使用任何程式設計語言來建立外掛程式

透過集合功能整理內容 你可以依據偏好儲存及分類內容。

除了 Apps Script 之外,您也可以使用任何所需的程式設計語言建構外掛程式,前提是開發人員必須傳回格式正確的 JSON 介面,才能讓介面顯示為資訊卡。

設定執行階段

選擇託管基礎架構,並設定 HTTPS 端點。如果想在 Google Cloud 中建構及託管外掛程式,建議使用 Google Cloud Run

建立部署資源

使用其他語言建立外掛程式時,您需要在 Google Cloud 中設定外掛程式的部署資源。部署資源的運作方式與 Apps Script 專案的資訊清單檔案類似。

請按照下列步驟設定外掛程式的部署資源。

  1. 如果您尚未為外掛程式建立 Google Cloud 專案,請先完成這項操作。
  2. 在 Google Cloud 專案的畫面頂端,輸入搜尋列 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK,然後按下 Enter 鍵。
  3. 在搜尋結果中按一下 [Google Workspace Marketplace SDK]
  4. 如果尚未啟用 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK,請按一下「Enable」(啟用)。如果您已啟用這項功能,請按一下「管理」
  5. 按一下左側的「替代執行階段」
  6. 按一下「Google Workspace Add-ons API」下方的「啟用」
  7. 按一下頂端的 [建立新的部署作業]
  8. 為部署資源命名,然後按一下「Next」
  9. 輸入 JSON 格式的外掛程式資訊,然後按一下「提交」。

範例:部署資源

以下為透過 HTTPS 端點觸發 Gmail 中專屬首頁的範例部署資源。

{
  "oauthScopes": ["https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.execute", "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.metadata"],
  "addOns": {
    "common": {
      "name": "My HTTP Add-on",
      "logoUrl": "https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/i/googlematerialicons/markunread_mailbox/v6/black-24dp/1x/gm_markunread_mailbox_black_24dp.png",
      "homepageTrigger": {
        "runFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/HttpAddOn/exampleWidgets"
      }
    },
    "gmail": {
          "contextualTriggers": [
            {
              "unconditional": {},
              "onTriggerFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/GmailExample/simpleMessageInfo"
            }
          ]
     },
    "calendar": {},
    "drive": {}
  }
}

建立 JSON 卡片

使用資訊卡架構設計外掛程式介面。使用 JSON 取代 Apps Script Card Service 來建立卡片。如需卡片 JSON 物件的詳細資訊,請參閱參考說明文件

如要查看 JSON 資訊卡的範例,請參閱 JSON 卡介面

建立 JSON 回應物件

外掛程式資訊清單中每個不重複的進入點都需要專屬的 JSON 回應物件。

以下是常見的 Google Workspace 外掛程式進入點,當中包含 JSON 回應結構定義範例。

Gmail、日曆、雲端硬碟和編輯器的常見進入點

進入點說明JSON 回應
homepageTrigger.runFunction使用者開啟外掛程式的首頁renderActions
OnClick.action.function使用者在外掛程式中點選 [動作]onClick
TextInput.autoCompleteAction.function 使用者輸入文字,外掛程式會提供自動建議getAutocompleteResponse

Gmail 進入點

進入點說明JSON 回應
contextualTrigger.onTriggerFunction 使用者開啟電子郵件 renderActions
composeTrigger 使用者點擊「撰寫」檢視畫面。 renderActions

Google 日曆進入點

進入點說明JSON 回應
eventOpenTrigger 使用者開啟事件renderActions
eventUpdateTrigger 使用者更新事件。calendarClientActionMarkup

雲端硬碟的進入點

進入點說明JSON 回應
onItemsSelectedTrigger 使用者選取檔案renderActions

編輯者進入點

進入點說明JSON 回應
onFileScopeGrantedTrigger 使用者已完成 requestFileScopeForActiveDocument 動作授予檔案存取權。renderActions

驗證 JSON 要求

傳送至端點的要求是一種 POST 要求,而要求主體中會包含 JSON 事件物件。

請妥善保護 HTTPS 端點,確保只有外掛程式的要求才能來自 Google 。如果您的 HTTPS 端點從服務傳回使用者資料,這一點特別重要。

使用 authorizationEventObject ID 權杖存取 Google 服務並驗證使用者和服務帳戶。

ID 權杖

權杖欄位類型說明
authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken 字串經使用者要求範圍所授權的 OAuth 存取權杖。

請參閱這個範例

authorizationEventObject.userIdToken 字串使用者 ID 權杖。使用者電子郵件地址的編碼會寫入 User-ID 權杖,格式為 JSON 網路權杖

請參閱這個範例

authorizationEventObject.systemIdToken字串特定部署作業的 Google Workspace 外掛程式服務帳戶 ID 權杖。可用於驗證要求是否來自 Google。

請參閱這個範例

範例:取得使用者的 Gmail 資料

如要存取使用者的 Google 資料,請要求外掛程式的部署資源中的相關範圍。然後使用 authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken 傳遞 API 呼叫。

在以下範例中,外掛程式會使用情境觸發條件,在使用者讀取電子郵件時參照電子郵件收件者。如要進一步瞭解 Gmail 中的內容比對觸發條件,請參閱擴充訊息 UI

新增觸發條件和範圍

首先,更新部署資源,加入 Gmail 的情境觸發條件和 OAuth 範圍,以便存取目前的郵件。

{
  "oauthScopes": [
    "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.execute",
    "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.current.message.metadata"
  ],
  "addOns": {
    "common": {...},
    "gmail": {
      "contextualTriggers": [
        {
          "unconditional": {},
          "onTriggerFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/GmailExample/simpleMessageInfo"
        }
      ],
    }
  }
}

指定使用者查看電子郵件訊息時應執行的外掛程式 HTTPS 端點。

如果不想使用網址路徑來區分不同的進入點,可以使用查詢參數,例如 https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/HttpAddOn/exampleWidgets?trigger=onEmailOpen

在這個情況下,當使用者開啟電子郵件時,下列事件物件會以 HTTP 主體中的 HTTP blob 傳遞至外掛程式。

{
  "commonEventObject": {
     "hostApp": "GMAIL",
     "platform": "WEB"
  },
  "authorizationEventObject": {
    "userOAuthToken": "ya29...",
    "systemIdToken": "eyJhbGc...",
    "userIdToken": "jaaa45...",
  },
  "gmailEventObject": {
     "messageId": "msg-f:1234567",
     "threadId": "thread-f:2345678",
     "accessToken": "xedf241...",
  },
}

擷取資訊

事件物件中沒有使用者的電子郵件地址或電子郵件內容。如要取得這項資訊,請使用 Gmail API 透過 messageId 取得電子郵件內容。

如要透過 Gmail API 進行驗證,請在 Authorization 標頭中傳送 OAuth2 權杖做為不記名權杖。從 authorizationEventObject.userOauthToken 傳送 OAuth2 存取權杖。

使用每個訊息範圍時,也請在額外的 X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token 標頭中加入 gmail.accessToken 的訊息權杖。

