בקשה ותגובה ל-Minimum Matrix API

בקשת range Matrix API מופיעה באופן הבא:

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/outputFormat?parameters

כאשר outputFormat יכול להיות אחד מהערכים הבאים:

  • json (מומלץ), מציין פלט ב-JavaScript Object Notation (JSON); או
  • xml, מציין את הפלט כ-XML.

חלק מהפרמטרים הם אופציונליים ואחרים הם אופציונליים. כמקובל בכתובות URL, כל הפרמטרים מופרדים באמצעות תו האמפרסנד (&). כל התווים השמורים (למשל, סימן הפלוס '+') חייבים להיות מקודדים בכתובת URL. רשימת הפרמטרים והערכים האפשריים שלהם מפורטים בהמשך.

Required parameters

  • destinations

    One or more locations to use as the finishing point for calculating travel distance and time. The options for the destinations parameter are the same as for the origins parameter.

  • origins

    The starting point for calculating travel distance and time. You can supply one or more locations separated by the pipe character (|), in the form of a place ID, an address, or latitude/longitude coordinates:

    • Place ID: If you supply a place ID, you must prefix it with place_id:.
    • Address: If you pass an address, the service geocodes the string and converts it to a latitude/longitude coordinate to calculate distance. This coordinate may be different from that returned by the Geocoding API, for example a building entrance rather than its center.
      Note: using place IDs is preferred over using addresses or latitude/longitude coordinates. Using coordinates will always result in the point being snapped to the road nearest to those coordinates - which may not be an access point to the property, or even a road that will quickly or safely lead to the destination. Using the address will provide the distance to the center of the building, as opposed to an entrance to the building.
    • Coordinates: If you pass latitude/longitude coordinates, they they will snap to the nearest road. Passing a place ID is preferred. If you do pass coordinates, ensure that no space exists between the latitude and longitude values.
    • Plus codes must be formatted as a global code or a compound code. Format plus codes as shown here (plus signs are url-escaped to %2B and spaces are url-escaped to %20):
      • global code is a 4 character area code and 6 character or longer local code (849VCWC8+R9 is encoded to 849VCWC8%2BR9).
      • compound code is a 6 character or longer local code with an explicit location (CWC8+R9 Mountain View, CA, USA is encoded to CWC8%2BR9%20Mountain%20View%20CA%20USA).
    • Encoded Polyline Alternatively, you can supply an encoded set of coordinates using the Encoded Polyline Algorithm. This is particularly useful if you have a large number of origin points, because the URL is significantly shorter when using an encoded polyline.
      • Encoded polylines must be prefixed with enc: and followed by a colon :. For example: origins=enc:gfo}EtohhU:
      • You can also include multiple encoded polylines, separated by the pipe character |. For example:
        origins=enc:wc~oAwquwMdlTxiKtqLyiK:|enc:c~vnAamswMvlTor@tjGi}L:|enc:udymA{~bxM:
        

Optional parameters

  • arrival_time

    Specifies the desired time of arrival for transit directions, in seconds since midnight, January 1, 1970 UTC. You can specify either departure_time or arrival_time, but not both. Note that arrival_time must be specified as an integer.

  • avoid

    Distances may be calculated that adhere to certain restrictions. Restrictions are indicated by use of the avoid parameter, and an argument to that parameter indicating the restriction to avoid. The following restrictions are supported:

    • tolls indicates that the calculated route should avoid toll roads/bridges.
    • highways indicates that the calculated route should avoid highways.
    • ferries indicates that the calculated route should avoid ferries.
    • indoor indicates that the calculated route should avoid indoor steps for walking and transit directions.
    Note: The addition of restrictions does not preclude routes that include the restricted feature; it biases the result to more favorable routes.
  • departure_time

    Specifies the desired time of departure. You can specify the time as an integer in seconds since midnight, January 1, 1970 UTC. If a departure_time later than 9999-12-31T23:59:59.999999999Z is specified, the API will fall back the departure_time to 9999-12-31T23:59:59.999999999Z. Alternatively, you can specify a value of now, which sets the departure time to the current time (correct to the nearest second). The departure time may be specified in two cases:

