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Activer Google Maps JavaScript API

Pour commencer, nous allons vous guider à travers la console Google Developers et effectuer deux ou trois petites choses :

  1. Créer ou sélectionner un projet
  2. Activer Google Maps JavaScript API et les services connexes
  3. Créer les clés appropriées
Continuer

Waypoints in directions

This example demonstrates the use of the DirectionsService object to fetch directions for a route including waypoints.

If you have selected multiple waypoints, view this example full screen to see all the route segments.

Read the documentation for more information about using waypoints in routes.

function initMap() {
  var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService;
  var directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer;
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    zoom: 6,
    center: {lat: 41.85, lng: -87.65}
  });
  directionsDisplay.setMap(map);

  document.getElementById('submit').addEventListener('click', function() {
    calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay);
  });
}

function calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay) {
  var waypts = [];
  var checkboxArray = document.getElementById('waypoints');
  for (var i = 0; i < checkboxArray.length; i++) {
    if (checkboxArray.options[i].selected) {
      waypts.push({
        location: checkboxArray[i].value,
        stopover: true
      });
    }
  }

  directionsService.route({
    origin: document.getElementById('start').value,
    destination: document.getElementById('end').value,
    waypoints: waypts,
    optimizeWaypoints: true,
    travelMode: 'DRIVING'
  }, function(response, status) {
    if (status === 'OK') {
      directionsDisplay.setDirections(response);
      var route = response.routes[0];
      var summaryPanel = document.getElementById('directions-panel');
      summaryPanel.innerHTML = '';
      // For each route, display summary information.
      for (var i = 0; i < route.legs.length; i++) {
        var routeSegment = i + 1;
        summaryPanel.innerHTML += '<b>Route Segment: ' + routeSegment +
            '</b><br>';
        summaryPanel.innerHTML += route.legs[i].start_address + ' to ';
        summaryPanel.innerHTML += route.legs[i].end_address + '<br>';
        summaryPanel.innerHTML += route.legs[i].distance.text + '<br><br>';
      }
    } else {
      window.alert('Directions request failed due to ' + status);
    }
  });
}
<div id="map"></div>
<div id="right-panel">
<div>
<b>Start:</b>
<select id="start">
  <option value="Halifax, NS">Halifax, NS</option>
  <option value="Boston, MA">Boston, MA</option>
  <option value="New York, NY">New York, NY</option>
  <option value="Miami, FL">Miami, FL</option>
</select>
<br>
<b>Waypoints:</b> <br>
<i>(Ctrl+Click or Cmd+Click for multiple selection)</i> <br>
<select multiple id="waypoints">
  <option value="montreal, quebec">Montreal, QBC</option>
  <option value="toronto, ont">Toronto, ONT</option>
  <option value="chicago, il">Chicago</option>
  <option value="winnipeg, mb">Winnipeg</option>
  <option value="fargo, nd">Fargo</option>
  <option value="calgary, ab">Calgary</option>
  <option value="spokane, wa">Spokane</option>
</select>
<br>
<b>End:</b>
<select id="end">
  <option value="Vancouver, BC">Vancouver, BC</option>
  <option value="Seattle, WA">Seattle, WA</option>
  <option value="San Francisco, CA">San Francisco, CA</option>
  <option value="Los Angeles, CA">Los Angeles, CA</option>
</select>
<br>
  <input type="submit" id="submit">
</div>
<div id="directions-panel"></div>
</div>
#right-panel {
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  line-height: 30px;
  padding-left: 10px;
}

#right-panel select, #right-panel input {
  font-size: 15px;
}

#right-panel select {
  width: 100%;
}

#right-panel i {
  font-size: 12px;
}
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
#map {
  height: 100%;
  float: left;
  width: 70%;
  height: 100%;
}
#right-panel {
  margin: 20px;
  border-width: 2px;
  width: 20%;
  height: 400px;
  float: left;
  text-align: left;
  padding-top: 0;
}
#directions-panel {
  margin-top: 10px;
  background-color: #FFEE77;
  padding: 10px;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>