以下範例程式碼說明如何使用 Gmail API 取得電子郵件內容:

Java

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonNode;
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.BearerToken;
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.Credential;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpHeaders;
import com.google.api.services.gmail.Gmail;
import com.google.api.services.gmail.model.Message;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class GmailMessageDemoController {

   @PostMapping("/message")
   public JsonNode onViewMessage(@RequestBody JsonNode event)
           throws Exception {
       String messageId = event.at("/gmail/messageId").asText();
       String messageToken = event.at("//gmail/accessToken").asText();
       String accessToken = event.at("//authorizationEventObject/userOauthToken")
               .asText();
       Credential credential = new Credential(BearerToken.authorizationHeaderAccessMethod());
       credential.setAccessToken(accessToken);

       Gmail gmailClient = new Gmail.Builder(
               GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
               JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
               credential)
               .setApplicationName("GSAO Demo")
               .build();
       HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders()
               .set("X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token", messageToken);
       Message message = gmailClient.users().messages().get("me", messageId)
               .setFormat("metadata")
               .setRequestHeaders(headers)
               .execute();
     // Build and return response...
   }
}

Node.JS

import express from "express";
import { Request, Response } from "express";
import { google } from "googleapis";
import asyncHandler from "express-async-handler";
import { OAuth2Client } from "google-auth-library";

const gmail = google.gmail({version: "v1"});

const app = express();

app.post("/", asyncHandler(async (req, res) => {
   const currentMessageId = req.body.gmail.messageId;
   const event = req.body;
   const accessToken = event.authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken;
   const messageToken = event.gmail.accessToken;
   const auth = new OAuth2Client();
   auth.setCredentials({access_token: accessToken});

   const gmailResponse = await gmail.users.messages.get({
       id: currentMessageId,
       userId: "me",
       format: "metadata",
       auth,
       headers: { "X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token": messageToken }
   });

   const message = gmailResponse.data;
   const response = ...; // Build and return response
   res.json(response);
}));

範例:取得使用者的電子郵件地址

如要驗證使用者 ID 權杖並擷取使用者 ID 和電子郵件,請使用以下程式碼:

Java

import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdToken;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdTokenVerifier;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleTokenResponse;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;

final static String CLIENT_ID = "";

//...

GoogleIdToken.Payload decodeIdToken(JsonNode event) throws Exception {
    String idToken = event.at("/authorizationEventObject/userIdToken").asText();
    GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder builder = new GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder(
                GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
                JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance());
    builder.setAudience(Collections.singletonList(CLIENT_ID);
    GoogleIdTokenVerifier verifier = builder.build();
    GoogleIdToken decodedToken = verifier.verify(idToken);
    GoogleIdToken.Payload payload = decodedToken.getPayload();
    return payload;
    // E.g. payload.getEmail() for email,  payload.getSubject() for user ID
}

Node.JS

const { OAuth2Client } = require('google-auth-library');
const CLIENT_ID = '';

// ...

async decodeIdToken(event) {
   const decodedToken = await oAuth2Client.verifyIdToken({
        idToken: event.authorizationEventObject.userIdToken,
        audience: CLIENT_ID
    });
    const payload = decodedToken.getPayload();
    // E.g. payload.email for email,  payload.sub for user ID
    return payload;
}

範例:驗證 Google 提出的要求

取得外掛程式的服務帳戶電子郵件地址

您需要使用服務帳戶電子郵件地址來驗證 authorizationEventObject.systemIdToken

如要取得服務帳戶電子郵件,請按照下列步驟操作:

  1. 在外掛程式的 Google Cloud 專案中,前往 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK 中的替代執行階段頁面
  2. 在「授權資源」下方,複製服務帳戶的電子郵件地址。

下列範例使用外掛程式的系統服務帳戶來驗證 Google 提出的要求。SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL 是服務帳戶的電子郵件地址。

Java


import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdToken;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdTokenVerifier;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

class Auth {
    static final String SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL;

   public static void authenticateRequest(HttpServletRequest httpRequest) throws Exception {
        String authHeader = httpRequest.getHeader("Authorization");

        if (authHeader == null || !authHeader.startsWith("Bearer ")) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Missing authorization header");
        }
        String idToken = authHeader.substring(7);
        String currentUrl = httpRequest.getRequestURL().toString();
        // Verify the ID token -- issued by Google & matches our current URL
        List audience = Collections.singletonList(currentUrl);
        GoogleIdTokenVerifier verifier = new GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder(
                GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
                JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance())
                .setAudience(audience)
                .build();
        GoogleIdToken decodedToken = verifier.verify(idToken);
        if (decodedToken == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Decoded token is null");
        }
        GoogleIdToken.Payload payload = decodedToken.getPayload();

        // Email should also match the service account issued for this add-on
        if (SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL != null && !serviceAccountEmail.equals(payload.getEmail())) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid email in system idToken");
        }
    }
}

Node.JS

const {OAuth2Client} = require('google-auth-library');
const SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL = process.env.SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL;

async function authenticateRequest(req) {
  let idToken = req.token; // Using express-bearer-token middleware
  if (!idToken) throw 'Missing bearer token';
  const audience = `${req.protocol}://${req.hostname}${req.originalUrl}`;
  const authClient = new OAuth2Client();
  const ticket = await authClient.verifyIdToken({idToken, audience});
  if (SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL && ticket.getPayload().email !== SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL) {
    throw 'Invalid email';
  }
}

識別 Google 以外的使用者

您可能需要將外掛程式連結至 Google 以外的網址,同時保留使用者的身分,例如要求 API 的 OAuth 授權。建議您透過 Google 登入功能保護目的地應用程式。

使用登入期間核發的身分識別權杖取得使用者 ID。sub 憑證附加資訊包含使用者的專屬 ID,並且可以與外掛程式中的 ID 建立關聯。

測試外掛程式

如要從 Google Cloud Console 安裝及測試外掛程式,請參閱安裝未發布的外掛程式一節。

如要這麼做,請參閱外掛程式 API 參考說明文件。您也可以使用 gcloud 指令

安裝未發布的外掛程式

如要安裝用於測試或個人使用的外掛程式,請按照下列步驟操作:

  1. 在外掛程式的 Google Cloud 專案中,前往 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK 中的替代執行階段頁面
  2. 在要測試的部署作業旁邊,按一下 [安裝]

解除安裝未發布的外掛程式

如要解除安裝尚未發布的外掛程式,請按照下列步驟操作:

  1. 在外掛程式的 Google Cloud 專案中,前往 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK 中的替代執行階段頁面
  2. 找出要解除安裝的部署作業,按一下旁邊的「解除安裝」

