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Computing a Route Matrix Examples

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You can use the ComputeRouteMatrix method an HTTP request and response or with any language that supports gRPC, including Java and Go.

HTTP examples

The following example shows a ComputeRouteMatrix HTTP request and response.

Request:

curl -X POST -d '{
"origins": [
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
"latitude": 37.420761,
"longitude": -122.081356,
}}},
"routeModifiers": { "avoidFerries": true}
},
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
"latitude": 37.403184,
"longitude": -122.097371,
}}},
"routeModifiers": { "avoidFerries": true}
}
],
"destinations": [
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
"latitude": 37.420999,
"longitude": -122.086894,
}}}
},
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
"latitude": 37.383047,
"longitude": -122.044651,
}}}
}
],
"travelMode": "DRIVE",
"routingPreference": "TRAFFIC_AWARE"
}' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -H 'X-Goog-Api-Key: <YOUR_API_KEY>' -H 'X-Goog-FieldMask: originIndex,destinationIndex,duration,distanceMeters,status' 'https://routespreferred.googleapis.com/v1alpha:computeRouteMatrix'

Response:

[{
  "status": {},
  "distanceMeters": 827,
  "duration": "139s"
}
,
{
  "originIndex": 1,
  "destinationIndex": 1,
  "status": {},
  "distanceMeters": 5597,
  "duration": "383s"
}
,
{
  "originIndex": 1,
  "status": {},
  "distanceMeters": 2926,
  "duration": "316s"
}
,
{
  "destinationIndex": 1,
  "status": {},
  "distanceMeters": 8602,
  "duration": "613s"
}
]

The following example shows a ComputeRouteMatrix HTTP request and response for computing an estimated toll price.

Request:

curl -X POST -d '{
"origins": [
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
        "latitude":47.7020056,
        "longitude":-122.3479236,
}}},
"routeModifiers": {
"vehicleInfo":{
      "emissionType": "GASOLINE"
    },
    "tollPasses": ["US_WA_GOOD_TO_GO"]
}
}],
"destinations": [
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
        "latitude":47.6192234,
        "longitude": -122.1676792
}}}
}],
"travelMode": "DRIVE",
"routingPreference": "TRAFFIC_AWARE"
}' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -H 'X-Goog-Api-Key: <YOUR_API_KEY>' -H 'X-Goog-FieldMask: originIndex,destinationIndex,travelAdvisory,duration,distanceMeters,status' 'https://routespreferred.googleapis.com/v1alpha:computeRouteMatrix'

Response:

[{
  "status": {},
  "distanceMeters": 22498,
  "duration": "1251s",
  "travelAdvisory": {
    "tollInfo": {
      "estimatedPrice": [
        {
          "currencyCode": "USD",
          "units": "2",
          "nanos": 700000000
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}
]

Java and Go examples

The following examples show how to call the ComputeRouteMatrix method with Java or Go. See the corresponding Java and Go Github repositories for build instructions.

Java

package com.example;

import com.google.maps.routes.v1.*;
import com.google.type.LatLng;
import io.grpc.CallOptions;
import io.grpc.Channel;
import io.grpc.ClientCall;
import io.grpc.ClientInterceptor;
import io.grpc.ClientInterceptors;
import io.grpc.ForwardingClientCall;
import io.grpc.Metadata;
import io.grpc.MethodDescriptor;
import io.grpc.StatusRuntimeException;
import io.grpc.netty.NettyChannelBuilder;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

public class RoutesPreferredClient {
    // For more detail on inserting API keys, see:
    // https://cloud.google.com/endpoints/docs/grpc/restricting-api-access-with-api-keys#java
    // For more detail on system parameters (such as FieldMask), see:
    // https://cloud.google.com/apis/docs/system-parameters
    private static final class RoutesPreferredInterceptor implements ClientInterceptor {
        private final String apiKey;
        private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(RoutesPreferredInterceptor.class.getName());
        private static Metadata.Key<String> API_KEY_HEADER = Metadata.Key.of("x-goog-api-key",
                Metadata.ASCII_STRING_MARSHALLER);
        private static Metadata.Key<String> FIELD_MASK_HEADER = Metadata.Key.of("x-goog-fieldmask",
                Metadata.ASCII_STRING_MARSHALLER);

        public RoutesPreferredInterceptor(String apiKey) {
            this.apiKey = apiKey;
        }

