Snap to Roads

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Roads API accepte jusqu'à 100 points GPS collectés sur un itinéraire et renvoie un ensemble de données similaire, les points étant ancrés aux routes les plus susceptibles d'être utilisées par le véhicule. Vous pouvez également demander que les points soient interpolés afin d'obtenir un trajet qui suit de manière fluide la géométrie de la route.

Requests

Une requête de balisage doit être envoyée via HTTPS et prend la forme suivante :

https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads?parameters&key=YOUR_API_KEY

Required parameters

  • path

    The path to be snapped. The path parameter accepts a list of latitude/longitude pairs. Latitude and longitude values should be separated by commas. Coordinates should be separated by the pipe character: "|". For example: path=60.170880,24.942795|60.170879,24.942796|60.170877,24.942796.

    Note: The snapping algorithm works best for points that are not too far apart. If you observe odd snapping behavior, try creating paths that have points closer together. To ensure the best snap-to-road quality, you should aim to provide paths on which consecutive pairs of points are within 300m of each other. This will also help in handling any isolated, long jumps between consecutive points caused by GPS signal loss, or noise.

Optional parameters

  • interpolate

    Whether to interpolate a path to include all points forming the full road-geometry. When true, additional interpolated points will also be returned, resulting in a path that smoothly follows the geometry of the road, even around corners and through tunnels. Interpolated paths will most likely contain more points than the original path. Defaults to false.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

Exemples

La requête suivante balise les points spécifiés sur la géométrie de la route. Cet ensemble de données particulier suit une route circulaire. Si vous définissez interpolate=true, la géométrie renvoyée correspond à la courbure de la route. Avec interpolate=false, le tracé tracé suit toujours la route, mais la polyligne qui en résulte n'est pas aussi lisse.

URL

https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads
  ?interpolate=true
  &path=-35.27801%2C149.12958%7C-35.28032%2C149.12907%7C-35.28099%2C149.12929%7C-35.28144%2C149.12984%7C-35.28194%2C149.13003%7C-35.28282%2C149.12956%7C-35.28302%2C149.12881%7C-35.28473%2C149.12836
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads?path=-35.27801%2C149.12958%7C-35.28032%2C149.12907%7C-35.28099%2C149.12929%7C-35.28144%2C149.12984%7C-35.28194%2C149.13003%7C-35.28282%2C149.12956%7C-35.28302%2C149.12881%7C-35.28473%2C149.12836&interpolate=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads?path=-35.27801%2C149.12958%7C-35.28032%2C149.12907%7C-35.28099%2C149.12929%7C-35.28144%2C149.12984%7C-35.28194%2C149.13003%7C-35.28282%2C149.12956%7C-35.28302%2C149.12881%7C-35.28473%2C149.12836&interpolate=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads?path=-35.27801%2C149.12958%7C-35.28032%2C149.12907%7C-35.28099%2C149.12929%7C-35.28144%2C149.12984%7C-35.28194%2C149.13003%7C-35.28282%2C149.12956%7C-35.28302%2C149.12881%7C-35.28473%2C149.12836&interpolate=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads?path=-35.27801%2C149.12958%7C-35.28032%2C149.12907%7C-35.28099%2C149.12929%7C-35.28144%2C149.12984%7C-35.28194%2C149.13003%7C-35.28282%2C149.12956%7C-35.28302%2C149.12881%7C-35.28473%2C149.12836&interpolate=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads?path=-35.27801%2C149.12958%7C-35.28032%2C149.12907%7C-35.28099%2C149.12929%7C-35.28144%2C149.12984%7C-35.28194%2C149.13003%7C-35.28282%2C149.12956%7C-35.28302%2C149.12881%7C-35.28473%2C149.12836&interpolate=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads?path=-35.27801,149.12958%7C-35.28032,149.12907%7C-35.28099,149.12929%7C-35.28144,149.12984%7C-35.28194,149.13003%7C-35.28282,149.12956%7C-35.28302,149.12881%7C-35.28473,149.12836&interpolate=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

Facteur

La spécification OpenAPI est également disponible en tant que collection Postman.

Course dans Postman

Réponses

Pour chaque requête valide, Roads API renvoie une réponse au format indiqué dans l'URL de la requête, par exemple la réponse JSON suivante.

