Ler e gravar valores de célula

As planilhas podem ter várias planilhas, e cada uma delas pode ter qualquer número de linhas ou colunas. Uma célula é um local na interseção de uma linha e coluna específicas e pode conter um valor de dados. A API Google Sheets oferece o recurso spreadsheets.values para ativar a leitura e a gravação de valores.

Esta página descreve as noções básicas de uso do recurso spreadsheets.values. Se você precisar inserir linhas ou atualizar a formatação e outras propriedades em uma página, use o método spreadsheets.batchUpdate descrito em Atualizar planilhas.

Métodos

O recurso spreadsheets.values fornece os métodos abaixo para ler e gravar valores, cada um para uma tarefa específica:

Acesso ao intervalo Leitura Gravação
Intervalo único spreadsheets.values.get spreadsheets.values.update
Vários intervalos spreadsheets.values.batchGet spreadsheets.values.batchUpdate
Como anexar spreadsheets.values.append

Em geral, é recomendável combinar várias leituras ou atualizações com os métodos batchGet e batchUpdate (respectivamente), já que isso melhora a eficiência.

Você encontra exemplos de cada um desses métodos nas páginas de exemplo Leitura básica e Gravação básica. Para ver todos os exemplos, consulte a página de visão geral de amostras.

Ler

Para ler os valores de dados de uma página, você precisa do ID da planilha e da notação A1 do intervalo. Especificar o intervalo sem o ID da página (A1:B2) significa que a solicitação será executada na primeira página da planilha. Para mais informações sobre IDs de planilhas e notação A1, consulte Visão geral da API Google Sheets.

Vários parâmetros de consulta opcionais controlam o formato da saída:

Parâmetro de formato Valor padrão
majorDimension ROWS
valueRenderOption FORMATTED_VALUE
dateTimeRenderOption SERIAL_NUMBER

Use dateTimeRenderOption apenas se valueRenderOption não for FORMATTED_VALUE.

Não há limite explícito para a quantidade de dados retornados. Os erros não retornam dados. Linhas e colunas vazias à direita são omitidas.

Os métodos "get" individuais e em lote são descritos abaixo. Para ver exemplos de operações de leitura básicas, consulte Leitura básica.

Ler um único intervalo

Para ler um único intervalo de valores de uma planilha, use uma solicitação spreadsheets.values.get:

Apps Script

sheets/api/planilha_snippets.gs
/**
 * Gets the values of the cells in the specified range
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId id of the spreadsheet
 * @param {string} range specifying the start and end cells of the range
 * @returns {*} Values in the range
 */
Snippets.prototype.getValues = function(spreadsheetId, range) {
  // This code uses the Sheets Advanced Service, but for most use cases
  // the built-in method SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  //     .getRange(range).getValues(values) is more appropriate.
  try {
    const result = Sheets.Spreadsheets.Values.get(spreadsheetId, range);
    const numRows = result.values ? result.values.length : 0;
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error %s', err.message);
  }
};

Java

sheets/snippets/src/main/java/GetValues.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.Sheets;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.SheetsScopes;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.ValueRange;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Collections;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Spreadsheet Get Values API */
public class GetValues {
  /**
   * Returns a range of values from a spreadsheet.
   *
   * @param spreadsheetId - Id of the spreadsheet.
   * @param range         - Range of cells of the spreadsheet.
   * @return Values in the range
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static ValueRange getValues(String spreadsheetId, String range) throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SheetsScopes.SPREADSHEETS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the sheets API client
    Sheets service = new Sheets.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Sheets samples")
        .build();

    ValueRange result = null;
    try {
      // Gets the values of the cells in the specified range.
      result = service.spreadsheets().values().get(spreadsheetId, range).execute();
      int numRows = result.getValues() != null ? result.getValues().size() : 0;
      System.out.printf("%d rows retrieved.", numRows);
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Spreadsheet not found with id '%s'.\n", spreadsheetId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}

