GHSL: Global built-up surface 1975-2030 (P2023A)

Dataset Availability
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
built built-environment builtup copernicus ghsl jrc landcover landsat-derived sdg sentinel2-derived settlement urban


This raster dataset depicts the distribution of built-up surfaces, expressed in square metres per 100 m grid cell. The dataset measures: a) the total built-up surface, and b) the built-up surface allocated to grid cells of predominant non-residential (NRES) use. Data are spatially-temporally interpolated or extrapolated from 1975 to 2030 in 5 year intervals.

The complete information about the GHSL main products can be found in the GHSL Data Package 2023 report

The Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) project is supported by the European Commission, Joint Research Centre, and Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy.


100 meters


Name Units Description
built_surface m^2

Built-up surface per grid cell

built_surface_nres m^2

Non-residential built-up surface per grid cell

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

The GHSL has been produced by the European Commission Joint Research Centre as open and free data. Reuse is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. For more information, please read the use conditions (European Commission Reuse and Copyright Notice).




Explore with Earth Engine

Code Editor (JavaScript)

var image_1975 = ee.Image('JRC/GHSL/P2023A/GHS_BUILT_S/1975');
var built_1975 ='built_surface');
var image_2020 = ee.Image('JRC/GHSL/P2023A/GHS_BUILT_S/2020');
var built_2020 ='built_surface');
var visParams = {min: 0.0, max: 8000.0, palette: ['000000', 'FFFFFF']};

Map.setCenter(77.156, 28.6532, 10);
Map.addLayer(built_1975, visParams, 'Built-up surface [m2], 1975');
Map.addLayer(built_2020, visParams, 'Built-up surface [m2], 2020');
Open in Code Editor