Go Quickstart

Complete the steps described in the rest of this page, and in about five minutes you'll have a simple Go command-line application that makes requests to the Drive API.


To run this quickstart, you'll need:

  • Go, latest version recommended.
  • Git, latest version recommended.
  • A Google account with Google Drive enabled.

Step 1: Turn on the Drive API

  1. Use this wizard to create or select a project in the Google Developers Console and automatically turn on the API. Click Continue, then Go to credentials.
  2. On the Add credentials to your project page, click the Cancel button.
  3. At the top of the page, select the OAuth consent screen tab. Select an Email address, enter a Product name if not already set, and click the Save button.
  4. Select the Credentials tab, click the Create credentials button and select OAuth client ID.
  5. Select the application type Other, enter the name "Drive API Quickstart", and click the Create button.
  6. Click OK to dismiss the resulting dialog.
  7. Click the file_download (Download JSON) button to the right of the client ID.
  8. Move this file to your working directory and rename it client_secret.json.

Step 2: Prepare the workspace

  1. Set the GOPATH environment variable to your working directory.
  2. Get the Drive API Go client library and OAuth2 package using the following commands:
go get -u google.golang.org/api/drive/v3
go get -u golang.org/x/oauth2/...

Step 3: Set up the sample

Create a file named quickstart.go in your working directory and copy in the following code:

package main

import (


// Retrieve a token, saves the token, then returns the generated client.
func getClient(config *oauth2.Config) *http.Client {
	tokenFile := "token.json"
	tok, err := tokenFromFile(tokenFile)
	if err != nil {
		tok = getTokenFromWeb(config)
		saveToken(tokenFile, tok)
	return config.Client(context.Background(), tok)

// Request a token from the web, then returns the retrieved token.
func getTokenFromWeb(config *oauth2.Config) *oauth2.Token {
	authURL := config.AuthCodeURL("state-token", oauth2.AccessTypeOffline)
	fmt.Printf("Go to the following link in your browser then type the "+
		"authorization code: \n%v\n", authURL)

	var authCode string
	if _, err := fmt.Scan(&authCode); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Unable to read authorization code %v", err)

	tok, err := config.Exchange(oauth2.NoContext, authCode)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Unable to retrieve token from web %v", err)
	return tok

// Retrieves a token from a local file.
func tokenFromFile(file string) (*oauth2.Token, error) {
	f, err := os.Open(file)
	defer f.Close()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	tok := &oauth2.Token{}
	err = json.NewDecoder(f).Decode(tok)
	return tok, err

// Saves a token to a file path.
func saveToken(path string, token *oauth2.Token) {
	fmt.Printf("Saving credential file to: %s\n", path)
	f, err := os.OpenFile(path, os.O_RDWR|os.O_CREATE|os.O_TRUNC, 0600)
	defer f.Close()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Unable to cache oauth token: %v", err)

func main() {
	b, err := ioutil.ReadFile("client_secret.json")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Unable to read client secret file: %v", err)

	// If modifying these scopes, delete your previously saved client_secret.json.
	config, err := google.ConfigFromJSON(b, drive.DriveMetadataReadonlyScope)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Unable to parse client secret file to config: %v", err)

	srv, err := drive.New(getClient(config))
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Unable to retrieve Drive client: %v", err)

	r, err := srv.Files.List().PageSize(10).
		Fields("nextPageToken, files(id, name)").Do()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Unable to retrieve files: %v", err)
	if len(r.Files) == 0 {
		fmt.Println("No files found.")
	} else {
		for _, i := range r.Files {
			fmt.Printf("%s (%s)\n", i.Name, i.Id)

Step 4: Run the sample

Build and run the sample using the following command from your working directory:

go run quickstart.go

The first time you run the sample, it will prompt you to authorize access:

  1. Browse to the provided URL in your web browser.

    If you are not already logged into your Google account, you will be prompted to log in. If you are logged into multiple Google accounts, you will be asked to select one account to use for the authorization.

  2. Click the Accept button.
  3. Copy the code you're given, paste it into the command-line prompt, and press Enter.


  • Authorization information is stored on the file system, so subsequent executions will not prompt for authorization.
  • The authorization flow in this example is designed for a command-line application. For information on how to perform authorization in a web application, see Using OAuth 2.0 for Web Server Applications.

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