JavaScript

sheets/snippets/sheets_get_values.js
function getValues(spreadsheetId, range, callback) {
  try {
    gapi.client.sheets.spreadsheets.values.get({
      spreadsheetId: spreadsheetId,
      range: range,
    }).then((response) => {
      const result = response.result;
      const numRows = result.values ? result.values.length : 0;
      console.log(`${numRows} rows retrieved.`);
      if (callback) callback(response);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

sheets/snippets/sheets_get_values.js
/**
 * Gets cell values from a Spreadsheet.
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId The spreadsheet ID.
 * @param {string} range The sheet range.
 * @return {obj} spreadsheet information
 */
async function getValues(spreadsheetId, range) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets',
  });

  const service = google.sheets({version: 'v4', auth});
  try {
    const result = await service.spreadsheets.values.get({
      spreadsheetId,
      range,
    });
    const numRows = result.data.values ? result.data.values.length : 0;
    console.log(`${numRows} rows retrieved.`);
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

sheets/snippets/src/SpreadsheetGetValues.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Sheets\BatchUpdateSpreadsheetRequest;
/**
 * get values of a particular spreadsheet(by Id and range).
 */
function getValues($spreadsheetId, $range)
    {   
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
        $client = new Google\Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
        $service = new Google_Service_Sheets($client);
        $result = $service->spreadsheets_values->get($spreadsheetId, $range);
        try{
        $numRows = $result->getValues() != null ? count($result->getValues()) : 0;
        printf("%d rows retrieved.", $numRows);
        return $result;
    }
        catch(Exception $e) {
            // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
            echo 'Message: ' .$e->getMessage();
        }
    }

Python

sheets/snippets/sheets_get_values.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def get_values(spreadsheet_id, range_name):
  """
  Creates the batch_update the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  try:
    service = build("sheets", "v4", credentials=creds)

    result = (
        service.spreadsheets()
        .values()
        .get(spreadsheetId=spreadsheet_id, range=range_name)
        .execute()
    )
    rows = result.get("values", [])
    print(f"{len(rows)} rows retrieved")
    return result
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Pass: spreadsheet_id, and range_name
  get_values("1CM29gwKIzeXsAppeNwrc8lbYaVMmUclprLuLYuHog4k", "A1:C2")

Ruby

sheets/snippets/lib/spreadsheet_snippets.rb
result = service.get_spreadsheet_values(spreadsheet_id, range_name)
num_rows = result.values ? result.values.length : 0
puts "#{num_rows} rows received."

A resposta a essa solicitação é retornada como um objeto ValueRange.

Ler vários intervalos

Para ler vários intervalos de valores não contínuos de uma planilha, use uma solicitação spreadsheets.values.batchGet que permita especificar vários intervalos a serem recuperados:

Apps Script

sheets/api/planilha_snippets.gs
/**
 * Get the values in the specified ranges
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId spreadsheet's ID
 * @param {list<string>} _ranges The span of ranges
 * @returns {*} spreadsheet information and values
 */
Snippets.prototype.batchGetValues = (spreadsheetId,
  _ranges) => {
  // This code uses the Sheets Advanced Service, but for most use cases
  // the built-in method SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  //     .getRange(range).getValues(values) is more appropriate.
  let ranges = [
    //Range names ...
  ];
  try {
    const result =
      Sheets.Spreadsheets.Values.batchGet(spreadsheetId, {ranges: ranges});
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error %s', err.message);
  }
};

Java

sheets/snippets/src/main/java/BatchGetValues.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.Sheets;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.SheetsScopes;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.BatchGetValuesResponse;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Spreadsheet Batch Get Values API */
public class BatchGetValues {
  /**
   * Returns one or more ranges of values from a spreadsheet.
   *
   * @param spreadsheetId - Id of the spreadsheet.
   * @param ranges        - Range of cells of the spreadsheet.
   * @return Values in the range
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchGetValuesResponse batchGetValues(String spreadsheetId,
                                                      List<String> ranges)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SheetsScopes.SPREADSHEETS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the sheets API client
    Sheets service = new Sheets.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Sheets samples")
        .build();

    BatchGetValuesResponse result = null;
    try {
      // Gets the values of the cells in the specified range.
      result = service.spreadsheets().values().batchGet(spreadsheetId)
          .setRanges(ranges).execute();
      System.out.printf("%d ranges retrieved.", result.getValueRanges().size());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Spreadsheet not found with id '%s'.\n", spreadsheetId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}