    • For requests where the travel mode is transit: You can optionally specify one of departure_time or arrival_time. If neither time is specified, the departure_time defaults to now (that is, the departure time defaults to the current time).
    • For requests where the travel mode is driving: You can specify the departure_time to receive a route and trip duration (response field: duration_in_traffic) that take traffic conditions into account. The departure_time must be set to the current time or some time in the future. It cannot be in the past.
    Note: If departure time is not specified, choice of route and duration are based on road network and average time-independent traffic conditions. Results for a given request may vary over time due to changes in the road network, updated average traffic conditions, and the distributed nature of the service. Results may also vary between nearly-equivalent routes at any time or frequency.
    Note: Distance Matrix requests specifying `departure_time` when `mode=driving` are limited to a maximum of 100 elements per request. The number of origins times the number of destinations defines the number of elements.
  • language

    The language in which to return results.

    • See the list of supported languages. Google often updates the supported languages, so this list may not be exhaustive.
    • If language is not supplied, the API attempts to use the preferred language as specified in the Accept-Language header.
    • The API does its best to provide a street address that is readable for both the user and locals. To achieve that goal, it returns street addresses in the local language, transliterated to a script readable by the user if necessary, observing the preferred language. All other addresses are returned in the preferred language. Address components are all returned in the same language, which is chosen from the first component.
    • If a name is not available in the preferred language, the API uses the closest match.
    • The preferred language has a small influence on the set of results that the API chooses to return, and the order in which they are returned. The geocoder interprets abbreviations differently depending on language, such as the abbreviations for street types, or synonyms that may be valid in one language but not in another. For example, utca and tér are synonyms for street in Hungarian.
  • mode

    For the calculation of distances and directions, you may specify the transportation mode to use. By default, DRIVING mode is used. By default, directions are calculated as driving directions. The following travel modes are supported:

    • driving (default) indicates standard driving directions or distance using the road network.
    • walking requests walking directions or distance via pedestrian paths & sidewalks (where available).
    • bicycling requests bicycling directions or distance via bicycle paths & preferred streets (where available).
    • transit requests directions or distance via public transit routes (where available). Transit trips are available for up to 7 days in the past or 100 days in the future. If you set the mode to transit, you can optionally specify either a departure_time or an arrival_time. If neither time is specified, the departure_time defaults to now (that is, the departure time defaults to the current time). You can also optionally include a transit_mode and/or a transit_routing_preference.
    Note: Both walking and bicycling directions may sometimes not include clear pedestrian or bicycling paths, so these directions will return warnings in the returned result which you must display to the user.
  • region

    The region code, specified as a ccTLD ("top-level domain") two-character value. Most ccTLD codes are identical to ISO 3166-1 codes, with some notable exceptions. For example, the United Kingdom's ccTLD is "uk" (.co.uk) while its ISO 3166-1 code is "gb" (technically for the entity of "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland").

  • traffic_model

    Specifies the assumptions to use when calculating time in traffic. This setting affects the value returned in the duration_in_traffic field in the response, which contains the predicted time in traffic based on historical averages. The traffic_model parameter may only be specified for driving directions where the request includes a departure_time. The available values for this parameter are:

    • best_guess (default) indicates that the returned duration_in_traffic should be the best estimate of travel time given what is known about both historical traffic conditions and live traffic. Live traffic becomes more important the closer the departure_time is to now.
    • pessimistic indicates that the returned duration_in_traffic should be longer than the actual travel time on most days, though occasional days with particularly bad traffic conditions may exceed this value.
    • optimistic indicates that the returned duration_in_traffic should be shorter than the actual travel time on most days, though occasional days with particularly good traffic conditions may be faster than this value.

    The default value of best_guess will give the most useful predictions for the vast majority of use cases. It is possible the best_guess travel time prediction may be shorter than optimistic, or alternatively, longer than pessimistic, due to the way the best_guess prediction model integrates live traffic information.

