YCEO Surface Urban Heat Islands: Spatially-Averaged Daytime and Nighttime Intensity for Annual, Summer, and Winter

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climate uhi urban yale


This dataset contains annual, summertime, and wintertime surface urban heat island (SUHI) intensities for day and night for over 10,000 urban clusters throughout the world. The dataset was created using the MODIS 8-day TERRA and AQUA land surface temperature (LST) products, the Landscan urban extent database, the Global Multi-resolution Terrain Elevation Data 2010, and the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) land cover data using the Simplified Urban-Extent Algorithm. The product is available both at the pixel level (at 300 m resolution after downscaling) and as urban cluster means from 2003 to 2018. The monthly composites are only available as urban cluster means.

A summary of older versions, including changes from the dataset created and analyzed in the originally published manuscript can be found on the Yale Center for Earth Observation website. The dataset can also be explored using the Global Surface UHI Explorer web application.

The dataset is split into the following six components:

  1. UHI_all_averaged: Image containing cluster-mean composite daytime and nighttime SUHI intensity for annual, summer, and winter.

  2. UHI_monthly_averaged: Image containing cluster-mean monthly composites of daytime and nighttime SUHI intensity.

  3. UHI_yearly_averaged: Image collection of cluster-mean yearly composites of daytime and nighttime SUHI intensity from 2003. to 2018.

  4. UHI_yearly_pixel: Image collection of spatially disaggregated (nominal scale of 300 m) annual daytime and nighttime SUHI intensity from 2003 to 2018.

  5. Summer_UHI_yearly_pixel: Image collection of spatially disaggregated (nominal scale of 300 m) summertime daytime and nighttime SUHI intensity from 2003 to 2018.

  6. Winter_UHI_yearly_pixel: Image collection of spatially disaggregated (nominal scale of 300 m) wintertime daytime and nighttime SUHI intensity from 2003 to 2018.

This asset is the first component.


300 meters


Name Units Description
all_daytime_UHI °C

All Daytime UHI

all_nighttime_UHI °C

All Nighttime UHI

summer_daytime_UHI °C

summer Daytime UHI

summer_nighttime_UHI °C

Summer Nighttime UHI

winter_daytime_UHI °C

Winter Daytime UHI

winter_nighttime_UHI °C

Winter Nighttime UHI

Terms of Use

Terms of Use



  • Chakraborty, T., & Lee, X. (2019). A simplified urban-extent algorithm to characterize surface urban heat islands on a global scale and examine vegetation control on their spatiotemporal variability. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 74, 269-280. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2018.09.015

Explore in Earth Engine

var dataset = ee.Image("YALE/YCEO/UHI/UHI_all_averaged/v4");

var visualization = {
  bands: ['all_daytime_UHI'],
  min: -1.5,
  max: 7.5,
  palette: [

Map.setCenter(-74.7, 40.6, 7);

Map.addLayer(dataset, visualization, "All Daytime UHI");