Testing your Actions with users gives you the opportunity to get early feedback and fix any technical or user experience issues before you release it widely. You can then be confident about releasing the best version of your Action to the rest of your users.
The Actions Console supports release environments so that you can give a limited set of users access to test a new Action, or newer version of your existing Action, before deploying it to the public.
Lifecycle of a release
There are two types of release environments that the Actions Console supports:
- Alpha: You should create an alpha release to quickly test early versions of your Action. This channel lets you distribute an Action to a small set of users without going through a full Google review. Users will be given warnings that the Action hasn’t undergone a Google review for policy compliance. Once you've tested with a smaller group of employees or trusted users, you can expand your test to a closed beta release.
- Beta: This channel lets you distribute an Action to a limited set of users after passing a full Google review. You should use this channel to give users outside your organization access to early versions of the Action. Users will be informed that the Action is a preview version. Since the closed beta version has passed Google review, you can elect to make it public at any time without another review by Google.
The following diagram shows the lifecycle of an Action with release environments.
After creating an Actions project in the Actions Console, you can submit the draft Action for alpha release. If there are no issues with your draft, the console publishes your Action in the alpha channel. You can choose to unpublish the alpha version of your Action at any time.
When you submit your draft or alpha Action for release in the beta or production release channels, Google will conduct a full review of your Action. If your Action is approved for beta release, you can move it to production at any time. You can also choose to unpublish the beta version of your Action at any time. If the Action is rejected during the review, you’ll receive feedback from Google on what needs to be fixed.
Note that you can only have one "live" alpha or beta version of your Action published per Actions project.
Understanding the differences between release environments
The table below summarizes the differences between the different deployment channels.
|Test App ("Talk to my test app")||Alpha||Beta||Production|
|Intended audience||The developer only.||Early testers within your team, friends, and family.||Testers outside of your team.||All Google Assistant users.|
|Requires Google Review?||No.||No.||Yes.||Yes|
|Who has access||The developer only.||Developer-defined list of users. Users must opt in.||Developer-defined list of users. Users must opt in.||Publicly available to all Google Assistant users.|
|Max # of users||1||20||200||Not applicable|
|Where available||Simulator and all Assistant devices.||All Assistant devices.||All Assistant devices.||All Assistant devices.|
|Smart Home||Supported (requires account linking).||Not supported.||Not supported.||Yes|
|Templates||Supported.||Not supported.||Not supported.||Yes|
Set up alpha/beta releases
To set up your Action for the alpha or beta release channel, follow these steps:
Open the Manage Release page. Open your Actions project in the Actions Console. In the left navigation, scroll down to the Deploy section and click on the Release link.
Select the release channel. In the Manage Releases page, click on the button to submit for alpha or beta release.
- Select the languages for your release. The list of languages you can select will be based on the ones you configured for your Action project in the Languages page.
- Complete the release checklist. Indicate you have completed the required steps. Then, click the Submit for Review button.
- Select testers. In the next dialog, click on the button to whitelist testers to try your alpha or beta version. Then, enter the email addresses for the testers. You can specify up to 20 testers for alpha testing and up to 200 testers for beta testing. Testers must have a Google account (@gmail.com) or a G Suite account. You cannot whitelist multiple users via a Google group email alias. Click Save to complete your submission.
- Invite testers. You should send an invitation email to whitelisted testers with a link to the alpha or beta version of your Action. To learn more, see Get feedback.
The opt-in link represents your Action directory page and never changes. Your testers will be directed to your directory page and see the opt-in card for the eligible environment. If you whitelisted the same testers for alpha and beta, they are eligible for both and will see an opt-in card for the alpha version first.
After the alpha or beta version is submitted, it appears in the Manage Releases page with a status (Under review, Denied, or Deployed).
Once you have submitted your Action for release to a release channel, you can still make further changes to manage users, test the version, or withdraw the version.
To perform these tasks:
- In the Manage Releases page, scroll to the section for the live alpha or beta release.
- Click on the 'more' icon with 3 vertical dots located to the right of the section.
- Select one of these options:
- Deploy to Production. Deploys the beta version of your Action to production. This option is only available for versions that have been reviewed and approved by Google.
- Undeploy. This unpublishes your live Action from the release channel that it was deployed to.
- Test this version. Opens the Actions Console simulator to test this version of the Action.
- Withdraw from review. Withdraws the request to review that version. The version will be listed in the overview table as ‘Not reviewed’. You can still submit it for review later or re-deploy to the alpha release channel.
- Submit for Review. If your version in alpha is not reviewed yet, you can submit it for review to be deployed to beta or production.
Implement fulfillment for alpha/beta releases
The release channel information is not included in the HTTP request from the Assistant to your fulfillment. To handle release channels in your fulfillment, you should provide different fulfillment URLs (for example, one fulfillment URL for the beta and another URL for the production version of your Action).
Once your Action has been published to the alpha or beta release channel, you should invite whitelisted testers by sharing your opt-in link (which is the same as your directory link).
When users click on this link, they are directed to the corresponding Actions directory page and shown a dialog to opt-in.
After opting-in, testers will see your Action in the My Apps section of the Google Assistant app labelled with one of these modes: Alpha, Beta, or No testing. The No testing option will serve users the Production version of your Action if available. If there is no Production version, users will not be served with anything.
- Make sure users can join the tests. Your testers will need to have a Google account (@gmail.com) or a G Suite account to join a test.
- Choose the appropriate testing type. An alpha testing group should be small and test the least stable, experimental versions of your actions (such as within your company or team). Use beta testing with a larger group to test stable versions of your actions that are near release.
- Provide a channel for testers to send you feedback. Alpha and beta channels are only available to your own testers. Make sure to offer them the ability to provide feedback by email, via a website, in a message forum, or through another suitable mechanism.
- Run concurrent tests on the same action. You can run an alpha and beta tests concurrently.
- If you delete anyone from your tester group or if you undeploy the alpha/beta version, your testers may not receive any response from your Action even if you have a production version. If this occurs, please ask your testers to reset their Action settings in your directory page. (They can go to directory page with your opt-in link or via search in the Assistant app.)
- The Actions directory for the web is not supported for opt-in to alpha/beta. Make sure your testers follow the link on their mobile devices (Android or iOS).
- Your changes may take a few hours to go live. Please hold off for an appropriate period of time before sharing the opt-in link with your users.