  • transit_mode

    Specifies one or more preferred modes of transit. This parameter may only be specified for transit directions. The parameter supports the following arguments:

    • bus indicates that the calculated route should prefer travel by bus.
    • subway indicates that the calculated route should prefer travel by subway.
    • train indicates that the calculated route should prefer travel by train.
    • tram indicates that the calculated route should prefer travel by tram and light rail.
    • rail indicates that the calculated route should prefer travel by train, tram, light rail, and subway. This is equivalent to transit_mode=train|tram|subway.
  • transit_routing_preference

    Specifies preferences for transit routes. Using this parameter, you can bias the options returned, rather than accepting the default best route chosen by the API. This parameter may only be specified for transit directions. The parameter supports the following arguments:

    • less_walking indicates that the calculated route should prefer limited amounts of walking.
    • fewer_transfers indicates that the calculated route should prefer a limited number of transfers.
  • units

    Specifies the unit system to use when displaying results.

    Note: this unit system setting only affects the text displayed within distance fields. The distance fields also contain values which are always expressed in meters.

בקשות לדוגמה

בדוגמה הזו נעשה שימוש בקואורדינטות של קווי אורך ורוחב כדי לציין את הקואורדינטות של היעד:

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?destinations=40.659569%2C-73.933783%7C40.729029%2C-73.851524%7C40.6860072%2C-73.6334271%7C40.598566%2C-73.7527626
  &origins=40.6655101%2C-73.89188969999998
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=40.6655101%2C-73.89188969999998&destinations=40.659569%2C-73.933783%7C40.729029%2C-73.851524%7C40.6860072%2C-73.6334271%7C40.598566%2C-73.7527626&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

בדוגמה הבאה נעשה שימוש בקודי פלוס לציון קואורדינטות היעד:

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?destinations=San%20Francisco
  &origins=849VCWC8%2BR9
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=849VCWC8%2BR9&destinations=San%20Francisco&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

בדוגמה הזו מוצגת אותה בקשה באמצעות polyline מקודד:

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?destinations=enc%3A_kjwFjtsbMt%60EgnKcqLcaOzkGari%40naPxhVg%7CJjjb%40cqLcaOzkGari%40naPxhV%3A
  &origins=40.6655101%2C-73.89188969999998
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=40.6655101%2C-73.89188969999998&destinations=enc%3A_kjwFjtsbMt%60EgnKcqLcaOzkGari%40naPxhVg%7CJjjb%40cqLcaOzkGari%40naPxhV%3A&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

מידע על מצב התנועה

אנחנו משתמשים במידע על תנועה כאשר מתקיימים כל התנאים הבאים (אלה התנאים הנדרשים כדי לקבל את השדה duration_in_traffic בתגובה של 'מטריצת מרחק'):

  • הפרמטר mode של הנסיעה הוא driving, או שלא צוין (מצב הנסיעה שמוגדר כברירת מחדל הוא driving).
  • הבקשה כוללת פרמטר departure_time חוקי. אפשר להגדיר את departure_time לזמן הנוכחי או לזמן עתידי. אי אפשר שהמועד הזה עבר.

אתם יכולים לכלול את הפרמטר traffic_model בבקשה כדי לציין את ההשערות שעל פיהן המערכת תחשב את משך התנועה.

כתובת ה-URL הבאה שולחת בקשה לגבי מרחקים בין בוסטון, מסצ'וסטס או צ'רלסטאון, מסצ'וסטס, ולקסינגטון, מסצ'וסטס וקונקורד, מסצ'וסטס. הבקשה כוללת שעת יציאה, שעומדת בכל הדרישות להחזרת השדה duration_in_traffic בתגובה של 'מטריצת מרחק'.

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?departure_time=now
  &destinations=Lexington%2CMA%7CConcord%2CMA
  &origins=Boston%2CMA%7CCharlestown%2CMA
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=Boston%2CMA%7CCharlestown%2CMA&destinations=Lexington%2CMA%7CConcord%2CMA&departure_time=now&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JSON