JavaScript

sheets/snippets/sheets_batch_get_values.js
function batchGetValues(spreadsheetId, _ranges, callback) {
  let ranges = [
    // Range names ...
  ];
  ranges = _ranges;
  try {
    gapi.client.sheets.spreadsheets.values.batchGet({
      spreadsheetId: spreadsheetId,
      ranges: ranges,
    }).then((response) => {
      const result = response.result;
      console.log(`${result.valueRanges.length} ranges retrieved.`);
      if (callback) callback(response);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

sheets/snippets/sheets_batch_get_values.js
/**
 * Batch gets cell values from a Spreadsheet.
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId The spreadsheet ID.
 * @param {string} _ranges The mock sheet range.
 * @return {obj} spreadsheet information
 */
async function batchGetValues(spreadsheetId, _ranges) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets',
  });

  const service = google.sheets({version: 'v4', auth});
  let ranges = [
    // Range names ...
  ];
  try {
    const result = await service.spreadsheets.values.batchGet({
      spreadsheetId,
      ranges,
    });
    console.log(`${result.data.valueRanges.length} ranges retrieved.`);
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

sheets/snippets/src/SpreadsheetBatchGetValues.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Sheets;
/**
 * method to get a spreadsheet values in batch
 */

function batchGetValues($spreadsheetId)
    {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */       
        $client = new Google\Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
        $service = new Google_Service_Sheets($client);
        try{
            $ranges = 'Sheet1!A1:B2';
            $params = array(
                'ranges' => $ranges
            );
            //execute the request
            $result = $service->spreadsheets_values->batchGet($spreadsheetId, $params);
            printf("%d ranges retrieved.", count($result->getValueRanges()));
            return $result;
        }
        catch(Exception $e) {
            // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
            echo 'Message: ' .$e->getMessage();
          }
        }

Python

sheets/snippets/sheets_batch_get_values.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def batch_get_values(spreadsheet_id, _range_names):
  """
  Creates the batch_update the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  try:
    service = build("sheets", "v4", credentials=creds)
    range_names = [
        # Range names ...
    ]
    result = (
        service.spreadsheets()
        .values()
        .batchGet(spreadsheetId=spreadsheet_id, ranges=range_names)
        .execute()
    )
    ranges = result.get("valueRanges", [])
    print(f"{len(ranges)} ranges retrieved")
    return result
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Pass: spreadsheet_id, and range_name

  batch_get_values("1CM29gwKIzeXsAppeNwrc8lbYaVMmUclprLuLYuHog4k", "A1:C2")

Ruby

sheets/snippets/lib/spreadsheet_snippets.rb
range_names = [
  # Range names ...
]
result = service.batch_get_spreadsheet_values(spreadsheet_id,
                                              ranges: range_names)
puts "#{result.value_ranges.length} ranges retrieved."

A resposta a essa solicitação é retornada como um objeto BatchGetValuesResponse que contém o spreadsheetId e uma lista de objetos ValueRange.

Gravar

Para gravar em uma planilha, você precisa do ID da planilha, do intervalo de células na notação A1 e dos dados que quer gravar em um objeto de corpo da solicitação apropriado. Para mais informações sobre IDs de planilha e notação A1, consulte Visão geral da API Google Sheets.

As atualizações exigem um parâmetro ValueInputOption válido. Para atualizações individuais, esse é um parâmetro de consulta obrigatório. Para atualizações em lote, esse parâmetro é obrigatório no corpo da solicitação. O ValueInputOption controla como os dados de entrada são interpretados e se as strings de entrada são analisadas ou não, conforme descrito na tabela a seguir:

ValueInputOption Descrição
RAW A entrada não é analisada e é inserida como uma string. Por exemplo, a entrada "=1+2" coloca a string, não a fórmula, "=1+2" na célula. Valores que não são strings, como booleanos ou números, sempre são processados como RAW.
USER_ENTERED A entrada é analisada exatamente como se tivesse sido digitada na interface do Planilhas. Por exemplo, "1 de março de 2016" se torna uma data, e "=1+2" se torna uma fórmula. Os formatos também podem ser inferidos.Portanto, "US$ 100,15" se torna um número com formatação de moeda.

Os métodos de atualização individuais e em lote são descritos abaixo. Para amostras de operações básicas de gravação, consulte Gravação básica.