        @Override
        public <ReqT, RespT> ClientCall<ReqT, RespT> interceptCall(MethodDescriptor<ReqT, RespT> method,
                CallOptions callOptions, Channel next) {
            logger.info("Intercepted " + method.getFullMethodName());
            ClientCall<ReqT, RespT> call = next.newCall(method, callOptions);
            call = new ForwardingClientCall.SimpleForwardingClientCall<ReqT, RespT>(call) {
                @Override
                public void start(Listener<RespT> responseListener, Metadata headers) {
                    headers.put(API_KEY_HEADER, apiKey);
                    // Note that setting the field mask to * is OK for testing, but discouraged in
                    // production.
                    // For example, for ComputeRoutes, set the field mask to
                    // "routes.distanceMeters,routes.duration,routes.polyline.encodedPolyline"
                    // in order to get the route distances, durations, and encoded polylines.
                    headers.put(FIELD_MASK_HEADER, "*");
                    super.start(responseListener, headers);
                }
            };
            return call;
        }
    }

    private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(RoutesPreferredClient.class.getName());
    private final RoutesPreferredGrpc.RoutesPreferredBlockingStub blockingStub;

    public RoutesPreferredClient(Channel channel) {
        blockingStub = RoutesPreferredGrpc.newBlockingStub(channel);
    }

    public static Waypoint createWaypointForLatLng(double lat, double lng) {
        return Waypoint.newBuilder()
                .setLocation(Location.newBuilder().setLatLng(LatLng.newBuilder().setLatitude(lat).setLongitude(lng)))
                .build();
    }

    public void computeRoutes() {
        ComputeRoutesRequest request = ComputeRoutesRequest.newBuilder()
                .setOrigin(createWaypointForLatLng(37.420761, -122.081356))
                .setDestination(createWaypointForLatLng(37.420999, -122.086894)).setTravelMode(RouteTravelMode.DRIVE)
                .setRoutingPreference(RoutingPreference.TRAFFIC_AWARE).setComputeAlternativeRoutes(true)
                .setUnits(Units.METRIC).setLanguageCode("en-us")
                .setRouteModifiers(
                        RouteModifiers.newBuilder().setAvoidTolls(false).setAvoidHighways(true).setAvoidFerries(true))
                .setPolylineQuality(PolylineQuality.OVERVIEW).build();
        ComputeRoutesResponse response;
        try {
            logger.info("About to send request: " + request.toString());
            response = blockingStub.withDeadlineAfter(2000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS).computeRoutes(request);
        } catch (StatusRuntimeException e) {
            logger.log(Level.WARNING, "RPC failed: {0}", e.getStatus());
            return;
        }
        logger.info("Response: " + response.toString());
    }

    public void computeRouteMatrix() {
        ComputeRouteMatrixRequest request = ComputeRouteMatrixRequest.newBuilder()
                .addOrigins(RouteMatrixOrigin.newBuilder().setWaypoint(createWaypointForLatLng(37.420761, -122.081356))
                        .setRouteModifiers(RouteModifiers.newBuilder().setAvoidTolls(false).setAvoidHighways(true)
                                .setAvoidFerries(true)))
                .addOrigins(RouteMatrixOrigin.newBuilder().setWaypoint(createWaypointForLatLng(37.403184, -122.097371)))
                .addDestinations(RouteMatrixDestination.newBuilder()
                        .setWaypoint(createWaypointForLatLng(37.420999, -122.086894)))
                .addDestinations(RouteMatrixDestination.newBuilder()
                        .setWaypoint(createWaypointForLatLng(37.383047, -122.044651)))
                .setTravelMode(RouteTravelMode.DRIVE).setRoutingPreference(RoutingPreference.TRAFFIC_AWARE).build();
        Iterator<RouteMatrixElement> elements;
        try {
            logger.info("About to send request: " + request.toString());
            elements = blockingStub.withDeadlineAfter(2000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS).computeRouteMatrix(request);
        } catch (StatusRuntimeException e) {
            logger.log(Level.WARNING, "RPC failed: {0}", e.getStatus());
            return;
        }

        while (elements.hasNext()) {
            logger.info("Element response: " + elements.next().toString());
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String apiKey = System.getenv("GOOGLE_MAPS_API_KEY");

        // The standard TLS port is 443
        Channel channel = NettyChannelBuilder.forAddress("routespreferred.googleapis.com", 443).build();
        channel = ClientInterceptors.intercept(channel, new RoutesPreferredInterceptor(apiKey));

        RoutesPreferredClient client = new RoutesPreferredClient(channel);
        client.computeRoutes();
        client.computeRouteMatrix();
    }
}
  

Go

package main

import (
	"context"
	"crypto/tls"
	"io"
	"log"
	"os"
	"time"

