The optimized targeting launch has been postponed. Line items will continue to use the targeting expansion feature and the targetingExpansion field of the LineItem resource will continue to behave as it has previously.

Target Audiences

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The aggregate targeting of most targeting types is a result of multiple AssignedTargetingOption resources. Within a targeting type, each assigned targeting option may specify a different value, for example an individual browser for TARGETING_TYPE_BROWSER. If you want your resource to target an additional browser, you can do so by creating a new assigned targeting option of TARGETING_TYPE_BROWSER under that resource. Similarly, if you no longer want to target a specific browser, you can delete the corresponding assigned targeting option.

Audience group targeting doesn't follow this modular convention. Instead, all audience IDs involved in a resource's targeting are assigned to that resource through a single AssignedTargetingOption of type TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP. Attempts to assign multiple audience group assigned targeting options to a resource will return an error. This page details the logic dictating this assigned targeting option and describes how to correctly update existing audience group targeting.

Audience group targeting logic

The single audience group assigned targeting option has a set AudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptionsDetails object composed of lists of audience IDs, known as audience groups, to include and exclude when serving ads. The aggregate targeting of the assigned targeting option is a result of the following logical operations:

  • Individual audience group objects of all types combine their included audiences by UNION.
  • The includedFirstAndThirdAudienceGroups field, which consists of a list of FirstAndThirdPartyAudienceGroup objects, combines audience groups by INTERSECTION.
  • All audience group fields with the prefix "included", representing user lists or segments of user lists to positively target, are combined by UNION.
  • All excluded audience group fields are combined by UNION and the COMPLEMENT of the result is combined with positive targeting by INTERSECTION.

In practicality, this means that the resulting AudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptionsDetails will target a user if both of the following conditions are met:

  1. The user falls into every audience group in the list of includedFirstAndThirdPartyAudienceGroups or falls into at least one of includedGoogleAudienceGroup, includedCustomListGroup, or includedCombinedAudienceGroup.
  2. The user doesn't fall into excludedFirstAndThirdPartyAudienceGroup or excludedGoogleAudienceGroup.

Update audience group targeting

In order to update the audience group targeting of a line item, the current assigned targeting option, if there is one, must be deleted and then a new assigned targeting option with the desired changes needs to be created. This can be done in a single request using advertisers.lineItems.bulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptions .

Here's an example of how to update the existing the audience targeting of a line item by retrieving any existing audience group targeting and then making a bulk edit request:

Java

long advertiserId = advertiser-id;
long lineItemId = line-item-id
List<Long> addedGoogleAudienceIds =
    Arrays.asList(google-audience-id-to-add,...);

// Build Google Audience targeting settings objects to add to audience
// targeting.
ArrayList<GoogleAudienceTargetingSetting> newGoogleAudienceSettings =
    new ArrayList<GoogleAudienceTargetingSetting>();

// Convert list of Google Audience IDs into list of settings.
for (Long googleAudienceId : addedGoogleAudienceIds) {
  newGoogleAudienceSettings.add(new GoogleAudienceTargetingSetting()
      .setGoogleAudienceId(googleAudienceId));
}

// Create relevant bulk edit request objects.
BulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest requestContent =
    new BulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest();
AudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptionDetails updatedAudienceGroupDetails;
ArrayList<DeleteAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest> audienceGroupDeleteRequests =
    new ArrayList<DeleteAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest>();

try {
  // Retrieve existing audience group targeting.
  AssignedTargetingOption existingAudienceGroupTargetingOption =
      service
          .advertisers()
          .lineItems()
          .targetingTypes()
          .assignedTargetingOptions()
          .get(
              advertiserId,
              lineItemId,
              "TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP",
              "audienceGroup"
          ).execute();

  // Extract existing audience group targeting details.
  updatedAudienceGroupDetails =
      existingAudienceGroupTargetingOption.getAudienceGroupDetails();

  // Build and add delete request for existing audience group targeting.
  ArrayList<String> deleteAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingIds =
      new ArrayList<String>();
  deleteAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingIds.add("audienceGroup");

  audienceGroupDeleteRequests
      .add(new DeleteAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest()
          .setTargetingType("TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP")
          .setAssignedTargetingOptionIds(
              deleteAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingIds
          )
      );
}
catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
  updatedAudienceGroupDetails =
      new AudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptionDetails();
}

