Ruby 코드 예

Ruby용 Google API 클라이언트 라이브러리를 사용하는 다음 코드 샘플은 YouTube Data API에 사용할 수 있습니다. 이 코드 샘플들은 GitHub의 YouTube API 코드 샘플 리포지토리ruby 폴더에서 받으실 수 있습니다.

요청 인증

아래의 코드 샘플은 승인 사용자 인증 정보를 포함한 로컬 파일이 있는지 확인하여 OAuth 2.0 인증을 수행합니다. 로컬 파일이 없는 경우 스크립트는 브라우저를 열고 응답을 기다린 다음 반환된 사용자 인증 정보를 로컬에 저장합니다.

require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'json'
require 'launchy'
require 'thin'

RESPONSE_HTML = <<stop
<html>
  <head>
    <title>OAuth 2 Flow Complete</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    You have successfully completed the OAuth 2 flow. Please close this browser window and return to your program.
  </body>
</html>
stop

FILE_POSTFIX = '-oauth2.json'

# Small helper for the sample apps for performing OAuth 2.0 flows from the command
# line. Starts an embedded server to handle redirects.
class CommandLineOAuthHelper

  def initialize(scope)
    credentials = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load
    @authorization = Signet::OAuth2::Client.new(
      :authorization_uri => credentials.authorization_uri,
      :token_credential_uri => credentials.token_credential_uri,
      :client_id => credentials.client_id,
      :client_secret => credentials.client_secret,
      :redirect_uri => credentials.redirect_uris.first,
      :scope => scope
    )
  end

  # Request authorization. Checks to see if a local file with credentials is present, and uses that.
  # Otherwise, opens a browser and waits for response, then saves the credentials locally.
  def authorize
    credentialsFile = $0 + FILE_POSTFIX

    if File.exist? credentialsFile
      File.open(credentialsFile, 'r') do |file|
        credentials = JSON.load(file)
        @authorization.access_token = credentials['access_token']
        @authorization.client_id = credentials['client_id']
        @authorization.client_secret = credentials['client_secret']
        @authorization.refresh_token = credentials['refresh_token']
        @authorization.expires_in = (Time.parse(credentials['token_expiry']) - Time.now).ceil
        if @authorization.expired?
          @authorization.fetch_access_token!
          save(credentialsFile)
        end
      end
    else
      auth = @authorization
      url = @authorization.authorization_uri().to_s
      server = Thin::Server.new('0.0.0.0', 8080) do
        run lambda { |env|
          # Exchange the auth code & quit
          req = Rack::Request.new(env)
          auth.code = req['code']
          auth.fetch_access_token!
          server.stop()
          [200, {'Content-Type' => 'text/html'}, RESPONSE_HTML]
        }
      end

      Launchy.open(url)
      server.start()

      save(credentialsFile)
    end

    return @authorization
  end

  def save(credentialsFile)
    File.open(credentialsFile, 'w', 0600) do |file|
      json = JSON.dump({
        :access_token => @authorization.access_token,
        :client_id => @authorization.client_id,
        :client_secret => @authorization.client_secret,
        :refresh_token => @authorization.refresh_token,
        :token_expiry => @authorization.expires_at
      })
      file.write(json)
    end
  end
end

채널 게시판 게시

아래의 코드 샘플은 API의 activities.insert 메소드를 호출하여 요청과 관련된 채널에 게시판을 게시합니다.

#!/usr/bin/ruby

require 'rubygems'
gem 'google-api-client', '>0.7'
require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'google/api_client/auth/file_storage'
require 'google/api_client/auth/installed_app'
require 'trollop'