	"github.com/golang/protobuf/proto"
	v1 "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/maps/routes/v1"
	"google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/type/latlng"
	"google.golang.org/grpc"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/credentials"
	"google.golang.org/grpc/metadata"
)

const (
	serverAddr = "routespreferred.googleapis.com:443"
	// Note that setting the field mask to * is OK for testing, but discouraged in
	// production.
	// For example, for ComputeRoutes, set the field mask to
	// "routes.distanceMeters,routes.duration,routes.polyline.encodedPolyline"
	// in order to get the route distances, durations, and encoded polylines.
	fieldMask = "*"
)

func createWaypoint(lat float64, lng float64) *v1.Waypoint {
	return &v1.Waypoint{LocationType: &v1.Waypoint_Location{
		Location: &v1.Location{
			LatLng: &latlng.LatLng{Latitude: lat, Longitude: lng},
		},
	}}
}

func callComputeRoutes(client v1.RoutesPreferredClient, ctx *context.Context) {
	request := v1.ComputeRoutesRequest{
		Origin:                   createWaypoint(37.420761, -122.081356),
		Destination:              createWaypoint(37.420999, -122.086894),
		TravelMode:               v1.RouteTravelMode_DRIVE,
		RoutingPreference:        v1.RoutingPreference_TRAFFIC_AWARE,
		ComputeAlternativeRoutes: true,
		Units:                    v1.Units_METRIC,
		LanguageCode:             "en-us",
		RouteModifiers: &v1.RouteModifiers{
			AvoidTolls:    false,
			AvoidHighways: true,
			AvoidFerries:  true,
		},
		PolylineQuality: v1.PolylineQuality_OVERVIEW,
	}
	marshaler := proto.TextMarshaler{}
	log.Printf("Sending request: \n%s", marshaler.Text(&request))
	result, err := client.ComputeRoutes(*ctx, &request)

	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to call ComputeRoutes: %v", err)
	}
	log.Printf("Result: %s", marshaler.Text(result))
}

func callComputeRouteMatrix(client v1.RoutesPreferredClient, ctx *context.Context) {
	request := v1.ComputeRouteMatrixRequest{
		Origins: []*v1.RouteMatrixOrigin{
			{Waypoint: createWaypoint(37.420761, -122.081356), RouteModifiers: &v1.RouteModifiers{
				AvoidTolls:    false,
				AvoidHighways: true,
				AvoidFerries:  true,
			}},
			{Waypoint: createWaypoint(37.403184, -122.097371)},
		},
		Destinations: []*v1.RouteMatrixDestination{
			{Waypoint: createWaypoint(37.420999, -122.086894)},
			{Waypoint: createWaypoint(37.383047, -122.044651)},
		},
		TravelMode:        v1.RouteTravelMode_DRIVE,
		RoutingPreference: v1.RoutingPreference_TRAFFIC_AWARE,
	}
	marshaler := proto.TextMarshaler{}
	log.Printf("Sending request: \n%s", marshaler.Text(&request))
	stream, err := client.ComputeRouteMatrix(*ctx, &request)

	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to call ComputeRouteMatrix: %v", err)
	}
	for {
		element, err := stream.Recv()
		if err == io.EOF {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			log.Fatalf("Received error in ComputeRouteMatrix stream: %v", err)
		}
		log.Printf("Element: %s\n", marshaler.Text(element))
	}
}

func main() {
	config := tls.Config{}
	conn, err := grpc.Dial(serverAddr,
		grpc.WithTransportCredentials(credentials.NewTLS(&config)))
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to connect: %v", err)
	}
	defer conn.Close()
	client := v1.NewRoutesPreferredClient(conn)
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), 2*time.Second)
	ctx = metadata.AppendToOutgoingContext(ctx, "X-Goog-Api-Key", os.Getenv("GOOGLE_MAPS_API_KEY"))
	ctx = metadata.AppendToOutgoingContext(ctx, "X-Goog-Fieldmask", fieldMask)
	defer cancel()

	callComputeRoutes(client, &ctx)
	callComputeRouteMatrix(client, &ctx)
}
  

Calculating toll fees example

The following example uses the computeRouteMatrix method to return toll information on a route with an estimated price when a toll pass is used.

This feature is enabled with the routes.travelAdvisory.tollInfo field mask specified in the request. The toll pass is specified in the route_modifiers field. The toll price returned is based on the pricing used by the specified pass. If more than one pass is specified, the least expensive pricing is returned.

Request:

curl -X POST -d '{
"origins": [
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
        "latitude":47.7020056,
        "longitude":-122.3479236,
}}},
"routeModifiers": {
"vehicleInfo":{
      "emissionType": "GASOLINE"
    },
    "tollPasses": ["US_WA_GOOD_TO_GO"]
}
}],
"destinations": [
{
"waypoint": { "location": { "latLng": {
        "latitude":47.6192234,
        "longitude": -122.1676792
}}}
}],
"travelMode": "DRIVE",
"routingPreference": "TRAFFIC_AWARE"
}' \
-H 'Content-Type: application/json'  \
-H 'X-Goog-Api-Key: <YOUR_API_KEY>'  \
-H 'X-Goog-FieldMask: originIndex,destinationIndex,travelAdvisory,duration,distanceMeters,status' 'https://routespreferred.googleapis.com/v1alpha:computeRouteMatrix'

Response:

[{
  "status": {},
  "distanceMeters": 22495,
  "duration": "1446s",
  "travelAdvisory": {
    "tollInfo": {
      "estimatedPrice": [
        {
          "currencyCode": "USD",
          "units": "4",
          "nanos": 300000000
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}]