GPWv4: Gridded Population of the World Version 4, Population Density

Dataset Availability
2000-01-01T00:00:00 - 2020-01-01T00:00:00
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
population ciesin gpw


The Gridded Population of World Version 4 (GPWv4) models the distribution of global human population for the years 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2020 on 30 arc-second (approximately 1km) grid cells. Population is distributed to cells using proportional allocation of population from census and administrative units. Population input data are collected at the most detailed spatial resolution available from the results of the 2010 round of censuses, which occurred between 2005 and 2014. The input data are extrapolated to produce population estimates for each modeled year.

These population density grids contain estimates of the number of persons per square kilometer consistent with national censuses and population registers. There is one image for each modeled year.

General Documentation


30 arc seconds


Name Min Max Description
population-density 0* 3.96232e+06*

The estimated number of persons per square kilometer.

* estimated min or max value

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network - CIESIN - Columbia University. 2016. Gridded Population of the World, Version 4 (GPWv4): Population Density. Palisades, NY: NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). Accessed DAY MONTH YEAR.


Explore in Earth Engine

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection('CIESIN/GPWv4/population-density');
var populationDensity ='population-density')
  .filter('2010-01-01', '2010-12-31'));
var populationDensityVis = {
  min: 200.0,
  max: 1500.0,
  palette: ['ffffff', 'ffcdc6', 'ff0000', '950000'],
Map.setCenter(79.1, 19.81, 3);
Map.addLayer(populationDensity, populationDensityVis, 'Population Density');