Gravar em um único intervalo

Para gravar dados em um único intervalo, use uma solicitação spreadsheets.values.update:

Apps Script

sheets/api/planilha_snippets.gs
/**
 * Updates the values in the specified range
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId spreadsheet's ID
 * @param {string} range the range of cells in spreadsheet
 * @param {string} valueInputOption determines how the input should be interpreted
 * @see
 * https://developers.google.com/sheets/api/reference/rest/v4/ValueInputOption
 * @param {list<list<string>>} _values list of string lists to input
 * @returns {*} spreadsheet with updated values
 */
Snippets.prototype.updateValues = (spreadsheetId, range,
  valueInputOption, _values) => {
  // This code uses the Sheets Advanced Service, but for most use cases
  // the built-in method SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  //     .getRange(range).setValues(values) is more appropriate.
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ]
    // Additional rows ...
  ];

  try {
    let valueRange = Sheets.newValueRange();
    valueRange.values = values;
    const result = Sheets.Spreadsheets.Values.update(valueRange,
      spreadsheetId, range, {valueInputOption: valueInputOption});
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error %s', err.message);
  }
};

Java

sheets/snippets/src/main/java/UpdateValues.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.Sheets;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.SheetsScopes;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.UpdateValuesResponse;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.ValueRange;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Spreadsheet Update Values API */
public class UpdateValues {
  /**
   * Sets values in a range of a spreadsheet.
   *
   * @param spreadsheetId    - Id of the spreadsheet.
   * @param range            - Range of cells of the spreadsheet.
   * @param valueInputOption - Determines how input data should be interpreted.
   * @param values           - List of rows of values to input.
   * @return spreadsheet with updated values
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static UpdateValuesResponse updateValues(String spreadsheetId,
                                                  String range,
                                                  String valueInputOption,
                                                  List<List<Object>> values)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SheetsScopes.SPREADSHEETS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the sheets API client
    Sheets service = new Sheets.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Sheets samples")
        .build();

    UpdateValuesResponse result = null;
    try {
      // Updates the values in the specified range.
      ValueRange body = new ValueRange()
          .setValues(values);
      result = service.spreadsheets().values().update(spreadsheetId, range, body)
          .setValueInputOption(valueInputOption)
          .execute();
      System.out.printf("%d cells updated.", result.getUpdatedCells());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Spreadsheet not found with id '%s'.\n", spreadsheetId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}

JavaScript

sheets/snippets/sheets_update_values.js
function updateValues(spreadsheetId, range, valueInputOption, _values, callback) {
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ],
    // Additional rows ...
  ];
  values = _values;
  const body = {
    values: values,
  };
  try {
    gapi.client.sheets.spreadsheets.values.update({
      spreadsheetId: spreadsheetId,
      range: range,
      valueInputOption: valueInputOption,
      resource: body,
    }).then((response) => {
      const result = response.result;
      console.log(`${result.updatedCells} cells updated.`);
      if (callback) callback(response);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

sheets/snippets/sheets_update_values.js
/**
 * Updates values in a Spreadsheet.
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId The spreadsheet ID.
 * @param {string} range The range of values to update.
 * @param {object} valueInputOption Value update options.
 * @param {(string[])[]} _values A 2d array of values to update.
 * @return {obj} spreadsheet information
 */
async function updateValues(spreadsheetId, range, valueInputOption, _values) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets',
  });

  const service = google.sheets({version: 'v4', auth});
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ],
    // Additional rows ...
  ];
  const resource = {
    values,
  };
  try {
    const result = await service.spreadsheets.values.update({
      spreadsheetId,
      range,
      valueInputOption,
      resource,
    });
    console.log('%d cells updated.', result.data.updatedCells);
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

sheets/snippets/src/SpreadsheetUpdateValues.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Sheets\ValueRange;


function updateValues($spreadsheetId, $range, $valueInputOption)
    {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
        $client = new Google\Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
        $service = new Google_Service_Sheets($client);
        try{
        $values = [["sample", 'values']];

        $body = new Google_Service_Sheets_ValueRange([
            'values' => $values
        ]);
        $params = [
            'valueInputOption' => $valueInputOption
        ];
        //executing the request
        $result = $service->spreadsheets_values->update($spreadsheetId, $range,
        $body, $params);
        printf("%d cells updated.", $result->getUpdatedCells());
        return $result;
    }
    catch(Exception $e) {
            // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
            echo 'Message: ' .$e->getMessage();
          }
    }

