TIGER: US Census 5-digit ZIP Code Tabulation Areas 2010

TIGER/2010/ZCTA5
Dataset Availability
2010-01-01T00:00:00 - 2010-01-02T00:00:00
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
ee.FeatureCollection("TIGER/2010/ZCTA5")
Tags
us zcta zip zipcode census tiger

Description

ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) are approximate area representations of U.S. Postal Service (USPS) 5-digit ZIP Codes. The Census Bureau defines ZCTAs by allocating each Census block that contains addresses to a single ZIP Code tabulation area, usually to the ZCTA that reflects the most frequently occurring ZIP Code for the addresses within that block. Blocks that do not contain addresses but that are completely surrounded by a single ZIP Code tabulation area (enclaves) are assigned to the surrounding ZCTA; those surrounded by multiple ZCTAs will be added to a single ZCTA based on the longest shared border.

The Census Bureau identifies 5-digit ZIP Code tabulation areas using a 5- character numeric code that represents the most frequently occurring USPS ZIP Code within that ZCTA. This code may contain leading zeros.

Data users should not use ZCTAs to identify the official USPS ZIP Code for mail delivery. The USPS makes periodic changes to ZIP Codes to support more efficient mail delivery. ZIP Codes that cover primarily nonresidential or post office box addresses may not have a corresponding ZCTA because the delineation process uses primarily residential addresses, resulting in a bias towards ZIP Codes used for city-style mail delivery.

For full technical details on all TIGER 2010 products, see the TIGER technical documentation.

Table Schema

Table Schema

Name Type Description
ALAND10 DOUBLE

2010 Census Land area

AWATER10 DOUBLE

2010 Census Water area

CLASSFP10 STRING

2010 Census FIPS 55 class code

FUNCSTAT10 STRING

2010 Census functional status (Always "S", for "Statistical entity".)

GEOID10 STRING

2010 Census 5-digit ZIP Code Tabulation Area identifier

INTPTLAT10 STRING

2010 Census latitude of the internal point

INTPTLON10 STRING

2010 Census longitude of the internal point

MTFCC10 STRING

MAF/TIGER feature class code (Always "G6350".)

ZCTA5CE10 STRING

2010 Census 5-digit ZIP Code Tabulation Area code

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

The U.S. Census Bureau offers some of its public data in machine-readable format via an Application Programming Interface (API). All of the content, documentation, code and related materials made available to you through the API are subject to these terms and conditions.

Citations

Citations:
  • For the creation of any reports, publications, new data sets, derived products, or services resulting from the data set, users should cite the US Census Bureau.

Explore in Earth Engine

var dataset = ee.FeatureCollection('TIGER/2010/ZCTA5');
var visParams = {
  palette: ['black', 'purple', 'blue', 'green', 'yellow', 'orange', 'red'],
  min: 500000,
  max: 1000000000,
};

var zctaOutlines = ee.Image().float().paint({
  featureCollection: dataset,
  color: 'black',
  width: 1
});

var image = ee.Image().float().paint(dataset, 'ALAND10');
Map.setCenter(-93.8008, 40.7177, 6);
Map.addLayer(image, visParams, 'TIGER/2010/ZCTA5');
Map.addLayer(zctaOutlines, {}, 'borders');
Map.addLayer(dataset, null, 'for Inspector', false);

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