{
  "snappedPoints":
    [
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.27800489993019, "longitude": 149.129531998742 },
        "originalIndex": 0,
        "placeId": "ChIJr_xl0GdNFmsRsUtUbW7qABM",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.2784195, "longitude": 149.12946589999999 },
        "placeId": "ChIJr_xl0GdNFmsRsUtUbW7qABM",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.2784195, "longitude": 149.12946589999999 },
        "placeId": "ChIJ6aXGemhNFmsRZE_zHqhmrG4",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.2792731, "longitude": 149.12933809999998 },
        "placeId": "ChIJ6aXGemhNFmsRZE_zHqhmrG4",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.2792731, "longitude": 149.12933809999998 },
        "placeId": "ChIJTcTdZ2hNFmsRXokM4mWCWfk",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.279557, "longitude": 149.1292973 },
        "placeId": "ChIJTcTdZ2hNFmsRXokM4mWCWfk",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.279557, "longitude": 149.1292973 },
        "placeId": "ChIJiUfNQmhNFmsRSsAI-1m6y1g",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.279610999999996, "longitude": 149.1292889 },
        "placeId": "ChIJiUfNQmhNFmsRSsAI-1m6y1g",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.2796484, "longitude": 149.1292791 },
        "placeId": "ChIJiUfNQmhNFmsRSsAI-1m6y1g",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.2796484, "longitude": 149.1292791 },
        "placeId": "ChIJ_RyFQ2hNFmsRoHJAbW7qABM",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.279947299999996, "longitude": 149.1291894 },
        "placeId": "ChIJ_RyFQ2hNFmsRoHJAbW7qABM",
      },
      {
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          { "latitude": -35.279947299999996, "longitude": 149.1291894 },
        "placeId": "ChIJOyypT2hNFmsRZBtscGL0htw",
      },
      {
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          { "latitude": -35.280323564795005, "longitude": 149.1290903128365 },
        "originalIndex": 1,
        "placeId": "ChIJOyypT2hNFmsRZBtscGL0htw",
      },
      {
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          { "latitude": -35.2803426, "longitude": 149.12908529999999 },
        "placeId": "ChIJOyypT2hNFmsRZBtscGL0htw",
      },
      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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      {
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        "originalIndex": 2,
        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
      },
      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJv5r0smlNFmsR5nunau79Fv4",
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      {
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      {
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        "placeId": "ChIJ601MoWlNFmsR5mvkfPp2ovA",
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        "placeId": "ChIJ601MoWlNFmsR5mvkfPp2ovA",
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        "originalIndex": 4,
        "placeId": "ChIJ601MoWlNFmsR5mvkfPp2ovA",
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        "placeId": "ChIJWSb8ImpNFmsRp_4JAxJFE1A",
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        "placeId": "ChIJWSb8ImpNFmsRp_4JAxJFE1A",
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          { "latitude": -35.2840524, "longitude": 149.12845969999998 },
        "placeId": "ChIJZe8tFWpNFmsR4brZ1vldk2E",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.284341500000004, "longitude": 149.1284124 },
        "placeId": "ChIJZe8tFWpNFmsR4brZ1vldk2E",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.2843875, "longitude": 149.1284034 },
        "placeId": "ChIJZe8tFWpNFmsR4brZ1vldk2E",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.2843875, "longitude": 149.1284034 },
        "placeId": "ChIJVx7Ta2pNFmsRx9OI9CnN5tI",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.2845916, "longitude": 149.1283726 },
        "placeId": "ChIJVx7Ta2pNFmsRx9OI9CnN5tI",
      },
      {
        "location": { "latitude": -35.2845916, "longitude": 149.1283726 },
        "placeId": "ChIJtWxAZmpNFmsRlbUCkc6VtnA",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.28459730000001, "longitude": 149.1283703 },
        "placeId": "ChIJtWxAZmpNFmsRlbUCkc6VtnA",
      },
      {
        "location":
          { "latitude": -35.284728747199374, "longitude": 149.12834860726772 },
        "originalIndex": 7,
        "placeId": "ChIJtWxAZmpNFmsRlbUCkc6VtnA",
      },
    ],
}

La réponse utilise le schéma suivant.

SnapToRoadsResponse

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
optional Array<SnappedPoint>

An array of snapped points.

