Timeline: insert

Requires authorization

Inserts a new item into the timeline. See an example.

This method supports an /upload URI and accepts uploaded media with the following characteristics:

  • Maximum file size: 10MB
  • Accepted Media MIME types: image/* , audio/* , video/*

If provided, the uploaded media is inserted as an attachment to the timeline item.

Request

HTTP request

This method provides media upload functionality through two separate URIs. For more details, see the document on media upload.

  • Upload URI, for media upload requests:
    POST https://www.googleapis.com/upload/mirror/v1/timeline
  • Metadata URI, for metadata-only requests:
    POST https://www.googleapis.com/mirror/v1/timeline

Parameters

Parameter name Value Description
Required query parameters
uploadType string The type of upload request to the /upload URI. Acceptable values are:
  • media - Simple upload. Upload the media only, without any metadata.
  • multipart - Multipart upload. Upload both the media and its metadata, in a single request.
  • resumable - Resumable upload. Upload the file in a resumable fashion, using a series of at least two requests where the first request includes the metadata.

Authorization

This request requires authorization with at least one of the following scopes (read more about authentication and authorization).

Scope
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/glass.timeline
https://www.googleapis.com/auth/glass.location

Request body

In the request body, supply a Timeline resource with the following properties as the metadata. For more information, see the document on media upload.

Property name Value Description Notes
Optional Properties
bundleId string The bundle ID for this item. Services can specify a bundleId to group many items together. They appear under a single top-level item on the device. writable
canonicalUrl string A canonical URL pointing to the canonical/high quality version of the data represented by the timeline item. writable
creator nested object The user or group that created this item. writable
displayTime datetime The time that should be displayed when this item is viewed in the timeline, formatted according to RFC 3339. This user's timeline is sorted chronologically on display time, so this will also determine where the item is displayed in the timeline. If not set by the service, the display time defaults to the updated time. writable
html string HTML content for this item. If both text and html are provided for an item, the html will be rendered in the timeline.

Allowed HTML elements - You can use these elements in your timeline cards.

  • Headers: h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6
  • Images: img
  • Lists: li, ol, ul
  • HTML5 semantics: article, aside, details, figure, figcaption, footer, header, nav, section, summary, time
  • Structural: blockquote, br, div, hr, p, span
  • Style: b, big, center, em, i, u, s, small, strike, strong, style, sub, sup
  • Tables: table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr

Blocked HTML elements: These elements and their contents are removed from HTML payloads.

  • Document headers: head, title
  • Embeds: audio, embed, object, source, video
  • Frames: frame, frameset
  • Scripting: applet, script

Other elements: Any elements that aren't listed are removed, but their contents are preserved.

writable
isBundleCover boolean Whether this item is a bundle cover.

If an item is marked as a bundle cover, it will be the entry point to the bundle of items that have the same bundleId as that item. It will be shown only on the main timeline — not within the opened bundle.

On the main timeline, items that are shown are:
  • Items that have isBundleCover set to true
  • Items that do not have a bundleId
In a bundle sub-timeline, items that are shown are:
  • Items that have the bundleId in question AND isBundleCover set to false
writable
location nested object The geographic location associated with this item. writable
notification nested object Controls how notifications for this item are presented on the device. If this is missing, no notification will be generated. writable
notification.deliveryTime datetime The time at which the notification should be delivered. writable
notification.level string Describes how important the notification is. Allowed values are:
  • DEFAULT - Notifications of default importance. A chime will be played to alert users.
writable
recipients[] list A list of users or groups that this item has been shared with. writable
sourceItemId string Opaque string you can use to map a timeline item to data in your own service. writable
speakableText string The speakable version of the content of this item. Along with the READ_ALOUD menu item, use this field to provide text that would be clearer when read aloud, or to provide extended information to what is displayed visually on Glass.

Glassware should also specify the speakableType field, which will be spoken before this text in cases where the additional context is useful, for example when the user requests that the item be read aloud following a notification.
writable
speakableType string A speakable description of the type of this item. This will be announced to the user prior to reading the content of the item in cases where the additional context is useful, for example when the user requests that the item be read aloud following a notification.

This should be a short, simple noun phrase such as "Email", "Text message", or "Daily Planet News Update".

Glassware are encouraged to populate this field for every timeline item, even if the item does not contain speakableText or text so that the user can learn the type of the item without looking at the screen.
writable
text string Text content of this item. writable
title string The title of this item. writable

Response

If successful, this method returns a Timeline resource in the response body.