JSON 結構定義範例

您可以將下列結構定義範例整合至開發環境。例如,請參閱 JSON 的 Visual Studio Code 支援

JSON 卡介面

一般卡片

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The card object used to build UIs for Google Workspace add-ons.",
  "definitions": {
    "textParagraph": {
      "$id": "/properties/textParagraph",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Text paragraph widget.",
      "required": [
        "text"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text of the paragraph. Can contain formatted text."
        }
      }
    },
    "image": {
      "$id": "/properties/image",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Image widget.",
      "required": [
        "imageUrl"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "imageUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Sets the image to use by providing its URL or data string."
        },
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Sets the alternative text of the image for accessibility."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Sets an action that executes when the object is clicked.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "icon": {
      "$id": "/properties/icon",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The icon, can be specified by KnownIcon string or a URL.",
      "oneOf": [
        {
          "properties": {
            "knownIcon": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The icon specified by the string name of a list of known icons"
            },
            "iconUrl": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The icon specified by a URL."
            }
          }
        }
      ],
      "properties": {
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The description of icon which is used for accessibility."
        }
      }
    },
    "divider": {
      "$id": "/properties/divider",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A horizontal divider."
    },
    "button": {
      "$id": "/properties/button",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A button. Can be a text button or an image button.",
      "required": ["onClick", "text"],
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text of the button."
        },
        "icon": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The icon image",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/icon"
        },
        "color": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "If set, the button is filled with solid background.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/color"
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onClick action of the button.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        },
        "disabled": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If true, the button is displayed in a disabled state and doesn't respond to user actions"
        }
      }
    },
    "buttonList": {
      "$id": "/properties/buttonList",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "buttons": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
          },
          "description": "A list of buttons laid out horizontally"
        }
      }
    },
    "decoratedText": {
      "$id": "/properties/decoratedText",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "text"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "button" : {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A button that can be clicked to trigger an action",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        },
        "switchControl": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A switch widget can be clicked to change its state or trigger an action.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/switchControl"
        },
        "icon": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The icon displayed in front of the text.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/icon"
        },
        "imageType": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE"
          ],
          "description": "Define the cropping of the image."
        },
        "topLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The formatted text label that shows above the main text."
        },
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The main widget formatted text."
        },
        "wrapText": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "The wrap text setting. If true, the text is wrapped and displayed in multiline.\nOtherwise the text is truncated."
        },
        "bottomLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The formatted text label that shows below the main text."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Only the top/bottom label + content region is clickable.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "switchControl": {
      "$id": "/properties/switchControl",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the switch widget which is used in formInput."
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The value is what is passed back in the Apps Script callback."
        },
        "selected": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If the switch is selected."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The action when the switch state is changed.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        },
        "controlType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The control type, it could be either Switch or Checkbox.",
          "enum": [
            "SWITCH",
            "CHECKBOX"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "onClick": {
      "$id": "/properties/onClick",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "action": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "An action is triggered by this onClick, if specified."
        },
        "openLink": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/openLink",
          "description": "This onClick triggers an open link action if specified."
        },
        "openDynamicLinkAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "An add-on triggers this action when the action needs to open a link.\nThis differs from the openLink above in that this needs to talk to server to get the link.\nThus some preparation work is required for web client to do before the open link action response comes back."
        },
        "card": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/card",
          "description": "A new card is pushed to the card stack after clicking if specified."
        }
      }
    },
    "openLink": {
      "$id": "/properties/openLink",
      "description": "Opens a URL",
      "required": ["url"],
      "properties": {
        "url": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL to open."
        },
        "openAs": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "When an onClick opens a link, then the client can either open it as a \n full size (window if that is the frame used by the client), or an \n overlay (such as a pop-up). The implementation depends on the client\nplatform capabilities, and the value selected may be ignored if the\nclient does not support it. FULL_SIZE is supported by all clients.",
          "enum": [
            "FULL_SIZE",
            "OVERLAY"
          ]
        },
        "onClose": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "NOTHING",
            "RELOAD"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "textInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/textInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A text input is a UI item where the users can input text.",
      "required": ["name"],
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the text input which is used in formInput."
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "At least one of label and hintText is required to be specified."
        },
        "hintText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The hint text."
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The default value when no input from user."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SINGLE_LINE",
            "MULTIPLE_LINE"
          ],
          "description": "The style of the text (for example, single line or multiple line)."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onChange action (for example, invoke an Apps Script)",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        },
        "initialSuggestions": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The initial suggestions made before any user input",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/suggestions"
        },
        "autoCompleteAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "The refresh function which returns suggestions based on the user's input text."
        },
        "multipleSuggestions": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "When set to true, a user can input multiple suggestions items."
        }
      }
    },
    "suggestions": {
      "$id": "/properties/suggestions",
      "description": "A container wrapping elements necessary for showing suggestion items used in text input autocomplete.",
      "properties": {
        "items": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A list of suggestion items which will be used in are used in autocomplete.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/suggestionItem"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "suggestionItem": {
      "$id": "/properties/suggestionItem",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A Suggestion Item. Only supports text for now.",
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Text."
        }
      }
    },
    "selectionInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/selectionInput",
      "description": "A widget which creates a UI item (for example, a drop-down list) with options for users to select.",
      "required": ["name"],
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": ""
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label displayed ahead of the switch control."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of the selection.",
          "enum": [
            "CHECK_BOX",
            "RADIO_BUTTON",
            "SWITCH",
            "DROPDOWN"
          ]
        },
        "items": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/selectionItem"
          },
          "description": "The item/items in the switch control."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "If specified, form is submitted when selection changes",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        }
      }
    },
    "selectionItem": {
      "type":"object",
      "$id": "/properties/selectionItem",
      "description": "The item in the switch control.",
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text to be displayed"
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The value associated with this item which is sent back to Apps Script.\nThe client should use this as a form input value."
        },
        "selected": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If more than one items are selected for RADIO_BUTTON or DROPDOWN,\nthe first selected item is treated as selected and the after ones are all ignored."
        }
      }
    },
    "dateTimePicker": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateTimePicker",
      "description": "The widget to allow users to specify date and time",
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the text input which is used in formInput, and uniquely identifies this input."
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label for the field, which is displayed to the user."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of the date time picker.",
          "enum": [
            "DATE_AND_TIME",
            "DATE_ONLY",
            "TIME_ONLY"
          ]
        },
        "valueMsEpoch": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The value to display which can be the default value before user input or previous user input.\nIt is represented in milliseconds (Epoch time)"
        },
        "timezoneOffsetDate": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number representing the time-zone offset from UTC, in minutes."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Triggered when the user clicks on the Save, or Clear button from the date time picker dialog.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        }
      }
    },
    "borderStyle": {
      "$id": "/properties/borderStyle",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A border style.",
      "required": ["type"],
      "properties": {
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The border type.",
          "enum": [
            "NO_BORDER",
            "STROKE"
          ]
        },
        "strokeColor": {
          "description": "The border color.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/color"
        },
        "cornerRadius": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The border corner radius."
        }
      }
    },
    "imageCropStyle": {
      "$id": "/properties/imageCropStyle",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A crop style that can be applied to images.",
      "required": ["type"],
      "properties": {
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The crop type.",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE",
            "RECTANGLE_CUSTOM",
            "RECTANGLE_4_3"
          ]
        },
        "aspectRatio": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The aspect ratio for a custom rectangular crop."
        }
      }
    },
    "imageComponent": {
      "$id": "/properties/imageComponent",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An image and its properties.",
      "required": ["imageUri"],
      "properties": {
        "imageUri": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL for the image resource."
        },
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The accessibility label for the image."
        },
        "cropStyle": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/imageCropStyle",
          "description": "The crop style to apply to the image."
        },
        "borderStyle": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/borderStyle",
          "description": "The border style to apply to the image."
        }
      }
    },
    "grid": {
      "$id": "/properties/grid",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A grid that displays a collection of grid items.",
      "required": [],
      "properties": {
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the grid."
        },
        "items": {
          "description": "List of grid items.",
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/griditem"
          }
        },
        "borderStyle": {
          "description": "The border style for the grid items.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/borderStyle"
        },
        "columnCount": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number of columns in the grid."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "description": "The action that executes when a grid item is clicked.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "griditem": {
      "$id": "/properties/griditem",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An item that can be displayed in a grid widget.",
      "required": [],
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An identifier for the grid item."
        },
        "image": {
          "description": "The image to display in the grid item.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/imageComponent"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the grid item."
        },
        "subtitle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The subtitle of the grid item."
        },
        "textAlignment": {
          "description": "The text alignment for the grid item's text.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/horizontalAlignment"
        },
        "layout": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The grid item layout.",
          "enum": [
            "TEXT_BELOW",
            "TEXT_ABOVE"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "horizontalAlignment": {
      "$id": "/properties/horizontalAlignment",
      "type": "string",
      "description": "Horizontal alignment options.",
      "enum": [
        "START",
        "CENTER",
        "END"
      ]
    },
    "widget": {
      "$id": "/properties/widget",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "textParagraph": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a text paragraph in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/textParagraph"
        },
        "image": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display an image in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/image"
        },
        "decoratedText": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a decorated text item in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/decoratedText"
        },
        "buttonList": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A List of buttons",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/buttonList"
        },
        "textInput": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a text input in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/textInput"
        },
        "selectionInput": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a switch control in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/selectionInput"
        },
        "dateTimePicker": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a date/time picker in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/dateTimePicker"
        },
        "horizontalAlignment": {
          "description": "The horizontal alignment of this widget.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/horizontalAlignment"
        },
        "divider": {
          "description": "Inserts a divider.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/divider"
        },
        "grid": {
          "description": "Display a grid control in this widget.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/grid"
        }
      }
    },
    "section": {
      "$id": "/properties/section",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "widgets"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "header": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text header of a section"
        },
        "collapsible": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "Whether section can be collapsed or not."
        },
        "widgets": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/widget"
          },
          "description": "The widgets within a section. Example of a widget is TextParagraph or Image."
        },
        "uncollapsibleWidgetsCount": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number of uncollapsable widgets"
        }
      }
    },
    "color": {
      "$id": "/properties/color",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Represents a color in the RGBA color space.",
      "required": [
        "red",
        "green",
        "blue"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "red": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of red in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "green": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of green in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "blue": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of blue in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "alpha": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The alpha value of the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]. 1 is sloid color and 0 is transparent"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardHeader": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardHeader",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Optional header in the card.",
      "required": [
        "title"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Required title in the header."
        },
        "subtitle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Optional - renders beneath the title. If not specified, title will take up both lines."
        },
        "imageUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Optional - renders an image on the right of the title."
        },
        "imageType": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE"
          ],
          "description": "Define the cropping of the image in the header."
        },
        "imageAltText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The Alternative text of this image"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardAction": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardAction",
      "description": "A Card action is the action associated with the card.",
      "properties": {
        "actionLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label used to be displayed in the action menu item."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onClick action for this action item.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardFixedFooter": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardFixedFooter",
      "description": "A persistent (sticky) footer that is added to the bottom of the card.",
      "properties": {
        "primaryButton": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Primary button of the fixed footer.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        },
        "secondaryButton": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Secondary button of the fixed footer.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        }
      }
    },
    "card": {
      "$id": "/properties/card",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "sections"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "header": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Header of the card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardHeader"
        },
        "sections": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/section"
          },
          "description": "A card consist of 1 or more sections. Widgets are defined within a section."
        },
        "cardActions": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The actions of this card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardAction"
        },
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Name of the card which is used as an identifier for the card in the card navigation."
        },
        "fixedFooter": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The fixed footer that is shown at the bottom of this card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardFixedFooter"
        },
        "displayStyle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The Display Style for the peekCardHeader.",
          "enum": [
            "DISPLAY_STYLE_UNSPECIFIED",
            "PEEK",
            "REPLACE"
          ]
        },
        "peekCardHeader": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "When displaying contextual content, the peek card header acts as a placeholder so that the user can\nnavigate forward between the homepage cards and the contextual cards.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardHeader"
        }
      }
    },
    "action": {
      "$id": "/properties/action",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An action that describes the behavior when a form is submitted - triggered from an onclick event on an input widget (e.g. button).",
      "required": [
        "function"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "function": {
          "description": "The apps script callback function or the https endpoint if using alternate runtimes.",
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/card"
}