Python

sheets/snippets/sheets_update_values.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def update_values(spreadsheet_id, range_name, value_input_option, _values):
  """
  Creates the batch_update the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  try:
    service = build("sheets", "v4", credentials=creds)
    values = [
        [
            # Cell values ...
        ],
        # Additional rows ...
    ]
    body = {"values": values}
    result = (
        service.spreadsheets()
        .values()
        .update(
            spreadsheetId=spreadsheet_id,
            range=range_name,
            valueInputOption=value_input_option,
            body=body,
        )
        .execute()
    )
    print(f"{result.get('updatedCells')} cells updated.")
    return result
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Pass: spreadsheet_id,  range_name, value_input_option and  _values
  update_values(
      "1CM29gwKIzeXsAppeNwrc8lbYaVMmUclprLuLYuHog4k",
      "A1:C2",
      "USER_ENTERED",
      [["A", "B"], ["C", "D"]],
  )

Ruby

sheets/snippets/lib/spreadsheet_snippets.rb
values = [
  [
    # Cell values ...
  ]
  # Additional rows ...
]
data = [
  {
    range:  range_name,
    values: values
  },
  # Additional ranges to update ...
]
value_range_object = Google::Apis::SheetsV4::ValueRange.new(range:  range_name,
                                                            values: values)
result = service.update_spreadsheet_value(spreadsheet_id,
                                          range_name,
                                          value_range_object,
                                          value_input_option: value_input_option)
puts "#{result.updated_cells} cells updated."

O corpo da solicitação de atualização precisa ser um objeto ValueRange, embora o único campo obrigatório seja values. Se range for especificado, ele precisará corresponder ao intervalo no URL. Em ValueRange, é possível especificar o majorDimension. Por padrão, ROWS é usado. Se COLUMNS for especificado, cada matriz interna será gravada em uma coluna, em vez de uma linha.

Durante a atualização, os valores sem dados são ignorados. Para limpar os dados, use uma string vazia ("").

Gravar vários intervalos

Se você quiser gravar vários intervalos não contínuos, use uma solicitação spreadsheets.values.batchUpdate:

Apps Script

sheets/api/planilha_snippets.gs
/**
 * Updates the values in the specified range
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId spreadsheet's ID
 * @param {string} range range of cells of the spreadsheet
 * @param {string} valueInputOption determines how the input should be interpreted
 * @see
 * https://developers.google.com/sheets/api/reference/rest/v4/ValueInputOption
 * @param {list<list<string>>} _values list of string values to input
 * @returns {*} spreadsheet with updated values
 */
Snippets.prototype.batchUpdateValues =
  (spreadsheetId, range, valueInputOption,
    _values) => {
    // This code uses the Sheets Advanced Service, but for most use cases
    // the built-in method SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
    //     .getRange(range).setValues(values) is more appropriate.
    let values = [
      [
        // Cell values ...
      ]
      // Additional rows ...
    ];

    try {
      let valueRange = Sheets.newValueRange();
      valueRange.range = range;
      valueRange.values = values;

      let batchUpdateRequest = Sheets.newBatchUpdateValuesRequest();
      batchUpdateRequest.data = valueRange;
      batchUpdateRequest.valueInputOption = valueInputOption;

      const result = Sheets.Spreadsheets.Values.batchUpdate(batchUpdateRequest,
        spreadsheetId);
      return result;
    } catch (err) {
      // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
      console.log('Failed with error %s', err.message);
    }
  };

Java

sheets/snippets/src/main/java/BatchUpdateValues.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.Sheets;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.SheetsScopes;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.BatchUpdateValuesRequest;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.BatchUpdateValuesResponse;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.ValueRange;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Spreadsheet Batch Update Values API */
public class BatchUpdateValues {
  /**
   * Set values in one or more ranges of spreadsheet.
   *
   * @param spreadsheetId    - Id of the spreadsheet.
   * @param range            - Range of cells of the spreadsheet.
   * @param valueInputOption - Determines how input data should be interpreted.
   * @param values           - list of rows of values to input.
   * @return spreadsheet with updated values
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdateValuesResponse batchUpdateValues(String spreadsheetId,
                                                            String range,
                                                            String valueInputOption,
                                                            List<List<Object>> values)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SheetsScopes.SPREADSHEETS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the sheets API client
    Sheets service = new Sheets.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Sheets samples")
        .build();