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_SCOPE = 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = 'v3'

def get_authenticated_service
  client = Google::APIClient.new(
    :application_name => $PROGRAM_NAME,
    :application_version => '1.0.0'
  )
  youtube = client.discovered_api(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION)

  file_storage = Google::APIClient::FileStorage.new("#{$PROGRAM_NAME}-oauth2.json")
  if file_storage.authorization.nil?
    client_secrets = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load
    flow = Google::APIClient::InstalledAppFlow.new(
      :client_id => client_secrets.client_id,
      :client_secret => client_secrets.client_secret,
      :scope => [YOUTUBE_SCOPE]
    )
    client.authorization = flow.authorize(file_storage)
  else
    client.authorization = file_storage.authorization
  end

  return client, youtube
end

def main
  opts = Trollop::options do
    opt :message, 'Required text of message to post.', :type => String
    opt :video_id, 'Optional ID of video to post.', :type => String
    opt :playlist_id, 'Optional ID of playlist to post.', :type => String
  end

  # You can post a message with or without an accompanying video or playlist.
  # However, you can't post a video and a playlist at the same time.
  if opts[:video_id] and opts[:playlist_id]
    Trollop::die 'You cannot post a video and a playlist at the same time'
  end
  Trollop::die :message, 'is required' unless opts[:message]

  client, youtube = get_authenticated_service

  begin
    body = {
      :snippet => {
        :description => opts[:message]
      }
    }

    if opts[:video_id]
      body[:contentDetails] = {
        :bulletin => {
          :resourceId => {
            :kind => 'youtube#video',
            :videoId => opts[:video_id]
          }
        }
      }
    end

    if opts[:playlist_id]
      body[:contentDetails] = {
        :bulletin => {
          :resourceId => {
            :kind => 'youtube#playlist',
            :playlistId => opts[:playlist_id]
          }
        }
      }
    end

    # Call the youtube.activities.insert method to post the channel bulletin.
    client.execute!(
      :api_method => youtube.activities.insert,
      :parameters => {
        :part => body.keys.join(',')
      },
      :body_object => body
    )

    puts "The bulletin was posted to your channel."
  rescue Google::APIClient::TransmissionError => e
    puts e.result.body
  end
end

main

내 업로드 검색

아래의 코드 샘플은 API의 playlistItems.list 메소드를 호출하여 요청과 관련된 채널에 업로드된 동영상 목록을 검색합니다. 이 코드는 mine 매개변수를 true로 설정하고 channels.list 메소드를 호출하여 채널에 업로드된 동영상을 식별하는 재생목록 ID도 검색할 수 있습니다.

#!/usr/bin/ruby

require 'rubygems'
gem 'google-api-client', '>0.7'
require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'google/api_client/auth/file_storage'
require 'google/api_client/auth/installed_app'

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for read-only access to the authenticated
# user's account, but not other types of account access.
YOUTUBE_READONLY_SCOPE = 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube.readonly'
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = 'v3'

def get_authenticated_service
  client = Google::APIClient.new(
    :application_name => $PROGRAM_NAME,
    :application_version => '1.0.0'
  )
  youtube = client.discovered_api(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION)

  file_storage = Google::APIClient::FileStorage.new("#{$PROGRAM_NAME}-oauth2.json")
  if file_storage.authorization.nil?
    client_secrets = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load
    flow = Google::APIClient::InstalledAppFlow.new(
      :client_id => client_secrets.client_id,
      :client_secret => client_secrets.client_secret,
      :scope => [YOUTUBE_READONLY_SCOPE]
    )
    client.authorization = flow.authorize(file_storage)
  else
    client.authorization = file_storage.authorization
  end

  return client, youtube
end

def main
  client, youtube = get_authenticated_service

  begin
    # Retrieve the "contentDetails" part of the channel resource for the
    # authenticated user's channel.
    channels_response = client.execute!(
      :api_method => youtube.channels.list,
      :parameters => {
        :mine => true,
        :part => 'contentDetails'
      }
    )

    channels_response.data.items.each do |channel|
      # From the API response, extract the playlist ID that identifies the list
      # of videos uploaded to the authenticated user's channel.
      uploads_list_id = channel['contentDetails']['relatedPlaylists']['uploads']