See SnappedPoint for more information.

optionalstring

A string containing a user-visible warning.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

SnappedPoint

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredLatitudeLongitudeLiteral See LatitudeLongitudeLiteral for more information.
requiredstring

A unique identifier for a place. All place IDs returned by the Roads API correspond to road segments.

optionalnumber

An integer that indicates the corresponding value in the original request. Each value in the request should map to a snapped value in the response. However, if you've set interpolate=true, then it's possible that the response will contain more coordinates than the request. Interpolated values will not have an originalIndex. These values are indexed from 0, so a point with an originalIndex of 4 will be the snapped value of the 5th latitude/longitude passed to the path parameter.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

LatitudeLongitudeLiteral

An object describing a specific location with Latitude and Longitude in decimal degrees.

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requirednumber

Latitude in decimal degrees

requirednumber

Longitude in decimal degrees

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

Démonstration

  1. Cliquez sur la carte pour créer une trace de véhicule. Notez que si vos points sont trop éloignés les uns des autres, ils risquent de ne pas s'ancrer correctement.
  2. Double-cliquez pour enregistrer votre tracé sur la route.

Consultez cet exemple de plein écran.

JavaScript

var apiKey = 'YOUR_API_KEY_HERE';

var map;
var drawingManager;
var placeIdArray = [];
var polylines = [];
var snappedCoordinates = [];

function initialize() {
  var mapOptions = {
    zoom: 17,
    center: {lat: -33.8667, lng: 151.1955,}
  };
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), mapOptions);

  // Adds a Places search box. Searching for a place will center the map on that
  // location.
  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.RIGHT_TOP].push(
      document.getElementById('bar'));
  var autocomplete = new google.maps.places.Autocomplete(
      document.getElementById('autoc'));
  autocomplete.bindTo('bounds', map);
  autocomplete.addListener('place_changed', function() {
    var place = autocomplete.getPlace();
    if (place.geometry.viewport) {
      map.fitBounds(place.geometry.viewport);
    } else {
      map.setCenter(place.geometry.location);
      map.setZoom(17);
    }
  });

  // Enables the polyline drawing control. Click on the map to start drawing a
  // polyline. Each click will add a new vertice. Double-click to stop drawing.
  drawingManager = new google.maps.drawing.DrawingManager({
    drawingMode: google.maps.drawing.OverlayType.POLYLINE,
    drawingControl: true,
    drawingControlOptions: {
      position: google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_CENTER,
      drawingModes: [
        google.maps.drawing.OverlayType.POLYLINE
      ]
    },
    polylineOptions: {
      strokeColor: '#696969',
      strokeWeight: 2,
      strokeOpacity: 0.3,
    }
  });
  drawingManager.setMap(map);

  // Snap-to-road when the polyline is completed.
  drawingManager.addListener('polylinecomplete', function(poly) {
    var path = poly.getPath();
    polylines.push(poly);
    placeIdArray = [];
    runSnapToRoad(path);
  });


  // Clear button. Click to remove all polylines.
  document.getElementById('clear').addEventListener('click', function(event) {
    event.preventDefault();
    for (var i = 0; i < polylines.length; ++i) {
      polylines[i].setMap(null);
    }
    polylines = [];
    return false;
  });
}

// Snap a user-created polyline to roads and draw the snapped path
function runSnapToRoad(path) {
  var pathValues = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < path.getLength(); i++) {
    pathValues.push(path.getAt(i).toUrlValue());
  }

  $.get('https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads', {
    interpolate: true,
    key: apiKey,
    path: pathValues.join('|')
  }, function(data) {
    processSnapToRoadResponse(data);
    drawSnappedPolyline();
  });
}

// Store snapped polyline returned by the snap-to-road service.
function processSnapToRoadResponse(data) {
  snappedCoordinates = [];
  placeIdArray = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < data.snappedPoints.length; i++) {
    var latlng = new google.maps.LatLng(
        data.snappedPoints[i].location.latitude,
        data.snappedPoints[i].location.longitude);
    snappedCoordinates.push(latlng);
    placeIdArray.push(data.snappedPoints[i].placeId);
  }
}

// Draws the snapped polyline (after processing snap-to-road response).
function drawSnappedPolyline() {
  var snappedPolyline = new google.maps.Polyline({
    path: snappedCoordinates,
    strokeColor: '#add8e6',
    strokeWeight: 4,
    strokeOpacity: 0.9,
  });

  snappedPolyline.setMap(map);
  polylines.push(snappedPolyline);
}

$(window).load(initialize);