{
  "destination_addresses": ["Lexington, MA, USA", "Concord, MA, USA"],
  "origin_addresses": ["Boston, MA, USA", "Charlestown, Boston, MA, USA"],
  "rows":
    [
      {
        "elements":
          [
            {
              "distance": { "text": "33.3 km", "value": 33253 },
              "duration": { "text": "27 mins", "value": 1620 },
              "duration_in_traffic": { "text": "34 mins", "value": 2019 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
            {
              "distance": { "text": "41.5 km", "value": 41491 },
              "duration": { "text": "33 mins", "value": 1981 },
              "duration_in_traffic": { "text": "39 mins", "value": 2342 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
          ],
      },
      {
        "elements":
          [
            {
              "distance": { "text": "31.1 km", "value": 31100 },
              "duration": { "text": "26 mins", "value": 1543 },
              "duration_in_traffic": { "text": "29 mins", "value": 1754 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
            {
              "distance": { "text": "39.3 km", "value": 39338 },
              "duration": { "text": "32 mins", "value": 1904 },
              "duration_in_traffic": { "text": "35 mins", "value": 2077 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
          ],
      },
    ],
  "status": "OK",
}

XML

<DistanceMatrixResponse>
 <status>OK</status>
 <origin_address>Boston, MA, USA</origin_address>
 <origin_address>Charlestown, Boston, MA, USA</origin_address>
 <destination_address>Lexington, MA, USA</destination_address>
 <destination_address>Concord, MA, USA</destination_address>
 <row>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>1620</value>
    <text>27 mins</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>33253</value>
    <text>33.3 km</text>
   </distance>
   <duration_in_traffic>
    <value>2018</value>
    <text>34 mins</text>
   </duration_in_traffic>
  </element>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>1981</value>
    <text>33 mins</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>41491</value>
    <text>41.5 km</text>
   </distance>
   <duration_in_traffic>
    <value>2342</value>
    <text>39 mins</text>
   </duration_in_traffic>
  </element>
 </row>
 <row>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>1543</value>
    <text>26 mins</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>31100</value>
    <text>31.1 km</text>
   </distance>
   <duration_in_traffic>
    <value>1759</value>
    <text>29 mins</text>
   </duration_in_traffic>
  </element>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>1904</value>
    <text>32 mins</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>39338</value>
    <text>39.3 km</text>
   </distance>
   <duration_in_traffic>
    <value>2077</value>
    <text>35 mins</text>
   </duration_in_traffic>
  </element>
 </row>
</DistanceMatrixResponse>

התאמות של מיקומים

אפשר להשתמש בתכונת השינוי של המיקום כדי לציין איך נהגים צריכים להגיע למיקום מסוים: בעזרת מקש הצירוף side_of_road תוכלו לציין באיזה צד של הכביש יש להשתמש, או על ידי ציון כיוון הנסיעה הנכון.

לציין שמסלולים מחושבים חייבים לעבור בצד מסוים של הכביש.

כשמציינים מיקום, אפשר לבקש שהמסלול המחושב יעבור בכל צד של הכביש שאליו מוטה נקודת הציון, על ידי שימוש בקידומת side_of_road:. לדוגמה, הבקשה הזו תחזיר את המרחק ממסלול ארוך כך שהרכב יסתיים בצד הכביש שאליו שינתה נקודת המעבר:

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?destinations=side_of_road%3A37.7663444%2C-122.4412006
  &origins=37.7680296%2C-122.4375126
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=37.7680296%2C-122.4375126&destinations=side_of_road%3A37.7663444%2C-122.4412006&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

כשמשתמשים ב-side_of_road: עם פוליגונים מקודדים, הצירוף חל על כל מיקום לאורך קו הפוליגון. לדוגמה, שני היעדים בבקשה הזו משתמשים בפרמטר:

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?destinations=side_of_road%3Aenc%3A%7BoqeF%60fejV%5BnC%3A
  &origins=San%20Francisco%20City%20hall
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=San%20Francisco%20City%20hall&destinations=side_of_road%3Aenc%3A%7BoqeF%60fejV%5BnC%3A&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

ניתן להשתמש בערך side_of_road: רק עם ההגבלה הזו:

  • הפרמטר mode של הנסיעה הוא driving, או שלא צוין (driving הוא מצב הנסיעה המוגדר כברירת מחדל).

לציין שנתיבים מחושבים צריכים לכלול כותרת מסוימת.

