Distance Matrix Service

This example demonstrates the use of the DistanceMatrixService object to fetch the distances between a set of locations.

Read the documentation.

TypeScript

function initMap(): void {
  const bounds = new google.maps.LatLngBounds();
  const markersArray: google.maps.Marker[] = [];

  const origin1 = { lat: 55.93, lng: -3.118 };
  const origin2 = "Greenwich, England";
  const destinationA = "Stockholm, Sweden";
  const destinationB = { lat: 50.087, lng: 14.421 };

  const destinationIcon =
    "https://chart.googleapis.com/chart?" +
    "chst=d_map_pin_letter&chld=D|FF0000|000000";
  const originIcon =
    "https://chart.googleapis.com/chart?" +
    "chst=d_map_pin_letter&chld=O|FFFF00|000000";
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      center: { lat: 55.53, lng: 9.4 },
      zoom: 10,
    }
  );
  const geocoder = new google.maps.Geocoder();

  const service = new google.maps.DistanceMatrixService();
  service.getDistanceMatrix(
    {
      origins: [origin1, origin2],
      destinations: [destinationA, destinationB],
      travelMode: google.maps.TravelMode.DRIVING,
      unitSystem: google.maps.UnitSystem.METRIC,
      avoidHighways: false,
      avoidTolls: false,
    },
    (response, status) => {
      if (status !== "OK") {
        alert("Error was: " + status);
      } else {
        const originList = response.originAddresses;
        const destinationList = response.destinationAddresses;
        const outputDiv = document.getElementById("output") as HTMLDivElement;
        outputDiv.innerHTML = "";
        deleteMarkers(markersArray);

        const showGeocodedAddressOnMap = function (asDestination: boolean) {
          const icon = asDestination ? destinationIcon : originIcon;

          return function (
            results: google.maps.GeocoderResult[],
            status: google.maps.GeocoderStatus
          ) {
            if (status === "OK") {
              map.fitBounds(bounds.extend(results[0].geometry.location));
              markersArray.push(
                new google.maps.Marker({
                  map,
                  position: results[0].geometry.location,
                  icon: icon,
                })
              );
            } else {
              alert("Geocode was not successful due to: " + status);
            }
          };
        };

        for (let i = 0; i < originList.length; i++) {
          const results = response.rows[i].elements;
          geocoder.geocode(
            { address: originList[i] },
            showGeocodedAddressOnMap(false)
          );

          for (let j = 0; j < results.length; j++) {
            geocoder.geocode(
              { address: destinationList[j] },
              showGeocodedAddressOnMap(true)
            );
            outputDiv.innerHTML +=
              originList[i] +
              " to " +
              destinationList[j] +
              ": " +
              results[j].distance.text +
              " in " +
              results[j].duration.text +
              "<br>";
          }
        }
      }
    }
  );
}

function deleteMarkers(markersArray: google.maps.Marker[]) {
  for (let i = 0; i < markersArray.length; i++) {
    markersArray[i].setMap(null);
  }
  markersArray = [];
}

JavaScript

function initMap() {
  const bounds = new google.maps.LatLngBounds();
  const markersArray = [];
  const origin1 = { lat: 55.93, lng: -3.118 };
  const origin2 = "Greenwich, England";
  const destinationA = "Stockholm, Sweden";
  const destinationB = { lat: 50.087, lng: 14.421 };
  const destinationIcon =
    "https://chart.googleapis.com/chart?" +
    "chst=d_map_pin_letter&chld=D|FF0000|000000";
  const originIcon =
    "https://chart.googleapis.com/chart?" +
    "chst=d_map_pin_letter&chld=O|FFFF00|000000";
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    center: { lat: 55.53, lng: 9.4 },
    zoom: 10,
  });
  const geocoder = new google.maps.Geocoder();
  const service = new google.maps.DistanceMatrixService();
  service.getDistanceMatrix(
    {
      origins: [origin1, origin2],
      destinations: [destinationA, destinationB],
      travelMode: google.maps.TravelMode.DRIVING,
      unitSystem: google.maps.UnitSystem.METRIC,
      avoidHighways: false,
      avoidTolls: false,
    },
    (response, status) => {
      if (status !== "OK") {
        alert("Error was: " + status);
      } else {
        const originList = response.originAddresses;
        const destinationList = response.destinationAddresses;
        const outputDiv = document.getElementById("output");
        outputDiv.innerHTML = "";
        deleteMarkers(markersArray);

        const showGeocodedAddressOnMap = function (asDestination) {
          const icon = asDestination ? destinationIcon : originIcon;

          return function (results, status) {
            if (status === "OK") {
              map.fitBounds(bounds.extend(results[0].geometry.location));
              markersArray.push(
                new google.maps.Marker({
                  map,
                  position: results[0].geometry.location,
                  icon: icon,
                })
              );
            } else {
              alert("Geocode was not successful due to: " + status);
            }
          };
        };

        for (let i = 0; i < originList.length; i++) {
          const results = response.rows[i].elements;
          geocoder.geocode(
            { address: originList[i] },
            showGeocodedAddressOnMap(false)
          );

          for (let j = 0; j < results.length; j++) {
            geocoder.geocode(
              { address: destinationList[j] },
              showGeocodedAddressOnMap(true)
            );
            outputDiv.innerHTML +=
              originList[i] +
              " to " +
              destinationList[j] +
              ": " +
              results[j].distance.text +
              " in " +
              results[j].duration.text +
              "<br>";
          }
        }
      }
    }
  );
}

function deleteMarkers(markersArray) {
  for (let i = 0; i < markersArray.length; i++) {
    markersArray[i].setMap(null);
  }
  markersArray = [];
}