    List<ValueRange> data = new ArrayList<>();
    data.add(new ValueRange()
        .setRange(range)
        .setValues(values));

    BatchUpdateValuesResponse result = null;
    try {
      // Updates the values in the specified range.
      BatchUpdateValuesRequest body = new BatchUpdateValuesRequest()
          .setValueInputOption(valueInputOption)
          .setData(data);
      result = service.spreadsheets().values().batchUpdate(spreadsheetId, body).execute();
      System.out.printf("%d cells updated.", result.getTotalUpdatedCells());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Spreadsheet not found with id '%s'.\n", spreadsheetId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}

JavaScript

sheets/snippets/sheets_batch_update_values.js
function batchUpdateValues(spreadsheetId, range, valueInputOption, _values, callback) {
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ],
    // Additional rows ...
  ];
  values = _values;
  const data = [];
  data.push({
    range: range,
    values: values,
  });
  // Additional ranges to update.

  const body = {
    data: data,
    valueInputOption: valueInputOption,
  };
  try {
    gapi.client.sheets.spreadsheets.values.batchUpdate({
      spreadsheetId: spreadsheetId,
      resource: body,
    }).then((response) => {
      const result = response.result;
      console.log(`${result.totalUpdatedCells} cells updated.`);
      if (callback) callback(response);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

sheets/snippets/sheets_batch_update_values.js
/**
 * Batch Updates values in a Spreadsheet.
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId The spreadsheet ID.
 * @param {string} range The range of values to update.
 * @param {object} valueInputOption Value update options.
 * @param {(string[])[]} _values A 2d array of values to update.
 * @return {obj} spreadsheet information
 */
async function batchUpdateValues(
    spreadsheetId,
    range,
    valueInputOption,
    _values,
) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets',
  });

  const service = google.sheets({version: 'v4', auth});
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ],
    // Additional rows ...
  ];
  const data = [
    {
      range,
      values,
    },
  ];
  // Additional ranges to update ...
  const resource = {
    data,
    valueInputOption,
  };
  try {
    const result = await service.spreadsheets.values.batchUpdate({
      spreadsheetId,
      resource,
    });
    console.log('%d cells updated.', result.data.totalUpdatedCells);
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

sheets/snippets/src/SpreadsheetBatchUpdateValues.php
/**
 * to update values in batch for a particular spreadsheet
 */
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Sheets;

function batchUpdateValues($spreadsheetId, $range, $valueInputOption)
    {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
        $client = new Google\Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
        $service = new Google_Service_Sheets($client);
        $values = [];
        try{

            $data[] = new Google_Service_Sheets_ValueRange([
                'range' => $range,
            'values' => $values
        ]);
        $body = new Google_Service_Sheets_BatchUpdateValuesRequest([
            'valueInputOption' => $valueInputOption,
            'data' => $data
        ]);
        $result = $service->spreadsheets_values->batchUpdate($spreadsheetId, $body);
        printf("%d cells updated.", $result->getTotalUpdatedCells());
        return $result;
    }

        catch(Exception $e) {
            // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
            echo 'Message: ' .$e->getMessage();
          }
    }

Python

sheets/snippets/sheets_batch_update_values.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def batch_update_values(
    spreadsheet_id, range_name, value_input_option, _values
):
  """
  Creates the batch_update the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  try:
    service = build("sheets", "v4", credentials=creds)

    values = [
        [
            # Cell values ...
        ],
        # Additional rows
    ]
    data = [
        {"range": range_name, "values": values},
        # Additional ranges to update ...
    ]
    body = {"valueInputOption": value_input_option, "data": data}
    result = (
        service.spreadsheets()
        .values()
        .batchUpdate(spreadsheetId=spreadsheet_id, body=body)
        .execute()
    )
    print(f"{(result.get('totalUpdatedCells'))} cells updated.")
    return result
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Pass: spreadsheet_id, range_name value_input_option and _values)
  batch_update_values(
      "1CM29gwKIzeXsAppeNwrc8lbYaVMmUclprLuLYuHog4k",
      "A1:C2",
      "USER_ENTERED",
      [["F", "B"], ["C", "D"]],
  )

Ruby

sheets/snippets/lib/spreadsheet_snippets.rb
values = [
  [
    # Cell values ...
  ]
  # Additional rows ...
]
data = [
  {
    range:  range_name,
    values: values
  },
  # Additional ranges to update ...
]
batch_update_values = Google::Apis::SheetsV4::BatchUpdateValuesRequest.new(
  data:               data,
  value_input_option: value_input_option
)
result = service.batch_update_values(spreadsheet_id, batch_update_values)
puts "#{result.total_updated_cells} cells updated."