// Set delete requests in edit request.
requestContent.setDeleteRequests(audienceGroupDeleteRequests);

// Construct new group of Google Audiences to include in targeting.
GoogleAudienceGroup updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup =
    updatedAudienceGroupDetails.getIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup();
if (updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup != null) {
  List<GoogleAudienceTargetingSetting> updatedGoogleAudienceSettings =
      updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup.getSettings();
  updatedGoogleAudienceSettings.addAll(newGoogleAudienceSettings);
  updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup
      .setSettings(updatedGoogleAudienceSettings);
} else {
  updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup = new GoogleAudienceGroup();
  updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup.setSettings(newGoogleAudienceSettings);
}

// Add new Google Audience group to audience group targeting details.
updatedAudienceGroupDetails
    .setIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup(updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup);

// Create new targeting option to assign.
AssignedTargetingOption newAudienceGroupTargeting =
    new AssignedTargetingOption();
newAudienceGroupTargeting
    .setAudienceGroupDetails(updatedAudienceGroupDetails);

// Build audience group targeting create request and add to list of create
// requests.
ArrayList<AssignedTargetingOption> createAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptions =
    new ArrayList<AssignedTargetingOption>();
createAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptions.add(newAudienceGroupTargeting);
ArrayList<CreateAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest> targetingCreateRequests =
    new ArrayList<CreateAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest>();
targetingCreateRequests.add(new CreateAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest()
    .setTargetingType("TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP")
    .setAssignedTargetingOptions(
        createAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptions
    )
);

// Set create requests in edit request.
requestContent.setCreateRequests(targetingCreateRequests);

// Configure and execute the bulk list request.
BulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptionsResponse response =
    service.advertisers().lineItems()
        .bulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptions(
            advertiserId,
            lineItemId,
            requestContent).execute();

Python

advertiser_id = advertiser-id
line_item_id = line-item-id
added_google_audiences = [google-audience-id-to-add,...]

# Build Google Audience targeting settings objects to create.
new_google_audience_targeting_settings = []
for google_audience_id in added_google_audiences:
 new_google_audience_targeting_settings.append(
     {'googleAudienceId': google_audience_id}
 )

# Retrieve any existing line item audience targeting.
retrieved_audience_targeting = service.advertisers().lineItems(
).targetingTypes().assignedTargetingOptions().get(
   advertiserId=advertiser_id,
   lineItemId=line_item_id,
   targetingType="TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP",
   assignedTargetingOptionId="audienceGroup"
).execute()

updated_audience_group_details = {}

# Copy over any existing audience targeting.
if 'audienceGroupDetails' in retrieved_audience_targeting:
 updated_audience_group_details = retrieved_audience_targeting[
     'audienceGroupDetails']

# Append the new Google Audience IDs to any existing positive Google
# audience targeting.
if 'includedGoogleAudienceGroup' in updated_audience_group_details:
 updated_audience_group_details[
     'includedGoogleAudienceGroup']['settings'].extend(
         new_google_audience_targeting_settings)
else:
 updated_audience_group_details['includedGoogleAudienceGroup'] = {
     'settings': new_google_audience_targeting_settings
 }

# Build bulk edit request.
bulk_edit_request = {
   'deleteRequests': [
       {
         'targetingType': "TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP",
         'assignedTargetingOptionIds': [
           "audienceGroup"
         ]
       }
   ],
   'createRequests': [
       {
           'targetingType': "TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP",
           'assignedTargetingOptions': [
               {'audienceGroupDetails': updated_audience_group_details}
           ]
       }
   ]
}

# Update the audience targeting
updated_audience_targeting = service.advertisers().lineItems(
).bulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptions(
   advertiserId=advertiser_id,
   lineItemId=line_item_id,
   body=bulk_edit_request
).execute()

PHP

$advertiserId = advertiser-id;
$lineItemId = line-item-id;
$addedGoogleAudienceIds = array(google-audience-id-to-add,...);