Examples

Note: The code examples available for this method do not represent all supported programming languages (see the client libraries page for a list of supported languages).

Java

Uses the Java client library.

import com.google.api.client.http.InputStreamContent;
import com.google.api.services.mirror.Mirror;
import com.google.api.services.mirror.model.NotificationConfig;
import com.google.api.services.mirror.model.TimelineItem;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

public class MyClass {
  // ...

  /**
   * Insert a new timeline item in the user's glass with an optional
   * notification and attachment.
   * 
   * @param service Authorized Mirror service.
   * @param text timeline item's text.
   * @param contentType Optional attachment's content type (supported content
   *        types are "image/*", "video/*" and "audio/*").
   * @param attachment Optional attachment stream.
   * @param notificationLevel Optional notification level, supported values are
   *        {@code null} and "AUDIO_ONLY".
   * @return Inserted timeline item on success, {@code null} otherwise.
   */
  public static TimelineItem insertTimelineItem(Mirror service, String text, String contentType,
      InputStream attachment, String notificationLevel) {
    TimelineItem timelineItem = new TimelineItem();
    timelineItem.setText(text);
    if (notificationLevel != null && notificationLevel.length() > 0) {
      timelineItem.setNotification(new NotificationConfig().setLevel(notificationLevel));
    }
    try {
      if (contentType != null && contentType.length() > 0 && attachment != null) {
        // Insert both metadata and attachment.
        InputStreamContent mediaContent = new InputStreamContent(contentType, attachment);
        return service.timeline().insert(timelineItem, mediaContent).execute();
      } else {
        // Insert metadata only.
        return service.timeline().insert(timelineItem).execute();
      }
    } catch (IOException e) {
      System.err.println("An error occurred: " + e);
      return null;
    }
  }

  // ...
}

.NET

Uses the .NET client library.

using System;
using System.IO;

using Google.Apis.Mirror.v1;
using Google.Apis.Mirror.v1.Data;

public class MyClass {
  // ...

  /// <summary>
  /// Insert a new timeline item in the user's glass with an optional
  /// notification and attachment.
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name='service'>Authorized Mirror service.</param>
  /// <param name='text'>Timeline Item's text.</param>
  /// <param name='contentType'>
  /// Optional attachment's content type (supported content types are
  /// "image/*", "video/*" and "audio/*").
  /// </param>
  /// <param name='attachment'>Optional attachment stream</param>
  /// <param name='notificationLevel'>
  /// Optional notification level, supported values are null and
  /// "AUDIO_ONLY".
  /// </param>
  /// <returns>
  /// Inserted timeline item on success, null otherwise.
  /// </returns>
  public static TimelineItem InsertTimelineItem(MirrorService service,
      String text, String contentType, Stream attachment,
      String notificationLevel) {
    TimelineItem timelineItem = new TimelineItem();
    timelineItem.Text = text;
    if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(notificationLevel)) {
      timelineItem.Notification = new NotificationConfig() {
        Level = notificationLevel
      };
    }
    try {
      if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(contentType) && attachment != null) {
        // Insert both metadata and media.
        TimelineResource.InsertMediaUpload request = service.Timeline.Insert(
            timelineItem, attachment, contentType);
        request.Upload();
        return request.ResponseBody;
      } else {
        // Insert metadata only.
        return service.Timeline.Insert(timelineItem).Fetch();
      }
    } catch (Exception e) {
      Console.WriteLine("An error occurred: " + e.Message);
      return null;
    }
  }

  // ...
}

PHP

Uses the PHP client library.

/**
 * Insert a new timeline item in the user's glass with an optional
 * notification and attachment.
 *
 * @param Google_MirrorService $service Authorized Mirror service.
 * @param string $text timeline item's text.
 * @param string $contentType Optional attachment's content type (supported
 *                            content types are "image/*", "video/*"
 *                            and "audio/*").
 * @param string $attachment Optional attachment content.
 * @param string $notificationLevel Optional notification level,
 *                                  supported values are {@code null}
 *                                  and "AUDIO_ONLY".
 * @return Google_TimelineItem Inserted timeline item on success, otherwise.
 */
function insertTimelineItem($service, $text, $contentType, $attachment,
                            $notificationLevel) {
  try {
    $timelineItem = new Google_TimelineItem();
    $timelineItem->setText($text);
    if ($notificationlevel != null) {
      $notification = new Google_NotificationConfig();
      $notification->setLevel($notificationLevel);
      $timelineItem->setNotification($notification);
    }
    $optParams = array();
    if ($contentType != null && $attachment != null) {
      $optParams['data'] = $attachment;
      $optParams['mimeType'] = $contentType;
    }
    return $service->timeline->insert($timelineItem, $optParams);
  } catch (Exception $e) {
    print 'An error occurred: ' . $e->getMessage();
    return null;
  }
}

Python

Uses the Python client library.

import io

from apiclient import errors
from apiclient.http import MediaIoBaseUpload
# ...

def insert_timeline_item(service, text, content_type=None, attachment=None,
                         notification_level=None):
  """Insert a new timeline item in the user's glass.

