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Activer Google Maps JavaScript API

Pour commencer, nous allons vous guider à travers la console Google Developers et effectuer deux ou trois petites choses :

  1. Créer ou sélectionner un projet
  2. Activer Google Maps JavaScript API et les services connexes
  3. Créer les clés appropriées
Continuer

Hiding Map Features with Styling

You can use map styling to hide features on the map. Select an option in this example to hide or show business points of interest (POIs) and public transit icons on the map. You can also view this example full screen.

Read more about styling your map.

var map;
function initMap() {
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    center: {lat: -33.86, lng: 151.209},
    zoom: 13,
    mapTypeControl: false
  });

  // Add controls to the map, allowing users to hide/show features.
  var styleControl = document.getElementById('style-selector-control');
  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(styleControl);

  // Apply new JSON when the user chooses to hide/show features.
  document.getElementById('hide-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
    map.setOptions({styles: styles['hide']});
  });
  document.getElementById('show-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
    map.setOptions({styles: styles['default']});
  });
}

var styles = {
  default: null,
  hide: [
    {
      featureType: 'poi.business',
      stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
    },
    {
      featureType: 'transit',
      elementType: 'labels.icon',
      stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
    }
  ]
};
<div id="style-selector-control" class="map-control">
  <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="hide-poi"
      class="selector-control">
  <label for="hide-poi">Hide</label>
  <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="show-poi"
      class="selector-control" checked="checked">
  <label for="show-poi">Show</label>
</div>
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
.map-control {
  background-color: #fff;
  border: 1px solid #ccc;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  margin: 10px;
  padding-right: 5px;
  /* Hide the control initially, to prevent it from appearing
     before the map loads. */
  display: none;
}
/* Display the control once it is inside the map. */
#map .map-control { display: block; }

.selector-control {
  font-size: 14px;
  line-height: 30px;
  vertical-align: baseline;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>

Essayez par vous-même

Placez la souris en haut à droite du bloc de code pour le copier ou l'ouvrir dans JSFiddle.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Hiding Map Features with Styling</title>
    <style>
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      .map-control {
        background-color: #fff;
        border: 1px solid #ccc;
        box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        margin: 10px;
        padding-right: 5px;
        /* Hide the control initially, to prevent it from appearing
           before the map loads. */
        display: none;
      }
      /* Display the control once it is inside the map. */
      #map .map-control { display: block; }

      .selector-control {
        font-size: 14px;
        line-height: 30px;
        vertical-align: baseline;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="style-selector-control" class="map-control">
      <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="hide-poi"
          class="selector-control">
      <label for="hide-poi">Hide</label>
      <input type="radio" name="show-hide" id="show-poi"
          class="selector-control" checked="checked">
      <label for="show-poi">Show</label>
    </div>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>

      var map;
      function initMap() {
        map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          center: {lat: -33.86, lng: 151.209},
          zoom: 13,
          mapTypeControl: false
        });

        // Add controls to the map, allowing users to hide/show features.
        var styleControl = document.getElementById('style-selector-control');
        map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(styleControl);

        // Apply new JSON when the user chooses to hide/show features.
        document.getElementById('hide-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
          map.setOptions({styles: styles['hide']});
        });
        document.getElementById('show-poi').addEventListener('click', function() {
          map.setOptions({styles: styles['default']});
        });
      }

      var styles = {
        default: null,
        hide: [
          {
            featureType: 'poi.business',
            stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
          },
          {
            featureType: 'transit',
            elementType: 'labels.icon',
            stylers: [{visibility: 'off'}]
          }
        ]
      };

    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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