// Convert list of Google Audience IDs into list of Google Audience
// settings.
$newGoogleAudienceSettings = array();
foreach ($addedGoogleAudienceIds as $googleAudienceId) {
    $newSetting =
        new Google_Service_DisplayVideo_GoogleAudienceTargetingSetting();
    $newSetting->setGoogleAudienceId($googleAudienceId);
    $newGoogleAudienceSettings[] = $newSetting;
}

// Create a bulk edit request.
$requestBody =
    new Google_Service_DisplayVideo_BulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest();

$audienceGroupDeleteRequests = array();

try {
    // Retrieve existing audience group targeting.
    $existingAudienceGroupTargetingOption = $this
        ->service
        ->advertisers_lineItems_targetingTypes_assignedTargetingOptions
        ->get(
            $advertiserId,
            $lineItemId,
            'TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP',
            'audienceGroup'
        );

    // Extract existing audience group targeting details.
    $updatedAudienceGroupDetails =
        $existingAudienceGroupTargetingOption
            ->getAudienceGroupDetails();

    // Build and add delete request for existing audience group
    // targeting.
    $deleteAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingIds = array();
    $deleteAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingIds[] = "audienceGroup";

    $audienceGroupDeleteRequest =
        new Google_Service_DisplayVideo_DeleteAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest();
    $audienceGroupDeleteRequest
        ->setTargetingType('TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP');
    $audienceGroupDeleteRequest
        ->setAssignedTargetingOptionIds(
            $deleteAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingIds
        );
    $audienceGroupDeleteRequests[] = $audienceGroupDeleteRequest;
} catch (\Exception $e) {
    $updatedAudienceGroupDetails =
        new Google_Service_DisplayVideo_AudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptionDetails();
}

// Set delete requests in edit request.
$requestBody->setDeleteRequests($audienceGroupDeleteRequests);

// Construct new group of Google Audiences to include in targeting.
$updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup = $updatedAudienceGroupDetails
    ->getIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup();

if (!empty($updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup)) {
    // Get existing settings.
    $updatedGoogleAudienceSettings =
    $updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup->getSettings();

    // Add new Google Audiences to existing list.
    $updatedGoogleAudienceSettings = array_merge(
        $updatedGoogleAudienceSettings,
        $newGoogleAudienceSettings
    );

    // Set updated Google Audience list.
    $updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup
        ->setSettings($updatedGoogleAudienceSettings);
} else {
    // Create new Google Audience group.
    $updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup =
        new Google_Service_DisplayVideo_GoogleAudienceGroup();

    // Set list of new Google Audiences for targeting.
    $updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup
        ->setSettings($newGoogleAudienceSettings);
}

// Add new Google Audience group to audience group targeting details.
$updatedAudienceGroupDetails
    ->setIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup(
        $updatedIncludedGoogleAudienceGroup
    );

// Create new targeting option to assign.
$newAudienceGroupTargeting =
    new Google_Service_DisplayVideo_AssignedTargetingOption();
$newAudienceGroupTargeting
    ->setAudienceGroupDetails($updatedAudienceGroupDetails);

// Build audience group targeting create request and add to list of
// create requests.
$createAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptions = array();
$createAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptions[] =
    $newAudienceGroupTargeting;
$createAudienceGroupTargetingRequest =
    new Google_Service_DisplayVideo_CreateAssignedTargetingOptionsRequest();
$createAudienceGroupTargetingRequest->setTargetingType(
    "TARGETING_TYPE_AUDIENCE_GROUP"
);
$createAudienceGroupTargetingRequest->setAssignedTargetingOptions(
    $createAudienceGroupAssignedTargetingOptions
);
$createRequests[] = $createAudienceGroupTargetingRequest;

// Set create requests in edit request.
$requestBody->setCreateRequests($createRequests);

// Call the API, editing the assigned targeting options for the
// identified line item.
$response = $this
    ->service
    ->advertisers_lineItems
    ->bulkEditLineItemAssignedTargetingOptions(
        $advertiserId,
        $lineItemId,
        $requestBody
    );

Expand audience targeting

Display & Video 360 offers automated targeting expansion for audience targeting utilizing Google Audiences, custom lists, and first-party audiences. Targeting expansion is set at the line item level and can be configured through the targetingExpansion field in the line item resource.