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Die Google Maps JavaScript API aktivieren

Zum Einstieg führen wir Sie durch die Google Developers Console, wo Sie vorab Folgendes tun müssen:

  1. Ein Projekt erstellen oder auswählen
  2. Die Google Maps JavaScript API und zugehörige Dienste aktivieren
  3. Zugehörige Schlüssel erstellen
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Displaying text directions with setPanel()

This example demonstrates the use of the DirectionsRenderer object to display a directions panel.

Select a new start and end point to see the directions render on the map and inside the directions panel to the right of the map.

Read the documentation or view this example full screen.

function initMap() {
  var directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer;
  var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService;
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    zoom: 7,
    center: {lat: 41.85, lng: -87.65}
  });
  directionsDisplay.setMap(map);
  directionsDisplay.setPanel(document.getElementById('right-panel'));

  var control = document.getElementById('floating-panel');
  control.style.display = 'block';
  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_CENTER].push(control);

  var onChangeHandler = function() {
    calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay);
  };
  document.getElementById('start').addEventListener('change', onChangeHandler);
  document.getElementById('end').addEventListener('change', onChangeHandler);
}

function calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay) {
  var start = document.getElementById('start').value;
  var end = document.getElementById('end').value;
  directionsService.route({
    origin: start,
    destination: end,
    travelMode: 'DRIVING'
  }, function(response, status) {
    if (status === 'OK') {
      directionsDisplay.setDirections(response);
    } else {
      window.alert('Directions request failed due to ' + status);
    }
  });
}
<div id="floating-panel">
  <strong>Start:</strong>
  <select id="start">
    <option value="chicago, il">Chicago</option>
    <option value="st louis, mo">St Louis</option>
    <option value="joplin, mo">Joplin, MO</option>
    <option value="oklahoma city, ok">Oklahoma City</option>
    <option value="amarillo, tx">Amarillo</option>
    <option value="gallup, nm">Gallup, NM</option>
    <option value="flagstaff, az">Flagstaff, AZ</option>
    <option value="winona, az">Winona</option>
    <option value="kingman, az">Kingman</option>
    <option value="barstow, ca">Barstow</option>
    <option value="san bernardino, ca">San Bernardino</option>
    <option value="los angeles, ca">Los Angeles</option>
  </select>
  <br>
  <strong>End:</strong>
  <select id="end">
    <option value="chicago, il">Chicago</option>
    <option value="st louis, mo">St Louis</option>
    <option value="joplin, mo">Joplin, MO</option>
    <option value="oklahoma city, ok">Oklahoma City</option>
    <option value="amarillo, tx">Amarillo</option>
    <option value="gallup, nm">Gallup, NM</option>
    <option value="flagstaff, az">Flagstaff, AZ</option>
    <option value="winona, az">Winona</option>
    <option value="kingman, az">Kingman</option>
    <option value="barstow, ca">Barstow</option>
    <option value="san bernardino, ca">San Bernardino</option>
    <option value="los angeles, ca">Los Angeles</option>
  </select>
</div>
<div id="right-panel"></div>
<div id="map"></div>
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
 * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}
/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
#floating-panel {
  position: absolute;
  top: 10px;
  left: 25%;
  z-index: 5;
  background-color: #fff;
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid #999;
  text-align: center;
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  line-height: 30px;
  padding-left: 10px;
}
#right-panel {
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  line-height: 30px;
  padding-left: 10px;
}

#right-panel select, #right-panel input {
  font-size: 15px;
}

#right-panel select {
  width: 100%;
}

#right-panel i {
  font-size: 12px;
}
#right-panel {
  height: 100%;
  float: right;
  width: 390px;
  overflow: auto;
}
#map {
  margin-right: 400px;
}
#floating-panel {
  background: #fff;
  padding: 5px;
  font-size: 14px;
  font-family: Arial;
  border: 1px solid #ccc;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
  display: none;
}
@media print {
  #map {
    height: 500px;
    margin: 0;
  }
  #right-panel {
    float: none;
    width: auto;
  }
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>


