NOAA CDR OISST v2: Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature

Dataset Availability
1981-09-01T00:00:00 - 2020-04-26T00:00:00
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
ocean temperature sst oisst ice daily real-time noaa avhrr cdr


The NOAA 1/4 degree daily Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature (OISST) provides complete ocean temperature fields constructed by combining bias-adjusted observations from different platforms (satellite, ships, buoys) on a regular global grid, with gaps filled in by interpolation. Satellite data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) provides the main input which permits the high temporal-spatial coverage beginning in late 1981 to the present.

The OISST dataset has a single day's data processed twice. First a near real-time preliminary version is released with a lag of 1 day, and a final version with a lag of 14 days. The final version uses extra days for smoothing, and zonal bias correction in addition to replacing the preliminary version.


0.25 arc degrees


Name Units Min Max Scale Description
sst °C -180* 3764* 0.01

Daily sea surface temperature

anom °C -1887* 1902* 0.01

Temperature anomaly; the daily OISST minus a 30-year climatological mean.

ice % 1* 100* 0.01

Seven-day median of daily sea ice concentrations.

err °C 11* 171* 0.01

Estimated error; standard deviation of analyzed sea surface temperature.

* estimated min or max value

Image Properties

Image Properties

Name Type Description
status STRING

'provisional' or 'permanent'

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

The NOAA CDR Program’s official distribution point for CDRs is NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center which provides sustained, open access and active data management of the CDR packages and related information in keeping with the United States’ open data policies and practices as described in the President's Memorandum on "Open Data Policy" and pursuant to the Executive Order of May 9, 2013, "Making Open and Machine Readable the New Default for Government Information". In line with these policies, the CDR data sets are nonproprietary, publicly available, and no restrictions are placed upon their use. For more information, see the Fair Use of NOAA's CDR Data Sets, Algorithms and Documentation pdf.


  • Richard W. Reynolds, Viva F. Banzon, and NOAA CDR Program (2008): NOAA Optimum Interpolation 1/4 Degree Daily Sea Surface Temperature (OISST) Analysis, Version 2. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5SQ8XB5 [access date].


Explore in Earth Engine

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection('NOAA/CDR/OISST/V2')
                  .filter('2017-05-01', '2017-05-14'));
var seaSurfaceTemperature ='sst');
var visParams = {
  min: -180.0,
  max: 3000.0,
  palette: [
    '040274', '040281', '0502a3', '0502b8', '0502ce', '0502e6',
    '0602ff', '235cb1', '307ef3', '269db1', '30c8e2', '32d3ef',
    '3be285', '3ff38f', '86e26f', '3ae237', 'b5e22e', 'd6e21f',
    'fff705', 'ffd611', 'ffb613', 'ff8b13', 'ff6e08', 'ff500d',
    'ff0000', 'de0101', 'c21301', 'a71001', '911003'
Map.setCenter(20.3, -20.39, 2);
Map.addLayer(seaSurfaceTemperature, visParams, 'Sea Surface Temperature');