      # Retrieve the list of videos uploaded to the authenticated user's channel.
      next_page_token = ''
      until next_page_token.nil?
        playlistitems_response = client.execute!(
          :api_method => youtube.playlist_items.list,
          :parameters => {
            :playlistId => uploads_list_id,
            :part => 'snippet',
            :maxResults => 50,
            :pageToken => next_page_token
          }
        )

        puts "Videos in list #{uploads_list_id}"

        # Print information about each video.
        playlistitems_response.data.items.each do |playlist_item|
          title = playlist_item['snippet']['title']
          video_id = playlist_item['snippet']['resourceId']['videoId']

          puts "#{title} (#{video_id})"
        end

        next_page_token = playlistitems_response.next_page_token
      end

      puts
    end
  rescue Google::APIClient::TransmissionError => e
    puts e.result.body
  end
end

main

키워드별 검색

아래의 코드 샘플은 API의 search.list 메소드를 사용하여 특정 키워드와 관련된 검색 결과를 검색합니다.

#!/usr/bin/ruby

require 'rubygems'
gem 'google-api-client', '>0.7'
require 'google/api_client'
require 'trollop'

# Set DEVELOPER_KEY to the API key value from the APIs & auth > Credentials
# tab of
# Google API Console <https://console.developers.google.com/>
# Please ensure that you have enabled the YouTube Data API for your project.
DEVELOPER_KEY = 'REPLACE_ME'
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = 'v3'

def get_service
  client = Google::APIClient.new(
    :key => DEVELOPER_KEY,
    :authorization => nil,
    :application_name => $PROGRAM_NAME,
    :application_version => '1.0.0'
  )
  youtube = client.discovered_api(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION)

  return client, youtube
end

def main
  opts = Trollop::options do
    opt :q, 'Search term', :type => String, :default => 'Google'
    opt :max_results, 'Max results', :type => :int, :default => 25
  end

  client, youtube = get_service

  begin
    # Call the search.list method to retrieve results matching the specified
    # query term.
    search_response = client.execute!(
      :api_method => youtube.search.list,
      :parameters => {
        :part => 'snippet',
        :q => opts[:q],
        :maxResults => opts[:max_results]
      }
    )

    videos = []
    channels = []
    playlists = []

    # Add each result to the appropriate list, and then display the lists of
    # matching videos, channels, and playlists.
    search_response.data.items.each do |search_result|
      case search_result.id.kind
        when 'youtube#video'
          videos << "#{search_result.snippet.title} (#{search_result.id.videoId})"
        when 'youtube#channel'
          channels << "#{search_result.snippet.title} (#{search_result.id.channelId})"
        when 'youtube#playlist'
          playlists << "#{search_result.snippet.title} (#{search_result.id.playlistId})"
      end
    end

    puts "Videos:\n", videos, "\n"
    puts "Channels:\n", channels, "\n"
    puts "Playlists:\n", playlists, "\n"
  rescue Google::APIClient::TransmissionError => e
    puts e.result.body
  end
end

main

채널 구독 추가

아래의 코드 샘플은 API의 subscriptions.insert 메소드를 호출하여 지정된 채널에 구독을 추가합니다.

#!/usr/bin/ruby

require 'rubygems'
gem 'google-api-client', '>0.7'
require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'google/api_client/auth/file_storage'
require 'google/api_client/auth/installed_app'
require 'trollop'

# This OAuth 2.0 access scope allows for full read/write access to the
# authenticated user's account.
YOUTUBE_SCOPE = 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = 'v3'

def get_authenticated_service
  client = Google::APIClient.new(
    :application_name => $PROGRAM_NAME,
    :application_version => '1.0.0'
  )
  youtube = client.discovered_api(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION)

  file_storage = Google::APIClient::FileStorage.new("#{$PROGRAM_NAME}-oauth2.json")
  if file_storage.authorization.nil?
    client_secrets = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load
    flow = Google::APIClient::InstalledAppFlow.new(
      :client_id => client_secrets.client_id,
      :client_secret => client_secrets.client_secret,
      :scope => [YOUTUBE_SCOPE]
    )
    client.authorization = flow.authorize(file_storage)
  else
    client.authorization = file_storage.authorization
  end

  return client, youtube
end

def main
  opts = Trollop::options do
    opt :channel_id, 'ID of the channel to subscribe to.', :type => String,
          :default => 'UCtVd0c0tGXuTSbU5d8cSBUg'
  end

  client, youtube = get_authenticated_service

  begin
    body = {
      :snippet => {
        :resourceId => {
          :channelId => opts[:channel_id]
        }
      }
    }