CSS

#right-panel {
  font-family: "Roboto", "sans-serif";
  line-height: 30px;
  padding-left: 10px;
}

#right-panel select,
#right-panel input {
  font-size: 15px;
}

#right-panel select {
  width: 100%;
}

#right-panel i {
  font-size: 12px;
}

html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

#map {
  height: 100%;
  width: 50%;
}

#right-panel {
  float: right;
  width: 48%;
  padding-left: 2%;
}

#output {
  font-size: 11px;
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Distance Matrix Service</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./index.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="right-panel">
      <div id="inputs">
        <pre>
var origin1 = {lat: 55.930, lng: -3.118};
var origin2 = 'Greenwich, England';
var destinationA = 'Stockholm, Sweden';
var destinationB = {lat: 50.087, lng: 14.421};
        </pre>
      </div>
      <div>
        <strong>Results</strong>
      </div>
      <div id="output"></div>
    </div>
    <div id="map"></div>

    <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. -->
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      async
    ></script>
  </body>
</html>
function initMap() { const bounds = new google.maps.LatLngBounds(); const markersArray = []; const origin1 = { lat: 55.93, lng: -3.118 }; const origin2 = "Greenwich, England"; const destinationA = "Stockholm, Sweden"; const destinationB = { lat: 50.087, lng: 14.421 }; const destinationIcon = "https://chart.googleapis.com/chart?" + "chst=d_map_pin_letter&chld=D|FF0000|000000"; const originIcon = "https://chart.googleapis.com/chart?" + "chst=d_map_pin_letter&chld=O|FFFF00|000000"; const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { center: { lat: 55.53, lng: 9.4 }, zoom: 10, }); const geocoder = new google.maps.Geocoder(); const service = new google.maps.DistanceMatrixService(); service.getDistanceMatrix( { origins: [origin1, origin2], destinations: [destinationA, destinationB], travelMode: google.maps.TravelMode.DRIVING, unitSystem: google.maps.UnitSystem.METRIC, avoidHighways: false, avoidTolls: false, }, (response, status) => { if (status !== "OK") { alert("Error was: " + status); } else { const originList = response.originAddresses; const destinationList = response.destinationAddresses; const outputDiv = document.getElementById("output"); outputDiv.innerHTML = ""; deleteMarkers(markersArray); const showGeocodedAddressOnMap = function (asDestination) { const icon = asDestination ? destinationIcon : originIcon; return function (results, status) { if (status === "OK") { map.fitBounds(bounds.extend(results[0].geometry.location)); markersArray.push( new google.maps.Marker({ map, position: results[0].geometry.location, icon: icon, }) ); } else { alert("Geocode was not successful due to: " + status); } }; }; for (let i = 0; i < originList.length; i++) { const results = response.rows[i].elements; geocoder.geocode( { address: originList[i] }, showGeocodedAddressOnMap(false) ); for (let j = 0; j < results.length; j++) { geocoder.geocode( { address: destinationList[j] }, showGeocodedAddressOnMap(true) ); outputDiv.innerHTML += originList[i] + " to " + destinationList[j] + ": " + results[j].distance.text + " in " + results[j].duration.text + "<br>"; } } } } ); } function deleteMarkers(markersArray) { for (let i = 0; i < markersArray.length; i++) { markersArray[i].setMap(null); } markersArray = []; }
#right-panel { font-family: "Roboto", "sans-serif"; line-height: 30px; padding-left: 10px; } #right-panel select, #right-panel input { font-size: 15px; } #right-panel select { width: 100%; } #right-panel i { font-size: 12px; } html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; } #map { height: 100%; width: 50%; } #right-panel { float: right; width: 48%; padding-left: 2%; } #output { font-size: 11px; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Distance Matrix Service</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="right-panel"> <div id="inputs"> <pre> var origin1 = {lat: 55.930, lng: -3.118}; var origin2 = 'Greenwich, England'; var destinationA = 'Stockholm, Sweden'; var destinationB = {lat: 50.087, lng: 14.421}; </pre> </div> <div> <strong>Results</strong> </div> <div id="output"></div> </div> <div id="map"></div> <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. --> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyB41DRUbKWJHPxaFjMAwdrzWzbVKartNGg&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly" async ></script> </body> </html>

Try Sample

Clone Sample

Git and Node.js are required to run this sample locally. Follow these instructions to install Node.js and NPM. The following commands clone, install dependencies and start the sample application.

  git clone -b sample-distance-matrix git@github.com:googlemaps/js-samples.git
  cd js-samples
  npm i
  npm start

Other samples can be tried by switching to any branch beginning with sample-SAMPLE_NAME.

  git checkout sample-SAMPLE_NAME
  npm i
  npm start