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啟用 Google Maps JavaScript API

為協助您開始,我們將先引導您使用「Google 開發人員控制台」來執行一些動作:

  1. 建立或選擇專案
  2. 啟用 Google Maps JavaScript API 與相關服務
  3. 建立適當的金鑰
繼續

Draggable directions

This example demonstrates the use of the DirectionsService object to fetch directions between draggable markers.

Read the documentation or view this example full screen.

function initMap() {
  var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
    zoom: 4,
    center: {lat: -24.345, lng: 134.46}  // Australia.
  });

  var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService;
  var directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer({
    draggable: true,
    map: map,
    panel: document.getElementById('right-panel')
  });

  directionsDisplay.addListener('directions_changed', function() {
    computeTotalDistance(directionsDisplay.getDirections());
  });

  displayRoute('Perth, WA', 'Sydney, NSW', directionsService,
      directionsDisplay);
}

function displayRoute(origin, destination, service, display) {
  service.route({
    origin: origin,
    destination: destination,
    waypoints: [{location: 'Adelaide, SA'}, {location: 'Broken Hill, NSW'}],
    travelMode: 'DRIVING',
    avoidTolls: true
  }, function(response, status) {
    if (status === 'OK') {
      display.setDirections(response);
    } else {
      alert('Could not display directions due to: ' + status);
    }
  });
}

function computeTotalDistance(result) {
  var total = 0;
  var myroute = result.routes[0];
  for (var i = 0; i < myroute.legs.length; i++) {
    total += myroute.legs[i].distance.value;
  }
  total = total / 1000;
  document.getElementById('total').innerHTML = total + ' km';
}
<div id="map"></div>
<div id="right-panel">
  <p>Total Distance: <span id="total"></span></p>
</div>
#right-panel {
  font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
  line-height: 30px;
  padding-left: 10px;
}

#right-panel select, #right-panel input {
  font-size: 15px;
}

#right-panel select {
  width: 100%;
}

#right-panel i {
  font-size: 12px;
}
html, body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
#map {
  height: 100%;
  float: left;
  width: 63%;
  height: 100%;
}
#right-panel {
  float: right;
  width: 34%;
  height: 100%;
}
.panel {
  height: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
}
 <!-- Replace the value of the key parameter with your own API key. -->
<script async defer
src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCkUOdZ5y7hMm0yrcCQoCvLwzdM6M8s5qk&callback=initMap">
</script>

自己試試看

將游標放在程式碼區塊右上方,以複製程式碼或在 JSFiddle 中將它開啟。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Draggable directions</title>
    <style>
      #right-panel {
        font-family: 'Roboto','sans-serif';
        line-height: 30px;
        padding-left: 10px;
      }

      #right-panel select, #right-panel input {
        font-size: 15px;
      }

      #right-panel select {
        width: 100%;
      }

      #right-panel i {
        font-size: 12px;
      }
      html, body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
      #map {
        height: 100%;
        float: left;
        width: 63%;
        height: 100%;
      }
      #right-panel {
        float: right;
        width: 34%;
        height: 100%;
      }
      .panel {
        height: 100%;
        overflow: auto;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <div id="right-panel">
      <p>Total Distance: <span id="total"></span></p>
    </div>
    <script>
      function initMap() {
        var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
          zoom: 4,
          center: {lat: -24.345, lng: 134.46}  // Australia.
        });

        var directionsService = new google.maps.DirectionsService;
        var directionsDisplay = new google.maps.DirectionsRenderer({
          draggable: true,
          map: map,
          panel: document.getElementById('right-panel')
        });

        directionsDisplay.addListener('directions_changed', function() {
          computeTotalDistance(directionsDisplay.getDirections());
        });

        displayRoute('Perth, WA', 'Sydney, NSW', directionsService,
            directionsDisplay);
      }

      function displayRoute(origin, destination, service, display) {
        service.route({
          origin: origin,
          destination: destination,
          waypoints: [{location: 'Adelaide, SA'}, {location: 'Broken Hill, NSW'}],
          travelMode: 'DRIVING',
          avoidTolls: true
        }, function(response, status) {
          if (status === 'OK') {
            display.setDirections(response);
          } else {
            alert('Could not display directions due to: ' + status);
          }
        });
      }

      function computeTotalDistance(result) {
        var total = 0;
        var myroute = result.routes[0];
        for (var i = 0; i < myroute.legs.length; i++) {
          total += myroute.legs[i].distance.value;
        }
        total = total / 1000;
        document.getElementById('total').innerHTML = total + ' km';
      }
    </script>
    <script async defer
    src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

傳送您對下列選項的寶貴意見...

這個網頁
Google Maps JavaScript API
Google Maps JavaScript API
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