Expense 應用程式

{
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Budget Performance",
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "text": "Current Quarter
Budget $18,000 (Ends in 5 days)
Spent: $410.75
", "wrapText": true } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Top Expense Category" } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Flights · 30%", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_flight_grey_64.png" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Hotels · 50%", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png" } } } ] }, { "header": "Expense Awaiting Your Approval", "widgets": [ { "decoratedText": { "text": "Submitted by Pam Bee", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcQDQGRxqHJ2XZenPL496tC1EkP2b8wtvENQ4QIClnde2Hq1C7u3" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Team Lunch (Internal)
Cost: $85.00 USD
Date: 10/16/2019
Expense no. #7453" } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Approve", "color": { "red": 0, "green": 0.4784, "blue": 0.353 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve" } } }, { "text": "Decline", "color": { "red": 1, "green": 0.07843, "blue": 0.07843 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/decline" } } }, { "text": "View Details", "color": { "red": 0.650, "green": 0.650, "blue": 0.650 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/view" } } } ] } } ] }, { "widgets": [ { "decoratedText": { "text": "Submitted by Dwight Smith", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcQDQGRxqHJ2XZenPL496tC1EkP2b8wtvENQ4QIClnde2Hq1C7u3" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Flight to New York
Cost: 530.00 USD
Date: 11/21/2019
Expense no. #9866" } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Approve", "color": { "red": 0, "green": 0.4784, "blue": 0.353 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve" } } }, { "text": "Decline", "color": { "red": 1, "green": 0.07843, "blue": 0.07843 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/decline" } } }, { "text": "View Details", "color": { "red": 0.650, "green": 0.650, "blue": 0.650 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/view" } } } ] } } ] } ] } } ] } }