כשמציינים מיקום, אפשר לבקש שהמסלול המחושב יעבור דרך המיקום בכותרת מסוימת. הכותרת הזו מצוינת באמצעות התחילית heading=X:, כאשר X מייצג ערך של מספר שלם בין 0 (כולל) ל-360 (לא כולל). כותרת 0 מציינת את צפון, 90 מציינת את המזרח, וכן הלאה, המשך בכיוון השעון. לדוגמה, בבקשה הזו, המסלול המחושב מגיע מזרחה מנקודת המוצא ואז פניית פרסה:

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?destinations=37.773245%2C-122.469502
  &origins=heading%3D90%3A37.773279%2C-122.468780
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=heading%3D90%3A37.773279%2C-122.468780&destinations=37.773245%2C-122.469502&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

ניתן להשתמש בערך heading=X: רק עם המגבלות הבאות:

  • הפרמטר mode של הנסיעה הוא driving, bicycling, או שלא צוין (driving הוא מצב הנסיעה שמוגדר כברירת מחדל).
  • המאפיין side_of_road לא צוין עבור אותו מיקום.
  • המיקום מצוין באמצעות ערך של קו רוחב/קו אורך. אין להשתמש ב-heading עם כתובות, מזהי מקומות או פוליגונים מקודדים.

בקשה ותגובות של מטריצת מרחק

למטה מוצגת בקשת HTTP לדוגמה, עם בקשה לציון המרחק ומשך הזמן מוונקובר, קולומביה הבריטית, קנדה וסיאטל, וושינגטון, ארה"ב, סן פרנסיסקו, קליפורניה, ארה"ב וגם ויקטוריה, קולומביה הבריטית, קנדה.

כתובת URL

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json
  ?destinations=San%20Francisco%7CVictoria%20BC
  &language=fr-FR
  &mode=bicycling
  &origins=Vancouver%20BC%7CSeattle
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/distancematrix/json?origins=Vancouver%20BC%7CSeattle&destinations=San%20Francisco%7CVictoria%20BC&mode=bicycling&language=fr-FR&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

הבקשה תחזיר ארבעה רכיבים – שני מקורות כפול שני יעדים:

מוונקובר לסן פרנסיסקו מוונקובר לוויקטוריה
מסיאטל לסן פרנסיסקו סיאטל אל ויקטוריה

התוצאות מוחזרות בשורות, כשכל שורה מכילה מקור אחד המשויך לכל יעד.

JSON

{
  "destination_addresses":
    ["San Francisco, Californie, États-Unis", "Victoria, BC, Canada"],
  "origin_addresses":
    ["Vancouver, BC, Canada", "Seattle, Washington, États-Unis"],
  "rows":
    [
      {
        "elements":
          [
            {
              "distance": { "text": "1 712 km", "value": 1711765 },
              "duration": { "text": "3 jours 16 heures", "value": 318119 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
            {
              "distance": { "text": "140 km", "value": 139695 },
              "duration": { "text": "6 heures 49 minutes", "value": 24567 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
          ],
      },
      {
        "elements":
          [
            {
              "distance": { "text": "1 452 km", "value": 1451704 },
              "duration": { "text": "3 jours 2 heures", "value": 266680 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
            {
              "distance": { "text": "146 km", "value": 146500 },
              "duration": { "text": "2 heures 53 minutes", "value": 10374 },
              "status": "OK",
            },
          ],
      },
    ],
  "status": "OK",
}

XML

<DistanceMatrixResponse>
 <status>OK</status>
 <origin_address>Vancouver, BC, Canada</origin_address>
 <origin_address>Seattle, Washington, États-Unis</origin_address>
 <destination_address>San Francisco, Californie, États-Unis</destination_address>
 <destination_address>Victoria, BC, Canada</destination_address>
 <row>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>318119</value>
    <text>3 jours 16 heures</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>1711765</value>
    <text>1 712 km</text>
   </distance>
  </element>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>24567</value>
    <text>6 heures 49 minutes</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>139695</value>
    <text>140 km</text>
   </distance>
  </element>
 </row>
 <row>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>266680</value>
    <text>3 jours 2 heures</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>1451704</value>
    <text>1 452 km</text>
   </distance>
  </element>
  <element>
   <status>OK</status>
   <duration>
    <value>10374</value>
    <text>2 heures 53 minutes</text>
   </duration>
   <distance>
    <value>146500</value>
    <text>146 km</text>
   </distance>
  </element>
 </row>
</DistanceMatrixResponse>

DistanceMatrixResponse

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredArray<string>

An array of addresses as returned by the API from your original request. As with origin_addresses, these are localized if appropriate. This content is meant to be read as-is. Do not programatically parse the formatted addresses.

requiredArray<string>

An array of addresses as returned by the API from your original request. These are formatted by the geocoder and localized according to the language parameter passed with the request. This content is meant to be read as-is. Do not programatically parse the formatted addresses.

required Array<DistanceMatrixRow>

An array of elements, which in turn each contain a status, duration, and distance element.