Essayez par vous-même

Placez la souris en haut à droite du bloc de code pour le copier ou l'ouvrir dans JSFiddle.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Waypoints in directions</title>
    <style>
      #right-panel {
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        line-height: 30px;
        padding-left: 10px;
      }

      #right-panel select, #right-panel input {
        font-size: 15px;
      }

      #right-panel select {
        width: 100%;
      }

      #right-panel i {
        font-size: 12px;
      }
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      #map {
        height: 100%;
        float: left;
        width: 70%;
        height: 100%;
      }
      #right-panel {
        margin: 20px;
        border-width: 2px;
        width: 20%;
        height: 400px;
        float: left;
        text-align: left;
        padding-top: 0;
      }
      #directions-panel {
        margin-top: 10px;
        background-color: #FFEE77;
        padding: 10px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <div id="right-panel">
    <div>
    <b>Start:</b>
    <select id="start">
      <option value="Halifax, NS">Halifax, NS</option>
      <option value="Boston, MA">Boston, MA</option>
      <option value="New York, NY">New York, NY</option>
      <option value="Miami, FL">Miami, FL</option>
    </select>
    <br>
    <b>Waypoints:</b> <br>
    <i>(Ctrl+Click or Cmd+Click for multiple selection)</i> <br>
    <select multiple id="waypoints">
      <option value="montreal, quebec">Montreal, QBC</option>
      <option value="toronto, ont">Toronto, ONT</option>
      <option value="chicago, il">Chicago</option>
      <option value="winnipeg, mb">Winnipeg</option>
      <option value="fargo, nd">Fargo</option>
      <option value="calgary, ab">Calgary</option>
      <option value="spokane, wa">Spokane</option>
    </select>
    <br>
    <b>End:</b>
    <select id="end">
      <option value="Vancouver, BC">Vancouver, BC</option>
      <option value="Seattle, WA">Seattle, WA</option>
      <option value="San Francisco, CA">San Francisco, CA</option>
      <option value="Los Angeles, CA">Los Angeles, CA</option>
    </select>
    <br>
      <input type="submit" id="submit">
    </div>
    <div id="directions-panel"></div>
    </div>
    <script>
      function initMap() {
        var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService;
        var directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer;
        var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          zoom: 6,
          center: {lat: 41.85, lng: -87.65}
        });
        directionsDisplay.setMap(map);

        document.getElementById('submit').addEventListener('click', function() {
          calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay);
        });
      }

      function calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay) {
        var waypts = [];
        var checkboxArray = document.getElementById('waypoints');
        for (var i = 0; i < checkboxArray.length; i++) {
          if (checkboxArray.options[i].selected) {
            waypts.push({
              location: checkboxArray[i].value,
              stopover: true
            });
          }
        }

        directionsService.route({
          origin: document.getElementById('start').value,
          destination: document.getElementById('end').value,
          waypoints: waypts,
          optimizeWaypoints: true,
          travelMode: 'DRIVING'
        }, function(response, status) {
          if (status === 'OK') {
            directionsDisplay.setDirections(response);
            var route = response.routes[0];
            var summaryPanel = document.getElementById('directions-panel');
            summaryPanel.innerHTML = '';
            // For each route, display summary information.
            for (var i = 0; i < route.legs.length; i++) {
              var routeSegment = i + 1;
              summaryPanel.innerHTML += '<b>Route Segment: ' + routeSegment +
                  '</b><br>';
              summaryPanel.innerHTML += route.legs[i].start_address + ' to ';
              summaryPanel.innerHTML += route.legs[i].end_address + '<br>';
              summaryPanel.innerHTML += route.legs[i].distance.text + '<br><br>';
            }
          } else {
            window.alert('Directions request failed due to ' + status);
          }
        });
      }
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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