表單提交

/**
 * A sample Google Workspace Add-on with a form submit with a happy/sad button.
 */
exports.homepage = (req, res) => {
  console.log("event: ", req.body);
  console.log("headers: ",JSON.stringify(req.headers));
  let parameters = req.body.commonEventObject.parameters;
  if (parameters) {
    let happy = parameters.happy;
    if (happy == '1') {
      res.status(200).send(createHappyCard());
    } else {
      res.status(200).send(createSadCard());
    }
  } else {
    res.status(200).send(createQuestionCard());
  }
};

function createSadCard() {
  return {
    "renderActions": {
      "action": {
        "navigations": [
          {
            "pushCard": {
              "sections": [
                {
                  "widgets": [
                    {
                      "image": {
                        "imageUrl": "https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2017/08/15/12/58/emoticon-2643814_960_720.jpg"
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  };
}

function createHappyCard() {
  return {
    "renderActions": {
      "action": {
        "navigations": [
          {
            "pushCard": {
              "sections": [
                {
                  "widgets": [
                    {
                      "image": {
                        "imageUrl": "https://dg.imgix.net/do-you-think-you-re-happy-jgdbfiey-en/landscape/do-you-think-you-re-happy-jgdbfiey-9bb0198eeccd0a3c3c13aed064e2e2b3.jpg"
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  };
}

function createQuestionCard() {
  return {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textParagraph": {
                      "text": "Are you having a good day today?"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Happy",
                          "color": {
                            "red": 0,
                            "green": 0.4784,
                            "blue": 0.353
                          },
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "https://us-central1-elevated-surge-267316.cloudfunctions.net/HttpGSAO",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "happy",
                                  "value": "1"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        },
                        {
                          "text": "Sad",
                          "color": {
                            "red": 1,
                            "green": 0.07843,
                            "blue": 0.07843
                          },
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "https://us-central1-elevated-surge-267316.cloudfunctions.net/HttpGSAO",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "happy",
                                  "value": "0"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  };
}

核准

{
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "You have a new request:"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text":
                      "John Dolittle - New Device Request"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Type:",
                    "text": "Computer (laptop)"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "When:",
                    "text": "Submitted Aug 10"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Reason:",
                    "text": "Keyboard is not working"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Specs:",
                    "text": "Cheetah Pro 15"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "text": "Approve",
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "green": 0.4784,
                          "blue": 0.353
                        },
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve"
                          }
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Deny",
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "green": 0.07843,
                          "blue": 0.07843
                        },
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "https://www.domain.com/deny"
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

聯絡人清單

/**
 * A sample Google Workspace Add-on that creates a top level card with a list of
 * contacts. Clicking on a contact will navigate (client side) to a full contact
 * card.
 */
exports.homepage = (req, res) => {
  res.status(200).send(createListCard());
};

function createContactCard(name, title, email, phone, location) {
  return {
    "header": {
      "imageType": "CIRCLE",
      "imageUrl": "https://ssl.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/avatar_square_blue_512dp.png",
      "title": name,
      "subtitle": title
    },
    "sections": [
      {
        "widgets": [
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Email:",
              "text": email
            }
          },
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Phone Number:",
              "text": phone
            }
          },
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Location:",
              "text": location
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  };
}

function createContactListEntry(name, title, email, phone, location) {
  return {
    "decoratedText": {
      "topLabel": title,
      "text": name,
      "onClick": {
        "card": createContactCard(name, title, email, phone, location)
      },
      "icon": {
        "iconUrl": "https://ssl.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/avatar_square_blue_512dp.png"
      }
    }
  };
}

function createListCard() {
  var LIST1 = createContactListEntry("John Dolittle", "President", "john@gmail.com", "800-555-0100", "Markham, ON");
  var LIST2 = createContactListEntry("Huckleberry Finn", "CFO", "huck@gmail.com", "800-555-0111", "Kingston, ON");
  var LIST3 = createContactListEntry("Grace Harlowe", "Senior Director", "grace@gmail.com", "800-555-0122", "Toronto, ON");
  return {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  LIST1,
                  LIST2,
                  LIST3
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  };
}

JSON 小工具

一般小工具

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/renderActionSchema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Main Card"
          },
          "name": "Main Card",
          "peekCardHeader": {
            "title": "This is a peek card",
            "imageType": "SQUARE",
            "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
            "imageAltText": "Image of Cards",
            "subtitle": "No Subtitle"
          },
          "cardActions": [
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 1",
              "onClick": {
                "openDynamicLinkAction": {
                  "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/openLinkCallback"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 2",
              "onClick": {
                "action": {
                  "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/generic_submit_form_response"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 3",
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "onClose": "RELOAD",
                  "openAs": "OVERLAY",
                  "url": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/open_link_sample"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 4",
              "onClick": {
                "card": {
                  "header": {
                    "title": "This card is shown after card action 4 is clicked"
                  },
                  "sections": [
                    {
                      "widgets": [
                        {
                          "textParagraph": {
                            "text": "This is a sample text for the card that's shown after action 4 of the card is clicked"
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  ]
                }
              }
            }
          ],
          "fixedFooter": {
            "primaryButton": {
              "text": "Primary Button",
              "color": {
                "red": 0,
                "blue": 0,
                "green": 0
              },
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "url": "www.google.ca",
                  "onClose": "NOTHING",
                  "openAs": "FULL_SIZE"
                }
              }
            },
            "secondaryButton": {
              "text": "Secondary Button - Disabled",
              "disabled": true,
              "color": {
                "red": 0.32421,
                "blue": 0.23421,
                "green": 0.2353614
              },
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "url": "www.google.com",
                  "onClose": "NOTHING",
                  "openAs": "FULL_SIZE"
                }
              }
            }
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Section 1 - Date Time",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Time Picker - EST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - EST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -240,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Picker - CST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - CST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -300,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Time Picker - PST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - PST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -420,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 2 - Decorated Text",
              "collapsible": true,
              "uncollapsibleWidgetsCount": 2,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "CHECKBOX",
                      "name": "Name - Check Box Sample",
                      "value": "Value - Check Box Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image"
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text SWITCH",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "SWITCH",
                      "name": "Name - SWITCH Sample",
                      "value": "Value - SWITCH Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text SWITCH",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image",
                                  "onClick": {
                                    "action": {
                                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/pop_to_root"
                                    }
                                  }
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Button",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Button",
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text Button",
                    "button": {
                      "icon": {
                        "altText": "Assessment Blue",
                        "icon_url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png"
                      },
                      "text": "Assessment Blue",
                      "onClick": {
                        "openLink": {
                          "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                          "openAs": "OVERLAY",
                          "onClose": "RELOAD"
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "CHECKBOX",
                      "name": "Name - Check Box Sample",
                      "value": "Value - Check Box Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image"
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "icon": {
                      "iconUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                      "altText": "Arrow Right Blue"
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Wrap",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Wrap",
                    "text": "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam fringilla facilisis ne.",
                    "wrapText": true
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Non-Wrap",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Non-Wrap",
                    "text": "Nunc ultrices massa ut nisl porttitor, ut euismod nisl tincidunt. Vivamus pharetra, est sed sagittis consequat, arcu nisi.",
                    "wrapText": false
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 3 - Button List",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "icon": {
                          "iconUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                          "altText": "G - Button"
                        },
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "blue": 0,
                          "green": 1
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Green - Google.ca"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "blue": 0,
                          "green": 0
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "action": {
                            "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/pop_to_card_2"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Pop to Card 2"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "blue": 1,
                          "green": 0
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Blue - Google"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "blue": 1,
                          "green": 1
                        },
                        "disabled": true,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }

                        },
                        "text": "Disabled Button"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 4 - Images",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "image": {
                    "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                    "onClick": {
                      "openLink": {
                        "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                        "openAs": "FULL_SIZE",
                        "onClose": "NOTHING"
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "image": {
                    "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                    "altText": "Commute - Black",
                    "onClick": {
                      "openLink": {
                        "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                        "openAs": "FULL_SIZE",
                        "onClose": "RELOAD"
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 5 - Text Paragraph",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam fringilla facilisis neque, condimentum egestas dolor dapibus id."
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 6 - Selection Input",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Check box",
                    "label": "Selection Input Check box",
                    "type": "CHECK_BOX",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Dropdown",
                    "label": "Selection Input Dropdown",
                    "type": "DROPDOWN",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Radio",
                    "label": "Selection Input Radio",
                    "type": "RADIO_BUTTON",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Switch",
                    "label": "Selection Input Switch",
                    "type": "SWITCH",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

顯示通知

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "notification": {
        "text": "This is a sample notification"
      }
    }
  }
}

跳到根資訊卡

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "popToRoot": true
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

跳到特定卡片

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "render_actions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "popToCard": "card_2"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}
{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/render_action_schema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Open Link Test Case - HTTP"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "Verify a link is opened in a new tab. When returned to Gmail, the bolded text should say AFTER.

\nText BEFORE opening the link." } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Open tab, close, refresh", "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.google.ca/", "onClose": "RELOAD", "openAs": "OVERLAY" } } } ] } } ] } ] } } ] } }

回覆表單提交

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "stateChanged": true,
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "peekCardHeader": {
              "title": "Peek Card"
            },
            "header": {
              "title": "Generic Submit Form Response Card"
            },
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "image": {
                      "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat"
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

GRid

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/render_action_schema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Main Card"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Grid Widget",
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "grid": {
                    "title": "A fine collection of cats",
                    "borderStyle": {
                      "type": "STROKE",
                      "cornerRadius": 5.0
                    },
                    "columnCount": 2,
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "id": "itemA",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.001",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "First cat"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemB",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.002",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Second cat",
                        "subtitle": "Top rated"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemC",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.003",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Third cat"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemD",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.004",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Fourth cat",
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemE",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.005",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Fifth cat",
                        "subtitle": "Top rated"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemF",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.006",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Sixth cat"
                      }
                    ],
                    "onClick": {
                      "action": {
                        "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/grid_item_clicked",
                        "parameters": [
                          {
                            "key": "datasource",
                            "value": "Favorite cat pics"
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

JSON 事件物件

一般郵件 (Gmail、日曆、雲端硬碟和編輯器)

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type":"object",
  "definitions": {
    "eventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/eventObject",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "Event objects are JSON structures that are automatically constructed and passed as parameters to trigger or callback functions when a user interacts with an add-on (https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/concepts/event-objects)",
      "properties": {
        "commonEventObject": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/commonEventObject"
        },
        "authorizationEventObject": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/authorizationEventObject",
          "description": "Set for requests to HTTP endpoints"
        },
        "gmail": {
          "$ref": "./gmail_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/gmailEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Gmail information."
        },
        "drive": {
          "$ref": "./drive_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/driveEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Drive information."
        },
        "docs": {
          "$ref": "./docs_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/docsEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Docs information."
        },
        "sheets": {
          "$ref": "./sheets_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/sheetsEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Sheets information."
        },
        "slides": {
          "$ref": "./slides_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/slidesEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Slides information."
        },
        "calendar": {
          "$ref": "./calendar_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/calendarEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing calendar and event information."
        }
      }
    },
    "commonEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/commonEventObject",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "An object containing information common to all event objects, regardless of the host application.",
      "properties": {
        "userLocale": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The user's language and country/region identifier in the format of ISO 639 language code-ISO 3166 country/region code. For example, en-US."
        },
        "hostApp": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Indicates the host app the add-on is active in when the event object is generated. Possible values include the following:\nGMAIL\nCALENDAR\nDRIVE",
          "enum": ["GMAIL", "DRIVE", "CALENDAR"]
        },
        "platform": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Indicates where the event originates (`WEB`, `IOS`, or `ANDROID`)",
          "enum": ["WEB", "ANDRIOD", "IOS"]
        },
        "timeZone": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/timeZone",
          "description": "The timezone ID and offset. To enable this field, you must set `addOns.common.useLocaleFromApp` to `true` in your add-on's manifest. Your add-on's scope list must also include `https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.locale`\n See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details"
        },
        "formInputs": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A map containing the current values of the widgets in the displayed card. The map keys are the string IDs assigned with each widget, and each value is another wrapper object with a single \"\" key.",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type":"object",
            "properties": {
              "stringInputs": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/stringInputs"
              },
              "dateTimeInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/dateTimeInput"
              },
              "dateInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/dateInput"
              },
              "timeInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/timeInput"
              }
            }
          }
        },
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Any additional parameters.",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "authorizationEventObject": {
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "userOAuthToken": {
          "description": "The end user OAuth access token, authorized with the requested scopes",
          "type": "string"
        },
        "userIdToken": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An end-user ID token, if appropriate ID scopes are requested"
        },
        "systemIdToken": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An ID token for the Google Workspace Add-ons service account for this deployment"
        }
      }
    },
    "timeZone": {
      "$id": "/properties/timeZone",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The timezone identifier of the user's timezone. Examples include: America/New_York, Europe/Vienna, and Asia/Seoul. To enable this field, you must set `addOns.common.useLocaleFromApp` to `true` in your add-on's manifest. Your add-on's scope list must also include `https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.locale`. See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details"
        },
        "offset": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time offset from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) of the user's timezone, measured in milliseconds. See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details",
          "minimum": -2147483648,
          "maximum": 2147483647
        }
      }
    },
    "stringInputs": {
      "$id": "/properties/stringInputs",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "Input parameter for regular widgets.\nFor single-valued widgets, it will be a single value list; for\nmulti-valued widgets, such as checkbox, all the values are presented.",
      "properties": {
        "value": {
          "type":"array",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "dateTimeInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateTimeInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Input Parameter for Date and Time Picker widget.",
      "properties": {
        "msSinceEpoch": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time selected by the user, in milliseconds since epoch (00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970).",
          "minimum": -9223372036854775808,
          "maximum": 9223372036854775807
        },
        "hasDate": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the input date time includes a date; if false only a time is included."
        },
        "hasTime": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the input date time includes a time; if false only a date is included."
        }
      }
    },
    "dateInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Input Parameter for Date Picker widget.",
      "properties": {
        "msSinceEpoch": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time selected by the user, in milliseconds since epoch (00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970).",
          "minimum": -9223372036854775808,
          "maximum": 9223372036854775807
        }
      }
    },
    "timeInput": {
      "description": "Input Parameter for Time Picker widget.",
      "$id": "/properties/timeInput",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "hours": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The hour number selected by the user.",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 23
        },
        "minutes": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The minute number selected by the user.",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 59
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/eventObject"
}
  

