JRC Monthly Water History, v1.3 [deprecated]

Dataset Availability
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
geophysical google history jrc landsat-derived monthly surface water


This dataset contains maps of the location and temporal distribution of surface water from 1984 to 2020 and provides statistics on the extent and change of those water surfaces. For more information see the associated journal article: High-resolution mapping of global surface water and its long-term changes (Nature, 2016) and the online Data Users Guide.

These data were generated using 4,453,989 scenes from Landsat 5, 7, and 8 acquired between 16 March 1984 and 31 December 2020. Each pixel was individually classified into water / non-water using an expert system and the results were collated into a monthly history for the entire time period and two epochs (1984-1999, 2000-2020) for change detection.

This Monthly History collection holds the entire history of water detection on a month-by-month basis. The collection contains 442 images, one for each month between March 1984 and December 2020.


30 meters


Name Description

Water detection for the month.

Image Properties

Image Properties

Name Type Description
month DOUBLE




Terms of Use

Terms of Use

All data here is produced under the Copernicus Programme and is provided free of charge, without restriction of use. For the full license information see the Copernicus Regulation.

Publications, models, and data products that make use of these datasets must include proper acknowledgement, including citing datasets and the journal article as in the following citation.

If you are using the data as a layer in a published map, please include the following attribution text: 'Source: EC JRC/Google'


  • Jean-Francois Pekel, Andrew Cottam, Noel Gorelick, Alan S. Belward, High-resolution mapping of global surface water and its long-term changes. Nature 540, 418-422 (2016). (doi:10.1038/nature20584)

Explore with Earth Engine

Code Editor (JavaScript)

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection('JRC/GSW1_3/MonthlyHistory');

var visualization = {
  bands: ['water'],
  min: 0.0,
  max: 2.0,
  palette: ['ffffff', 'fffcb8', '0905ff']

Map.setCenter(-121.234, 38.109, 7);

Map.addLayer(dataset, visualization, 'Water');