See DistanceMatrixRow for more information.

requiredDistanceMatrixStatus

Contains the status of the request, and may contain debugging information to help you track down why the request failed.

See DistanceMatrixStatus for more information.

optionalstring

A string containing the human-readable text of any errors encountered while the request was being processed.

DistanceMatrixStatus

Status codes returned by service.

  • OK indicates the response contains a valid result.
  • INVALID_REQUEST indicates that the provided request was invalid.
  • MAX_ELEMENTS_EXCEEDED indicates that the product of origins and destinations exceeds the per-query limit.
  • MAX_DIMENSIONS_EXCEEDED indicates that the number of origins or destinations exceeds the per-query limit.
  • OVER_DAILY_LIMIT indicates any of the following:
    • The API key is missing or invalid.
    • Billing has not been enabled on your account.
    • A self-imposed usage cap has been exceeded.
    • The provided method of payment is no longer valid (for example, a credit card has expired).
  • OVER_QUERY_LIMIT indicates the service has received too many requests from your application within the allowed time period.
  • REQUEST_DENIED indicates that the service denied use of the Distance Matrix service by your application.
  • UNKNOWN_ERROR indicates a Distance Matrix request could not be processed due to a server error. The request may succeed if you try again.

DistanceMatrixRow

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
required Array<DistanceMatrixElement>

When the Distance Matrix API returns results, it places them within a JSON rows array. Even if no results are returned (such as when the origins and/or destinations don't exist), it still returns an empty array.

Rows are ordered according to the values in the origin parameter of the request. Each row corresponds to an origin, and each element within that row corresponds to a pairing of the origin with a destination value.

Each row array contains one or more element entries, which in turn contain the information about a single origin-destination pairing.

See DistanceMatrixElement for more information.

DistanceMatrixElement

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredDistanceMatrixElementStatus

A status for the element.

See DistanceMatrixElementStatus for more information.

optionalTextValueObject

The total distance of this route, expressed in meters (value) and as text. The textual value uses the unit system specified with the unit parameter of the original request, or the origin's region.

See TextValueObject for more information.

optionalTextValueObject

The length of time it takes to travel this route, expressed in seconds (the value field) and as text. The textual representation is localized according to the query's language parameter.

See TextValueObject for more information.

optionalTextValueObject

The length of time it takes to travel this route, based on current and historical traffic conditions. See the traffic_model request parameter for the options you can use to request that the returned value is optimistic, pessimistic, or a best-guess estimate. The duration is expressed in seconds (the value field) and as text. The textual representation is localized according to the query's language parameter. The duration in traffic is returned only if all of the following are true:

  • The request includes a departure_time parameter.
  • Traffic conditions are available for the requested route.
  • The mode parameter is set to driving.

See TextValueObject for more information.

optionalFare

If present, contains the total fare (that is, the total ticket costs) on this route. This property is only returned for transit requests and only for transit providers where fare information is available.

See Fare for more information.

Fare

The total fare for the route.

{
  "currency" : "USD",
  "value" : 6,
  "text" : "$6.00"
}
FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredstring

An ISO 4217 currency code indicating the currency that the amount is expressed in.

requiredstring

The total fare amount, formatted in the requested language.

requirednumber

The total fare amount, in the currency specified.

DistanceMatrixElementStatus

  • OK indicates the response contains a valid result.
  • NOT_FOUND indicates that the origin and/or destination of this pairing could not be geocoded.
  • ZERO_RESULTS indicates no route could be found between the origin and destination.
  • MAX_ROUTE_LENGTH_EXCEEDED indicates the requested route is too long and cannot be processed.

TextValueObject

An object containing a numeric value and its formatted text representation.

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredstring

String value.

requirednumber

Numeric value.