Probieren Sie es selbst aus

Bewegen Sie die Maus oben rechts über den Codeblock, um den Code zu kopieren, oder öffnen Sie ihn in JSFiddle.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Displaying text directions with <code>setPanel()</code></title>
    <style>
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }
      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      #floating-panel {
        position: absolute;
        top: 10px;
        left: 25%;
        z-index: 5;
        background-color: #fff;
        padding: 5px;
        border: 1px solid #999;
        text-align: center;
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        line-height: 30px;
        padding-left: 10px;
      }
      #right-panel {
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        line-height: 30px;
        padding-left: 10px;
      }

      #right-panel select, #right-panel input {
        font-size: 15px;
      }

      #right-panel select {
        width: 100%;
      }

      #right-panel i {
        font-size: 12px;
      }
      #right-panel {
        height: 100%;
        float: right;
        width: 390px;
        overflow: auto;
      }
      #map {
        margin-right: 400px;
      }
      #floating-panel {
        background: #fff;
        padding: 5px;
        font-size: 14px;
        font-family: Arial;
        border: 1px solid #ccc;
        box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(33, 33, 33, 0.4);
        display: none;
      }
      @media print {
        #map {
          height: 500px;
          margin: 0;
        }
        #right-panel {
          float: none;
          width: auto;
        }
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="floating-panel">
      <strong>Start:</strong>
      <select id="start">
        <option value="chicago, il">Chicago</option>
        <option value="st louis, mo">St Louis</option>
        <option value="joplin, mo">Joplin, MO</option>
        <option value="oklahoma city, ok">Oklahoma City</option>
        <option value="amarillo, tx">Amarillo</option>
        <option value="gallup, nm">Gallup, NM</option>
        <option value="flagstaff, az">Flagstaff, AZ</option>
        <option value="winona, az">Winona</option>
        <option value="kingman, az">Kingman</option>
        <option value="barstow, ca">Barstow</option>
        <option value="san bernardino, ca">San Bernardino</option>
        <option value="los angeles, ca">Los Angeles</option>
      </select>
      <br>
      <strong>End:</strong>
      <select id="end">
        <option value="chicago, il">Chicago</option>
        <option value="st louis, mo">St Louis</option>
        <option value="joplin, mo">Joplin, MO</option>
        <option value="oklahoma city, ok">Oklahoma City</option>
        <option value="amarillo, tx">Amarillo</option>
        <option value="gallup, nm">Gallup, NM</option>
        <option value="flagstaff, az">Flagstaff, AZ</option>
        <option value="winona, az">Winona</option>
        <option value="kingman, az">Kingman</option>
        <option value="barstow, ca">Barstow</option>
        <option value="san bernardino, ca">San Bernardino</option>
        <option value="los angeles, ca">Los Angeles</option>
      </select>
    </div>
    <div id="right-panel"></div>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <script>
      function initMap() {
        var directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer;
        var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService;
        var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          zoom: 7,
          center: {lat: 41.85, lng: -87.65}
        });
        directionsDisplay.setMap(map);
        directionsDisplay.setPanel(document.getElementById('right-panel'));

        var control = document.getElementById('floating-panel');
        control.style.display = 'block';
        map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_CENTER].push(control);

        var onChangeHandler = function() {
          calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay);
        };
        document.getElementById('start').addEventListener('change', onChangeHandler);
        document.getElementById('end').addEventListener('change', onChangeHandler);
      }

      function calculateAndDisplayRoute(directionsService, directionsDisplay) {
        var start = document.getElementById('start').value;
        var end = document.getElementById('end').value;
        directionsService.route({
          origin: start,
          destination: end,
          travelMode: 'DRIVING'
        }, function(response, status) {
          if (status === 'OK') {
            directionsDisplay.setDirections(response);
          } else {
            window.alert('Directions request failed due to ' + status);
          }
        });
      }
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

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Google Maps JavaScript API
Google Maps JavaScript API