O corpo da solicitação de atualização em lote precisa ser um objeto BatchUpdateValuesRequest, que contém um ValueInputOption e uma lista de objetos ValueRange (um para cada intervalo gravado). Cada objeto ValueRange especifica o próprio range, majorDimension e dados de entrada.

Anexar valores

Para anexar dados após uma tabela de dados em uma página, use uma solicitação spreadsheets.values.append:

Apps Script

sheets/api/planilha_snippets.gs
/**
 * Appends values to the specified range
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId spreadsheet's ID
 * @param {string} range range of cells in the spreadsheet
 * @param valueInputOption determines how the input should be interpreted
 * @see
 * https://developers.google.com/sheets/api/reference/rest/v4/ValueInputOption
 * @param {list<string>} _values list of rows of values to input
 * @returns {*} spreadsheet with appended values
 */
Snippets.prototype.appendValues = (spreadsheetId, range,
  valueInputOption, _values) => {
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ]
    // Additional rows ...
  ];
  try {
    let valueRange = Sheets.newRowData();
    valueRange.values = values;

    let appendRequest = Sheets.newAppendCellsRequest();
    appendRequest.sheetId = spreadsheetId;
    appendRequest.rows = [valueRange];

    const result = Sheets.Spreadsheets.Values.append(valueRange, spreadsheetId,
      range, {valueInputOption: valueInputOption});
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error %s', err.message);
  }
};

Java

sheets/snippets/src/main/java/AppendValues.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.Sheets;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.SheetsScopes;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.AppendValuesResponse;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.ValueRange;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Spreadsheet Append Values API */
public class AppendValues {
  /**
   * Appends values to a spreadsheet.
   *
   * @param spreadsheetId    - Id of the spreadsheet.
   * @param range            - Range of cells of the spreadsheet.
   * @param valueInputOption - Determines how input data should be interpreted.
   * @param values           - list of rows of values to input.
   * @return spreadsheet with appended values
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static AppendValuesResponse appendValues(String spreadsheetId,
                                                  String range,
                                                  String valueInputOption,
                                                  List<List<Object>> values)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SheetsScopes.SPREADSHEETS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the sheets API client
    Sheets service = new Sheets.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Sheets samples")
        .build();

    AppendValuesResponse result = null;
    try {
      // Append values to the specified range.
      ValueRange body = new ValueRange()
          .setValues(values);
      result = service.spreadsheets().values().append(spreadsheetId, range, body)
          .setValueInputOption(valueInputOption)
          .execute();
      // Prints the spreadsheet with appended values.
      System.out.printf("%d cells appended.", result.getUpdates().getUpdatedCells());
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Spreadsheet not found with id '%s'.\n", spreadsheetId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return result;
  }
}

JavaScript

sheets/snippets/sheets_append_values.js
function appendValues(spreadsheetId, range, valueInputOption, _values, callback) {
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ],
    // Additional rows ...
  ];
  values = _values;
  const body = {
    values: values,
  };
  try {
    gapi.client.sheets.spreadsheets.values.append({
      spreadsheetId: spreadsheetId,
      range: range,
      valueInputOption: valueInputOption,
      resource: body,
    }).then((response) => {
      const result = response.result;
      console.log(`${result.updates.updatedCells} cells appended.`);
      if (callback) callback(response);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

sheets/snippets/sheets_append_values.js
/**
 * Appends values in a Spreadsheet.
 * @param {string} spreadsheetId The spreadsheet ID.
 * @param {string} range The range of values to append.
 * @param {object} valueInputOption Value input options.
 * @param {(string[])[]} _values A 2d array of values to append.
 * @return {obj} spreadsheet information
 */
async function appendValues(spreadsheetId, range, valueInputOption, _values) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets',
  });