Gmail

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "gmailEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/gmailEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Gmail event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Gmail messages. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Gmail.",
      "properties": {
        "messageId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the currently open Gmail message."
        },
        "threadId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The currently open Gmail thread ID."
        },
        "accessToken": {
          "description": "The Gmail-specific access token. You can use this token with the \"X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token\" HTTP header to grant your add-on temporary access to a user's currently open Gmail message or let your add-on compose new drafts.",
          "type": "string"
        },
        "toRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"To:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        },
        "ccRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"CC:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        },
        "bccRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"BCC:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/gmailEventObject"
}

日曆

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "calendarEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/calendarEventObject",
      "description": "The Calendar event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's calendar and calendar events. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Calendar.",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The event ID."
        },
        "recurringEventId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of a recurring event."
        },
        "calendarId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The calendar ID."
        },
        "organizer": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing the organizer of the event.",
          "properties": {
            "email": {
              "description": "The event organizer's email address.",
              "type": "string"
            }
          }
        },
        "attendees": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A list of the attendees of the calendar event.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/attendee"
          }
        },
        "conferenceData": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing any conference data associated with this event, such as Google Meet conference details.",
          "$ref": "#definitions/conferenceData"
        },
        "capabilities": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object describing the capabilities of the add-on to view or update event information.",
          "properties": {
            "canSeeAttendees": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can read the event attendee list; false otherwise."
            },
            "canAddAttendees": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can add new attendees to the event attendee list; false otherwise."
            },
            "canSeeConferenceData": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can read the event conference data; false otherwise."
            },
            "canSetConferenceData": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can update the event conference data; false otherwise."
            }
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "attendee": {
      "type": "object",
      "$id": "/properties/attendee",
      "properties": {
        "email": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee email address."
        },
        "optional": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendance for this attendee is marked as optional; false otherwise."
        },
        "displayName": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee displayed name."
        },
        "organizer": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendee is an organizer for this event."
        },
        "self": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if this attendee represents the calendar in which this event appears; false otherwise."
        },
        "resource": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendee represents a resource, such as room or piece of equipment; false otherwise."
        },
        "responseStatus": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee's response status. Possible values include the following:\naccepted: The attendee has accepted the event invitation.\ndeclined: The attendee has declined the event invitation.\nneedsAction: The attendee has not responded to the event invitation.\ntentative: The attendee has tentatively accepted the event invitation."
        },
        "comment": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee's response comment, if any."
        },
        "additionalGuests": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The number of additional guests the attendee had indicated they are bringing. Defaults to zero.",
          "default": 0,
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 2147483647
        }
      }
    },
    "conferenceData": {
      "$id": "/properties/conferenceData",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "conferenceId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the conference. This ID is meant to allow applications to keep track of conferences; you shouldn't display this ID to users."
        },
        "conferenceSolution": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing the conference solution, such as Hangouts or Google Meet.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/conferenceSolution"
        },
        "entryPoints": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "The list of conference entry points, such as URLs or phone numbers.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/entryPoint"
          }
        },
        "notes": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Additional notes (such as instructions from the domain administrator or legal notices) about the conference to display to the user. Can contain HTML. The maximum length is 2048 characters."
        },
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/parameters",
          "description": "An object containing a map of defined parameter data for use by the add-on."
        }
      }
    },
    "conferenceSolution": {
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An object representing the conference solution, such as Hangouts or Google Meet.",
      "$id": "/properties/conferenceSolution",
      "properties": {
        "iconUri": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URI for the user-visible icon representing this conference solution."
        },
        "key": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The key which uniquely identifies the conference solution for this event.",
          "properties": {
            "type": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The conference solution type. Possible values include the following:\neventHangout for Hangouts for consumers (http://hangouts.google.com).\neventNamedHangout for classic Hangouts for Google Workspace users (http://hangouts.google.com).\nhangoutsMeet for Google Meet (http://meet.google.com)."
            }
          }
        },
        "name": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The user-visible name of this conference solution (not localized)."
        }
      }
    },
    "entryPoint": {
      "$id": "/properties/entryPoint",
      "description": "Entry point objects carry information about the established means of accessing a given conference, such as by phone or video. This information is present in the event object if and only if the data is present in the Calendar event and the add-on sets its addOns.calendar.currentEventAccess manifest (https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/concepts/manifests#calendar_fields) field to READ or READ_WRITE.",
      "properties": {
        "accessCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The access code used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "entryPointFeatures": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "Features of the entry point. Currently these features only apply to phone entry points:\ntoll: The entry point is a toll phone call.\ntoll_free: The entry point is a toll-free phone call.",
          "items": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        },
        "entryPointType": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The type of entry point. Possible values are the following:\nmore: Additional conference joining instructions, such as alternate phone numbers. A conference can only have one more entry point; if present at least one other type of entry point is also required.\nphone: Join the conference via a phone number. A conference can have zero or more phone entry points. Google Calendar only displays the first two phone entry points, after formatting and sorting alphabetically.\nsip: Join the conference over SIP. A conference can have at most one sip entry point.\nvideo: Join the conference over HTTP. A conference can have at most one video entry point."
        },
        "label": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The user-visible label for the entry point URI (not localized)."
        },
        "meetingCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The meeting code used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "passcode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The passcode used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "password": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The password used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "pin": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The PIN used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "regionCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "Region code of the phone number. Needed by users if the URI doesn't include a country code. Values are based on the public CLDR list of region codes (http://cldr.unicode.org/translation/country-names)."
        },
        "uri": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The URI of the entry point. The maximum length is 1300 characters. The formatting depends on the entry point type:\nmore: A http: or https: schema is required.\nphone: A tel: schema is required. The URI should include the entire dial sequence (for example, \"tel:+12345678900,,,12345678;1234\").\nsip: A sip: or sips: schema is required. For example \"sip:12345678@myprovider.com\".\nvideo: A http: or https: schema is required."
        }
      }
    },
    "parameters": {
      "$id": "/properties/parameters",
      "description": "An object containing a map of defined parameter data for use by the add-on.",
      "properties": {
        "addOnParameters": {
          "description": "A map of parameter string keys and values. These keys and values are defined by the add-on developer to attach information to a specific conference for the add-on's use.",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/addOnParameters"
        }
      }
    },
    "addOnParameters": {
      "$id": "/properties/addOnParameters",
      "description": "A map of parameter string keys and values. These keys and values are defined by the add-on developer to attach information to a specific conference for the add-on's use.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/calendarEventObject"
}

雲端硬碟

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "driveEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Drive event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Drive and its contents. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Drive.",
      "properties": {
        "activeCursorItem": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Drive item currently active.",
          "$ref": "#definitions/driveItemMetaData"
        },
        "selectedItems": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "A list of items (files or folders) selected in Drive.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/driveItemMetaData"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "driveItemMetaData": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveItemMetaData",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the selected item."
        },
        "iconUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL of the icon that represents the selected item."
        },
        "mimeType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The MIME type of the selected item."
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the selected item."
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If true, the add-on has requested and received https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.file scope authorization for this item; otherwise this field is false."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/driveEventObject"
}