    # Call the API's youtube.subscriptions.insert method to add the subscription
    # to the specified channel.
    subscriptions_response = client.execute!(
      :api_method => youtube.subscriptions.insert,
      :parameters => {
        :part => body.keys.join(',')
      },
      :body_object => body
    )

    puts "A subscription to '#{subscriptions_response.data.snippet.title}' was added."
  rescue Google::APIClient::TransmissionError => e
    puts e.result.body
  end
end

main

동영상 업로드

아래의 코드 샘플은 API의 videos.insert 메소드를 호출하여 요청과 관련된 채널에 동영상을 업로드합니다.

#!/usr/bin/ruby

require 'rubygems'
gem 'google-api-client', '>0.7'
require 'google/api_client'
require 'google/api_client/client_secrets'
require 'google/api_client/auth/file_storage'
require 'google/api_client/auth/installed_app'
require 'trollop'

# A limited OAuth 2 access scope that allows for uploading files, but not other
# types of account access.
YOUTUBE_UPLOAD_SCOPE = 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/youtube.upload'
YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME = 'youtube'
YOUTUBE_API_VERSION = 'v3'

def get_authenticated_service
  client = Google::APIClient.new(
    :application_name => $PROGRAM_NAME,
    :application_version => '1.0.0'
  )
  youtube = client.discovered_api(YOUTUBE_API_SERVICE_NAME, YOUTUBE_API_VERSION)

  file_storage = Google::APIClient::FileStorage.new("#{$PROGRAM_NAME}-oauth2.json")
  if file_storage.authorization.nil?
    client_secrets = Google::APIClient::ClientSecrets.load
    flow = Google::APIClient::InstalledAppFlow.new(
      :client_id => client_secrets.client_id,
      :client_secret => client_secrets.client_secret,
      :scope => [YOUTUBE_UPLOAD_SCOPE]
    )
    client.authorization = flow.authorize(file_storage)
  else
    client.authorization = file_storage.authorization
  end

  return client, youtube
end

def main
  opts = Trollop::options do
    opt :file, 'Video file to upload', :type => String
    opt :title, 'Video title', :default => 'Test Title', :type => String
    opt :description, 'Video description',
          :default => 'Test Description', :type => String
    opt :category_id, 'Numeric video category. See https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/docs/videoCategories/list',
          :default => 22, :type => :int
    opt :keywords, 'Video keywords, comma-separated',
          :default => '', :type => String
    opt :privacy_status, 'Video privacy status: public, private, or unlisted',
          :default => 'public', :type => String
  end

  if opts[:file].nil? or not File.file?(opts[:file])
    Trollop::die :file, 'does not exist'
  end

  client, youtube = get_authenticated_service

  begin
    body = {
      :snippet => {
        :title => opts[:title],
        :description => opts[:description],
        :tags => opts[:keywords].split(','),
        :categoryId => opts[:category_id],
      },
      :status => {
        :privacyStatus => opts[:privacy_status]
      }
    }

    videos_insert_response = client.execute!(
      :api_method => youtube.videos.insert,
      :body_object => body,
      :media => Google::APIClient::UploadIO.new(opts[:file], 'video/*'),
      :parameters => {
        :uploadType => 'resumable',
        :part => body.keys.join(',')
      }
    )

    videos_insert_response.resumable_upload.send_all(client)

    puts "Video id '#{videos_insert_response.data.id}' was successfully uploaded."
  rescue Google::APIClient::TransmissionError => e
    puts e.result.body
  end
end

main