Es kann losgehen!

Bevor Sie mit der Entwicklung beginnen, lesen Sie bitte unsere Entwicklerdokumentation.

Die Google Maps JavaScript API aktivieren

Zum Einstieg führen wir Sie durch die Google Developers Console, wo Sie vorab Folgendes tun müssen:

  1. Ein Projekt erstellen oder auswählen
  2. Die Google Maps JavaScript API und zugehörige Dienste aktivieren
  3. Zugehörige Schlüssel erstellen
Weiter

Reverse Geocoding by Place ID

This example uses reverse geocoding to retrieve an address for a given place ID.

Read the documentation or view this example full screen.

// Initialize the map.
function initMap() {
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    zoom: 8,
    center: {lat: 40.72, lng: -73.96}
  });
  var geocoder = new google.maps.Geocoder;
  var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow;

  document.getElementById('submit').addEventListener('click', function() {
    geocodePlaceId(geocoder, map, infowindow);
  });
}

// This function is called when the user clicks the UI button requesting
// a reverse geocode.
function geocodePlaceId(geocoder, map, infowindow) {
  var placeId = document.getElementById('place-id').value;
  geocoder.geocode({'placeId': placeId}, function(results, status) {
    if (status === 'OK') {
      if (results[0]) {
        map.setZoom(11);
        map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
        var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
          map: map,
          position: results[0].geometry.location
        });
        infowindow.setContent(results[0].formatted_address);
        infowindow.open(map, marker);
      } else {
        window.alert('No results found');
      }
    } else {
      window.alert('Geocoder failed due to: ' + status);
    }
  });
}
<div id="floating-panel">
  <!-- Supply a default place ID for a place in Brooklyn, New York. -->
  <input id="place-id" type="text" value="ChIJd8BlQ2BZwokRAFUEcm_qrcA">
  <input id="submit" type="button" value="Reverse Geocode by Place ID">
</div>
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
#floating-panel {
  position: absolute;
  top: 10px;
  left: 25%;
  z-index: 5;
  background-color: #fff;
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid #999;
  text-align: center;
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  line-height: 30px;
  padding-left: 10px;
}
#floating-panel {
  width: 440px;
}
#place-id {
  width: 250px;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>


Probieren Sie es selbst aus

Bewegen Sie die Maus oben rechts über den Codeblock, um den Code zu kopieren, oder öffnen Sie ihn in JSFiddle.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Reverse Geocoding by Place ID</title>
    <style>
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      #floating-panel {
        position: absolute;
        top: 10px;
        left: 25%;
        z-index: 5;
        background-color: #fff;
        padding: 5px;
        border: 1px solid #999;
        text-align: center;
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        line-height: 30px;
        padding-left: 10px;
      }
      #floating-panel {
        width: 440px;
      }
      #place-id {
        width: 250px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="floating-panel">
      <!-- Supply a default place ID for a place in Brooklyn, New York. -->
      <input id="place-id" type="text" value="ChIJd8BlQ2BZwokRAFUEcm_qrcA">
      <input id="submit" type="button" value="Reverse Geocode by Place ID">
    </div>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>
      // Initialize the map.
      function initMap() {
        var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          zoom: 8,
          center: {lat: 40.72, lng: -73.96}
        });
        var geocoder = new google.maps.Geocoder;
        var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow;

        document.getElementById('submit').addEventListener('click', function() {
          geocodePlaceId(geocoder, map, infowindow);
        });
      }

      // This function is called when the user clicks the UI button requesting
      // a reverse geocode.
      function geocodePlaceId(geocoder, map, infowindow) {
        var placeId = document.getElementById('place-id').value;
        geocoder.geocode({'placeId': placeId}, function(results, status) {
          if (status === 'OK') {
            if (results[0]) {
              map.setZoom(11);
              map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
              var marker = new google.maps.Marker({
                map: map,
                position: results[0].geometry.location
              });
              infowindow.setContent(results[0].formatted_address);
              infowindow.open(map, marker);
            } else {
              window.alert('No results found');
            }
          } else {
            window.alert('Geocoder failed due to: ' + status);
          }
        });
      }
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

Feedback geben zu...

Google Maps JavaScript API
Google Maps JavaScript API