.886, lng: -70.268 },
    }
  );

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's  outer path.
  const outerCoords = [
    { lat: 25.774, lng: -80.19 },
    { lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118 },
    { lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757 },
  ];

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's inner path.
  // Note that the points forming the inner path are wound in the
  // opposite direction to those in the outer path, to form the hole.
  const innerCoords = [
    { lat: 28.745, lng: -70.579 },
    { lat: 29.57, lng: -67.514 },
    { lat: 27.339, lng: -66.668 },
  ];

  // Construct the polygon, including both paths.
  const bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({
    paths: [outerCoords, innerCoords],
    strokeColor: "#FFC107",
    strokeOpacity: 0.8,
    strokeWeight: 2,
    fillColor: "#FFC107",
    fillOpacity: 0.35,
  });
  bermudaTriangle.setMap(map);
}

JavaScript

// This example creates a triangular polygon with a hole in it.
function initMap() {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    zoom: 5,
    center: { lat: 24.886, lng: -70.268 },
  });
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's  outer path.
  const outerCoords = [
    { lat: 25.774, lng: -80.19 },
    { lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118 },
    { lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757 },
  ];
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's inner path.
  // Note that the points forming the inner path are wound in the
  // opposite direction to those in the outer path, to form the hole.
  const innerCoords = [
    { lat: 28.745, lng: -70.579 },
    { lat: 29.57, lng: -67.514 },
    { lat: 27.339, lng: -66.668 },
  ];
  // Construct the polygon, including both paths.
  const bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({
    paths: [outerCoords, innerCoords],
    strokeColor: "#FFC107",
    strokeOpacity: 0.8,
    strokeWeight: 2,
    fillColor: "#FFC107",
    fillOpacity: 0.35,
  });
  bermudaTriangle.setMap(map);
}

CSS

/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}

/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Polygon With Hole</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      defer
    ></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./index.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
  </body>
</html>

All

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Polygon With Hole</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      defer
    ></script>
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }

      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html,
      body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
    <script>
      // This example creates a triangular polygon with a hole in it.
      function initMap() {
        const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
          zoom: 5,
          center: { lat: 24.886, lng: -70.268 },
        });
        // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's  outer path.
        const outerCoords = [
          { lat: 25.774, lng: -80.19 },
          { lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118 },
          { lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757 },
        ];
        // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's inner path.
        // Note that the points forming the inner path are wound in the
        // opposite direction to those in the outer path, to form the hole.
        const innerCoords = [
          { lat: 28.745, lng: -70.579 },
          { lat: 29.57, lng: -67.514 },
          { lat: 27.339, lng: -66.668 },
        ];
        // Construct the polygon, including both paths.
        const bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({
          paths: [outerCoords, innerCoords],
          strokeColor: "#FFC107",
          strokeOpacity: 0.8,
          strokeWeight: 2,
          fillColor: "#FFC107",
          fillOpacity: 0.35,
        });
        bermudaTriangle.setMap(map);
      }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
  </body>
</html>
// This example creates a triangular polygon with a hole in it. function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { zoom: 5, center: { lat: 24.886, lng: -70.268 }, }); // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's outer path. const outerCoords = [ { lat: 25.774, lng: -80.19 }, { lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118 }, { lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757 }, ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's inner path. // Note that the points forming the inner path are wound in the // opposite direction to those in the outer path, to form the hole. const innerCoords = [ { lat: 28.745, lng: -70.579 }, { lat: 29.57, lng: -67.514 }, { lat: 27.339, lng: -66.668 }, ]; // Construct the polygon, including both paths. const bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({ paths: [outerCoords, innerCoords], strokeColor: "#FFC107", strokeOpacity: 0.8, strokeWeight: 2, fillColor: "#FFC107", fillOpacity: 0.35, }); bermudaTriangle.setMap(map); }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Polygon With Hole</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyBIwzALxUPNbatRBj3Xi1Uhp0fFzwWNBkE&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly" defer ></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="map"></div> </body> </html>

Create a starter application from sample

A skeleton starter application using TypeScript, Webpack, and Babel can be generated from this sample using one of the methods below.

Run Locally

Node.js is required to run this sample locally. Follow these instructions to install Node.js and NPM.

npm i -g '@googlemaps/js-samples'
googlemaps-js-samples init polygon-hole DESTINATION_FOLDER

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