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激活 Google Maps JavaScript API

为帮助您起步,我们将引导您在 Google Developers Console 中先完成几项任务:

  1. 创建或选择项目
  2. 激活 Google Maps JavaScript API 及相关服务
  3. 创建相应密钥
继续

Hiding Map Features with Styling

You can use map styling to hide features on the map. Select an option in this example to hide or show business points of interest (POIs) and public transit icons on the map. You can also view this example full screen.

Read more about styling your map.

var map;
function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: {lat: -33.86, lng: 151.209},
    zoom: 13,
    mapTypeControl: false
  });

  // Add controls to the map, allowing users to hide/show features.
  var styleControl = document.getElementById('style-selector-control');
  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(styleControl);

  // Apply new JSON when the user chooses to hide/show features.
  document.getElementById('hide-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
    map.setOptions({styles: styles['hide']});
  });
  document.getElementById('show-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
    map.setOptions({styles: styles['default']});
  });
}

var styles = {
  default: null,
  hide: [
    {
      featureType: 'poi.business',
      stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit',
      elementType: 'labels.icon',
      stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
    }
  ]
};
<div id="style-selector-control" class="map-control">
  <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="hide-poi"
      class="selector-control">
  <label for="hide-poi">Hide</label>
  <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="show-poi"
      class="selector-control" checked="checked">
  <label for="show-poi">Show</label>
</div>
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
.map-control {
  background-color: #fff;
  border: 1px solid #ccc;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  margin: 10px;
  padding-right: 5px;
  /* Hide the control initially, to prevent it from appearing
     before the map loads. */
  display: none;
}
/* Display the control once it is inside the map. */
#map .map-control { display: block; }

.selector-control {
  font-size: 14px;
  line-height: 30px;
  vertical-align: baseline;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>

自己试一试

悬停在代码块右上角以复制代码或在 JSFiddle 中打开。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Hiding Map Features with Styling</title>
    <style>
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      .map-control {
        background-color: #fff;
        border: 1px solid #ccc;
        box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        margin: 10px;
        padding-right: 5px;
        /* Hide the control initially, to prevent it from appearing
           before the map loads. */
        display: none;
      }
      /* Display the control once it is inside the map. */
      #map .map-control { display: block; }

      .selector-control {
        font-size: 14px;
        line-height: 30px;
        vertical-align: baseline;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="style-selector-control" class="map-control">
      <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="hide-poi"
          class="selector-control">
      <label for="hide-poi">Hide</label>
      <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="show-poi"
          class="selector-control" checked="checked">
      <label for="show-poi">Show</label>
    </div>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>

      var map;
      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: {lat: -33.86, lng: 151.209},
          zoom: 13,
          mapTypeControl: false
        });

        // Add controls to the map, allowing users to hide/show features.
        var styleControl = document.getElementById('style-selector-control');
        map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(styleControl);

        // Apply new JSON when the user chooses to hide/show features.
        document.getElementById('hide-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
          map.setOptions({styles: styles['hide']});
        });
        document.getElementById('show-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
          map.setOptions({styles: styles['default']});
        });
      }

      var styles = {
        default: null,
        hide: [
          {
            featureType: 'poi.business',
            stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit',
            elementType: 'labels.icon',
            stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
          }
        ]
      };

    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

发送以下问题的反馈:

此网页
Google Maps JavaScript API
Google Maps JavaScript API
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