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激活 Google Maps JavaScript API

为帮助您起步,我们将引导您在 Google Developers Console 中先完成几项任务:

  1. 创建或选择项目
  2. 激活 Google Maps JavaScript API 及相关服务
  3. 创建相应密钥
继续

Polygon with Hole

This example creates a polygon with an inner hole, by defining an inner path wound in the opposite direction to the outer path. See the guide to polygons with holes. Note that you can also use the Data layer, which offers a simpler way of creating holes because it handles the order of the inner and outer paths for you.

You can also view this example full screen.

// This example creates a triangular polygon with a hole in it.

function initMap() {
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    zoom: 5,
    center: {lat: 24.886, lng: -70.268},
  });

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's  outer path.
  var outerCoords = [
    {lat: 25.774, lng: -80.190},
    {lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118},
    {lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757}
  ];

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's inner path.
  // Note that the points forming the inner path are wound in the
  // opposite direction to those in the outer path, to form the hole.
  var innerCoords = [
    {lat: 28.745, lng: -70.579},
    {lat: 29.570, lng: -67.514},
    {lat: 27.339, lng: -66.668}
  ];

  // Construct the polygon, including both paths.
  var bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({
    paths: [outerCoords, innerCoords],
    strokeColor: '#FFC107',
    strokeOpacity: 0.8,
    strokeWeight: 2,
    fillColor: '#FFC107',
    fillOpacity: 0.35
  });
  bermudaTriangle.setMap(map);
}
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>

自己试一试

悬停在代码块右上角以复制代码或在 JSFiddle 中打开。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Polygon with Hole</title>
    <style>
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>

      // This example creates a triangular polygon with a hole in it.

      function initMap() {
        var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          zoom: 5,
          center: {lat: 24.886, lng: -70.268},
        });

        // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's  outer path.
        var outerCoords = [
          {lat: 25.774, lng: -80.190},
          {lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118},
          {lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757}
        ];

        // Define the LatLng coordinates for the polygon's inner path.
        // Note that the points forming the inner path are wound in the
        // opposite direction to those in the outer path, to form the hole.
        var innerCoords = [
          {lat: 28.745, lng: -70.579},
          {lat: 29.570, lng: -67.514},
          {lat: 27.339, lng: -66.668}
        ];

        // Construct the polygon, including both paths.
        var bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({
          paths: [outerCoords, innerCoords],
          strokeColor: '#FFC107',
          strokeOpacity: 0.8,
          strokeWeight: 2,
          fillColor: '#FFC107',
          fillOpacity: 0.35
        });
        bermudaTriangle.setMap(map);
      }
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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Google Maps JavaScript API
Google Maps JavaScript API
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