Starboard Module Reference: microphone.h

Defines functions for microphone creation, control, audio data fetching, and destruction. This module supports multiple calls to SbMicrophoneOpen and SbMicrophoneClose, and the implementation should handle multiple calls to one of those functions on the same microphone. For example, your implementation should handle cases where SbMicrophoneOpen is called twice on the same microphone without a call to SbMicrophoneClose in between.

This API is not thread-safe and must be called from a single thread.

How to use this API:

  1. Call SbMicrophoneGetAvailableInfos to get a list of available microphone information.

  2. Create a supported microphone, using SbMicrophoneCreate, with enough buffer size and sample rate. Use SbMicrophoneIsSampleRateSupported to verify the sample rate.

  3. Use SbMicrophoneOpen to open the microphone port and start recording audio data.

  4. Periodically read out the data from microphone with SbMicrophoneRead.

  5. Call SbMicrophoneClose to close the microphone port and stop recording audio data.

  6. Destroy the microphone with SbMicrophoneDestroy.



Well-defined value for an invalid microphone ID handle.


Well-defined value for an invalid microphone handle.



All possible microphone types.


  • kSbMicrophoneCamera

    Built-in microphone in camera.

  • kSbMicrophoneUSBHeadset

    Microphone in the headset that can be a wired or wireless USB headset.

  • kSbMicrophoneVRHeadset

    Microphone in the VR headset.

  • kSBMicrophoneAnalogHeadset

    Microphone in the analog headset.

  • kSbMicrophoneUnknown

    Unknown microphone type. The microphone could be different than the other enum descriptions or could fall under one of those descriptions.



An opaque handle to an implementation-private structure that represents a microphone.


typedef struct SbMicrophonePrivate* SbMicrophone


An opaque handle to an implementation-private structure that represents a microphone ID.


typedef struct SbMicrophoneIdPrivate* SbMicrophoneId



Microphone information.


  • SbMicrophoneId id

    Microphone id.

  • SbMicrophoneType type

    Microphone type.

  • int max_sample_rate_hz

    The microphone's maximum supported sampling rate.

  • int min_read_size

    The minimum read size required for each read from microphone.

  • char label

    Name of the microphone. Can be empty. This should indicate the friendly name of the microphone type. For example, "Headset Microphone". The string must be null terminated.



Closes the microphone port, stops recording audio on microphone, and clears the unread buffer if it is not empty. If the microphone has already been stopped, this call is ignored. The return value indicates whether the microphone is closed.

microphone: The microphone to close.


bool SbMicrophoneClose(SbMicrophone microphone)


Creates a microphone with the specified ID, audio sample rate, and cached audio buffer size. Starboard only requires support for creating one microphone at a time, and implementations may return an error if a second microphone is created before the first is destroyed.

The function returns the newly created SbMicrophone object. However, if you try to create a microphone that has already been initialized, if the sample rate is unavailable, or if the buffer size is invalid, the function should return kSbMicrophoneInvalid.

id: The ID that will be assigned to the newly created SbMicrophone. sample_rate_in_hz: The new microphone's audio sample rate in Hz. buffer_size_bytes: The size of the buffer where signed 16-bit integer audio data is temporarily cached to during the capturing. The audio data is removed from the audio buffer if it has been read, and new audio data can be read from this buffer in smaller chunks than this size. This parameter must be set to a value greater than zero and the ideal size is 2^n.


SbMicrophone SbMicrophoneCreate(SbMicrophoneId id, int sample_rate_in_hz, int buffer_size_bytes)


Destroys a microphone. If the microphone is in started state, it is first stopped and then destroyed. Any data that has been recorded and not read is thrown away.


void SbMicrophoneDestroy(SbMicrophone microphone)


Retrieves all currently available microphone information and stores it in out_info_array. The return value is the number of the available microphones. If the number of available microphones is larger than info_array_size, then out_info_array is filled up with as many available microphones as possible and the actual number of available microphones is returned. A negative return value indicates that an internal error occurred.

out_info_array: All currently available information about the microphone is placed into this output parameter. info_array_size: The size of out_info_array.


int SbMicrophoneGetAvailable(SbMicrophoneInfo *out_info_array, int info_array_size)


Indicates whether the given microphone ID is valid.


static bool SbMicrophoneIdIsValid(SbMicrophoneId id)


Indicates whether the microphone supports the sample rate.


bool SbMicrophoneIsSampleRateSupported(SbMicrophoneId id, int sample_rate_in_hz)


Indicates whether the given microphone is valid.


static bool SbMicrophoneIsValid(SbMicrophone microphone)


Opens the microphone port and starts recording audio on microphone.

Once started, the client needs to periodically call SbMicrophoneRead to receive the audio data. If the microphone has already been started, this call clears the unread buffer. The return value indicates whether the microphone is open. microphone: The microphone that will be opened and will start recording audio.


bool SbMicrophoneOpen(SbMicrophone microphone)


Retrieves the recorded audio data from the microphone and writes that data to out_audio_data.

The return value is zero or the positive number of bytes that were read. Neither the return value nor audio_data_size exceeds the buffer size. A negative return value indicates that an error occurred.

This function should be called frequently. Otherwise, the microphone only buffers buffer_size bytes as configured in SbMicrophoneCreate and the new audio data is thrown out. No audio data is read from a stopped microphone.

microphone: The microphone from which to retrieve recorded audio data. out_audio_data: The buffer to which the retrieved data will be written. audio_data_size: The number of requested bytes. If audio_data_size is smaller than min_read_size of SbMicrophoneInfo, the extra audio data that has already been read from the device is discarded.


int SbMicrophoneRead(SbMicrophone microphone, void *out_audio_data, int audio_data_size)