Captions

A caption resource represents a YouTube caption track. A caption track is associated with exactly one YouTube video.

Methods

The API supports the following methods for captions resources:

list
Retrieve a list of caption tracks that are associated with a specified video. Note that the API response does not contain the actual captions and that the captions.download method provides the ability to retrieve a caption track. Try it now.
insert
Upload a caption track.
update
Update a caption track. When updating a caption track, you can change the track's draft status, upload a new caption file for the track, or both.
delete
Delete a specified caption track. Try it now.
download
Download a caption track. The caption track is returned in its original format unless the request specifies a value for the tfmt parameter and in its original language unless the request specifies a value for the tlang parameter. Try it now.

Resource representation

The following JSON structure shows the format of a captions resource:

{
  "kind": "youtube#caption",
  "etag": etag,
  "id": string,
  "snippet": {
    "videoId": string,
    "lastUpdated": datetime,
    "trackKind": string,
    "language": string,
    "name": string,
    "audioTrackType": string,
    "isCC": boolean,
    "isLarge": boolean,
    "isEasyReader": boolean,
    "isDraft": boolean,
    "isAutoSynced": boolean,
    "status": string,
    "failureReason": string
  }
}

Properties

The following table defines the properties that appear in this resource:

Properties
kind string
Identifies the API resource's type. The value will be youtube#caption.
etag etag
The Etag of this resource.
id string
The ID that YouTube uses to uniquely identify the caption track.
snippet object
The snippet object contains basic details about the caption.
snippet.videoId string
The ID that YouTube uses to uniquely identify the video associated with the caption track.
snippet.lastUpdated datetime
The date and time when the caption track was last updated. The value is specified in ISO 8601 (YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.sZ) format.
snippet.trackKind string
The caption track's type.

Valid values for this property are:
  • ASR – A caption track generated using automatic speech recognition.
  • forced – A caption track that plays when no other track is selected in the player. For example, a video that shows aliens speaking in an alien language might have a forced caption track to only show subtitles for the alien language.
  • standard – A regular caption track. This is the default value.
snippet.language string
The language of the caption track. The property value is a BCP-47 language tag.
snippet.name string
The name of the caption track. The name is intended to be visible to the user as an option during playback.
snippet.audioTrackType string
The type of audio track associated with the caption track.

Valid values for this property are:
  • commentary – The caption track corresponds to an alternate audio track that includes commentary, such as directory commentary.
  • descriptive – The caption track corresponds to an alternate audio track that includes additional descriptive audio.
  • primary – The caption track corresponds to the primary audio track for the video, which is the audio track normally associated with the video.
  • unknown – This is the default value.
snippet.isCC boolean
Indicates whether the track contains closed captions for the deaf and hard of hearing. The default value is false.
snippet.isLarge boolean
Indicates whether the caption track uses large text for the vision-impaired. The default value is false.
snippet.isEasyReader boolean
Indicates whether caption track is formatted for "easy reader," meaning it is at a third-grade level for language learners. The default value is false.
snippet.isDraft boolean
Indicates whether the caption track is a draft. If the value is true, then the track is not publicly visible. The default value is false.
snippet.isAutoSynced boolean
Indicates whether YouTube synchronized the caption track to the audio track in the video. The value will be true if a sync was explicitly requested when the caption track was uploaded. For example, when calling the captions.insert or captions.update methods, you can set the sync parameter to true to instruct YouTube to sync the uploaded track to the video. If the value is false, YouTube uses the time codes in the uploaded caption track to determine when to display captions.
snippet.status string
The caption track's status.

Valid values for this property are:
  • failed
  • serving
  • syncing
snippet.failureReason string
The reason that YouTube failed to process the caption track. This property is only present if the state property's value is failed.

Valid values for this property are:
  • processingFailed – YouTube failed to process the uploaded caption track.
  • unknownFormat – The caption track's format was not recognized.
  • unsupportedFormat – The caption track's format is not supported.

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YouTube Data API
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