Custom Popups

This example displays a customized popup on the map. Alternatively, use a Marker or Info Window to display the default popups.

Read the documentation.

var map, popup, Popup;

/** Initializes the map and the custom popup. */
function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: {lat: -33.9, lng: 151.1},
    zoom: 10,
  });

  Popup = createPopupClass();
  popup = new Popup(
      new google.maps.LatLng(-33.866, 151.196),
      document.getElementById('content'));
  popup.setMap(map);
}

/**
 * Returns the Popup class.
 *
 * Unfortunately, the Popup class can only be defined after
 * google.maps.OverlayView is defined, when the Maps API is loaded.
 * This function should be called by initMap.
 */
function createPopupClass() {
  /**
   * A customized popup on the map.
   * @param {!google.maps.LatLng} position
   * @param {!Element} content The bubble div.
   * @constructor
   * @extends {google.maps.OverlayView}
   */
  function Popup(position, content) {
    this.position = position;

    content.classList.add('popup-bubble');

    // This zero-height div is positioned at the bottom of the bubble.
    var bubbleAnchor = document.createElement('div');
    bubbleAnchor.classList.add('popup-bubble-anchor');
    bubbleAnchor.appendChild(content);

    // This zero-height div is positioned at the bottom of the tip.
    this.containerDiv = document.createElement('div');
    this.containerDiv.classList.add('popup-container');
    this.containerDiv.appendChild(bubbleAnchor);

    // Optionally stop clicks, etc., from bubbling up to the map.
    google.maps.OverlayView.preventMapHitsAndGesturesFrom(this.containerDiv);
  }
  // ES5 magic to extend google.maps.OverlayView.
  Popup.prototype = Object.create(google.maps.OverlayView.prototype);

  /** Called when the popup is added to the map. */
  Popup.prototype.onAdd = function() {
    this.getPanes().floatPane.appendChild(this.containerDiv);
  };

  /** Called when the popup is removed from the map. */
  Popup.prototype.onRemove = function() {
    if (this.containerDiv.parentElement) {
      this.containerDiv.parentElement.removeChild(this.containerDiv);
    }
  };

  /** Called each frame when the popup needs to draw itself. */
  Popup.prototype.draw = function() {
    var divPosition = this.getProjection().fromLatLngToDivPixel(this.position);

    // Hide the popup when it is far out of view.
    var display =
        Math.abs(divPosition.x) < 4000 && Math.abs(divPosition.y) < 4000 ?
        'block' :
        'none';

    if (display === 'block') {
      this.containerDiv.style.left = divPosition.x + 'px';
      this.containerDiv.style.top = divPosition.y + 'px';
    }
    if (this.containerDiv.style.display !== display) {
      this.containerDiv.style.display = display;
    }
  };

  return Popup;
}
<div id="map"></div>
<div id="content">
  Hello world!
</div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

/* The popup bubble styling. */
.popup-bubble {
  /* Position the bubble centred-above its parent. */
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  transform: translate(-50%, -100%);
  /* Style the bubble. */
  background-color: white;
  padding: 5px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  overflow-y: auto;
  max-height: 60px;
  box-shadow: 0px 2px 10px 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.5);
}
/* The parent of the bubble. A zero-height div at the top of the tip. */
.popup-bubble-anchor {
  /* Position the div a fixed distance above the tip. */
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  bottom: /* TIP_HEIGHT= */ 8px;
  left: 0;
}
/* This element draws the tip. */
.popup-bubble-anchor::after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  /* Center the tip horizontally. */
  transform: translate(-50%, 0);
  /* The tip is a https://css-tricks.com/snippets/css/css-triangle/ */
  width: 0;
  height: 0;
  /* The tip is 8px high, and 12px wide. */
  border-left: 6px solid transparent;
  border-right: 6px solid transparent;
  border-top: /* TIP_HEIGHT= */ 8px solid white;
}
/* JavaScript will position this div at the bottom of the popup tip. */
.popup-container {
  cursor: auto;
  height: 0;
  position: absolute;
  /* The max width of the info window. */
  width: 200px;
}
      
<!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>

Try it yourself

You can experiment with this code in JSFiddle by clicking the <> icon in the top-right corner of the code window.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Custom Popups</title>
    <style>
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }

      /* The popup bubble styling. */
      .popup-bubble {
        /* Position the bubble centred-above its parent. */
        position: absolute;
        top: 0;
        left: 0;
        transform: translate(-50%, -100%);
        /* Style the bubble. */
        background-color: white;
        padding: 5px;
        border-radius: 5px;
        font-family: sans-serif;
        overflow-y: auto;
        max-height: 60px;
        box-shadow: 0px 2px 10px 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.5);
      }
      /* The parent of the bubble. A zero-height div at the top of the tip. */
      .popup-bubble-anchor {
        /* Position the div a fixed distance above the tip. */
        position: absolute;
        width: 100%;
        bottom: /* TIP_HEIGHT= */ 8px;
        left: 0;
      }
      /* This element draws the tip. */
      .popup-bubble-anchor::after {
        content: "";
        position: absolute;
        top: 0;
        left: 0;
        /* Center the tip horizontally. */
        transform: translate(-50%, 0);
        /* The tip is a https://css-tricks.com/snippets/css/css-triangle/ */
        width: 0;
        height: 0;
        /* The tip is 8px high, and 12px wide. */
        border-left: 6px solid transparent;
        border-right: 6px solid transparent;
        border-top: /* TIP_HEIGHT= */ 8px solid white;
      }
      /* JavaScript will position this div at the bottom of the popup tip. */
      .popup-container {
        cursor: auto;
        height: 0;
        position: absolute;
        /* The max width of the info window. */
        width: 200px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <div id="content">
      Hello world!
    </div>
    <script>
var map, popup, Popup;

/** Initializes the map and the custom popup. */
function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: {lat: -33.9, lng: 151.1},
    zoom: 10,
  });

  Popup = createPopupClass();
  popup = new Popup(
      new google.maps.LatLng(-33.866, 151.196),
      document.getElementById('content'));
  popup.setMap(map);
}

/**
 * Returns the Popup class.
 *
 * Unfortunately, the Popup class can only be defined after
 * google.maps.OverlayView is defined, when the Maps API is loaded.
 * This function should be called by initMap.
 */
function createPopupClass() {
  /**
   * A customized popup on the map.
   * @param {!google.maps.LatLng} position
   * @param {!Element} content The bubble div.
   * @constructor
   * @extends {google.maps.OverlayView}
   */
  function Popup(position, content) {
    this.position = position;

    content.classList.add('popup-bubble');

    // This zero-height div is positioned at the bottom of the bubble.
    var bubbleAnchor = document.createElement('div');
    bubbleAnchor.classList.add('popup-bubble-anchor');
    bubbleAnchor.appendChild(content);

    // This zero-height div is positioned at the bottom of the tip.
    this.containerDiv = document.createElement('div');
    this.containerDiv.classList.add('popup-container');
    this.containerDiv.appendChild(bubbleAnchor);

    // Optionally stop clicks, etc., from bubbling up to the map.
    google.maps.OverlayView.preventMapHitsAndGesturesFrom(this.containerDiv);
  }
  // ES5 magic to extend google.maps.OverlayView.
  Popup.prototype = Object.create(google.maps.OverlayView.prototype);

  /** Called when the popup is added to the map. */
  Popup.prototype.onAdd = function() {
    this.getPanes().floatPane.appendChild(this.containerDiv);
  };

  /** Called when the popup is removed from the map. */
  Popup.prototype.onRemove = function() {
    if (this.containerDiv.parentElement) {
      this.containerDiv.parentElement.removeChild(this.containerDiv);
    }
  };

  /** Called each frame when the popup needs to draw itself. */
  Popup.prototype.draw = function() {
    var divPosition = this.getProjection().fromLatLngToDivPixel(this.position);

    // Hide the popup when it is far out of view.
    var display =
        Math.abs(divPosition.x) < 4000 && Math.abs(divPosition.y) < 4000 ?
        'block' :
        'none';

    if (display === 'block') {
      this.containerDiv.style.left = divPosition.x + 'px';
      this.containerDiv.style.top = divPosition.y + 'px';
    }
    if (this.containerDiv.style.display !== display) {
      this.containerDiv.style.display = display;
    }
  };

  return Popup;
}
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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Maps JavaScript API