  Args:
    service: Authorized Mirror service.
    text: timeline item's text.
    content_type: Optional attachment's content type (supported content types
                  are 'image/*', 'video/*' and 'audio/*').
    attachment: Optional attachment as data string.
    notification_level: Optional notification level, supported values are None
                        and 'AUDIO_ONLY'.

  Returns:
    Inserted timeline item on success, None otherwise.
  """
  timeline_item = {'text': text}
  media_body = None
  if notification_level:
    timeline_item['notification'] = {'level': notification_level}
  if content_type and attachment:
    media_body = MediaIoBaseUpload(
        io.BytesIO(attachment), mimetype=content_type, resumable=True)
  try:
    return service.timeline().insert(
        body=timeline_item, media_body=media_body).execute()
  except errors.HttpError, error:
    print 'An error occurred: %s' % error

Ruby

Uses the Ruby client library.

##
# Insert a new Timeline Item in the user's glass.
#
# @param [Google::APIClient] client
#   Authorized client instance.
# @param [String] text
#   Timeline item's text.
# @param [String] content_type
#   Optional attachment's content type (supported content types are 'image/*',
#   'video/*' and 'audio/*').
# @param [String] filename
#   Optional attachment's filename.
# @param [String] notification_level
#   Optional notification level, supported values are nil and 'AUDIO_ONLY'.
# @return [Google::APIClient::Schema::Mirror::V1::TimelineItem]
#   Timeline item instance if successful, nil otherwise.
def insert_timeline_item(client, text, content_type, filename,
                         notification_level)
  mirror = client.discovered_api('mirror', 'v1')
  timeline_item = mirror.timeline.insert.request_schema.new({ 'text' => text })
  if notification_level
    timeline_item.notification = { 'level' => notification_level }
  end
  result = nil
  if filename
    media = Google::APIClient::UploadIO.new(filename, content_type)
    result = client.execute(
      :api_method => mirror.timeline.insert,
      :body_object => timeline_item,
      :media => media,
      :parameters => {
        'uploadType' => 'multipart',
        'alt' => 'json'})
  else
    result = client.execute(
      :api_method => mirror.timeline.insert,
      :body_object => timeline_item)
  end
  if result.success?
    return result.data
  else
    puts "An error occurred: #{result.data['error']['message']}"
  end
end

Go

Uses the Go client library.

import (
	"code.google.com/p/google-api-go-client/mirror/v1"
	"fmt"
	"io"
)

// InsertTimelineItem inserts a new timeline item in the user's glass with an
// optional notification and attachment.
func InsertTimelineItem(g *mirror.Service, text string, attachment io.Reader,
	notificationLevel string) (*mirror.TimelineItem, error) {
	t := &mirror.TimelineItem{Text: text}
	if notificationLevel != "" {
		t.Notification = &mirror.NotificationConfig{Level: notificationLevel}
	}
	req := g.Timeline.Insert(t)
	if attachment != nil {
		// Add attachment to the timeline item.
		req.Media(attachment)
	}
	r, err := req.Do()
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("An error occurred: %v\n", err)
		return nil, err
	}
	return r, nil
}

Raw HTTP

Does not use a client library.

## A very simple timeline item

POST /mirror/v1/timeline HTTP/1.1
Host: www.googleapis.com
Authorization: Bearer auth token
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 26

{ "text": "Hello world" }

## A more complete timeline item with an attachment

POST /mirror/v1/timeline HTTP/1.1
Host: www.googleapis.com
Authorization: Bearer auth token
Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="mymultipartboundary"
Content-Length: length

--mymultipartboundary
Content-Type: application/json; charset=UTF-8

{
 "text": "Hello world",
 "menuItems": [
   { "action": "REPLY" },
   {
     "action": "CUSTOM",
     "id": "complete"
     "values": [{
       "displayName": "Complete",
       "iconUrl": "http://example.com/icons/complete.png"
     }]
   }
}
--mymultipartboundary
Content-Type: image/jpeg
Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary

binary image data
--mymultipartboundary--

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