文件

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Docs event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Docs document. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Docs.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Docs UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Docs UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

試算表

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Docs event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Sheet and its contents. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Sheets.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Sheets UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Sheets UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

簡報

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Slides event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Slides document. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Slides.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Slides UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Slides UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

JSON 回應物件

送出表單

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The response to a form submit from the add-on.  The most common response will contain a navigation of cards - e.g.  pushing a card to render content to reflected the modified content.",
  "definitions": {
    "submitFormResponse": {
      "$id": "/properties/submitFormResponse",
      "type": "object",
      "required": ["renderActions"],
      "properties": {
        "renderActions": {
          "type" : "object",
          "$ref": "./renderActionSchema.json#/definitions/renderAction"
        },
        "stateChanged": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Whether the state of the cards has changed and data in existing cards is stale."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/submitFormResponse"
}

轉譯動作

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The response to the invocation of the add-on. The most common response will contain a navigation for cards - e.g. pushing a card to render content.",
  "definitions": {
    "notification": {
      "$id": "/properties/notification",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Card action which displays a notification in the host app.",
      "properties":{
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Plain text to display for the notification, without html tags."
        }
      }
    },
    "navigation": {
      "$id": "/properties/navigation",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "popToRoot": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Card stack pops all card off except the root card."
        },
        "pop": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Card stack pops one card off."
        },
        "popToCard": {
          "type" : "string",
          "description": "Card stack pops all cards above the specified card with given card name."
        },
        "pushCard": {
          "type" : "object",
          "description": "A card to push on top of the stack, which will be shown to end users.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/card"
        },
        "updateCard": {
          "type" : "object",
          "description": "Card stack updates the top card with a new card, preserving filled form\nfields values. For non-equivalent field, the value is dropped.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/card"
        }
      }
    },
    "action": {
      "$id": "/properties/action",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Google Workspace add-on response to interact with the end user. The most common interaction is to render a card with a navigation.",
      "properties": {
        "navigations": {
          "description": "Specify the navigation within the card stack.",
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/navigation"
          }
        },
        "link": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Immediately open the target link in a new tab or a popup.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/openLink"
        },
        "notification": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a notification to the end-user.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/notification"
        }
      }
    },
    "renderAction": {
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "action": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "Google Workspace add-on response to interact with the end user. The most common interaction is to render a card with a navigation."
        },
        "hostAppAction": {
          "type":"object",
          "description": "Actions handled by individual host apps.",
          "$ref": "./hostAppActionSchema.json#/definitions/hostAppActionMarkup"
        },
        "schema": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "This is a no-op schema field that may be present in the markup for syntax\n checking."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/renderAction"
}

代管應用程式動作標記

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "hostAppActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/hostAppActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "gmailAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/gmailAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./gmailSchema.json#/definitions/gmailClientActionMarkup"
        },
        "calendarAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/calendarAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./calendarSchema.json#/definitions/calendarClientActionMarkup"
        },
        "driveAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/driveAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./drive_schema.json#/definitions/drive_client_action_markup"
        },
        "editor_action": {
          "$id": "/properties/editor_action",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./editor_schema.json#/definitions/editor_client_action_markup"
        }
      },
      "description": ""
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/hostAppActionMarkup"
}

Gmail 動作標記

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "gmailClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/gmailClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "updateDraftActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update Draft Action Markup",
          "$ref": "#definitions/updateDraftActionMarkup"
        },
        "openCreatedDraftActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Open Created Draft Action Markup",
          "$ref": "#definitions/openCreatedDraftActionMarkup"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateDraftActionMarkup": {
      "$id" : "/properties/updateDraftActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "updateBody": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateBody"
        },
        "updateToRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update To Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateToRecipients"
        },
        "updateCcRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update CC Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateCcRecipients"
        },
        "updateBccRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update BCC Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateBccRecipients"
        },
        "updateSubject": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update Subject",
          "$ref": "#definitions/updateSubject"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateBody": {
      "$id": "/prioperties/updateBody",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A field which contains a series of updates action to perform on the draft\n body that user is currently editing.",
      "properties": {
        "insertContents": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A repeated field which contains a series of insert content to perform\n on the draft that user is currently editing. The content currently\n contains 1) HTML content or 2) plain text content.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/insertContent"
          }
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "",
          "enum": [
            "IN_PLACE_INSERT"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "insertContent": {
      "$id": "/prioperties/insertContent",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "content": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The content to be inserted"
        },
        "contentType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of inserted content",
          "enum": [
            "TEXT",
            "MUTABLE_HTML",
            "IMMUTABLE_HTML"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "recipient": {
      "$id": "/properties/recipient",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "recipient",
      "properties": {
        "email": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateToRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateToRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing To recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "toRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "To Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateCcRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateCcRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing Cc recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "CcRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "CC Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateBccRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateBccRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing Bcc recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "BccRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "BCC Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateSubject": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateSubject",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing subject of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "subject": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "openCreatedDraftActionMarkup": {
      "type": "object",
      "$id": "/properties/openCreatedDraftActionMarkup",
      "description": "",
      "properties": {
        "draftId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the newly-created draft in the form \"r123\"."
        },
        "draftThreadId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the thread containing the newly-created draft, e.g., \"15e9fa622ce1029d\"."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/gmailClientActionMarkup"
}

日曆動作標記

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "editAttendeesActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editAttendeesActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "addAttendeeEmails": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      },
      "description": ""
    },
    "editConferenceDataActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editConferenceDataActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "setConferenceData": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./conferenceDataMarkupSchema.json#/definitions/conferenceDataMarkup"
        }
      }
    },
    "calendarClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/calendarClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "editAttendeesActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/editAttendeesActionMarkup"
        },
        "editConferenceDataActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/editConferenceDataActionMarkup"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/calendarClientActionMarkup"
}

雲端硬碟動作標記

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "driveClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "requestFileScope": {
          "type": "object",
          "properties": {
            "itemId": {
              "type": "string"
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/driveClientActionMarkup"
}

編輯器動作標記

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "editor_client_action_markup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editor_client_action_markup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "request_file_scope_for_active_document": {
          "type": "object"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/editor_client_action_markup"
}

取得自動查詢建議

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "A response for getting autocomplete container, which includes elements\n necessary for showing auto complete items for text field.",
  "definitions": {
    "getAutocompletionResponse": {
      "$id": "/properties/getAutocompletionResponse",
      "type": "object",
      "required": ["autoComplete"],
      "properties": {
        "autoComplete": {
          "type" : "object",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/suggestions"
        },
        "schema": {
          "type" : "string",
          "description": "This is a no-op schema field that may be present in the markup for syntax checking."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/getAutocompletionResponse"
}