MODIS Net Primary Production CONUS

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conus gridmet-derived mod09q1 mod17 modis nlcd-derived npp photosynthesis production productivity yearly


The MODIS Net Primary Production (NPP) CONUS dataset estimates NPP using MODIS Surface Reflectance for CONUS. NPP is the amount of carbon captured by plants in an ecosystem, after accounting for losses due to respiration. NPP is calculated using the MOD17 algorithm (see MOD17 User Guide) with MODIS Surface Reflectance, gridMET, and the National Land Cover Database.


250 meters


Name Units Min Max Scale Description
annualNPP kg*C/m^2 0 65535 0.0001

Annual net primary productivity

QC % 0 100

Percentage of gap-filled NDVI values.

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

This work is in the public domain and is free of known copyright restrictions. Users should properly cite the source used in the creation of any reports and publications resulting from the use of this dataset and note the date when the data was acquired.


  • Robinson, N.P., B.W. Allred, W.K. Smith, M.O. Jones, A. Moreno, T.A. Erickson, D.E. Naugle, and S.W. Running. 2018. Terrestrial primary production for the conterminous United States derived from Landsat 30 m and MODIS 250 m. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. doi:10.1002/rse2.74

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Code Editor (JavaScript)

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection('UMT/NTSG/v2/MODIS/NPP')
                  .filter('2016-01-01', '2016-12-31'));
var npp ='annualNPP');
var nppVis = {
  min: 0.0,
  max: 20000.0,
  palette: ['bbe029', '0a9501', '074b03'],
Map.setCenter(-98.26, 39.32, 5);
Map.addLayer(npp, nppVis, 'NPP');
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