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啟用 Google Maps JavaScript API

為協助您開始,我們將先引導您使用「Google 開發人員控制台」來執行一些動作:

  1. 建立或選擇專案
  2. 啟用 Google Maps JavaScript API 與相關服務
  3. 建立適當的金鑰
繼續

Data Layer: Earthquake data

Default style
Simple style
Advanced style

View the default, simple, or advanced examples full screen or check out the reference documentation for the data layer.

自己試試看

將游標放在程式碼區塊右上方,以複製程式碼或在 JSFiddle 中將它開啟。

Default style

var map;

function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
    zoom: 2
  });

  // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
  // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
  //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
  var script = document.createElement('script');
  script.setAttribute(
      'src',
      'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
  document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
}

// Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
function eqfeed_callback(data) {
  map.data.addGeoJson(data);
}
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0" />
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body id="map-container">
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>

// [START script-body]
      var map;

      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
          zoom: 2
        });

        // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
        // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
        //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
        var script = document.createElement('script');
        script.setAttribute(
            'src',
            'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
      }

      // Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
      function eqfeed_callback(data) {
        map.data.addGeoJson(data);
      }
// [END script-body]

    </script>
    <script async defer
        src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap"></script>
  </body>
</html>

Simple style

var map;

function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
    zoom: 2
  });

  // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
  // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
  //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
  var script = document.createElement('script');
  script.setAttribute(
      'src',
      'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
  document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);

  // Add a basic style.
  map.data.setStyle(function(feature) {
    var mag = Math.exp(parseFloat(feature.getProperty('mag'))) * 0.1;
    return /** @type {google.maps.Data.StyleOptions} */({
      icon: {
        path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
        scale: mag,
        fillColor: '#f00',
        fillOpacity: 0.35,
        strokeWeight: 0
      }
    });
  });
}

// Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
function eqfeed_callback(data) {
  map.data.addGeoJson(data);
}
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0" />
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body id="map-container">
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>

// [START script-body]
      var map;

      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
          zoom: 2
        });

        // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
        // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
        //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
        var script = document.createElement('script');
        script.setAttribute(
            'src',
            'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);

        // Add a basic style.
        map.data.setStyle(function(feature) {
          var mag = Math.exp(parseFloat(feature.getProperty('mag'))) * 0.1;
          return /** @type {google.maps.Data.StyleOptions} */({
            icon: {
              path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
              scale: mag,
              fillColor: '#f00',
              fillOpacity: 0.35,
              strokeWeight: 0
            }
          });
        });
      }

      // Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
      function eqfeed_callback(data) {
        map.data.addGeoJson(data);
      }
// [END script-body]

    </script>
    <script async defer
        src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap"></script>
  </body>
</html>

Advanced style

var map;

function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
    zoom: 2,
    styles: mapStyle
  });

  map.data.setStyle(styleFeature);

  // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
  // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
  //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
  var script = document.createElement('script');
  script.setAttribute(
      'src',
      'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
  document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
}

// Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
function eqfeed_callback(data) {
  map.data.addGeoJson(data);
}

function styleFeature(feature) {
  var low = [151, 83, 34];   // color of mag 1.0
  var high = [5, 69, 54];  // color of mag 6.0 and above
  var minMag = 1.0;
  var maxMag = 6.0;

  // fraction represents where the value sits between the min and max
  var fraction = (Math.min(feature.getProperty('mag'), maxMag) - minMag) /
      (maxMag - minMag);

  var color = interpolateHsl(low, high, fraction);

  return {
    icon: {
      path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
      strokeWeight: 0.5,
      strokeColor: '#fff',
      fillColor: color,
      fillOpacity: 2 / feature.getProperty('mag'),
      // while an exponent would technically be correct, quadratic looks nicer
      scale: Math.pow(feature.getProperty('mag'), 2)
    },
    zIndex: Math.floor(feature.getProperty('mag'))
  };
}

function interpolateHsl(lowHsl, highHsl, fraction) {
  var color = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    // Calculate color based on the fraction.
    color[i] = (highHsl[i] - lowHsl[i]) * fraction + lowHsl[i];
  }

  return 'hsl(' + color[0] + ',' + color[1] + '%,' + color[2] + '%)';
}

var mapStyle = [{
  'featureType': 'all',
  'elementType': 'all',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
}, {
  'featureType': 'landscape',
  'elementType': 'geometry',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'color': '#fcfcfc'}]
}, {
  'featureType': 'water',
  'elementType': 'labels',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
}, {
  'featureType': 'water',
  'elementType': 'geometry',
  'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'hue': '#5f94ff'}, {'lightness': 60}]
}];
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0" />
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body id="map-container">
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>
      var map;

      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: { lat: 20, lng: -160 },
          zoom: 2,
          styles: mapStyle
        });

        map.data.setStyle(styleFeature);

        // Get the earthquake data (JSONP format)
        // This feed is a copy from the USGS feed, you can find the originals here:
        //   http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/geojson.php
        var script = document.createElement('script');
        script.setAttribute(
            'src',
            'https://storage.googleapis.com/mapsdevsite/json/quakes.geo.json');
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
      }

      // Defines the callback function referenced in the jsonp file.
      function eqfeed_callback(data) {
        map.data.addGeoJson(data);
      }

      function styleFeature(feature) {
        var low = [151, 83, 34];   // color of mag 1.0
        var high = [5, 69, 54];  // color of mag 6.0 and above
        var minMag = 1.0;
        var maxMag = 6.0;

        // fraction represents where the value sits between the min and max
        var fraction = (Math.min(feature.getProperty('mag'), maxMag) - minMag) /
            (maxMag - minMag);

        var color = interpolateHsl(low, high, fraction);

        return {
          icon: {
            path: google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE,
            strokeWeight: 0.5,
            strokeColor: '#fff',
            fillColor: color,
            fillOpacity: 2 / feature.getProperty('mag'),
            // while an exponent would technically be correct, quadratic looks nicer
            scale: Math.pow(feature.getProperty('mag'), 2)
          },
          zIndex: Math.floor(feature.getProperty('mag'))
        };
      }

      function interpolateHsl(lowHsl, highHsl, fraction) {
        var color = [];
        for (var i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
          // Calculate color based on the fraction.
          color[i] = (highHsl[i] - lowHsl[i]) * fraction + lowHsl[i];
        }

        return 'hsl(' + color[0] + ',' + color[1] + '%,' + color[2] + '%)';
      }

      var mapStyle = [{
        'featureType': 'all',
        'elementType': 'all',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
      }, {
        'featureType': 'landscape',
        'elementType': 'geometry',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'color': '#fcfcfc'}]
      }, {
        'featureType': 'water',
        'elementType': 'labels',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'off'}]
      }, {
        'featureType': 'water',
        'elementType': 'geometry',
        'stylers': [{'visibility': 'on'}, {'hue': '#5f94ff'}, {'lightness': 60}]
      }];
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

傳送您對下列選項的寶貴意見...

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Google Maps JavaScript API
Google Maps JavaScript API
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