# Data Layer: Polygon

This example uses the Data layer to create a polygon with two internal holes. If you don't use the data layer to create an inner hole, you must define a path wound in the opposite direction to the outer path as shown in this alternative.

Read the documentation.

### TypeScript

```// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
// to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.

function initMap(): void {
const map = new google.maps.Map(
document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
{
zoom: 6,
center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 },
}
);

// Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.
const outerCoords = [
{ lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 }, // north west
{ lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 }, // south west
{ lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 }, // south east
{ lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 }, // north east
];

// Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.
const innerCoords1 = [
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 },
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 },
];

// Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.
const innerCoords2 = [
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 },
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 },
];

map.data.add({
geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
outerCoords,
innerCoords1,
innerCoords2,
]),
});
}index.ts```

### JavaScript

```// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
// to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.
function initMap() {
const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
zoom: 6,
center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 },
});
// Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.
const outerCoords = [
{ lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 },
{ lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 },
{ lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 },
{ lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 }, // north east
];
// Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.
const innerCoords1 = [
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 },
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 },
];
// Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.
const innerCoords2 = [
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 },
{ lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 },
{ lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 },
];
map.data.add({
geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
outerCoords,
innerCoords1,
innerCoords2,
]),
});
}
index.js```

### CSS

```/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
* element that contains the map. */
#map {
height: 100%;
}

/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html,
body {
height: 100%;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
}
style.css```

### HTML

```<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Data Layer: Polygon</title>
<script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
<script src="./index.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div id="map"></div>

<!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. -->
<script
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
async
></script>
</body>
</html>sample.html```
// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer // to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it. function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { zoom: 6, center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 }, }); // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path. const outerCoords = [ { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 }, { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 }, { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 }, { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 }, // north east ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path. const innerCoords1 = [ { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 }, { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 }, ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path. const innerCoords2 = [ { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 }, { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 }, ]; map.data.add({ geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([ outerCoords, innerCoords1, innerCoords2, ]), }); }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Data Layer: Polygon</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="map"></div> <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. --> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyB41DRUbKWJHPxaFjMAwdrzWzbVKartNGg&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly&channel=2" async ></script> </body> </html>

### Clone Sample

Git and Node.js are required to run this sample locally. Follow these instructions to install Node.js and NPM. The following commands clone, install dependencies and start the sample application.

```  `git clone -b sample-layer-data-polygon git@github.com:googlemaps/js-samples.git`
`cd js-samples`
`npm i`
`npm start`
```

Other samples can be tried by switching to any branch beginning with `sample-SAMPLE_NAME`.

```  `git checkout sample-SAMPLE_NAME`
`npm i`
`npm start`
```

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