JavaScript + HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Roads API Demo</title>
    <style>
      html, body, #map {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0px;
        padding: 0px
      }

      #panel {
        position: absolute;
        top: 5px;
        left: 50%;
        margin-left: -180px;
        z-index: 5;
        background-color: #fff;
        padding: 5px;
        border: 1px solid #999;
      }

      #bar {
        width: 240px;
        background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.75);
        margin: 8px;
        padding: 4px;
        border-radius: 4px;
      }

      #autoc {
        width: 100%;
        box-sizing: border-box;
      }
    </style>

    <script src="https://www.gstatic.com/external_hosted/jquery2.min.js"></script>
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?libraries=drawing,places&key=YOUR_API_KEY"></script>
    <script>
var apiKey = 'YOUR_API_KEY_HERE';

var map;
var drawingManager;
var placeIdArray = [];
var polylines = [];
var snappedCoordinates = [];

function initialize() {
  var mapOptions = {
    zoom: 17,
    center: {lat: -33.8667, lng: 151.1955,}
  };
  map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), mapOptions);

  // Adds a Places search box. Searching for a place will center the map on that
  // location.
  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.RIGHT_TOP].push(
      document.getElementById('bar'));
  var autocomplete = new google.maps.places.Autocomplete(
      document.getElementById('autoc'));
  autocomplete.bindTo('bounds', map);
  autocomplete.addListener('place_changed', function() {
    var place = autocomplete.getPlace();
    if (place.geometry.viewport) {
      map.fitBounds(place.geometry.viewport);
    } else {
      map.setCenter(place.geometry.location);
      map.setZoom(17);
    }
  });

  // Enables the polyline drawing control. Click on the map to start drawing a
  // polyline. Each click will add a new vertice. Double-click to stop drawing.
  drawingManager = new google.maps.drawing.DrawingManager({
    drawingMode: google.maps.drawing.OverlayType.POLYLINE,
    drawingControl: true,
    drawingControlOptions: {
      position: google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_CENTER,
      drawingModes: [
        google.maps.drawing.OverlayType.POLYLINE
      ]
    },
    polylineOptions: {
      strokeColor: '#696969',
      strokeWeight: 2,
      strokeOpacity: 0.3,
    }
  });
  drawingManager.setMap(map);

  // Snap-to-road when the polyline is completed.
  drawingManager.addListener('polylinecomplete', function(poly) {
    var path = poly.getPath();
    polylines.push(poly);
    placeIdArray = [];
    runSnapToRoad(path);
  });


  // Clear button. Click to remove all polylines.
  document.getElementById('clear').addEventListener('click', function(event) {
    event.preventDefault();
    for (var i = 0; i < polylines.length; ++i) {
      polylines[i].setMap(null);
    }
    polylines = [];
    return false;
  });
}

// Snap a user-created polyline to roads and draw the snapped path
function runSnapToRoad(path) {
  var pathValues = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < path.getLength(); i++) {
    pathValues.push(path.getAt(i).toUrlValue());
  }

  $.get('https://roads.googleapis.com/v1/snapToRoads', {
    interpolate: true,
    key: apiKey,
    path: pathValues.join('|')
  }, function(data) {
    processSnapToRoadResponse(data);
    drawSnappedPolyline();
  });
}

// Store snapped polyline returned by the snap-to-road service.
function processSnapToRoadResponse(data) {
  snappedCoordinates = [];
  placeIdArray = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < data.snappedPoints.length; i++) {
    var latlng = new google.maps.LatLng(
        data.snappedPoints[i].location.latitude,
        data.snappedPoints[i].location.longitude);
    snappedCoordinates.push(latlng);
    placeIdArray.push(data.snappedPoints[i].placeId);
  }
}

// Draws the snapped polyline (after processing snap-to-road response).
function drawSnappedPolyline() {
  var snappedPolyline = new google.maps.Polyline({
    path: snappedCoordinates,
    strokeColor: '#add8e6',
    strokeWeight: 4,
    strokeOpacity: 0.9,
  });

  snappedPolyline.setMap(map);
  polylines.push(snappedPolyline);
}

$(window).load(initialize);
    </script>
  </head>

  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <div id="bar">
      <p class="auto"><input type="text" id="autoc"/></p>
      <p><a id="clear" href="#">Click here</a> to clear map.</p>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>