  const service = google.sheets({version: 'v4', auth});
  let values = [
    [
      // Cell values ...
    ],
    // Additional rows ...
  ];
  const resource = {
    values,
  };
  try {
    const result = await service.spreadsheets.values.append({
      spreadsheetId,
      range,
      valueInputOption,
      resource,
    });
    console.log(`${result.data.updates.updatedCells} cells appended.`);
    return result;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

sheets/snippets/src/SpreadsheetAppendValues.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Sheets;


function appendValues($spreadsheetId, $range, $valueInputOption)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope('https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets');
    $service = new Google\Service\Sheets($client);
    try {
        $values = []; //add the values to be appended
        //execute the request
        $body = new Google_Service_Sheets_ValueRange([
            'values' => $values
        ]);
        $params = [
            'valueInputOption' => $valueInputOption
        ];
        $result = $service->spreadsheets_values->append($spreadsheetId, $range, $body, $params);
        printf("%d cells appended.", $result->getUpdates()->getUpdatedCells());
        return $result;
    } catch (Exception $e) {
        // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
        echo 'Message: ' . $e->getMessage();
    }

Python

sheets/snippets/sheets_append_values.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def append_values(spreadsheet_id, range_name, value_input_option, _values):
  """
  Creates the batch_update the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  try:
    service = build("sheets", "v4", credentials=creds)

    values = [
        [
            # Cell values ...
        ],
        # Additional rows ...
    ]
    body = {"values": values}
    result = (
        service.spreadsheets()
        .values()
        .append(
            spreadsheetId=spreadsheet_id,
            range=range_name,
            valueInputOption=value_input_option,
            body=body,
        )
        .execute()
    )
    print(f"{(result.get('updates').get('updatedCells'))} cells appended.")
    return result

  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Pass: spreadsheet_id, range_name value_input_option and _values)
  append_values(
      "1CM29gwKIzeXsAppeNwrc8lbYaVMmUclprLuLYuHog4k",
      "A1:C2",
      "USER_ENTERED",
      [["F", "B"], ["C", "D"]],
  )

Ruby

sheets/snippets/lib/spreadsheet_snippets.rb
values = [
  [
    # Cell values ...
  ],
  # Additional rows ...
]
value_range = Google::Apis::SheetsV4::ValueRange.new(values: values)
result = service.append_spreadsheet_value(spreadsheet_id,
                                          range_name,
                                          value_range,
                                          value_input_option: value_input_option)
puts "#{result.updates.updated_cells} cells appended."

O corpo da solicitação de atualização precisa ser um objeto ValueRange, embora o único campo obrigatório seja values. Se range for especificado, ele precisará corresponder ao intervalo no URL. Em ValueRange, é possível especificar o majorDimension. Por padrão, ROWS é usado. Se COLUMNS for especificado, cada matriz interna será gravada em uma coluna, em vez de uma linha.

O intervalo de entrada é usado para pesquisar dados existentes e encontrar uma "tabela" dentro desse intervalo. Os valores são anexados à próxima linha da tabela, começando com a primeira coluna da tabela. Por exemplo, considere um Sheet1 com esta aparência:

A B C D E
1 x y z
2 x y z
3
4 x y
5 y z
6 x y z
7

Há duas tabelas na página: A1:C2 e B4:D6. Os valores anexados começariam em B7 para todas as entradas range a seguir:

  • Sheet1, porque ela examinará todos os dados na planilha e determinará que a tabela em B4:D6 é a última.
  • B4 ou C5:D5, porque ambos estão na tabela B4:D6.
  • B2:D4, porque a última tabela no intervalo é a B4:D6 (apesar de ela também conter a tabela A1:C2).
  • A3:G10, porque a última tabela no intervalo é a B4:D6, apesar de começar antes e terminar depois dela.

As seguintes entradas range não começariam a ser gravadas em B7:

  • A1 começaria a ser gravado em A3, porque isso está na tabela A1:C2.
  • E4 começaria a ser gravado em E4, porque não está em nenhuma tabela. A4 também começaria a ser gravado em A4 pelos mesmos motivos.

Além disso, escolha se quer substituir os dados atuais após uma tabela ou inserir novas linhas para os novos dados. Por padrão, a entrada substitui os dados após a tabela. Para gravar os novos dados em novas linhas, use InsertDataOption e especifique insertDataOption=INSERT_ROWS.

Para saber mais sobre limites de células e linhas no Planilhas, consulte Arquivos que você pode armazenar no Google Drive.